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Article
Publication date: 18 October 2011

Grahame Blackwell

This paper seeks to present a novel perspective on the interplay of forces that govern the dynamics of the massively complex multi‐body system that is our physical…

148

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to present a novel perspective on the interplay of forces that govern the dynamics of the massively complex multi‐body system that is our physical universe. It offers a consistent, coherent and complete rationale for the phenomenon referred to as “gravitation”. This includes notably, for the first time, an explanation for the mechanism by which “matter tells space how to curve and curved space tells matter how to move”, and also possible causal explanations for the various outcomes of Einstein's equivalence principle.

Design/methodology/approach

Starting from the well‐supported premise that elementary particles are formed from closed‐loop electromagnetic energy flows, the likely impact of such constructs on the behaviour of large‐scale dynamic systems is analysed from first principles.

Findings

Gravitation is shown to be a natural consequence of such a construct. The warping of space in the presence of gravitating mass, consistent with the view presented by general relativity, is shown to relate to a clearly comprehensible physical structure with a well‐defined causation. Possible explanations are offered for: gravitational time dilation; gravitational red shift; gravitational potential energy; and slowing and bending of light in a gravitational field.

Research limitations/implications

This novel perspective opens a wide range of potential avenues of innovative research, both pure and applied.

Practical implications

A variety of new technologies may prove to be open to development, notably in the aerospace field. Antigravity technologies, whilst amenable to investigation and possible development, may prove highly energy‐intensive.

Originality/value

This paper is totally original and of very significant potential value in various respects.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 40 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 2000

Anghel N. Rugina

Attempts to prove, in this second chapter of the author’s monograph, that with a new research programme, it is possible to build a methodological bridge between economics…

3986

Abstract

Attempts to prove, in this second chapter of the author’s monograph, that with a new research programme, it is possible to build a methodological bridge between economics and all other natural sciences and the scientists should address this challenge. Reviews basic principles that govern nature, including Einstein’s findings along with such luminaries as Copernicus, Newton, Galileo and Jeans. Concludes that the future is safe, as a new generation of scientists is now emerging in the East and the West, and that the new methodology should provide enough space for new roads, ideas and interpretations, which may occur in the future. Closes by saying a new spirit should be initiated in economics and transplanted into natural sciences.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 27 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1989

Anghel N. Rugina

There is a double crisis in modern science and in particular inphysics and mechanics. Among others Einstein and Stephane Lupasco, inthe 1930s, warned about this crisis…

1978

Abstract

There is a double crisis in modern science and in particular in physics and mechanics. Among others Einstein and Stephane Lupasco, in the 1930s, warned about this crisis. The Quantum Theory cannot be reconciled with the Relativity Theory. Specifically there is a gap (cleavage) between micro – and macro‐physics and mechanics. Parallel or beneath there is also a second crisis derived from a discontinuity (again a cleavage) between classical and modern science, that is between two previous revolutions. A new research programme of a simultaneous equilibrium versus disequilibrium approach, initially applied in economics has now been extended to include natural sciences. It is the question of a new, more comprehensive methodology which is actually a sui generis synthesis between classical and modern heritage. The rigorous application of the new research programme leads to the organisation of an Orientation Table, that is, a methodological map of all possible combinations (systems). The Table shows, without any exaggeration, a few revolutionary results. For instance, with the help of the Table, modern science or the second revolution (Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg) does not appear contradictory but rather complementary to classical science or the first revolution (Newton, Lavoisier). The Kuhnian thesis to the contrary is disproved and the second crisis is solved. With the help of the Universal Hypothesis of Duality (the basis of the Orientation Table), matter and energy, at the micro – and macro‐level, appear in a double form (the Principle of Duality): stable (equilibrium) particles and unstable (disequilibrium) waves. The strong interactions from modern physics are associated with the law of gravitation (attraction) or stable equilibrium which governs stable matter and energy. The weak interactions are associated with the law of disgravitation (dispersion or repulsion) including entropy or unstable equilibrium which governs unstable matter and energy. In this way the first crisis is also solved.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 16 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2003

