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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1984

No one can work at peak efficiency if they are too hot or too cold. They may become lethargic or irritable: they may even absent themselves from work as a result. This all…

Abstract

No one can work at peak efficiency if they are too hot or too cold. They may become lethargic or irritable: they may even absent themselves from work as a result. This all adds up to less efficient work, greater liability to error, lower productivity, decline in staff morale and faster turn around of personnel. John Berry of Ove Arup and Partners discusses the role to be played by air conditioning in managing the office environment.

Details

Facilities, vol. 2 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

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Article
Publication date: 2 November 2012

Charisis G. Vrellas and Theoklitos S. Karakatsanis

The purpose of this paper is to describe and categorize calculation methods for conducting a complete air conditioning study. More specifically, this paper is a general…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe and categorize calculation methods for conducting a complete air conditioning study. More specifically, this paper is a general review of cooling loads calculation methods, psychrometric calculations for installing a central air conditioning unit, ways of fan coil units connection and air duct calculation methods.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper was based on two pillars: a dissertation for an industrial facility and technical information found after methodical research.

Findings

After a brief reference of the calculation methods and the air conditioning systems installed in this industrial facility, this paper concludes with the most appropriate calculation methods for this industrial facility.

Research limitations/implications

This study describes some calculation methods. Thus, future research could be addressed toward the analysis of more methods.

Practical implications

This paper includes implications for choosing the most appropriate calculation method according to the air conditioning system installed.

Originality/value

The originality of this paper lies in the fact that, except for the theoretical part, there are some examples taken from a case study, thus it can be used as a future guide for selecting methods and systems of industrial air conditioning.

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1986

W.C. Pyle

The first question is why provide comfort air‐conditioning (AC) at all? In considerations of whether or not to adopt AC, a point to remember constantly is that only AC can…

Abstract

The first question is why provide comfort air‐conditioning (AC) at all? In considerations of whether or not to adopt AC, a point to remember constantly is that only AC can provide effective cooling in the summer period in the UK, whereas, by contrast, the provision of ventilation, either by natural or mechanical means, and other palliative measures, such as the introduction of solar control glazing, blinds, etc, can do no more than relieve the degree of over‐heating, at best and if at all.

Details

Structural Survey, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-080X

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1993

Bernard Williams

Considers the whole‐life costs of various forms of heating, coolingand air‐conditioning in the office interior, from the economic viewpoints of both organizations and…

Abstract

Considers the whole‐life costs of various forms of heating, cooling and air‐conditioning in the office interior, from the economic view points of both organizations and developers. Considers whether air‐conditioning is necessary and/or affordable in the post‐recession property world. Evaluates costs and efficiency, for developers, investors and tenants in developing, buying or leasing a commercial building. Points to the importance of wise decisions, properly informed by technology and economics.

Details

Facilities, vol. 11 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1975

A. Chrysandreas

AIRPORTS are large and complicated establishments where efficient operation and security are mandatory requirements. These qualities can only be obtained by the careful…

Abstract

AIRPORTS are large and complicated establishments where efficient operation and security are mandatory requirements. These qualities can only be obtained by the careful study of all those electrical, electronic and mechanical systems that are supporting the operation of an airport.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 47 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1990

Jane Bell

Considers the problem of choosing between either fullyair‐conditioned or naturally ventilated space. Examines the choice takenby Refuge Assurance PLC to operate its…

Abstract

Considers the problem of choosing between either fully air‐conditioned or naturally ventilated space. Examines the choice taken by Refuge Assurance PLC to operate its headquarters building without constant air conditioning. Describes the cooling and environmental systems of the building and energy performance. Argues that it would be a brave step to eliminate air‐conditioning altogether from any modern building.

Details

Facilities, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1997

Roger Woodward

The complexity of controlling a diverse site is demonstrated by York Controls Group at Essex Police headquarters in Chelmsford. Varied building types with HVAC plant…

Abstract

The complexity of controlling a diverse site is demonstrated by York Controls Group at Essex Police headquarters in Chelmsford. Varied building types with HVAC plant ranging from 20‐year‐old boiler‐fed radiators to modern air conditioning systems are managed by a York ISN building control system. Following the success of this application a number of remote police stations have been integrated within the main control system. Control integration is a hot topic in the controls industry with many manufacturers developing software gateways to allow their controllers to communicate with a range of buildings services plant as well as other manufacturers’ controllers. However, in the long term it is expected that common communications protocols will dispense with these gateways and representatives from all the European countries are currently working together to achieve agreed protocol.

Details

Facilities, vol. 15 no. 12/13
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1990

Richard H. Rooley

Reviews development in air conditioning from cave dwellers to themid 1970s in the UK. Presents an overview of common air conditioningsystems, with their relative merits…

Abstract

Reviews development in air conditioning from cave dwellers to the mid 1970s in the UK. Presents an overview of common air conditioning systems, with their relative merits. Concludes that air conditioning gives increased comfort levels and efficiency. Argues that the design of systems should be user‐led, rather than technology‐driven.

Details

Property Management, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-7472

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 22 December 2016

Yong Li and Ruzhu Wang

This chapter will introduce three novel technologies demonstrated in Sino-Italian Green Energy Lab of Shanghai Jiao Tong University for the hot summer and cold winter climate zone.

Abstract

Purpose

This chapter will introduce three novel technologies demonstrated in Sino-Italian Green Energy Lab of Shanghai Jiao Tong University for the hot summer and cold winter climate zone.

Methodology/approach

Experimental and modeling works have been conducted on the application of these systems. A comprehensive review on the features of these novel technologies, their adaptability to local climate condition have been carried out, and some initial study results have been reported.

Findings

Solar PV direct-driven air conditioner with grid connection, home used small temperature difference heat pump, smart house energy information and control system are appropriate energy technologies with reduced CO2 emission, which can be applied efficiently in the hot summer and cold winter climate zone. More useful data will be obtained in the future demonstration tests in Sino-Italian Green Energy Lab.

Originality/value

This work shows combining renewable energy technologies and information technologies is crucial to improve the energy efficiency and the comfortableness for indoor environment.

Details

China and Europe’s Partnership for a More Sustainable World
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-331-3

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1989

Sharp‐eyed readers will have noticed the editorial in the June issue commenting on the fact that WORK STUDY is now part of the portfolio of MCB University Press. (Even…

Abstract

Sharp‐eyed readers will have noticed the editorial in the June issue commenting on the fact that WORK STUDY is now part of the portfolio of MCB University Press. (Even sharper‐eyed readers will have noticed the introduction of the MCB logo onto the front cover.)

Details

Work Study, vol. 38 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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