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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1993

Frank Leishman and Stephen P. Savage

Suggests that the British police service is experiencing theeffects of the “new managerialism” in the public sector. Aparticular concern has been the system of…

Abstract

Suggests that the British police service is experiencing the effects of the “new managerialism” in the public sector. A particular concern has been the system of single‐point entry to the service and its capacity to provide the police with the managers it needs to tackle contemporary issues. Points out that calls for reform have tended to focus on the merits and demerits of an “officer class” solution. Argues that rhetoric about military‐style elites for the police has blocked open discussion about the potential advantages of dual‐or even multiple‐point entry to the service. Examines the debate and counters criticisms surrounding it through comparisons with reforms in Britain′s National Health Service, and also with the Dutch and Japanese police. Argues that direct entry could catalyze change and improvement in the areas of equal opportunities, specialist functional management and reward systems at all levels.

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 6 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1997

Stephen Cope, Frank Leishman and Peter Starie

Explores the links between processes of globalization and new public management (NPM), and examines their effects on the management of the police in particular. Assesses…

Abstract

Explores the links between processes of globalization and new public management (NPM), and examines their effects on the management of the police in particular. Assesses whether managerial unity or managerial disunity will characterize the future of police management. Looks at the effects of globalization on academic disciplines; the role of the State in an era of globalization; the rise of NPM; the effects of NPM on the management of the British police; the implications of police management reform for the police; and future scenarios of police management.

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 10 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1995

Frank Leishman, Stephen Cope and Peter Starie

Since the late 1970s the public sector in Britain has been subjectto major reforms, which have been consistent with the prominentinternational trend of bringing new public…

Abstract

Since the late 1970s the public sector in Britain has been subject to major reforms, which have been consistent with the prominent international trend of bringing new public management into government. The police service has escaped significant reform, particularly when compared with other policy areas. But in 1993 the Conservative government put forward a series of police reform measures, corresponding largely to the tenets of new public management. However, despite political commitment to reform, the implementation of many of the reform proposals has been successfully resisted by the police. Provides an explanation of the attempt to reform the police service by using a policy networks approach.

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2006

Tien Foo Sing, Joseph T.L. Ooi, Ah Long Wong and Patrick K.K. Lum

This paper sets out to empirically test the office space choice decision of firms currently occupying offices in Suntec City, Singapore.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper sets out to empirically test the office space choice decision of firms currently occupying offices in Suntec City, Singapore.

Design/methodology/approach

Empirical data on office space determinants of occupiers in Suntec City office towers were collected via a mailed questionnaire from March to June 2004. Based on a consolidated sample list of 342 firms, 61 responses from the occupiers, which represent a response rate of 17.8 percent, were received.

Findings

Based on the survey results on office space preference of occupiers in Suntec City, the mean score statistics show that image and prestige of an office location and accessibility by public transport are the two most highly ranked factors by the firms.

Research limitations/implications

The selection of Suntec City as a sample case study may help to control the heterogeneity of building factor, but it will also limit the generalization of the findings. However, the results provide support to the deliberate strategies by the management to create a pro‐business environment and also to connect the space through deliberate network effects. The second limitation is the uneven distribution of sample firms by size in the survey.

Originality/value

In many office space choice studies, building and accessibility factors were invariably found to be significant determinants of office location. In this study, non‐location and network connectivity factors were included in the empirical tests, and they were found to be significant in influencing office space decision of selected clusters of firms in a building.

Details

Journal of Property Investment & Finance, vol. 24 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-578X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 4 September 2017

Anton Stephan, Frank Holzäpfel and Stefan Zholtovski

This study aims to investigate the effect of gusts on aircraft wake vortices. Aircraft wake vortices present a potential risk to following aircraft, particularly during…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the effect of gusts on aircraft wake vortices. Aircraft wake vortices present a potential risk to following aircraft, particularly during final approach and landing, as wake vortices may remain in the flight corridor for a long time. Wind and turbulence are key factors that influence the wake vortex evolution and the wake vortex generation in the aircraft. Flying through a gust influences the wake vortex roll-up process and its evolution. Note that vertical and lateral gusts may affect counter-rotating wake vortices differently. Both vortices influence each other by inducing a downward velocity. Disturbances may therefore lead to local vortex tilting and later to a complex three-dimensional deformation. This work uses two different hybrid Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes/large-eddy simulation (RANS-LES) approaches to investigate the effect of gusts on wake vortex evolution. In a one-way coupling, a pre-calculated RANS velocity field of the aircraft’s near-field is being swept through an LES domain. The effect of a sine gust on the turbulent wake is modeled by manipulating the RANS-field accordingly. As a more sophisticated approach, the concept of a two-way coupling is being presented. Here an LES solver is bi-directionally coupled with an unsteady RANS (URANS) solver, exchanging values at every physical time step of the simulation.

