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Article

G.H. Tidbury

AN attempt is made here to summarize the present state of the theory of wind tunnel wall interference in a form that will be of some value to those using wind tunnels. The…

Abstract

AN attempt is made here to summarize the present state of the theory of wind tunnel wall interference in a form that will be of some value to those using wind tunnels. The type of wind tunnel work frequently carried out without a complete knowledge of the corrections is also mentioned as it is of interest to those asking for, and using, wind tunnel results. A list of the most useful published reports on the subject is given at the end of the article, it is, however, by no means a complete guide to the literature of the subject, much of which is contained in academic volumes not usually available to the engineer using a wind tunnel.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 17 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

Christopher F. Kearns

The application of computational plasticity to the very practical engineering problem of crash‐worthiness of vehicle safety cab frames during impact and rollover incidents…

Abstract

The application of computational plasticity to the very practical engineering problem of crash‐worthiness of vehicle safety cab frames during impact and rollover incidents is described. The resulting behaviour of these structures cannot be determined solely by strict elastic analyses as plastic behaviour is intrinsic to the problem. The importance of predicting the deformations of the cab structure under extreme loadings lies in a consideration for the safety of its occupants. Physical testing is extremely valuable here but is costly and time‐consuming. The role of the computer is thus evident in producing rapid estimates of cab collapse modes, loadings and deformations. Three main causes of non‐linearity are identified in the behaviour of ductile framed structures under static loading, i.e. the effects of plasticity in the structural material, the effects of axial forces and the effects of large displacements of the structure under load. The paper describes and compares two computer programs which have been used to model the behaviour of vehicle cab frames when subjected to roof crush loading in a static test. Both programs employ non‐linear beam finite elements to model the behaviour of a framed structure. One program runs in an iterative fashion while the other runs in an incremental fashion.

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Engineering Computations, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article

The March issue of the Journal of Chemical Technology contains the following article, with every word of which we cordially agree. It is gratifying to find that there is…

Abstract

The March issue of the Journal of Chemical Technology contains the following article, with every word of which we cordially agree. It is gratifying to find that there is one—if only one—of our scientific Journals which has the courage and the patriotism to speak out and to do so in vigorous terms. The indictment of the flabby persons belonging to the Chemical Profession who by their ineptitude and inertia are condoning the bestial crimes of the modern Huns is well‐timed and thoroughly deserved.

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British Food Journal, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article

AMONG the industries represented were aircraft, motor, rubber, iron and steel, oil, glass, instrument manufacturers, the film industry and electricity supply. Countries…

Abstract

AMONG the industries represented were aircraft, motor, rubber, iron and steel, oil, glass, instrument manufacturers, the film industry and electricity supply. Countries sending representatives were U.S.A., Canada, France, Holland, Australia, India, Pakistan and Eire. A distinguished visitor contributing to the discussions was Dr Mervin Kelly, head of Bell Telephone Laboratories, U.S.A.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 26 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

Jan-Ole Brandt, Lina Bürgener, Matthias Barth and Aaron Redman

This paper aims to provide a holistic approach to assessing student teachers’ competence development in education for sustainable development (ESD). This is to provide…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide a holistic approach to assessing student teachers’ competence development in education for sustainable development (ESD). This is to provide evidence on which teaching and learning formats help to foster which aspects of ESD-specific professional action competence in teachers. The studied competencies consist of content knowledge (CK), pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) and the willingness to actively support and implement ESD.

Design/methodology/approach

A multiple case study design was used on two sequential modules of a university’s teacher education program. A mixed-methods approach was applied that combined surveys, videotaped and PhotoVoice-supported focus groups, as well as pre- and post-assessment tools. Qualitative data analysis was based on the coding paradigm of the qualitative content analysis, whereas quantitative data were interpreted by means of descriptive statistics and paired sample t-tests.

Findings

The results from this study clearly indicate that the two courses contributed to a shift in students’ non-cognitive dispositions. The study also provides evidence on the students’ competence development and demonstrates how two different learning settings support different dimensions of teachers’ professional action competence in terms of ESD.

Originality/value

The triangulation of data enabled not only a mere competence assessment but also deeper insights into learning processes, as well as into the drivers of and barriers to competence development. Furthermore, the study introduces an innovative approach to assessing the development of PCK.

Details

International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 20 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-6370

Keywords

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Article

Michael Preston-Shoot

The purpose of this paper is to update the core data set of self-neglect safeguarding adult reviews (SARs) and accompanying thematic analysis, and to address the challenge…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to update the core data set of self-neglect safeguarding adult reviews (SARs) and accompanying thematic analysis, and to address the challenge of change, exploring the necessary components beyond an action plan to ensure that findings and recommendations are embedded in policy and practice.

