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Article
Publication date: 13 September 2011

Stephen J. Mihailov, Dan Grobnic, Christopher W. Smelser, Robert B. Walker, Ping Lu and Huimin Ding

The purpose of this paper is to present a review of research performed at the Communications Research Centre Canada on sensing applications of femtosecond infrared…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a review of research performed at the Communications Research Centre Canada on sensing applications of femtosecond infrared laser‐inscribed Bragg gratings.

Design/methodology/approach

By using fibre Bragg gratings induced with ultrafast infrared radiation, inscription of high temperature stable sensors in standard and exotic optical waveguides is investigated for a variety of novel applications.

Findings

Generally, femtosecond laser‐induced gratings are effective sensors that can be applied in situations and environments where most fibre optic sensors are not effective.

Originality/value

The paper is a review of existing work already published in the literature and provides an overview of this technology to the reader.

Content available
Article
Publication date: 14 September 2015

Xia He, Lin Zhong, Guorong Wang, Yang Liao and Qingyou Liu

This paper aims to carry out tribological experiments to explore the applications of femtosecond laser surface texturing technology on rock bit sliding bearing to enhance…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to carry out tribological experiments to explore the applications of femtosecond laser surface texturing technology on rock bit sliding bearing to enhance the lifetime and working performance of rock bit sliding bearing under high temperature and heavy load conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

Surface textures on beryllium bronze specimen were fabricated by femtosecond laser ablation (800 nm wavelength, 40 fs pulse duration, 1 kHz pulse repetition frequency), and then the tribological behaviors of pin-on-disc configuration of rock bit bearing were performed with 20CrNiMo/beryllium bronze tribo-pairs under non-Newtonian lubrication of rock bit grease.

Findings

The results showed that the surface texture on beryllium bronze specimens with specific geometrical features can be achieved by optimizing femtosecond laser processing via adjusting laser peak power and exposure time; more than 52 per cent of friction reduction was obtained from surface texture with a depth-to-diameter ratio of 0.165 and area ratio of 5 per cent at a shear rate of 1301 s−1 under the heavy load of 20 MPa and high temperature of 120°C, and the lubrication regime of rock bit bearing unit tribo-pairs was improved from boundary to mixed lubrication, which indicated that femtosecond laser ablation technique showed great potential in promoting service life and working performance of rock bit bearing.

Originality/value

Femtosecond laser-irradiated surface texture has the potential possibility for application in rock bit sliding bearing to improve the lubrication performance. Because proper micro dimples showed good lubrication and wear resistance performance for unit tribo-pairs of rock bit sliding bearing under high temperature, heavy load and non-Newtonian lubrication conditions, which is very important to improve the efficiency of breaking rock and accelerate the development of deep-water oil and gas resources.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 67 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 10 June 2021

Ru Zhang, Chuanzhen Huang, Jun Wang, Hongtao Zhu and Hanlian Liu

The purpose of this study is to fabricate high-aspect-ratio grooves with high surface quality by femtosecond laser (FS) to improve the machinability of silicon carbide…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to fabricate high-aspect-ratio grooves with high surface quality by femtosecond laser (FS) to improve the machinability of silicon carbide (SiC) and optimize the process parameters in micromechanical applications.

Design/methodology/approach

Four contrast experiments are reported to characterize the FS laser grooving process for SiC with polarization direction, crystal orientation, multi-pass scanning and z layer feed, respectively. The effects of different experimental conditions on the groove characteristics, material removal rate (MRR), aspect ratio, heat affected zone (HAZ) and surface roughness Ra are analyzed.

Findings

The influence of increasing laser fluence and multi-scanning pass on the groove depth is greater than on the groove width. The MRR, aspect ratio, HAZ and Ra increased with the increase of laser fluence and multi-scanning pass. The direction of laser polarization affects the direction of hot electron injection but has little effect on the material characteristics. FS laser ablation is an isotropic process and there is no obvious change in different crystal orientations. The z-layer feed can significantly increase the groove width and depth and reduce HAZ and Ra. The maximum aspect ratio of 82.67% was fabricated.

Originality/value

The results contribute to the understanding of the removal mechanism and reduce the friction of the microfluidic device and improve the flowability in the FS laser ablation of SiC. This paper provides suggestions for the selection of suitable process parameters and provides a wider possibility for the application of micro-texture on SiC.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 73 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 26 July 2013

Dai Cheng, Haihong Zhu and Linda Ke

This paper aimed to investigate the plasma characteristics of selective laser micro sintering Cu‐based metal powder using spectra method.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aimed to investigate the plasma characteristics of selective laser micro sintering Cu‐based metal powder using spectra method.

Design/methodology/approach

Temporal and time integrating plasma induced during selective laser micro sintering Cu‐based metal powder with a Q‐switched pulsed YAG laser have been detected and analyzed. Boltzmann plot and Stark broadening of the spectra line are utilized to analyze the electron temperature and density, respectively. The influences of the Q‐switching rate and duration on the plasma temperature and electron density have been investigated.

Findings

The results show that the plasma temperature decreases from 9,600 to 9,000 K with the increase of the Q‐switching rate from 5 to 35 kHz if Q‐switching duration of laser is kept at a constant value. The plots of temporal temperature and electron density show that the electron density varies in a faster speed than plasma temperature and the entire expansion process takes about 700 ns‐1 μs in this experiment. Evolutional images of the plasma plume using Q‐switching rate of 5 kHz and 5 μs have been registered by the ICCD with a 10 ns exposure time, which shows that the plasma plume takes about 100 ns to get to the maximum size and 600 ns to disperse.

Originality/value

The plasma spectra of selective laser micro sintering Cu‐based metal powder have been diagnosed experimentally. The plasma characteristics of selective laser micro sintering Cu‐based metal powder have been analyzed.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 19 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

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