B. Paul Gibson

Light, when constructed in terms of the elementary quanta of light, may be viewed in particle‐like or wave‐like terms. The elementary quanta of light, when placed in…

Abstract

Light, when constructed in terms of the elementary quanta of light, may be viewed in particle‐like or wave‐like terms. The elementary quanta of light, when placed in motion through space/time at a speed of a constancy of c forms a light path through the space or reference frame viewed. The light path formed is curved, as space/time is curved. The curvilinear light path formed is a function of the gravitational potential within the viewed frame of reference. The linear description of this light path, termed the geodesic (Riemannian), does not describe the curvilinear light path, but rather the chord of the curvilinear path described by the inscribed arc. This linear description of the light path is the manner in which we describe the coordinate system involved, and is the same manner in which we determine the “speed of light”. The arc length of the light path, compared to the lesser value as described by the chord length, allows for a displacement to be determined, if both measures are applied to a linear measure. A displacement of linear coordinates then occurs, with this displacement a result of the gravitational potential occurring within the frame viewed. This displacement, derived via observation and predictions of the quantum model, resolves Maxwell as well as Newton. The theory concludes that the Special Theory of Relativity, suitably modified to account for gravitational displacement within one particular frame, derives a precise relative model of gravitation within the special frame. This model satisfies Newton, as the model arrives at an exact description of the three‐body problem.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 32 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 August 2013

Mohamed I.A. Othman, Sarhan Y. Atwa, A. Jahangir and A. Khan

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of gravity on the general model of the equations of generalized magneto‐thermo‐microstretch for a homogeneous isotropic…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of gravity on the general model of the equations of generalized magneto‐thermo‐microstretch for a homogeneous isotropic elastic half‐space solid whose surface is subjected to a mode‐I crack. The problem is in the context of the Green and Naghdi theory of both types (II and III).

Design/methodology/approach

The normal mode analysis is used to obtain the expressions for the displacement components, the force stresses, the temperature, the couple stress and the microstress distribution.

Findings

The variations in variables against distance components are given graphically in 2D and 3D.

Practical implications

The linear theory of elasticity is of paramount importance in the stress analysis of steel, which is the commonest engineering structural material. To a lesser extent, the linear elasticity describes the mechanical behavior of the other common solid materials, e.g. concrete, wood and coal. However, the theory does not apply to the behavior of many of the newly synthetic materials of the elastomer and polymer type, e.g. polymethyl‐methacrylate (Perspex), polyethylene and polyvinyl chloride.

Originality/value

Comparisons are made with the results in the presence and absence of gravity and initially applied magnetic field with two cases: the first for the generalized micropolar thermoelasticity elastic medium (without stretch constants) between both types (II, III); and the second for the generalized magneto‐thermoelastic medium with stretch (without micropolar constants) between both types (II, III).

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1993

BALASUBRAMANIAM RAMASWAMY

Sinusoidal gravity modulation fields imposed on two‐dimensional Rayleigh‐Benard convection flow are studied to understand the effects of periodic source (g‐jitter) on…

Abstract

Sinusoidal gravity modulation fields imposed on two‐dimensional Rayleigh‐Benard convection flow are studied to understand the effects of periodic source (g‐jitter) on fluids system and heat transfer mechanism. The transient Navier‐Stokes and energy equations are solved by semi‐implicit operator splitting finite element method. Results include two sets. One is considered at normal terrestrial condition and the other one is related to low‐gravity condition. Under low‐gravity condition the research focuses on the effects of modulation frequency and direction in order to find out the critical frequency for heat transfer mechanism transferring from conduction to convection.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 3 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2010

Yi Lin

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the necessary background information and literature in order to make this special issue self‐contained.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the necessary background information and literature in order to make this special issue self‐contained.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper comprises: an Introduction; Section 2 outlines the origin of the yoyo structure by presenting a brief historical account and the concept of whole evolution of systems; Section 3 introduces the literature on applications of the systemic yoyo model in areas of natural science, social science, epistemology, and practical disastrous weather forecasts; and Section 4 outlines what is contained in this special issue.

Findings

A personal account of aspects of a career in systems research and description of a personal ambition to introduce laws for social science and laws that make both natural and social sciences exact at the same time.

