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Article
Publication date: 4 April 2017

Debra Harris and Lori Fitzgerald

The business case for facility expenditures is grounded in the knowledge that life-cycle economics is significant to the continued viability of the facility. The aim of…

Abstract

Purpose

The business case for facility expenditures is grounded in the knowledge that life-cycle economics is significant to the continued viability of the facility. The aim of this study is to develop an algorithm for life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) and evaluate flooring products to inform decision makers about the long-term cost of ownership.

Design/methodology/approach

The protocol for executing an LCCA is defined by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, including defining the problem, identifying feasible alternatives and establishing common assumptions and parameters, as well as acquiring financial information. Data were provided by an independent third-party source.

Findings

The results of this study are twofold: assess functionally equivalent flooring alternatives to determine the best financial value and develop a replicable protocol and algorithm for LCCA. The study found that modular carpet was the best financial solution. As a tool for decision makers, this LCCA informs asset management about the long-term cost of ownership, providing a protocol for making practical, informed decisions for the lowest cost solution for functionally equivalent alternatives.

Research limitations/implications

Projecting LCCA beyond 15 years may have limited value based on potential changes in the financial climate. Further research should focus on the implications of changes in the discount rate over time and testing the algorithm on other building systems.

Practical implications

Maintenance costs are considerable when compared to initial cost of flooring. Equipment costs have a significant impact on long-term cost of ownership. Using LCCA to inform specifications and to determine the best solution for a building system such as flooring provides an evidence-based process for building design and facility management.

Social implications

Life-cycle costs have a significant impact on the financial health of an organization. Using LCCA to make informed decisions about facility design and specifications may contribute to increased financial stability and resources to benefit the organization’s long term goals.

Originality/value

This study contributes an algorithm instrument for buildings and building systems. The flooring tested with this protocol provides evidence to inform flooring selection based on lowest cost while considering other factors that inform appropriate selection of flooring materials.

Details

Facilities, vol. 35 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2001

Helena Moussatche and Jennifer Languell

The tight schedule of developing, designing, and managing educational facilities limits the time and resources needed to correctly assess the full cost of building…

Abstract

The tight schedule of developing, designing, and managing educational facilities limits the time and resources needed to correctly assess the full cost of building materials. As a result, the selection of interior finishing materials is commonly driven solely by initial cost. This study evaluates interior floor materials currently available for use in K‐12 educational facilities in the State of Florida. The range of materials chosen for the comparison encompasses common flooring materials installed over appropriate sub‐floor materials. The flooring alternatives are evaluated using a service life‐cycle cost (LCC) analysis based on the 50‐year service life specified by the Florida Department of Education. A net present worth (NPW) analysis that includes initial costs, operation and maintenance costs, and replacement costs of each selection is used to evaluate the materials. Interior floorings initial cost, replacement cost, service life, and operations and maintenance costs are compared to the materials resulting LCC.

Details

Facilities, vol. 19 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

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Article
Publication date: 15 February 2019

Manish K. Dixit, Shashank Singh, Sarel Lavy, Wei Yan, Fatemeh Pariafsai and Mohammadreza Ostadalimakhmalbaf

The purpose of this study is to create a knowledge base for decision-making in healthcare design by seeking, analyzing and discussing the preferences of facility managers…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to create a knowledge base for decision-making in healthcare design by seeking, analyzing and discussing the preferences of facility managers of healthcare facilities regarding floor finishes and their selection criteria. The goal is to enable a simplified and holistic selection of floor finishes based on multiple criteria. The authors studied floor finish selection in three healthcare units: emergency, surgery and in-patient units.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors completed a literature review to identify types of floor finishes currently used in healthcare facilities and the criteria applied for their selection. Using the literature survey results, a questionnaire was designed and administered to healthcare facility managers. The descriptive statistical analysis and the Friedman and Wilcoxon signed-ranks tests were used for reporting and analyzing the survey data.

Findings

The top five floor finishes used in the healthcare sector were identified as vinyl flooring, vinyl composite tile (VCT), rubber, linoleum and ceramic flooring. The top five selection criteria for floor finishes were durability, infection control, ease of maintenance, maintenance cost and user safety. The non-parametric test results show that the floor finish rankings and selection criteria were similar in the three healthcare units under study.

Originality/value

The most significant contribution of this research is to the design decision-making process of healthcare facilities. These results offer an understanding of what floor finishes are preferred by healthcare facility managers and why. This knowledge is crucial for designers and facility managers to make informed choices and floor finish manufacturers to keep their product line relevant to the industry.

Details

Facilities, vol. 37 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2007

Amy Drahota, Diane Gal and Julie Windsor

Background: The ageing population is generating increasing concern over the occurrence and associated costs of falls in healthcare settings. Supplementary to the…

Abstract

Background: The ageing population is generating increasing concern over the occurrence and associated costs of falls in healthcare settings. Supplementary to the investigation of strategies to prevent falls, is the consideration of ways to reduce the number of injuries resulting from falls in these settings.Aims: This overview assesses the status of research on flooring in healthcare settings to reduce the incidence of injury resulting from falls.Methods: A comprehensive literature search, carried out in conjunction with a Cochrane Systematic Review on hospital environments for patient health‐related outcomes, identified the available evidence. Searches were also conducted in Medline and Scopus specifically to identify studies on flooring types, falls, and injuries. Reference lists of relevant studies and reviews were scanned and relevant authors were approached for further information.Conclusions: Flooring should be considered as a possible intervention for reducing injuries from falls, however, more rigorous and higher quality research is needed to identify the most appropriate materials for use.

