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Journalism and Austerity
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-417-0

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Book part
Publication date: 1 March 2013

Eeva Luhtakallio

The chapter introduces a methodological approach to analyzing visual material based on Erving Goffman's frame analysis. Building on the definition of dominant frames in a…

Abstract

The chapter introduces a methodological approach to analyzing visual material based on Erving Goffman's frame analysis. Building on the definition of dominant frames in a set of visual material, and the analysis of keying within these frames, the approach provides a tangible tool to analyze contextualized visual material sociologically. To illustrate the approach, the chapter analyzes visual representations of social movement contention in two local contexts, the cities of Lyon, France, and Helsinki, Finland. The material was collected during ethnographic fieldwork and consists of 505 images from local activist websites. The analysis asks how femininity, masculinity, and gender/sex ambiguity key visual representations of different aspects of contentious action, such as mass gatherings, violence, protest policing, and performativity. Strong converging features are found in the contents of the frames in the two contexts, yet differences also abound, in particular in the ways femininity keys different frames of contention in visual representations. The results show, first, that the visual frame analysis approach is a functioning tool for analyzing large sets of visual material with a qualitative emphasis, and second, that a comparison of local activism through visual representations calls into question many general assumptions of political cultures, repertoires of contention, and cultural gender systems, and highlights the importance for sociologists of looking closely enough for both differences and similarities.

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Advances in the Visual Analysis of Social Movements
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-636-1

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Abstract

Details

Journalism and Austerity
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-417-0

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Article
Publication date: 25 February 2014

Olufikayo Aderinlewo and Gabriel Ayodele Alade

The behaviours of four indeterminate frame-support combinations namely Type I (with fixed supports), Type II (with pinned supports), Type III (with fixed-pinned supports…

Abstract

Purpose

The behaviours of four indeterminate frame-support combinations namely Type I (with fixed supports), Type II (with pinned supports), Type III (with fixed-pinned supports) and Type IV (with fixed-roller supports) frames under the exposure conditions and loads as existing on site were simulated. Two categories of these combinations (I and II) were studied namely single storey-single bay and multiple storey-single bay frames, as illustrated in the case studies treated. A procedure for determining the probability of failure at different sections along the frame types, the range between the probability of failure bounds and the reliability ratings of the frame types were developed based on the kinetic method of plastic moment analysis, minimum weight design method, piecewise method of moment analysis and first order-second moment (FOSM) methods. The analysis results of the Category I frames showed that the Type I frame was most reliable (with the lowest probability of failure range of 0.3269), while the Type II frame was least reliable (with the highest probability of failure range of 0.4918). These results were consistent with those of the Category II frames. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Collapse mechanisms were generated for four frame-support types and the corresponding plastic moments were determined using both the kinematic plastic analyses and minimum weight design methods. The members were designed and the plastic moments were distributed at sections of constant interval along the frame length to generate corresponding envelopes. A similar process was carried out to determine the elastic moment variables due to the loads. The reliability index and the corresponding probability of failure at each frame section were determined. Then, the probabilities of failure bounds for the frames were then compared to determine the most reliable.

Findings

It was observed that there existed a wide margin between the elastic and plastic moments indicating that design of steel structures at the elastic limit does not take full advantage of its strength. Hence, the design can be carried out beyond the elastic limit and within the safety margin given in equation (3). However, the safety of the entire frame is assessed on the basis of range of values between the highest and the lowest probability of failure bounds. The lower this range is (not exceeding 0.5 or 50 per cent), the more reliable the frame is.

Research limitations/implications

The equations developed in this study can only be directly applied to multi storey-single bay frames. However, the reliability-based analysis and design procedure developed can be extended to other types of frames.

Practical implications

A practical approach for analysing steel frames with different supports with the overall goal of producing safe and economical designs has been developed and presented in this paper.

Originality/value

The procedure adopted is very original and can be backed up by existing literature. The piecewise method for analysing moments at various sections along a frame is also innovative. The whole concept can be adopted to determine the reliability of other types of frames such as multiple bay-multistorey frames with different support types.

