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Article
Publication date: 16 January 2007

E.E. Oguzie, G.N. Onuoha and E.N. Ejike

This paper aims to appraise the effectiveness of Gongronema latifolium extract as an environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitor for aluminium in strong acid (2 M HCl…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to appraise the effectiveness of Gongronema latifolium extract as an environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitor for aluminium in strong acid (2 M HCl) and alkaline (2 M KOH) environments.

Design/methodology/approach

Corrosion rates were determined using the gas‐volumetric technique. The efficiency of inhibition was estimated by comparing corrosion rates in absence and presence of the additive, while the mechanism of inhibition was assessed by considering temperature effects on corrosion and inhibition processes.

Findings

The results show that the extract was well adsorbed on the metal surface and significantly repressed aluminium corrosion in both environments. Inhibition efficiency generally increased with concentration up to maximum values of 97.54 and 90.82 per cent in 2 M HCl and 2 M KOH, respectively. Temperature dependence studies revealed that the extract was chemically adsorbed on the aluminium surface at all concentrations in 2 M HCl and physically adsorbed in 2 M KOH, with likely tendency to become chemisorbed at higher concentration.

Originality/value

Gongronema latifolium has been studied for the first time as an inhibitor of aluminium corrosion and the results suggest that the extract could find practical application in corrosion control in aqueous acidic and alkaline environments. The findings are particularly useful, considering the scarcity of reports on the effective inhibition of aluminium corrosion in strong alkaline solutions.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 36 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2005

E.E. Oguzie, G.N. Onuoha and A.I. Onuchukwu

To investigate the inhibitive effect of Congo red dye (CR) for aluminium corrosion in strong alkaline solutions and evaluate the synergistic effect of halide ions on the…

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the inhibitive effect of Congo red dye (CR) for aluminium corrosion in strong alkaline solutions and evaluate the synergistic effect of halide ions on the inhibition efficiency.

Design/methodology/approach

Corrosion rates of aluminium test coupons were determined by gravimetric technique at 30 and 60°C. Inhibition efficiencies of the additives (0.01‐5.0 mM CR and 5.0 mM CR+0.5 mM halides) were evaluated by comparing corrosion rates of the test coupons in 2 M KOH solution in the absence and presence of the additives.

Findings

CR inhibited aluminium corrosion in 2 M KOH by physical adsorption of the dye molecules on the corroding metal surface. Maximum efficiency at 30 and 60°C was 31.72 and 19.32 per cent, respectively. Dye adsorption was enhanced in the presence of halides in the order KCl < KBr < KI, with KI increasing efficiency up to 48.63 and 41.70 per cent at 30 and 60°C, respectively.

Research limitations/implications

Further studies to involve variation of dye and halide concentrations for CR+halide systems to determine the best combination for optimum inhibition synergism.

Originality/value

This paper forms part of an extensive database on the inhibition characteristics of organic dyes for corrosion of different metals in various aggressive environments. This is to serve as a guide to possible applications in metal‐surface anodizing and as additives in surface coatings for service in different environments.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 52 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 November 2021

Anthony Ikechukwu Obike, Wilfred Emori, Hitler Louis, Godwin Ifeanyi Ogbuehi, Paul Chukwuleke Okonkwo and Victoria Mfon Bassey

The purpose of this paper is to study the adsorption properties of a proven traditional medicine of West Africa origin, Alstonia boonei with an attempt to evaluate its…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the adsorption properties of a proven traditional medicine of West Africa origin, Alstonia boonei with an attempt to evaluate its application in the corrosion protection of mild steel in 5 M H2SO4 and 5 M HCl.

Design/methodology/approach

Phytochemical screening and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis were used to characterize the methanolic extract of the plant. Gravimetry, gasometry and electrochemical techniques were used in the corrosion inhibition studies of the extract and computational studies were used to describe the electronic and adsorption properties of eugenol, the most abundant phytochemical in Alstonia boonei.

