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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1929

Friedrich Hauptmann

THE basis of all navigation is the compass. It will therefore be readily understood that for years the greatest efforts have been made to improve the compass, to make it…

Abstract

THE basis of all navigation is the compass. It will therefore be readily understood that for years the greatest efforts have been made to improve the compass, to make it come up to all the requirements of flight. Unfortunately, this is only possible by means of a compromise, because the qualities required in a good compass, as far as construction is concerned, tend to contradict one another. These desiderata are:

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 1 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1993

Nicholas W. Balabkins

Describes briefly the personal histories and important professionalassociation of Gustav Schmoller and Friedrich Althoff emphasizing theirinnovatory period 1870‐1882 at Strasburg.

Abstract

Describes briefly the personal histories and important professional association of Gustav Schmoller and Friedrich Althoff emphasizing their innovatory period 1870‐1882 at Strasburg.

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Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 20 no. 4/5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 11 November 2016

Torben Krings

This article compares the mobility experience of Austria, Germany, Ireland and the United Kingdom post-enlargement. In all four countries, migrant inflows from the new EU…

Abstract

This article compares the mobility experience of Austria, Germany, Ireland and the United Kingdom post-enlargement. In all four countries, migrant inflows from the new EU member states account for the bulk of contemporary labour mobility. At the same time, issues of wage dumping have arisen everywhere, raising questions about compliance and the ‘re-embedding’ of mobility flows. Hence the article examines the labour market impact of recent East-West migration as well as policy responses by the social partners and public authorities that are geared towards the re-regulation of employment standards. Some commonalities are identified, especially in relation to the broadening of national wage floors and the growing role of the state in enforcing labour standards. However, some differences remain, especially whether re-regulation happens on the basis of collective agreements or statutory minimum rights. In this regard, different bargaining traditions, the power resources of labour market actors and the capacity of unions to build political coalitions with the state and employers are identified as crucial factors in shaping national and sectoral response strategies.

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Labour Mobility in the Enlarged Single European Market
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-442-6

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 11 November 2016

Bettina Wagner and Anke Hassel

Germany has become one of the major destination countries for labour migration within the European Union. The German government introduced temporary restrictions on labour…

Abstract

Germany has become one of the major destination countries for labour migration within the European Union. The German government introduced temporary restrictions on labour migration after the eastern enlargement rounds of 2004 and 2007. These barriers had little impact on the overall volume of labour mobility. Rather they were accompanied by new “atypical” forms of mobility through the posting of workers, self-employment and seasonal workers, which according to EU rules are covered only by a minimum of host country regulations. The combination of temporary restrictions on regular migration and the opportunities through atypical mobility created strong incentives for companies to engage in ‘regime shopping’ strategies. This contributed to a considerable growth in outsourcing, subcontracting and flexible use of external labour added to pre-existing dynamics of low-wage competition, segmentation and fragmentation in the German labour market. Using data on the different forms of intra-EU migration to Germany, the article analyses the different paths that labour migration has frequently used since the fall of the Iron Curtain. First, it maps the changes in magnitude, character and direction of intra-EU labour mobility to Germany and the relative weight of the different channels through which such movements occurred from 2000 to 2015. Second, the article discusses the various responses by the government by the extension of collective agreements and the statutory minimum wage.

Details

Labour Mobility in the Enlarged Single European Market
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-442-6

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2011

Fred Lee

I have taken this essay on Mark Bevirʼs latest book as an opportunity to critically reflect on diverse perspectives within radical democratic theory. My first aim here is…

Abstract

I have taken this essay on Mark Bevirʼs latest book as an opportunity to critically reflect on diverse perspectives within radical democratic theory. My first aim here is to simply describe Bevirʼs historical and interpretive account of governance in general, interdisciplinary terms. My second aim is the more specific, disciplinary one of comparing the scholarly contributions of Mark Bevirʼs Democratic Governance with those of Chantal Mouffeʼs The Democratic Paradox and Archon Fungʼs Empowered Participation, two influential publications in contemporary political theory. I conclude by discussing the relative powers and limits of Bevirʼs genealogical, Mouffeʼs deconstructive, and Fungʼs procedural approaches to radical democratic theory.