Details

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1726-0531

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Book part
Publication date: 9 November 2020

Queenie K. H. Lam

The main objective of this chapter is to explore the potential and applicability of framing, a multidisciplinary and multiparadigmatic ‘metatheory’ of sense-making through…

Abstract

The main objective of this chapter is to explore the potential and applicability of framing, a multidisciplinary and multiparadigmatic ‘metatheory’ of sense-making through communication, or media effects specifically, in guiding higher education research. To reach this objective, the author first synthesized theoretical discussions on framing in different disciplines, collated the core concepts developed around the framing concept and developed a universal framing process model, to be applied with the introduction of a theme and the selection of research paradigms. Following that, the author provided an overview of the application of the framing concept in higher education research and explored the potential application of the model to guide and coordinate framing research in the field.

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Article
Publication date: 8 April 2020

David S. Dobson and Karolien Poels

Mortgage lenders often combine a variety of framing strategies when developing mortgage advertisements. To date, these frames have mostly been studied separately. This…

Abstract

Purpose

Mortgage lenders often combine a variety of framing strategies when developing mortgage advertisements. To date, these frames have mostly been studied separately. This paper, however, studies the combined framing effects of message valence, specificity, and temporality on consumers' mortgage decision-making.

Design/methodology/approach

A mixed methods design was used. First, 13 unique print ads collected from a Canadian newspaper were analyzed for content. Second, a 2 × 2 × 2 scenario-based experiment with 400 undergraduate participants examined the framing effects of valence, specificity and temporality on attitudes toward the mortgage advertising message, the product advertised, and the brand, as well as on consumers' behavioral intentions toward the advertised mortgage product.

Findings

The content analysis suggests that combined framing does exist in print ads. A positive message with a fixed term and a specific interest rate were the most commonly used frames. The experiment revealed that, for behavioral intentions, the main effect of the message temporality was significant. The effects of advertising a long-term mortgage on behavioral intentions were more favorable than those of advertising a short-term mortgage.

Practical implications

This research provides a combined framing model for designing advertising strategies for the financial services industry to market complex financial products, such as mortgage loans to consumers. This is relevant to lenders when designing a persuasive package or ads for potential customers.

Originality/value

This study is the first of its kind to investigate the effects of combinations of message frames on consumers' mortgage decision-making, while also advancing the understanding of message framing theory for the financial services industry.

Details

International Journal of Bank Marketing, vol. 38 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-2323

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Article
Publication date: 18 May 2015

Victoria Uren and Aba-Sah Dadzie

The purpose of this paper is to assess high-dimensional visualisation, combined with pattern matching, as an approach to observing dynamic changes in the ways people tweet…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess high-dimensional visualisation, combined with pattern matching, as an approach to observing dynamic changes in the ways people tweet about science topics.

Design/methodology/approach

The high-dimensional visualisation approach was applied to three science topics to test its effectiveness for longitudinal analysis of message framing on Twitter over two disjoint periods in time. The paper uses coding frames to drive categorisation and visual analytics of tweets discussing the science topics.

Findings

The findings point to the potential of this mixed methods approach, as it allows sufficiently high sensitivity to recognise and support the analysis of non-trending as well as trending topics on Twitter.

Research limitations/implications

Three topics are studied, these illustrate a range of frames, but results may not be representative of all science topics.

Social implications

Funding bodies increasingly encourage scientists to participate in public engagement. As social media provides an avenue actively utilised for public communication, understanding the nature of the dialog on this medium is important for the scientific community and the public at large.

Originality/value

This study differs from standard approaches to the analysis of micropost data, which tend to focus on large-scale data sets. It provides evidence that this approach enables practical and effective analysis of the content of midsize to large collections of microposts.

Details

Aslib Journal of Information Management, vol. 67 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-3806

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Article
Publication date: 5 January 2010

J. Faleiro, S. Oller and A.H. Barbat

The purpose of this paper is to develop an improved analytical model for predicting the damage response of multi‐storey reinforced concrete frames modelled as an elastic…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop an improved analytical model for predicting the damage response of multi‐storey reinforced concrete frames modelled as an elastic beam‐column with two inelastic hinges at its ends.

