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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2010

Kuotsai Tom Liou and Jinqun Wu

This paper examines the development of government-business relations in China’s recent economic reform and development. The paper first provides a review of theoretical…

Abstract

This paper examines the development of government-business relations in China’s recent economic reform and development. The paper first provides a review of theoretical issues about the role of government in economic development and the concepts of business promotion and government regulation. Next, the paper introduces major policies and changes that have been developed by the Chinese government. On the business promotion side, it includes major changes in incentive policy, government structure, and management operation that have been implemented during the reform years. On the government regulation side, the paper identifies new challenging issues in consumer, environment, and labor protection that may affect China’s future development. Finally, lessons and implications about the development of Chinese government-business relations are emphasized in the conclusion section.

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International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1093-4537

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2010

John R. Bartle

This article reviews the politics of government-business relations in the US from 1776 to the present. It argues that two major political interests, the agrarian democrats…

Abstract

This article reviews the politics of government-business relations in the US from 1776 to the present. It argues that two major political interests, the agrarian democrats and the nationalist Whigs, created the context for discussion of economic policy that continues today. At times, pragmatic compromises have resolved the differences between these interests. The lessons from this history are instructive for today, and suggest potentially viable policies and coalitions to address business issues.

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International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1093-4537

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Abstract

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Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1096-3367

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Article
Publication date: 7 April 2015

Dennis C. McCornac and Anne Cullen

The purpose of this paper is to posit that orthodox analysis of government–business and business–business organizations in Vietnam involves subtle constituency and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to posit that orthodox analysis of government–business and business–business organizations in Vietnam involves subtle constituency and “beneath-the-surface” relationships, largely ignored in reviews of the post-Fixed graphic economy, but are nevertheless worthy of inspection.

Design/methodology/approach

Following a review of the theoretical terrain regarding Vietnamese political-business-economy, the authors provide an alternative view showing how the business sector has developed net(work)s of cooperative mechanisms to work with the Vietnamese Government and its bureaucrats.

Findings

While a delicate interplay of politics can be identified in the net(work) relationships, such constituency politics do not seek to challenge the existing authority of the state or the ruling elite. Rather, the small-scale constituency politics are constructed to operate within the dominant polity and work with corporatist strategies to secure personal and group gain. The strategies used are unique in that they exhibit sympathy with socialism, yet succeed in exploiting the pro-entrepreneur characteristics of Fixed graphic.

Originality/value

This paper supports the analysis that the dominant political culture in Vietnam is, and will continue to be, dominated by the Communist Party of Vietnam machine. However, the authors have shed light on the “below-the-surface” political activity that exists and persists throughout the business–business and government–business relationships in Vietnam and present evidence of the pluralist behaviors in these relationships that have hitherto been bypassed in orthodox state-qua-state analysis of Vietnamese polity. Taken as a whole, the existence and persistence of the net(work)s encourages a conclusion that the polity of Vietnam is a more complex process than previously thought.

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International Journal of Development Issues, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1446-8956

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1978

Richard S. Landry

In the 1920s the role of the federal government in the United States could be neatly and briefly identified as the functions highlighted in Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations:

Abstract

In the 1920s the role of the federal government in the United States could be neatly and briefly identified as the functions highlighted in Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations: national defense, public works, public education, and the administration of justice. But with the Great Depression of the 1930s, government assumed new roles, expressed in the “alphabet agencies” and their related programs and regulatory activities, many of which are still with us in high degree. Further enlargement of government's role came in the post‐World War II '40s and '50s, which ushered in the Keynesian high employment policies that reached full blossom in the turbulent '60s. So far in the '70s federal regulatory activity has increased markedly, with over 20 new agencies created.

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Planning Review, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0094-064X

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Article
Publication date: 30 September 2014

Jorge A. Malaver Copara

This paper aims to analyze Brazil’s governmental positions during two international conflicts involving major Brazilian firms and two South American countries: the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyze Brazil’s governmental positions during two international conflicts involving major Brazilian firms and two South American countries: the nationalization of Petrobras in Bolivia in 2006 and the expulsion of Odebrecht from Ecuador in 2008. Brazil’s government officials showed themselves to be not only open to negotiations but also understanding and cooperative with Bolivia. The same policymakers, however, showed no trace of this accommodating behavior toward Ecuador. This paper focuses on the explanatory power of the ideas of the ruling Workers’ Party and sustains that this party has played a crucial role on shaping the current government–business relations in Brazil.

Design/methodology/approach

This research applies process tracing analysis within two case studies; and content analysis to operationalize the concept “Workers’ Party’s ideas” using 14 Workers’ Party’s official documents. It investigates the circumstances under which political ideas guide policymaking.

Findings

This work found a correlation between Workers’ Party’s ideas and Brazil’s governmental positions which first benefited Bolivian demands. On the other hand, these ideas found no representation during negotiations with Ecuador. To explain this variation, this study tested the link between uncertainty and influence of ideas. Uncertainty was both an “activating condition”, allowing ideas to come into play in policymaking, and a “magnifying condition” showing the dynamic relationship between the level of uncertainty and the level of influence of ideas.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the evolving debate on business and government relations in Brazil by focusing on the role of ideas and interests on policymaking.

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Article
Publication date: 24 August 2012

Xinming Deng, Zhilong Tian, Jianfeng Li and Muhammad Abrar

The purpose of this paper is to comprehensively investigate the combined influence of a firm's political connection and diversification on corporate performance, and to…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to comprehensively investigate the combined influence of a firm's political connection and diversification on corporate performance, and to explore whether firm's political connection has an impact on the diversification effect, and whether this diversification effect would promote its performance significantly or not.

Design/methodology/approach

The research used a regression model to explore the correlation among political connection, diversification strategy, and corporate performance. The research subjects are the private enterprises listed on Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchange in China for the period 2002‐2005.

Findings

The study found that: first, for those firms without political connections, the relationship between diversification strategy and corporate performance displayed an “inverted U” curve; for firms with political connection, the relationship was a “reverse L”. Second, firms with political connections are more likely to implement a diversification strategy, especially unrelated diversification. Third, when implementing an internationalization strategy, private enterprises with political connections are more likely to expand through unrelated diversification strategy. Fourth, the diversification of the enterprises with political connection are more likely to promote the short‐term accounting performance than those without political connection, but the unrelated diversification of politically connected enterprises would have a negative impact upon its future performance, that is to damage the company's market value.

Originality/value

The paper expands the literature on the relationship between diversification and firm performance. It contributes to the research about the influence of political connection upon corporate performance.

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1985

The most significant event for the School has been the announcement of the creation of the National Centre for Management Research and Development. The Centre is due to…

Abstract

The most significant event for the School has been the announcement of the creation of the National Centre for Management Research and Development. The Centre is due to open in 1986 and will provide research facilities for up to 20 major projects designed to improve the competitiveness of Canadian business practices.

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Management Research News, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2003

William J. Drake

What are US policymakers, stakeholders, and analysts thinking about the state of US‐Japanese telecommunications policy relations? What are their top priorities for the…

Abstract

What are US policymakers, stakeholders, and analysts thinking about the state of US‐Japanese telecommunications policy relations? What are their top priorities for the years ahead? What steps could be taken to enhance the two countries’ ability to manage the unique “behind the borders” political challenges associated with deepening international economic integration? This paper considers these and related questions.

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info, vol. 5 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6697

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 31 May 2017

Government-business relations.

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DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-DB221189

ISSN: 2633-304X

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