Design/methodology/approach

A one-way coupling approach of the LES code MGLET and the RANS code TAU is presented to simulate the gust effect on aircraft wake vortices. Additionally, the concept of the two-way coupling of these two codes incorporating a coupling module.

Findings

The gust effect of wake vortices subjected to a crosswind can be simulated. The vortex physics is analyzed. Unexpected behavior like fast upwind vortex decay is revealed.

Practical implications

The understanding of the aircraft wake vortex physics during landing provides valuable information for wake vortex advisory systems.

Originality/value

The effect of gust on wake vortices during and after landing has not been studied so far. The hybrid one-way coupling approach, as well as the concept of the two-way coupling, are relatively new.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 89 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2001

Neil Dunse, Chris Leishman and Craig Watkins

In this paper, it is argued that neo‐classical location theory is of limited value in conceptualising the structure of urban office markets. Rather there are sound…

Abstract

In this paper, it is argued that neo‐classical location theory is of limited value in conceptualising the structure of urban office markets. Rather there are sound theoretical and technical arguments for segmenting office markets into distinct submarkets. It is further argued that submarkets, rather than being based on prior knowledge of agents or researchers, should be derived empirically. As an illustration the authors use principal components analysis and cluster analysis to construct office submarkets. The results reported are based on the analysis of a unique dataset of asking rents, physical and locational characteristics of properties on the market in the cities of Glasgow and Edinburgh in the 1990s. From the empirical evidence, it is clear that different factors are important in influencing the structure of the office market in Scotland’s major urban centres.

Details

Journal of Property Investment & Finance, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-578X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2003

C. Leishman, N.A. Dunse, F.J. Warren and C. Watkins

This paper reports the results from the first stage of a research project that examines changes in urban office occupiers’ space requirements and their impact on the…

Abstract

This paper reports the results from the first stage of a research project that examines changes in urban office occupiers’ space requirements and their impact on the structure of urban office markets. The specific objectives of the project are to compare occupiers’ trade‐offs and preferences between submarkets in the Edinburgh market and to look at the way in which agents influence the process by which occupiers are matched to space in particular submarkets. The results discussed are based on two surveys: first we analyse a detailed survey of office occupiers in two office submarkets in Edinburgh; and second, office agents are surveyed. This allows us to compare their perception of occupiers’ space requirements with those expressed by respondent occupiers. The results suggest that agents’ knowledge of occupier preferences vary across submarkets and that, in particular, they are less well informed about occupiers’ preferences in non‐traditional submarkets.

Details

Journal of Property Investment & Finance, vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-578X

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Book part
Publication date: 30 July 2007

Mark Bevir and Ben Krupicka

Abstract

Details

Police Occupational Culture
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-055-2

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2008

Gabriele Fassauer and Frank Schirmer

Professionals are often seen as an implementation barrier to change in public organisations. Although their commitment is judged to be crucial, they often behave rather…

Abstract

Professionals are often seen as an implementation barrier to change in public organisations. Although their commitment is judged to be crucial, they often behave rather reservedly and may even oppose change. The power models and micro‐political theories of change both conceptualise this resistance as a defence of their professional interests, their benefits and their power status. Acknowledging that political strategies, tactics and games played have a crucial role in the implement of change in public organisations, this paper expands this perspective by dealing with issues related to professional identity. Identity‐related conflicts often go beyond the issues of protecting and enhancing benefits and power. Therefore, this paper focuses on the central characteristics of identity and examines the identity‐related aspects of the political perspective of change management.

Details

International Journal of Leadership in Public Services, vol. 4 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-9886

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 25 March 2021

Robert Smith

Abstract

Details

Entrepreneurship in Policing and Criminal Contexts
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80071-056-6

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