Search results

1 – 10 of 26
Article
Publication date: 21 February 2019

Geraint Johnes

A quarterly series of gig economy activity in the regions of the UK is constructed. Patterns of regional linkages are identified and the implications of spatial patterns…

2825

Abstract

Purpose

A quarterly series of gig economy activity in the regions of the UK is constructed. Patterns of regional linkages are identified and the implications of spatial patterns for policymakers, businesses, workers and institutions are highlighted.

Design/methodology/approach

The Labour Force Survey data on main job self-employment in key gig economy sectors are used to construct the series. These are then analysed using vector autoregression techniques to identify patterns in the data and provide provisional forecasts.

Findings

The incidence of gig economy activity is greatest in the London region, characterised by high population density and a concentration of service sectors in which gig economy work, particularly of a highly skilled nature, takes place. Growth of gig economy activity in other regions has been more modest. In London, the percentage of workers in the gig economy is expected to rise to around 6.5 per cent over the next few years, while in other regions, the percentage is expected to settle at between 3 and 4.5 per cent.

Originality/value

These are the first regional estimates to be provided of the extent of gig economy activity. This is important in the context of discussions about the future of work, not least because regional disparities imply the need for policies addressing insecurity to have a spatial dimension.

Details

Journal of Global Responsibility, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2041-2568

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 November 2016

Geraint Johnes, Ricardo Freguglia, Gisele Spricigo and Aradhna Aggarwal

The purpose of this paper is to examine the dynamic relationship between policies related to educational provision and both educational participation and occupational…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the dynamic relationship between policies related to educational provision and both educational participation and occupational outcomes in Brazil, using PNAD and RAIS-Migra data.

Design/methodology/approach

Outcomes are examined using: static multinomial logit analysis, and structural dynamic discrete choice modelling. The latter approach, coupled with the quality of the RAIS-Migra data source, allows the authors to evaluate the education policy impacts over time.

Findings

The main results show that the education level raises the propensity that the individual will be in formal sector work or still in education, and reduces the probability of the other outcomes. Transition into non-manual formal sector work following education may, however, occur via a spell of manual work.

Originality/value

This is the first study of occupational destination to be conducted in a rapidly developing country using high-quality panel data and appropriate dynamic methods, and as such makes an important contribution in confirming that increased supply of highly skilled workers enhances occupational attainment in this context.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 37 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1990

Geraint Johnes

Recent developments in the economics of higher education aresurveyed and a number of avenues which future research could usefullyfollow are identified. Particular…

2353

Abstract

Recent developments in the economics of higher education are surveyed and a number of avenues which future research could usefully follow are identified. Particular attention is given to the demand for and supply of higher education, the role of higher education institutions as multi‐product firms, the optimal pattern of provision, and the academic labour market.

Details

International Journal of Educational Management, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-354X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 July 1991

Harvey Armstrong, Geraint Johnes, Jill Johnes and Alasdair McBean

The widespread expansion of the financial sector over the last few years has generated a considerable increase of interest in the various offshore economies around Europe…

Abstract

The widespread expansion of the financial sector over the last few years has generated a considerable increase of interest in the various offshore economies around Europe. In many cases these small economies possess the advantages of tax haven status which, together with special trade arrangements with the European Community, render them particularly attractive as locations for the rapidly growing service industries. The Isle of Man is one such community.

Details

Management Research News, vol. 14 no. 7/8/9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1990

Geraint Johnes

A study of training opportunities in the Lancaster and Morecambearea of north‐west England is undertaken. In common with much of the UK,there is a substantial degree of…

Abstract

A study of training opportunities in the Lancaster and Morecambe area of north‐west England is undertaken. In common with much of the UK, there is a substantial degree of mismatch between skills possessed by job seekers and those sought by firms. Training facilities offered by firms in the area are good. Over 80 per cent of vacancies in manufacturing are for jobs where the employer offers some kind of training for new employees. The most common forms of training are on‐the‐job, though more formal schemes are also widely used in certain occupations.

Details

Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0590

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1990

GERAINT JOHNES

Much attention has been devoted in the recent literature to temporal variations in the non‐accelerating inflation rate of unemployment (N.A.I.R.U.). Grubb, Layard and…

Abstract

Much attention has been devoted in the recent literature to temporal variations in the non‐accelerating inflation rate of unemployment (N.A.I.R.U.). Grubb, Layard and Symons (1984) note that the N.A.I.R.U. has increased over recent years, this observation being based on data ranging across 19 O.E.C.D. countries, including the U.S.A., the U.K. and Japan. Hargreaves Heap (1980) argues that choosing a “wrong” natural rate ‐ that is, setting actual unemployment “too high” above the N.A.I.R.U. as part of a counter‐inflation policy ‐ can be damaging since it might itself raise the long‐run equilibrium level of unemployment. A variety of justifications is given for this assertion, among which the depreciation of the value of unemployed human capital is prominent.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1993

Geraint Johnes

Updates the Layard and Nickell union mark‐up variable to provideannual estimates up to 1991. Explains changes over time in this variableby reference to, amongst other…

Abstract

Updates the Layard and Nickell union mark‐up variable to provide annual estimates up to 1991. Explains changes over time in this variable by reference to, amongst other things, legislative changes. Also provides regional estimates of the Layard and Nickell mismatch index.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 14 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1988

Geraint Johnes

Introduction Much concern has been expressed in recent years about the long‐run trend of unemployment in the UK. Abstracting from short‐run cyclical swings, the trend has…

Abstract

Introduction Much concern has been expressed in recent years about the long‐run trend of unemployment in the UK. Abstracting from short‐run cyclical swings, the trend has been upwards for at least the last 20 years. The available evidence suggests that this trend has become more pronounced over time, so that by the mid‐1980s the long‐run equilibrium rate of unemployment was around eleven per cent. If the notion of the “non‐accelerating inflation rate of unemployment” is accepted — as it now is by most economists — this means that demand management policies alone can never restore the persistently low levels of unemployment enjoyed during the post‐war period. The main aim of labour market policies must be to act directly on the non‐accelerating inflation rate of unemployment (NAIRU) itself. Only thus can the long‐run trend be reversed.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1993

Francois Cremieux and Geraint Johnes

Discusses results of a survey of undergraduates at LancasterUniversity, showing that student poverty, while not common, can beextreme. Identifies a number of…

Abstract

Discusses results of a survey of undergraduates at Lancaster University, showing that student poverty, while not common, can be extreme. Identifies a number of characteristics which affect students′ proneness to poverty.

Details

International Journal of Educational Management, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-354X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1991

Geraint Johnes

By the end of 1992 many of the barriers whichstill hinder trade between the European states willhave gone. This article surveys recentdevelopments in the European…

Abstract

By the end of 1992 many of the barriers which still hinder trade between the European states will have gone. This article surveys recent developments in the European Community and economic adjustments in response to integration; summarising the other articles in this issue, which consider aspects such as the social charter, labour mobility and unemployment/employment predictions.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

Keywords

1 – 10 of 26