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International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1093-4537

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2001

Barbara F.H. Allen

Presents an annotated bibliography of journals and magazines useful to students and professors of German studies. The publications listed are suitable for academic and…

Abstract

Presents an annotated bibliography of journals and magazines useful to students and professors of German studies. The publications listed are suitable for academic and large public libraries.

Details

Collection Building, vol. 20 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0160-4953

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 June 1999

Jennifer Taylor

466

Abstract

Details

European Business Review, vol. 99 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-534X

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 June 2001

Jennifer Taylor

114

Abstract

Details

European Business Review, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-534X

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 24 October 2003

Fredrik Engelstad

The significance of literature in nation-building in two “second generation” nations, Germany and Norway, is discussed. In both countries a specific national literature…

Abstract

The significance of literature in nation-building in two “second generation” nations, Germany and Norway, is discussed. In both countries a specific national literature was constituted parallel to the political institutions during the latter half of the 19th century. Yet there are clear differences in political effects in the two cases. In Norway, the struggle for national independence up to 1905 entailed a significant democratization of society. Germany, in the wake of the revolution of 1848, developed into a politically authoritarian regime, fully established under Prussian leadership in 1871.

These processes are mirrored in the position of literature. In Norway, where artistic traditions were absent, the national literature was a product of the 19th century, and emerged in close connection to ongoing political debates. In Germany, the Weimar heritage had gained classical status during the 1850s. Thus, the problem was foremost that of redefining the spiritual heritage to fit the history of the German Reich.

A related difference is found in the diffusion of literature through its most important channel – the school system. Norway developed a modern, uniform school, where the nation’s new literature was accorded a central place. In Germany, a more class-based school system was cemented, and the idea of diffusing the cultural heritage to the population at large held a weak position.

Along with these institutional factors, the development of national literatures in the two countries is seen in the light of regional specificities, constellations of literary genres with high and low prestige, and the social and political position of writers.

Details

Comparative Studies of Culture and Power
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-885-9

Article
Publication date: 24 May 2022

Pujith Rajaguru Senapathy Vijayaratnam, John Arthur Reizes and Tracie Jacqueline Barber

Stent malapposition is one of the most significant precursors of stent thrombosis and restenosis. Adverse haemodynamics may play a key role in establishing these diseases…

Abstract

Purpose

Stent malapposition is one of the most significant precursors of stent thrombosis and restenosis. Adverse haemodynamics may play a key role in establishing these diseases, although numerical studies have used idealised drug transport models to show that drug transport from malapposed drug-eluting stent struts can be significant. This paper aims to study whether drug transport from malapposed struts is truly significant. Another aim is to see whether a streamlined strut profile geometry – with a 61% smaller coating but a 32% greater coating-tissue contact area – can mitigate the adverse haemodynamics associated with stent malapposition while enhancing drug uptake.

Design/methodology/approach

Two- and three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulations were used in this study. Unlike past simulations of malapposed drug-eluting stent struts, a qualitatively validated drug-transport model which simulates the non-uniform depletion of drug within the drug coating was implemented.

Findings

It was shown that even a 10-µm gap between the strut and tissue dramatically reduces drug uptake after 24 h of simulated drug transport. Furthermore, the streamlined strut profile was shown to minimise the adverse haemodynamics of malapposed and well-apposed stent struts alike and enhance drug uptake.

Originality/value

Unlike prior numerical studies of malapposed stent struts, which did not model the depletion of drug in the drug coating, it was found that stent malapposition yields negligible drug uptake. The proposed semicircular-profiled strut was also shown to be advantageous from a haemodynamic and drug transport perspective.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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