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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2000

G. Stanley Jaya Kumar

Considers the nature of disaster and its impact on large urban areas. Looks at the ways countries can provide relief in such events. Covers drought, floods, cyclones and…

1329

Abstract

Considers the nature of disaster and its impact on large urban areas. Looks at the ways countries can provide relief in such events. Covers drought, floods, cyclones and earthquakes and preventive measures which can help alleviate damage. Discusses the definition of a disaster, the distinct phases of onset, climax and withdrawal and the social response in these events. Profiles the response of the Indian Government in preparing for disasters providing brief best practices for planners.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 20 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2001

G. Stanley Jaya Kumar, P. Venkateswarulu and E. Lalitha

Outlines the discoveries and developments in the treatment of leprosy over the last century. Looks at the progress towards the elimination of the disease. Profiles the…

Abstract

Outlines the discoveries and developments in the treatment of leprosy over the last century. Looks at the progress towards the elimination of the disease. Profiles the problems in India and the factors which hinder elimination. Looks at the position of women with this disease including age, caste, educational level, occupation, marital status, mate selection, nature of marriage and precedence of leprosy among relatives before considering knowledge and type of treatment and the present role of government. Covers the role of vaccination.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 21 no. 11/12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2001

G. Stanley Jaya Kumar and A. Rosaline Mary

Outlines the problems faced by women with disabilities, stating that previous research has not usually singled out this category. States that this category faces double…

215

Abstract

Outlines the problems faced by women with disabilities, stating that previous research has not usually singled out this category. States that this category faces double discrimination because of disability and gender, with few role models to follow. Discusses the early education of this group and the use of residential schools. Concludes that much more research is needed in this area.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 21 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2000

G. Stanley Jaya Kumar

Considers the consequences of population growth in relation to space, resources and conflict. Covers environmental issues such as water and pollution. Uses India in the…

Abstract

Considers the consequences of population growth in relation to space, resources and conflict. Covers environmental issues such as water and pollution. Uses India in the year 2000 as a case study, looking at areas such as housing, agriculture, transport, water, food and environment. Discusses the plans of the country and concludes that an integrated plan for population with development is needed to optimize the use of natural resources. Cites four phases of human development: primitive, active, uncontrolled and aware.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 20 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 July 2021

Dayu Wang, Daojun Zhong and Liang Li

Information technology infrastructure library (ITIL) is a commonly utilized IT service management execution technique that helps IT services to be planned, designed…

Abstract

Purpose

Information technology infrastructure library (ITIL) is a commonly utilized IT service management execution technique that helps IT services to be planned, designed, selected, operated and continuously improved. ITIL procedures are utilized to measure the efficiency of IT service management procedures and their association with the accelerated system development of cloud systems. The challenges faced in IT deployment and maintenance management significantly restrict cloud computing services' reliability. Therefore, this article aims to review a comprehensive study of the role of cloud computing on the ITIL processes.

Design/methodology/approach

Each enterprise strives to stay competitive in the market and offers the services its consumers are looking for, all in line with cost-effectiveness and client needs. The ITIL framework provides best practice guidance for IT service management that includes a collection of ample publications supplying detailed guidelines on the management of IT functions, processes, responsibilities and roles associated with IT service management. On the other hand, the way companies employ IT services with an effect on the role of enterprise infrastructure is altered by cloud computing. Hence, the investigation makes utilization of a systematic literature review (SLR) detailing crucial success factors of cloud computing execution in ITIL. The authors have recognized 35 valuable contributions, providing a comprehensive view of study in this field, of which 22 papers were found according to some filters that have been analyzed in this article. Selected articles are presented in two groups, including cloud service and cloud service providers.

Findings

Owing to the overall expense of execution and problems with combining the ITIL approach with the existing organizational IT strategic strategy, ITIL adoption has begun to wane over the last few years. An established methodology for ITIL deployment that will assure long-term success for those wanting to use private cloud procurement will be the most important inference that can be taken from this article. ITIL offers a perfect platform to execute and support cloud applications effectively. IT will prevent cloud sprawl and instability, reduce the likelihood of service interruption and optimize customer loyalty by merging humans, procedures and technologies into hybrid environments.

Research limitations/implications

This survey is more aimed at specialists such as IT experts; so, further evaluations must also be carried out in order to understand the company's views on the risks and advantages of adopting ITIL. In addition, non-English articles are not discussed in this article.

