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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2005

Terry Ann Jankowski and Debra S. Ketchell

At the foundation of FDRx was the drug formulary for UW Medicine published by the Drug Information Center. The DIC pharmacist had contracted with USPDI to receive the full…

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Abstract

Purpose

At the foundation of FDRx was the drug formulary for UW Medicine published by the Drug Information Center. The DIC pharmacist had contracted with USPDI to receive the full text of its drug information electronically and reformat it into a print, pocket‐sized guide for distribution to clinicians. The goal of the FDRx project was to add to this core and distribute an expanded drug reference as part of a clinical resource.

Design/methodology/approach

Librarians at the University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries collaborated with clinicians to create an electronic federated drug knowledge resource, FDRx, to be used at the point of care.

Findings

Skills and experiences gained in previous projects, e.g. negotiating the licensure of campus‐wide access to bibliographic databases, project leadership, developing interfaces, instruction in the use of information resources, and IAIMS planning, easily transferred to the development of the FDRx project. The most immediate outcome, FDRx itself, had a short but successful lifespan, meeting the drug information needs of its users.

Originality/value

This partnership set the stage for future developments in the knowledge management arena at the University of Washington and changes in the roles of librarians.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 33 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Article
Publication date: 2 August 2013

Raditya Sukmana and Muhammad Kholid

This paper aims to describe, compare and analyze liquidity policies from the central bank of Indonesia, particularly reserve requirements, with respect to Islamic as well…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to describe, compare and analyze liquidity policies from the central bank of Indonesia, particularly reserve requirements, with respect to Islamic as well as conventional banks.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper provides some critical assessments on the policy applied by the central bank of Indonesia to both Islamic and conventional banks with regards to the reserve requirements applied in the Indonesian banking system. The analysis is based on whether both policies (Islamic and conventional) provide fairness to the banks as well as whether those policies support the real sector. In addition, the current global practice is also briefly described as a justification of the important and relevance of the current study.

Findings

The authors find that the policy imposed on the Islamic banks is designed to boost the real sector, compared to that of conventional banks. For the policy with respect to Islamic banks, it recognizes the banks which have been doing well in their main role as financial intermediaries and “punishes” them when they fail to do so. This policy could not be found in the context of conventional banks.

Practical implications

The authors argue that the current approach used for Islamic banks can also be adopted and imposed on conventional banks. This leads to a more stable financial system, since it supports the real sector.

Originality/value

This paper is the first to analyze central bank policies with respect to banks (Islamic as well as conventional banks) in relation to their role as financial intermediaries.

Details

Qualitative Research in Financial Markets, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-4179

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Article
Publication date: 31 July 2019

Robin DiPietro, Drew Martin and Thomas Pratt

This paper aims to investigate talent management (TM) practices of independent fine dining restaurant (FDR) organizations and explores why employee retention rates in FDRs…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate talent management (TM) practices of independent fine dining restaurant (FDR) organizations and explores why employee retention rates in FDRs are higher than other restaurants. This research adds to the TM literature by surfacing attitudes and influences that lead to employee retention.

Design/methodology/approach

The present study collects data using McCracken’s (1988) long interview method to provide insights into value similarities and differences between employees and independent restaurant managers. Fourteen interviews at two independent FDRs inform the results. This study employs a grounded theory approach.

Findings

Study results show that people take pride in working for the restaurants and the culture within the restaurant inspires a higher level of self-esteem. This independent, family-owned environment helps employees and managers achieve higher work performance and satisfy overall lifestyle needs. Respondents report their employment helps them to do things that bring out the best in them and allows them to accomplish other things that they want in life. The study also suggests that a shared value system between employees and managers creates a more stable workforce and longer tenure.

Research limitations/implications

The current study examines only two independent family-owned FDRs, so generalization is limited. The current study uses grounded theory to expand on research in the TM literature.