Originality/value

With regard to the systemic yoyo model, this paper presents an introduction to what has been accomplished by using this model and what will be presented in this special issue in order to provide all interested colleagues with an overall picture in terms of where the paper stands in the relevant research activities.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2003

Cameron Rebigsol

The derivation leading to the formulation of Lorentzian transformation in special relativity is actually a duplication of an ancient “miracle” in algebra: 2x−x=0, 2x=x…

Abstract

The derivation leading to the formulation of Lorentzian transformation in special relativity is actually a duplication of an ancient “miracle” in algebra: 2x−x=0, 2x=x, 2=1. Dominated by such a mathematical confusion, relativity displays fundamental uncertainty in understanding physics. As such, with equations, it claims to have “discovered” two speed limits in nature: the speed of light in the vacuum space and the speed of light at the mass center of a material body. Needless to say, these two speed limits repel each other, not to mention that the second speed limit is even against nature. Relativity then further extends this confusion and uncertainty in physics to make up many self‐contradicting concepts. These concepts include the so‐called homogeneous gravitational field and the idea of having (circumference/diameter)>3.1415926… for a spinning circle. With the same mathematics guiding to its “success”, however, relativity presents no homogeneous gravitational field, but a monster that must be called a homogeneously inhomogeneous field for its appropriation. Based on the same erroneous mathematics, relativity must force itself to have (circumference/diameter)<3.1415926… for a spinning circle. With the idea of a homogeneous gravitational field, relativity believes that it can establish the validity of the so‐called Principle of Equivalence for the legitimacy of general relativity. However, Newtonian mechanics, supported by the close orbital movements of numerous heavenly objects, must witness the nonexistence of such a “principle” in nature.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 32 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2004

Burkhard Göttlicher and Karl Schweizerhof

The computation of structures moving in central force fields generally requires long‐time integration including geometrically nonlinear behavior (large rotations) as such…

Abstract

The computation of structures moving in central force fields generally requires long‐time integration including geometrically nonlinear behavior (large rotations) as such, e.g. satellite structures move for a long time. To achieve a numerically stable computation the energy momentum method which fulfills linear and angular momentum as well as energy conservation within the time step is chosen for the time integration. The focus in the contribution is on Hamiltonian systems. A formulation for the gravitational force in a central force field as external force on a rigid or flexible satellite is given. The presented formulation enables the computation of the exact spatial distribution of the gravitational forces acting on a structure using the FE‐discretization which is necessary to analyze, e.g. the orientation of a satellite in a gravitational field. The fulfillment of the conservation laws within the time step is proved. The necessity for considering the spatial distribution of the gravitational forces is discussed based on numerical examples.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 21 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 November 2016

Nan Xie, Yihai He, Ming Yao and Changwei Jiang

The purpose of this paper is to apply the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) with multiple distribution functions model, to simulate transient natural convection of air in a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to apply the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) with multiple distribution functions model, to simulate transient natural convection of air in a two-dimensional square cavity in the presence of a magnetic quadrupole field, under non-gravitational as well as gravitational conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

The density-temperature double distribution functions and D2Q9 model of LBM for the momentum and temperature equations are currently employed. Detailed transient structures of the flow and isotherms at unsteady state are obtained and compared for a range of magnetic force numbers from 1 to 100. Characteristics of the natural convection at initial moment, quasi-steady state and steady state are presented in present work.

Findings

At initial time, effects of the magnetic field and gravity are both relatively limited, but the effects become efficient as time evolves. Bi-cellular flow structures are obtained under non-gravitational condition, while the flow presents a single vortex structure at first under gravitational condition, and then emerges a bi-cellular structure with the increase of magnetic field force number. The average Nusselt number generally increases with the augment of magnetic field intensity.

Practical implications

This paper will be useful in the researches on crystal material and protein growth, oxygen concentration sensor, enhancement or suppression of the heat transfer in micro-electronics and micro-processing technology, etc.

Originality/value

The current study extended the application of LBM on the transient natural convective problem of paramagnetic fluids in the presence of an inhomogeneous magnetic field.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 26 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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