Design/methodology/approach

Further published reviews are added to the core data set from the websites of Safeguarding Adults Boards (SABs). Thematic analysis is updated using the four domains employed previously. The repetitive nature of the findings prompts questions about how to embed policy and practice change, to ensure impactful use of learning from SARs. A framework for taking forward an action plan derived from an SAR findings and recommendations is presented.

Findings

Familiar, even repetitive findings emerge once again from the thematic analysis. This level of analysis enables an understanding of both local geography and the national legal, policy and financial climate within which it sits. Such learning is valuable in itself, contributing to the evidence base of what good practice with adults who self-neglect looks like. However, to avoid the accusation that lessons are not learned, something more than a straightforward action plan to implement the recommendations is necessary. A framework is conceptualised for a strategic and longer-term approach to embedding policy and practice change.

Research limitations/implications

There is still no national database of reviews commissioned by SABs so the data set reported here might be incomplete. The Care Act 2014 does not require publication of reports but only a summary of findings and recommendations in SAB annual reports. This makes learning for service improvement challenging. Reading the reviews reported here enables conclusions to be reached about issues to address locally and nationally to transform adult safeguarding policy and practice.

Practical implications

Answering the question “how to create sustainable change” is a significant challenge for SARs. A framework is presented here, drawn from research on change management and learning from the review process itself. The critique of serious case reviews challenges those now engaged in SARs to reflect on how transformational change can be achieved to improve the quality of adult safeguarding policy and practice.

Originality/value

The paper extends the thematic analysis of available reviews that focus on work with adults who self-neglect, further building on the evidence base for practice. The paper also contributes new perspectives to the process of following up SARs by using the findings and recommendations systematically within a framework designed to embed change in policy and practice.

Details

The Journal of Adult Protection, vol. 20 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1466-8203

Keywords

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Article

WITH the supreme confidence of the newspaper correspondent pundit, a reader of the Daily Telegraph sent a letter which solved ‘at a stroke’ the whole problem of unemployment.

Abstract

WITH the supreme confidence of the newspaper correspondent pundit, a reader of the Daily Telegraph sent a letter which solved ‘at a stroke’ the whole problem of unemployment.

Details

Work Study, vol. 33 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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Article

Caroline J. Burns and Samuel M. Natale

The purpose of this paper is to discuss how liberal higher education can strengthen vocational higher education.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss how liberal higher education can strengthen vocational higher education.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses Shay's (2013) framework of curriculum differentiation to articulate how the strengths and shortcomings of liberal education differ from those of vocational education and to allow the differences highlighted to inform a resolution to each other's shortcomings.

Findings

There is nothing new in the findings that liberal education differs from vocational education and that both have shortcomings. What the paper presents is a viewpoint that the differences are not confirmation that these two approaches to education are in opposition but rather that they complement each other. The strength of one is the weakness of the other.

Originality/value

The perspective taken in this paper is developed using the language of semantic density (SD) and semantic gravity (SG). Using Shay's semantic field of recontextualized knowledge, this paper suggests that liberal and vocational education inhabit two sides of contexts and concepts continua. The paper further proposes that both are alike in a meaningful way because both have unsuccessfully managed the role of context in their curricula.

Details

Education + Training, vol. 62 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0040-0912

Keywords

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Article

David Martín-Moncunill, Miguel Angel Sicilia-Urban, Elena García-Barriocanal and Christian M. Stracke

The common understanding of generalization/specialization relations assumes the relation to be equally strong between a classifier and any of its related classifiers and…

Abstract

Purpose

The common understanding of generalization/specialization relations assumes the relation to be equally strong between a classifier and any of its related classifiers and also at every level of the hierarchy. Assigning a grade of relative distance to represent the level of similarity between the related pairs of classifiers could correct this situation, which has been considered as an oversimplification of the psychological account of the real-world relations. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

The evaluation followed an end-user perspective. In order to obtain a consistent data set of specialization distances, a group of 21 persons was asked to assign values to a set of relations from a selection of terms from the AGROVOC thesaurus. Then two sets of representations of the relations between the terms were built, one according to the calculated concept of specialization weights and the other one following the original order of the thesaurus. In total, 40 persons were asked to choose between the two sets following an A/B test-like experiment. Finally, short interviews were carried out after the test to inquiry about their decisions.

Findings

The results show that the use of this information could be a valuable tool for search and information retrieval purposes and for the visual representation of knowledge organization systems (KOS). Furthermore, the methodology followed in the study turned out to be useful for detecting inconsistencies in the thesaurus and could thus be used for quality control and optimization of the hierarchical relations.

Originality/value

The use of this relative distance information, namely, “concept specialization distance,” has been proposed mainly at a theoretical level. In the current experiment, the authors evaluate the potential use of this information from an end-user perspective, not only for text-based interfaces but also its application for the visual representation of KOS. Finally, the methodology followed for the elaboration of the concept specialization distance data set showed potential for detecting possible inconsistencies in KOS.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 41 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

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