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Enfin, un autre effet important de l'auto sur le tourisme est l'éparpillement géographique de l'hébergement. Pendant longtemps, les hôtels étaient concentrés dans certaines localités. Comme le choix de l'étape dépend désormais de la volonté exclusive du conducteur, il n'a plus été nécessaire de s'arrêter dans les cités traditionnelles et il est même apparu préférable de loger à l'écart des grandes villes. Du coup, les auberges de campagne, les rustiques cafés de village, qui n'avaient qu'une clientèle locale, ont subi des aménagements pour recevoir les touristes de passage. Les localités situées sur les variantes des itinéraires classiques, sur des routes parallèles aux axes de grand trafic servent ainsi d'exutoire au tropplein des hôtels placés sur le trajet le plus rapide. Exemple: la rive droite du Rhône à partir de Valence jusqu'à Marseille. Il arrive de plus en plus fréquemment que l'automobiliste consente à un petit détour, quittant la grande voie pour l'étape. Il en est souvent récompensé, comme celui qui, se rendant de Madrid à Séville ou à Grenade, passe par Ubeda, localité pittoresque et pourvue d'un grandiose parador, quoique distante d'une quarantaine de kilomètres (maximum accepté par le conducteur!) de Bailen, nœud routier important, lui‐même disposant d'une albergue de carretera.
The purpose of this paper is to develop an approach at defining a retail channel strategy applied to young consumers.
The authors use a qualitative study that adopts the consumer perspective and employed an investiga-tive channel-scan approach based on two scenarios applied to 12 retailers selling childrenswear. The authors studied 139 flows between all the channels and explored the retailers’ child orientation.
The paper revealed that the channel configuration and integration of retailers showed a di-versity of approach leading us to distinguish eight different retail channel strategies. It also appears that there is limited evidence of a specific selling channels designed for children by retailers in selling products aimed at the child market.
This study contributes to the retail marking literature by showing evidence of child orienta-tion in channel management. Nevertheless, the results show the need for future research to understand the causes and effects of channel child orientation and the way it contributes to the retail channel strategy.
The findings have practical implications for retailers by providing a framework to help them in their decision-making regarding retail channel strategy. It also sheds new light on the con-tribution from young consumers in retail channel strategy.
The contribution of this paper is to explore the combined perspective of configuration and integration of the channel-to-market as part of the retail channel strategy. The paper also provides evidence of child orientation in retail channel strategy when retailers selling prod-ucts for children are concerned.
This chapter discusses the main research interests and outputs in the various branches of geography that have influenced the study of tourism from a geographical…
This chapter discusses the main research interests and outputs in the various branches of geography that have influenced the study of tourism from a geographical perspective. It argues that the idiographic tradition has been transversal throughout, leading to the growing interest for tourism within the geography academic community in the last 10 years. There is a focus on the birth of specific research groups, mainly related to a constellation of new university curricula on tourism and—with few exceptions of territorial tradition—to an intermittent availability of public research funds. The chapter concludes with a more general picture of the place of tourism within the geography discipline in Italy and of evolving trends in terms of research results, dissemination, and evaluation.
THE claims of the small library on the attention of librarians have been so completely overshadowed by those of the more showy and, in many respects, more important, large library, that comparatively little literature of a useful kind exist relating to book collections in their early stages of development. By small library is meant the small general collection of books numbering from 200 to 5,000 volumes, such as is gathered by private individuals, schools, churches, commercial firms, and other agencies, to which books are either tools, or a valuable means of affording recreation. As a rule, such collections are formed without much regard to order or care in selection, save in the case of the special libraries of private collectors, and the majority of the small libraries are, accordingly, very heterogenous in their contents and hopelessly primitive in their methods. The same is unfortunately true of many of the smaller Public Libraries of this country, which are ill‐proportioned, ignorantly selected and thoroughly unsatisfactory heaps of literary refuse. If anyone is sufficiently curious and patient to study the catalogue of the average small British subscription, private or semi‐private library, he will be surprised by the revelations therein made of bad judgment in selection, and an extraordinary lack of proportion between class and class, author and author, and subject and subject. No attempt is made in such libraries to keep in touch with modern scientific, artistic, historical, social or literary progress, because most of the limited funds available for this purpose are squandered in the provision of third‐rate fiction and the cheapest kinds of elementary primers. The ambition to place as many books on the shelves in the shortest space of time is responsible for the poor quality of the literature stocked by the average small library. Instead of purchasing and adding with care and attention to quality, such libraries practically accept anything which comes their way, whether in the shape of donations or purchases, and they would probably house a well‐bound grocer's price list with as much alacrity as an edition of Shakespeare or any other literary masterpiece.
The landscape of European cities is by no means homogeneous. Nonetheless, the same type of conflict has repeatedly occurred in different places in the last few years: From…
The landscape of European cities is by no means homogeneous. Nonetheless, the same type of conflict has repeatedly occurred in different places in the last few years: From Seville to Vienna, from Cologne to St. Petersburg, planned high-rise buildings for inner city districts have provoked fervent arguments and debates. Whether and how European cities should integrate more high-rise buildings is a highly controversial question. This chapter focuses on strategies of vertical construction and related debates about the cityscape in both Paris and Vienna. By studying the urban constellations of Paris and Vienna, it can be shown that what may look comparable at first glance is the outcome of highly different strategies and histories.
Although both cities define themselves to a wide degree with reference to historic structures, the image of tall buildings varies drastically in these cities, which correlates with these cities’ diverse histories and hence experiences with high-rise buildings. Path dependencies and the ways individual cities receive international trends are crucial to understanding processes of urbanization. Based on in-depth interviews with various urban actors and other relevant qualitative data, this chapter aims to demonstrate that a city’s high-rise strategy cannot be attributed to any single factor; rather, it is the result of a complex interplay between various aspects and actors, which crucially includes present and past struggles over cityscapes and therefore over urban spaces.
Le problème de la concentration — partant, de rallongement et de l'étalement des saisons touristiques constitue un des plus importants et en même temps des plus cruciaux…
Le problème de la concentration — partant, de rallongement et de l'étalement des saisons touristiques constitue un des plus importants et en même temps des plus cruciaux qui intéressent les milieux liés directement ou indirectement au mouvement touristique.