Design/methodology/approach

The damage is evaluated in the hinges, using the concentrated damage concepts and a new member damage evaluation method for frame members, which leads to a meaningful global damage index of the structure. A numerical procedure for predicting the damage indices of the structures using matrix structural analysis, plastic theory and continuum damage model is also developed. The method is adequate for the prediction of the failure mechanisms.

Findings

Using the proposed framework numerical examples are finally included. From the obtained results, the advantages and limitation of the proposed model are observed.

Originality/value

The numeric model presented is useful to solve multi‐storey reinforced concrete frames using an inexpensive procedure that combines structural finite elements (beams) of low execution cost, with the moment‐curvature constitutive models deriving from classic stress‐strain ones. The proposed techniques give an inexpensive and reliability procedure to model the frame structures.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 6 August 2018

John Brummette and Hilary Fussell Sisco

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the networks that form around an organizational crisis and identify the most predominant frames communicated by the traditional…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the networks that form around an organizational crisis and identify the most predominant frames communicated by the traditional media and other social media users.

Design/methodology/approach

Through the systematic analysis of 3,000 tweets, this study utilized the social analysis method to map and measure how crisis information spreads through social media as well as a content analysis to identify the type of frames being communicated online immediately following a crisis.

Findings

The results of this analysis show that the media were the most active and influential sharers of information following Chipotle’s E. coli crisis. This information shaped the frame of the story, which focused on the hazard components involved in the crisis and the outrage of the organization’s publics. Consequently, stakeholders framed the situation as an issue of policy due to poor food handling procedures.

Practical implications

This study also reaffirms the important presence of traditional media organizations as the originators of information in a crisis. Furthermore, the findings demonstrate how Twitter can serve as a framing tool for an organization’s stakeholders. Communication managers and professionals can use the methods in this study to gauge public sentiment and obtain information that can be used to shape their consequent crisis management efforts.

Originality/value

Findings from this study reveal that as awareness of an issue spreads, stakeholders will quickly turn to social media to obtain and share information, as well as communicate about the issue with other social media users. This study demonstrates how the SNA method can be used to develop theory, in the realm of social media and online communication and provide guidance for professionals crafting their communication.

Details

Journal of Communication Management, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-254X

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Article
Publication date: 16 November 2015

Filippa Säwe and Åsa Thelander

This paper aims to analyze the conditions for co-creation in a non-commercial context. The particular aim is to show how a co-creative activity is framed for the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyze the conditions for co-creation in a non-commercial context. The particular aim is to show how a co-creative activity is framed for the participants and the consequences of the frames for the values that are co-created in the process.

Design/methodology/approach

Goffman’s frame analysis is applied to investigate how co-creation is used as a marketing strategy where an art event is used as an engagement platform to involve citizens in creating visions for an urban renewal area. It is a qualitative study based on observations.

Findings

The taken-for-granted ideas of the active and creative consumer along with the focus in marketing research on the positive values achieved in a co-creative process are problematic in a public context. An unreflexive use of a co-creative strategy in a non-commercial setting and using art as an engagement platform, in combination with insufficient communication about the new framings, result in no-creation of value or even co-destruction of value.

Practical implications

Unclear definition of the situation for co-creation results in confusion about how to interact and how to create value. Such an outcome is highly problematic for a public organization. It is of major importance that citizens can identify and understand the type of activity. The authors argue that communication in well-defined phases of an event can facilitate desired acts of co-creation.

Originality/value

Value co-creation theory has been transferred between contexts, but there are few studies of what the transfer means in terms of consumer abilities to take part in the value creation process and its rules of engagement. This study demonstrates the difficulties of moving from theory to practice when the context changes from a commercial to a public participatory one. This opens for new research venues in value co-creation and marketing theory.

Details

International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-669X

Keywords

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