Practical implications

If owners and managers of FDR focus on addressing employees’ higher-order motivational needs, they have a better chance of retaining employees. Losing productive employees has high direct and indirect costs, and the restaurant industry is plagued with high turnover. Independent restaurants also need to evaluate their new employee orientations because unstructured training contributes to an environment of uncertainty. Developing a positive culture in an FDR is possible with a focused, family-oriented business. This work culture takes time to develop. Recruiting and selection methods to ensure a fit with the culture and values are a cost-effective method to ensure the continuation of this culture. The consistent values between employees and managers in this study demonstrate that hiring for personal values and not necessarily for skills already developed helps with positive TM in FDR.

Originality/value

The current study extends the knowledge in TM, ecological systems theory and motivational needs-based theory through detailed interviews and value analyses. Long interviews and triangulation of the data surface conscious and nonconscious memories from both employees and managers specifically relating to employee retention factors in FDR.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 31 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

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Article
Publication date: 3 September 2020

Hande Yavuz

This study aims to investigate the relationship between material properties and alloying elements of carbon steels through predictive modeling. Aircraft control cables are…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the relationship between material properties and alloying elements of carbon steels through predictive modeling. Aircraft control cables are usually made of steel materials and subjected to deformation because of the motion of control surfaces such as aileron, rudder, elevator and trailing edge flaps. Investigation of the relationship between material properties and alloying elements would therefore be explored.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is focused on the modeling of mechanical properties of carbon steels concerning the content of alloying elements by using response surface methodology with false discovery rate (FDR) correction approach. SAS Institute JMP data analysis software was used to develop response and argument relationships in various carbon steels without including thermomechanical treatment effect. Mechanical properties were considered as tensile strength, yield strength, ductility, and Brinell hardness. Carbon (0.28 Wt.%-0.46 Wt.%) and manganese (0.7 Wt.%-0.9 Wt.%) proportions were gathered from ASM Handbook. Linear regression models were tested for the statistical adequacy by using analysis of variance and statistical significance analysis. A posterior probability, which refers to Benjamini–Hochberg FDR (BH-FDR), was embedded as multiple testing corrections of the t-test p-values.

Findings

Predictive modeling of the material properties for aircraft control cables was successfully achieved by using the response surface method with BH-FDR significance level of 0.05.

Originality/value

The effect of statistically developed graphical interactions of alloying elements on the common mechanical properties of such steels would provide prompt comparison to material suppliers and part manufacturers except those subjected to thermomechanical treatment applications.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 92 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 26 July 2021

Unggul Priyadi, Kurnia Dwi Sari Utami, Rifqi Muhammad and Peni Nugraheni

This study aims to examine the influence of internal and external factors on the credit risk (represented by nonperforming financing [NPF]) of Indonesian Sharīʿah rural…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the influence of internal and external factors on the credit risk (represented by nonperforming financing [NPF]) of Indonesian Sharīʿah rural banks (SRBs) – a type of Islamic bank that provides Islamic financial services especially to small and medium businesses in Indonesia. Internal variables comprise capital adequacy ratio (CAR), financing to deposit ratio (FDR), return on assets (ROA), operating expense ratio (OER), financing to value (FTV) and profit and loss sharing (PLS) financing ratio. External variables comprise inflation, economic growth and interest rate.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses the annual reports of SRBs in Indonesia as secondary data for the years 2010–2019. Auto regressive distributed lag (ARDL) is used as the analysis method to examine the short-run and long-run relationships between the variables.

Findings

The findings indicate that four variables experienced a lag in the short run, namely, NPF, inflation, CAR and PLS, with different results recorded for each of the variables. Furthermore, the long-run results show that CAR and ROA influence the NPF of SRBs positively, whereas inflation and PLS have a negative influence on NPF. The rest of the variables – notably economic growth, interest rate, FDR, FTV and OER – do not have an influence on NPF in SRBs.

Research limitations/implications

The level of NPF in SRBs exceeds the provision of the Central Bank of Indonesia. The findings are expected to have implications for SRBs and the regulator to consider and to manage the factors related to NPF properly due to the important role of SRBs in small and medium businesses’ development.