Details

Quality in Ageing and Older Adults, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1471-7794

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Article
Publication date: 2 April 2019

Manish K. Dixit, Shashank Singh, Sarel Lavy and Wei Yan

The purpose of this paper is to identify, analyze and discuss floor finishes used in health-care facilities and their selection criteria in the form of advantages and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify, analyze and discuss floor finishes used in health-care facilities and their selection criteria in the form of advantages and disadvantages. The authors also identify the top three health-care floor finishes and selection criteria based on the literature review results. Although flooring materials have a considerable impact on the life-cycle cost and indoor environment of health-care facilities, what criteria may be used for such flooring choices is not thoroughly studied.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors performed a systematic review of the literature on certain flooring systems currently used in health-care facilities and the criteria applied for their selection. Peer-reviewed studies and articles published after Year 2000 consistent with the research design were included.

Findings

Sixteen different selection criteria that influence the choice of floor finishes in health-care facilities were determined and discussed. The results show that the top three-floor finish materials preferred in health-care facilities are sheet vinyl, rubber and carpet, and the top three selection criteria for floor finishes are indoor air quality, patient safety and infection control.

Originality/value

The results of this study will assist building owners, architects and interior designers with implementing an informed design decision-making process, particularly in relation to floor finish selection. The findings will also provide guidance to floor finish manufacturers to improve their products based on facility managers’ preferences.

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1959

H.R. Touchin

Epoxy resins are finding increasing use in a wide variety of industrial processes since they offer a combination of desirable properties which are probably not found…

Abstract

Epoxy resins are finding increasing use in a wide variety of industrial processes since they offer a combination of desirable properties which are probably not found simultaneously in most other resinous or plastics systems. At the same time, formulation of epoxy compositions can be very versatile bearing in mind the wide choice of both resin types and hardeners; these choices may be made to provide compositions with specially required properties such as hardness, flexibility, heat resistance, good ageing characteristics, etc.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 6 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1990

R. Bloomfield

Discusses some aspects of composite construction and compositematerials in the flooring industry, in particular relation to failuresin the construction of hard public…

Abstract

Discusses some aspects of composite construction and composite materials in the flooring industry, in particular relation to failures in the construction of hard public access flooring. Outlines the background to the increase in investigations into problems in two types of floor, namely: hard public access floors in malls and transport buildings, and raised platform floors in offices. Details the main points to emerge from investigation into complaints of defective flooring, concentrating on ill‐considered integration of engineering and architectural design skills in relation to new and existing structures and finishes and the problem of using new methods and materials without considering how they differ from those that went before. Suggests that the industry is taking considerable risks with clients′ money during its learning process.

Details

Structural Survey, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-080X

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1979

K.L. Okell

Flooring systems in food and drinks industries have to be resistant to chemical attack from the products, as well as safe not only from the point of view of hygiene, but…

Abstract

Flooring systems in food and drinks industries have to be resistant to chemical attack from the products, as well as safe not only from the point of view of hygiene, but also to avoid the danger of injury to personnel working in wet areas. This article describes the Reinau range of seamless floorings, mainly based on epoxy resins.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 26 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1974

To achieve the hygiene standards demanded by the modern food processing the soft drinks bottling industry, floor finishes must be impervious to the spillage of corrosive…

Abstract

To achieve the hygiene standards demanded by the modern food processing the soft drinks bottling industry, floor finishes must be impervious to the spillage of corrosive solutions, but easy to clean and still possess non‐slip properities. The necessity for achieving and maintaining these standards by the Bottlers of Coca‐Cola in their bottling plants resulted in the placing of flooring contracts with Acalor (1948) Ltd., of Crawley, Sussex.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 21 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 11 July 2019

Hendrig Marx and Richard Walls

The Southern African Institute of Steel Construction has developed a novel cellular beam structure (CBS) for multi-storey buildings that is entirely devoid of concrete…

Abstract

Purpose

The Southern African Institute of Steel Construction has developed a novel cellular beam structure (CBS) for multi-storey buildings that is entirely devoid of concrete. Channel sections between the cellular beams support a complex sandwich flooring system, which contains a fire-resistant ceiling board, metal sheeting, an interior fibre-cement board and an access-flooring system. As for all structures, the CBS requires a fire rating. This paper aims to investigate the thermal behaviour of the CBS using numerical modelling and experimental fire testing, as it has a unique setup.

Design/methodology/approach

Experimental fire tests on the flooring system were conducted to validate finite element models, which were developed in ABAQUS. These models were then extended to include floor beams and the structural steelwork.

Findings

Good correlations were found between the experimental and numerical results, with temperature variations typically in the range of 0-5%, although with localised differences of up to 20%. This allowed larger finite element models, representing the sandwich floor system of the CBS, to be developed and analysed. A 1-hour rating can be obtained by the system in terms of insulation and integrity requirements.

Practical implications

The CBS allows for more economical steel structures, due to the rapid construction of its modular panels. A suitable fire resistance will ensure the safety of the occupants and prevent major structural damage. Steelwork and flooring temperatures are determined which has allowed for global structural analyses to be carried out.

Originality/value

The originality of this study lies in thermal analysis and testing of a new cellular beam flooring system, through determining behaviour in fire, along with beam temperatures.

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