Practical implications

The study outcomes would help suppliers of cloud computing services assess their service quality and ensure customer satisfaction with the quality of cloud computing services. The outcomes will also supply a reference for cloud infrastructure customers to assess and choose various kinds of cloud computing services.

Originality/value

An SLR with perspectives from ITIL professionals and business studies is the benefit of this report. By offering a more thorough framework that helps companies achieve efficiency, effectiveness and creativity in ITIL execution, this article would be useful for ITIL clients, decision-makers and developers.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 October 2021

Danni Chen, JianDong Zhao, Peng Huang, Xiongna Deng and Tingting Lu

Sparrow search algorithm (SSA) is a novel global optimization method, but it is easy to fall into local optimization, which leads to its poor search accuracy and…

159

Abstract

Purpose

Sparrow search algorithm (SSA) is a novel global optimization method, but it is easy to fall into local optimization, which leads to its poor search accuracy and stability. The purpose of this study is to propose an improved SSA algorithm, called levy flight and opposition-based learning (LOSSA), based on LOSSA strategy. The LOSSA shows better search accuracy, faster convergence speed and stronger stability.

Design/methodology/approach

To further enhance the optimization performance of the algorithm, The Levy flight operation is introduced into the producers search process of the original SSA to enhance the ability of the algorithm to jump out of the local optimum. The opposition-based learning strategy generates better solutions for SSA, which is beneficial to accelerate the convergence speed of the algorithm. On the one hand, the performance of the LOSSA is evaluated by a set of numerical experiments based on classical benchmark functions. On the other hand, the hyper-parameter optimization problem of the Support Vector Machine (SVM) is also used to test the ability of LOSSA to solve practical problems.

Findings

First of all, the effectiveness of the two improved methods is verified by Wilcoxon signed rank test. Second, the statistical results of the numerical experiment show the significant improvement of the LOSSA compared with the original algorithm and other natural heuristic algorithms. Finally, the feasibility and effectiveness of the LOSSA in solving the hyper-parameter optimization problem of machine learning algorithms are demonstrated.

Originality/value

An improved SSA based on LOSSA is proposed in this paper. The experimental results show that the overall performance of the LOSSA is satisfactory. Compared with the SSA and other natural heuristic algorithms, the LOSSA shows better search accuracy, faster convergence speed and stronger stability. Moreover, the LOSSA also showed great optimization performance in the hyper-parameter optimization of the SVM model.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 41 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 April 2016

Fatemeh Hakimian, Hadi Farid, Mohd Nazari Ismail and Pradeep Kumar Nair

The extremely competitive and globalized business environment directs organizations to rely on human capital to be innovative. Committed employees are needed for…

2352

Abstract

Purpose

The extremely competitive and globalized business environment directs organizations to rely on human capital to be innovative. Committed employees are needed for organizations to foster innovative behaviors. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between three forms of commitment and employees’ innovative behavior.

Design/methodology/approach

Adopted questionnaire from previous studies were distributed among employees of Malaysian Small and Medium Enterprises. A total of 219 questionnaires were analyzed via partial least square.

Findings

Statistical results revealed significant relationships between affective and normative commitment and employees’ innovative behavior.

Originality/value

This study offers a theoretical contribution by adding an insight into the relationship between commitment and innovative behavior. The study also provides a practical guideline for managers of Malaysian SMEs who aim to increase innovative behavior among employees by considering their level of commitment.

Details

Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-4323

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 October 2018

Shefali Nandan, Daphne Halkias, Paul W. Thurman, Marcos Komodromos, Baker Ahmad Alserhan, Chris Adendorff, Norashfah Hanim Yaakop Yahaya Alhaj, Alfredo De Massis, Eleanna Galanaki, Norma Juma, Eileen Kwesiga, Anayo D. Nkamnebe and Claire Seaman

The purpose of this paper is to examine affective commitment, normative commitment, and continuance commitment in a cross-national context to identify if the effect of…

1524

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine affective commitment, normative commitment, and continuance commitment in a cross-national context to identify if the effect of country-specific cultural orientation on organizational commitment of faculty in higher education functions invariably in different countries.

Design/methodology/approach

The work expands on Meyer and Allen’s (1991) three-component model of organizational commitment. It includes relevant literature review on ten countries and the results of a survey of university faculty members, assessing their institutions’ human resources practices and their effect on organizational commitment. Basic descriptive statistics were performed on nominal and interval data, means, medians, and standard deviations were computed, and tests of mean equivalence, including ANOVA tests, were performed. In certain instances, Pearson and Spearman correlations were computed to ascertain correlation, and χ2 tests for randomized response were used, while Cronbach’s α test helped to establish survey instrument validity.