Originality/value

This study measures the determinants of NPF using internal and external variables, including the addition of a dummy variable, notably FTV. This study also uses ARDL to analyze the financial policies involving data at the present time and lagged time.

Details

ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0128-1976

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Article
Publication date: 28 October 2013

Xinzhe Xu, Chaojun Yang, Daolun Chen and Gongmeng Chen

With the launch of CSI 300 Index Futures trading on April 16, 2010, China's stock market presents a more diversified trend, such as arbitrage, trends strategy entering the…

Abstract

Purpose

With the launch of CSI 300 Index Futures trading on April 16, 2010, China's stock market presents a more diversified trend, such as arbitrage, trends strategy entering the market rapidly. Therefore, the liquidity demand also presents a higher frequency, and the change is more complex than the original situation. In recent years, many literatures are engaged in high-frequency trading (HFT) related research, and an important concern is the impact of HFT on market volatility and liquidity. Is it playing the role of stabilizing the market, or bringing more noise and turmoil? Based on this, the purpose of this study is trying to study what kind of impact the HFT have on market liquidity before and after the launch of the CSI 300 Index Futures.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses the simultaneous equations model of price and net order flow proposed by Deuskar and Johnson and for the first time introduces an asymmetric identification through heteroskedasticity (ITH) method. The paper applies the method to the high-frequency data of CSI 300 Index and the Futures and classifies the buying and selling orders through volume clock. The price risks are decomposed into a component driven by the impact of liquidity demand shocks (flow-driven risks (FDRs)) and a component driven by external information (information-driven risks (IDRs)).

Findings

The empirical results show that the flow-driven risk of CSI 300 Index Futures is about 20 percent. In addition, before the introduction of the Index Futures, there is no asymmetric effect between liquidity demand shocks and price shocks existing in either CSI 300 Index or CSI 300 Index Futures. While after the introduction of stock Index Futures, the asymmetric effect in the both two markets emerges. The impact of the buying net order flows on the price is less than the impact of the selling net order flows on CSI 300 Index, whereas the impact of the buying net order flows on the price is larger than the impact of the selling net order flows on CSI 300 Index Futures. The paper further analyzes the relationship between liquidity and FDR and gets the conclusion that the reasons for the deterioration of the liquidity level are caused by the impact of the external information shocks, rather than the liquidity demand shocks. And entries of HFTs like arbitrage traders and hedge traders play a positive role in improving the liquidity level in the market.

Originality/value

The paper introduces an asymmetric ITH method for the first time and finds asymmetric effect of the net order flow on the return in both CSI 300 Index market and the corresponding Index Futures market.

Details

China Finance Review International, vol. 3 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1398

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Article
Publication date: 9 January 2020

Rakesh Bharati, Susan Crain and Shrikant Jategaonkar

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the investor reaction to 10-K filings has changed since the implementation of Regulation Full Disclosure (FD) and the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the investor reaction to 10-K filings has changed since the implementation of Regulation Full Disclosure (FD) and the Sarbanes–Oxley Act (SOX) and examine whether the market still underreacts to 10-K content and exhibits the continuation of filing day returns (FDRs) documented by You and Zhang (2009) after the passage of these regulations.

Design/methodology/approach

The sample consists of 39,270 10-K filings over the sample period of 1996 to 2012. Performance of portfolios created based on FDRs around 10-K filings is examined. Regression models are used for multivariate analysis. Carhart αs are obtained using the four-factor risk adjustment model.

Findings

By comparing investor reaction to 10-K filings pre- and post-regulation, the paper shows a significant change in stock price behavior since the implementation of FD and SOX. Analogous to Burks (2011), results suggest improved price efficiency around 10-K filings. In the long-run of up to one year following the filing, the continuation of FDRs documented by You and Zhang (2009) disappears post-2000, especially after the implementation of SOX. Overall findings suggest that investors price the information in 10-K filings significantly differently after FD and SOX than before.

Research limitations/implications

The sample ends in 2012. Therefore, this study does not examine the implications of the Dodd-Frank Act.