Findings

The extract acted as a mixed-type inhibitor in both acidic solutions, with improved inhibition efficiency achieved with increasing concentration. While the efficiency increased with temperature for the HCl system, it decreased for the H2SO4 system. The mechanism of adsorption proposed for Alstonia boonei was chemisorption in the HCl system and physisorption in the H2SO4 system, and the adsorptions obeyed Langmuir isotherm at low temperatures. Computational parameters showed that eugenol, being a representative of Alstonia boonei, possesses excellent adsorption properties and has the potential to compete with other established plant-based corrosion inhibitors.

Research limitations/implications

As opposed to pure compounds with distinctive corrosion effects, plant extracts are generally composed of a myriad of phytoconstituents that competitively promote or inhibit the corrosion process and their net effect is evident as inhibition efficiencies. This is, therefore, the main research limitation associated with the corrosion inhibition study of Alstonia boonei.

Originality/value

Being very rich in antioxidant properties by its proven curative and preventive effects for diseases, the interest was stimulated towards the attractive results that abound from its corrosion protection of metals via its anti-oxidation route.

Article
Publication date: 2 September 2019

Aziz Boutouil, My Rachid Laamari, Ilham Elazhary, Hafid Anane, Abdeslem Ben Tama and Salah-Eddine Stiriba

This study aims to investigate the inhibition effect of a newly synthesized1,2,3-triazole containing a carbohydrate and imidazole substituents, namely…

100

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the inhibition effect of a newly synthesized1,2,3-triazole containing a carbohydrate and imidazole substituents, namely, 1-((1-((2,2,7,7-tetramethyltetrahydro-5H-bis([1,3]dioxolo)[4,5-b:4′,5′-d]pyran-5-yl)methyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole (TTB) on the corrosion of mild steel in aerated 1 M H2SO4.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have used weight loss measurement, potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, FT-IR studies, scanning electron microscopy analysis and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy techniques.

Findings

It is found that, in the working range of 298-328 K, the inhibition efficiency of TTB increases with increasing concentration to attain the highest value (92 per cent) at 2.5 × 10−3 M. Both chemisorption and physisorption of TTB take place on the mild steel, resulting in the formation of an inhibiting film. Computational methods point to the imidazole and phenyl ring as the main structural parts responsible of adsorption by electron-donating to the steel surface, while the triazol ring is responsible for the electron accepting. Such strong donating–accepting interactions lead to higher inhibition efficiency of TTB in the aqueous working system.

Originality/value

This work is original with the aim of finding new acid corrosion inhibitors.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 66 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 November 2014

I.O. Arukalam

The aim of this paper is to appraise the inhibiting potential of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) on the corrosion of mild steel and aluminium in sulphuric and…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to appraise the inhibiting potential of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) on the corrosion of mild steel and aluminium in sulphuric and hydrochloric acid solutions.

Design/methodology/approach

The effects of two different corrodents on the dissolution of mild steel and aluminium were examined. Corrosion rates were determined using the weight loss technique. Inhibition efficiency was estimated by comparing the corrosion rates in absence and presence of the additive. The kinetics and mechanism of HPMC adsorption were investigated by impedance study while the anodic and cathodic partial reactions were studied by polarization measurements.

Findings

The results reveal that corrosion rate of mild steel and aluminium decreased with addition of HPMC. The corrosion rate and inhibition efficiency were found to depend on the concentration of the inhibitor. The polarization data indicated that the inhibitor was of mixed-type, with predominant effect on the cathodic partial reaction. electrochemical impedance spectroscopy confirms that corrosion inhibition was by adsorption on the metal surface following Freundlich adsorption isotherm via physisorption mechanism.

Originality/value

Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose has been studied for the first time as an inhibitor of mild steel and aluminium corrosion and the results suggest that the inhibitor could find practical applications in corrosion control in HCl and H2SO4 acid media. The findings are particularly useful, considering the fact that HPMC is a good film former and viscosity enhancer which could also be used in paint formulation.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 43 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Divya Ladha, Nisha Shah, Suresh Thakur, Mohsin Lone and Prakash Jha

– The purpose of this paper is to investigate the inhibitive properties of black pepper extract (BPE) for aluminium in 1M hydrochloric acid (HCl) medium.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the inhibitive properties of black pepper extract (BPE) for aluminium in 1M hydrochloric acid (HCl) medium.