Findings

Though certain differences may exist between different countries and cultures with respect to the three-component model of organizational commitment, there is strong evidence of the existence of invariance and, thus, generalizability of the model across cultures.

Research limitations/implications

Cultural studies have focused on differences in organizational commitment at national levels. Further attempts to identify the universality of factors leading to organizational commitment should account for culture in the study of employee-related globalization issues in higher education institutes. Knowledge of cultural impact is also useful from a managerial perspective, and for the design of relevant strategies.

Practical implications

National context plays a major role in shaping the nature of educational institutions. This study brings out the need for a deeper understanding of invariance in organizational commitment (inter-alia, through the three-component model).

Originality/value

This study contributes to a better understanding of the relationship between organizational commitment and its various antecedents, including human resources management practices, for faculty in higher education institutes.

Details

EuroMed Journal of Business, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1450-2194

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2016

Denni Arli, Helene Cherrier and Fandy Tjiptono

The purpose of this paper is: to explore the impact of religiousness (i.e. intrinsic religiousness, extrinsic religiousness) on purchase intention of luxury brands…

1819

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is: to explore the impact of religiousness (i.e. intrinsic religiousness, extrinsic religiousness) on purchase intention of luxury brands, affective attitude, and self-presentation; and, to explore the mediating effect of affective and self-presentation attitudes towards luxury brand purchase intention.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were derived using convenience sampling at three large universities (i.e. one public and two private universities) in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Researchers hand-delivered approximately 600 questionnaires to students in classrooms and public spaces (e.g. canteens and lounge rooms) of the universities. However, of the 525 questionnaires returned, only 491 were usable thereby offering an overall response rate of 81 per cent.

Findings

The study found that intrinsic religiousness was related positively to affective attitudes towards luxury brands while extrinsic religiousness was positively related to self-presentation attitudes. Affective attitude and self-presentation were positively related to consumer intention to purchase luxury brands.

Practical implications

The result of the present study shows that religious consumers are not necessarily anti materialism and often opt for luxury brands over purely utilitarian possession. This finding has important implications. First, it may create future ethical problems as materialism has been found to correlate with unethical behaviours such as the purchase of counterfeits. Second, materialism has been linked to insecurity. When religious consumers view worldly possessions as symbols of achievement or success, sources of happiness, and representations of luxury, they may use possessions rather than religious text to hinder insecurity and shape the self.

Originality/value

This is one of the few studies exploring the impact of religiousness on luxury brands possession in Indonesia, a country with the largest Muslim population in the world and home to a highly religious society.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 34 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 5 June 2017

Muhammad Farrukh, Chong Wei Ying and Shaheen Mansori

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of five-factor model of personality on organizational commitment in the higher educational institutes of Pakistan.

12869

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of five-factor model of personality on organizational commitment in the higher educational institutes of Pakistan.

Design/methodology/approach

Quantitative methodology was adopted to measure the impact of personality on organizational commitment. A structured questionnaire was e-mailed to the faculty members of the social science department of higher education institutes. SmartPLS software was used to run the structural equation modeling technique.

Findings

The findings showed that extroversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness are positively linked to affective commitment (AC), and neuroticism and openness has negative association with AC. Furthermore, extroversion and agreeableness were found to be negatively linked to continuance commitment. A negative link between neuroticism and continuance commitment while no relationship between conscientiousness, openness, and continuance commitment was found.

Research limitations/implications

Results have several implications for the personality and commitment literature. First, study provided comprehensive empirical evidence regarding the dispositional basis of organizational commitment notably; the authors found that the Big Five personality traits as a whole are significantly associated with organizational commitment. Second, the current findings underscore the role of agreeableness in shaping organizational commitment. Agreeableness was the strongest predictor of both AC and continuance commitment. Agreeableness may be especially relevant for predicting employee outcomes that are reliant on strong interpersonal or social exchange relationships. As such outcomes are becoming more and more critical in employee, group, and organizational effectiveness.

Originality/value

In general, findings show that Big Five traits play an important role in understanding employee commitment to the organization. Consistent with previous studies on personality traits in the workplace, practitioners will benefit from considering all of the Big Five traits in their selection systems.

Details

Journal of Work-Applied Management, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2205-2062

Keywords

1 – 10 of 14