Originality/value

The paper contributes to the literature related to the impact of FD and SOX and market reaction to filings of financial reports. The current literature documents that there is a continuation of FDRs up to a year. This paper shows that the continuation has disappeared since FD and SOX were implemented.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 46 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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Article
Publication date: 25 February 2021

Ridvan Oruc and Tolga Baklacioglu

The purpose of this paper is to create a new fuel flow rate model for the descent phase of the flight using particle swarm optimization (PSO).

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to create a new fuel flow rate model for the descent phase of the flight using particle swarm optimization (PSO).

Design/methodology/approach

A new fuel flow rate model was developed for the descent phase of the B737-800 aircraft, which is frequently used in commercial air transport using PSO method. For the analysis, the actual flight data records (FDRs) data containing the fuel flow rate, speed, altitude, engine speed, time and many more data were used. In this regard, an empirical formula has been created that gives real fuel flow rate values as a function of altitude and true airspeed. In addition, in the fuel flow rate predictions made for the descent phase of the specified aircraft, a different model has been created that can be used without any optimization process when FDR data are not available for a specific aircraft take-off weight condition.

Findings

The error analysis applied to the models showed that both models predict real fuel flow rate values with high precision.

Practical implications

Because of the high accuracy of the PSO model, it is thought to be useful in air traffic management, decision support systems, models used for trajectory prediction, aircraft performance models, strategies used to reduce fuel consumption and emissions because of fuel consumption.

Originality/value

This study is the first fuel flow rate model for descent flight using PSO algorithm. The use of real FDR data in the analysis shows the originality of this study.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 93 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

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Article
Publication date: 9 September 2011

Haifeng You and Xiao‐Jun Zhang

This study aims to examine whether limited attention leads to the market underreaction to earnings announcement and 10‐K filings.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine whether limited attention leads to the market underreaction to earnings announcement and 10‐K filings.

Design/methodology/approach

This is an empirical study involving statistical analysis of a large sample of data, obtained from Compustat, CRSP and Xignite Inc. Both portfolio analysis and multivariate regressions are used in hypotheses testing.

Findings

The following key findings are presented in the paper. First, we show that among large firms, investors under‐react more to the information contained in 10‐K filings than earnings announcements. Second, underreaction to earnings announcements tends to be stronger for small firms than large firms. Third, we find that companies report their earnings and 10‐Ks earlier when there is a higher demand for such information, and document a negative relationship between the degree of underreaction and the timeliness of such information release. Finally, we show that the recent ruling by SEC to accelerate 10‐K filing has little impact on the degree of investors' underreaction to 10‐K information.

Research limitations/implications

The findings of this study suggest that investors' failure to devote enough attention to an economic event leads to underreaction, and the degree of underreaction is negatively correlated with the amount of investor attention.

Practical implications

Investors need to periodically reassess the informational contents of economic events, and allocate their attention accordingly, in order to avoid underreaction.

Originality/value

This study analyzes and the roles of limited attention in determining the degree of investor underreaction to earnings announcement and 10‐K filings. The comparison of the two related but distinct financial reporting events yields interesting insights.

Details

China Finance Review International, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1398

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Book part
Publication date: 31 December 2010

John W. Wertheimer

This chapter explores the “Constitutional Revolution” of the 1930s, as it played out beyond the walls of the U.S. Supreme Court. It argues that a radically revised…

Abstract

This chapter explores the “Constitutional Revolution” of the 1930s, as it played out beyond the walls of the U.S. Supreme Court. It argues that a radically revised historical memory of the Constitution accompanied the ascent New Deal liberalism. Prior core values associated with the Constitution's history, such as federalism and the sanctity of private property, were dramatically downgraded, while the civil liberties embodied in the Bill of Rights dramatically rose. By so redefining their historical memory of the Constitution, Americans could enjoy the active government that most desired while still celebrating the constitutional traditions of individual freedom and limited government.

Details

Studies in Law, Politics and Society
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-615-8

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