Design/methodology/approach

Gravimetric, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, galvanostatic polarization, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray examinations (SEM-EDX) techniques were used to study the corrosion inhibitive study.

Findings

The gravimetric measurement indicates that inhibition efficiency shows direct proportional relation with concentration of inhibitor. The impedance results illustrates that there was a presence of protective layer of inhibitor adsorbed on the metal/solution interface. Polarization outcome showed that BPE is mixed type inhibitor. The existence of adherent layer of inhibitor on the Al surface was confirmed by SEM-EDX. Quantum chemical calculations were performed using the density functional theory at B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory to evaluate the activity of inhibitor molecules present in extract towards the corrosion inhibition of Al.

Research limitations/implications

Due to the presence of large number of compounds in the extract, it becomes difficult to understand the most active compound responsible for inhibition. However, from gas chromatography mass spectrometry and quantum data, the approximation has been made that the major compound piperine present in the extract can be most probable component responsible for the inhibition activity. Further calculation of binding energy between Al and inhibitor molecules can be performed using Material Studio software.

Practical implications

The extract can be used in cleaning and etching solutions. It can be used to limit the loss of Al metal during etching process.

Originality/value

BPE can be used as a potential source of eco-friendly corrosion inhibitor for Al in HCl medium.

Article
Publication date: 2 October 2018

Nobl F. El Boraei, Shimaa Abdel Halim and Magdy A.M. Ibrahim

The purpose of this paper is to test the Natural Kermes dye (NKD) as a cheap and stable corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 1.0 M HCl and its adsorption mechanism on the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to test the Natural Kermes dye (NKD) as a cheap and stable corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 1.0 M HCl and its adsorption mechanism on the steel surface.

Design/methodology/approach

The inhibition action of NKD was studied using AC impedance, potentiodynamic polarization, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and UV-visible spectra techniques complemented with quantum study.

Findings

Here, the authors show that addition of NKD inhibits effectively the corrosion of steel in HCl solution via its adsorption on the steel surface. The inhibition efficiency of NKD increases with increase in its concentration and decreases with temperature. Potentiodynamic results revealed that NKD acts as a mixed–type inhibitor. Thermodynamic parameters for corrosion and adsorption process were obtained from the experimental data. Moreover, the experimental inhibition efficiencies were correlated with the electronic properties of NKD using density functional theory.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report showing the effect of NKD on the corrosion inhibition of steel.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 65 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 February 2018

Younes El Kacimi, Mouhsine Galai, Khaoula Alaoui, Rachid Touir and Mohamed Ebn Touhami

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of silicon and phosphorus content in steel suitable for galvanizing on its corrosion and inhibitor adsorption processes in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of silicon and phosphorus content in steel suitable for galvanizing on its corrosion and inhibitor adsorption processes in steels/cetyltrimethylammonium bromide combined and KI (mixture)/5.0 M hydrochloric acid systems has been studied in relation to the temperature using chemical (weight loss), Tafel polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electronic microscope (SEM) analysis and Optical 3D profilometry characterization. All the methods used are in reasonable agreement. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for each steels corrosion and inhibitor adsorption, respectively, were determined and discussed. Results show that the adsorption capacity for Steel Classes A and B are better than Steel Class C surfaces depending on their silicon and phosphorus content. Surface analyses via SEM and Optical 3D profilometry was used to investigate the morphology of the steels before and after immersion in 5.0 M HCl solution containing mixture. Surface analysis revealed improvement of corrosion resistance of Steels Classes A and B in the presence of mixture more than Classes C. It has been determined that the adsorbed protective film on the steels surface heterogeneity markedly depends on steels compositions, that is, the heterogeneity increases with decreasing silicon and phosphorus content.

Design/methodology/approach

The effect of silicon and phosphorus content in Steels Classes A, B and C on its corrosion and inhibitor mixture adsorption processes in 5.0 M HCl solution has been studied by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, EIS and surface analysis.

Findings

The inhibition efficiency of mixture follows the order: (Steel Class A) > (Steel Class B) > Steel Class C) and depends on their compositions in the absence of mixture according on their silicon and phosphorus content, that is, the corrosion rate increases with increasing of the silicon and phosphorus content. A potentiodynamic polarization measurement indicates that the mixture acts as mixed-type inhibitor without changing the mechanism of corrosion process for the three classes of mild steels.

Originality/value

Corrosion rate mild steels in 5.0 M HCl depends on their compositions in the absence of mixture according to their silicon and phosphorus content, that is, the corrosion rate increases with increasing silicon and phosphorus content. The adsorbed protective film on the steels surface heterogeneity markedly depends on steels class’s compositions, that is, the heterogeneity increases with decreasing silicon and phosphorus content.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 65 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 September 2010

N.O. Eddy and A.O. Odiongenyi

The purpose of this paper is to study the inhibitive and adsorptive characteristics of ethanol extract of Heinsia crinata for the corrosion of mild steel in H2SO4 solutions.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the inhibitive and adsorptive characteristics of ethanol extract of Heinsia crinata for the corrosion of mild steel in H2SO4 solutions.

Design/methodology/approach

The inhibition efficiencies were evaluated using weight loss, thermometric and hydrogen evolution techniques while adsorption properties were studied using IR spectroscopy.

Findings

The inhibition efficiency of ethanol extract of Heinsia crinata varies with concentration of the extract, period of immersion and with temperature. The extract acts as an adsorption inhibitor because of its phytochemical composition. The extract is adsorbed spontaneously on the surface of mild steel according to Temkin and Frumkin adsorption isotherms. The mechanism of physical adsorption is proposed from the trend of the inhibition efficiency with temperature and the values of some kinetic and thermodynamic parameters obtained.

Research limitations/implications

The paper provides information on the use of ethanol extract of Heinsia crinata as a corrosion inhibitor. Electrochemical studies such as polarisation and AC impedance spectra will throw more light on the mechanistic aspects of the corrosion inhibition.

Practical implications

Ethanol extract of Heinsia crinata can be used as an environmentally friendly inhibitor for the corrosion of mild steel in H2SO4. This environmentally friendly inhibitor could find possible applications in metal surface anodising and surface coatings.

Originality/value

The paper provides information on an environmentally‐friendly corrosion inhibitor.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 39 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 August 2014

S.A. Umoren, U.M. Eduok and M.M. Solomon

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and blended formulations on the corrosion inhibition of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and blended formulations on the corrosion inhibition of aluminium in HCl solutions at 30-60°C and to study the mechanism of action.

Design/methodology/approach

The inhibitive effect of the homopolymers and polymer blend was assessed using weight loss and hydrogen evolution methods at 30 and 60°C. The morphology of the corroding aluminium surface without and with the additives was visualized using atomic force microscopy. The trend of inhibition efficiency with temperature was used to propose the mechanism of inhibition and type of adsorption.

Findings

Results obtained show that inhibition efficiency (η%) increases with increase in concentration of the polymers but decreases with increase in temperature. The inhibition efficiency of the homopolymers and their blends decreased with rise in temperature. Inhibition efficiency was found to be synergistically enhanced on blending the two homopolymers with highest inhibition efficiency obtained for (PEG:PVP) blending ratio of 1:3. The phenomenon of physical adsorption is proposed from the trend of inhibition efficiency with temperature.

Research limitations/implications

The mechanistic aspect of the corrosion inhibition can be better understood using electrochemical studies such as potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.

Originality/value

Studies involving the use of polymer blends/mixtures as corrosion inhibitor for metals in corrosive environments are scarce. The results suggest that the mixture could find practical application in corrosion control in aqueous acidic environment. The data obtained would form part of database on the use of polymer–polymer mixtures to control acid-induced corrosion of metal.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 43 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

1 – 10 of 141