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Article

F.E. Osborne

AT temperatures below some 2,000°K. the significant end‐products of technically important reactions involving propellents of molecular forms compounded of C, H, O and N…

Abstract

AT temperatures below some 2,000°K. the significant end‐products of technically important reactions involving propellents of molecular forms compounded of C, H, O and N atoms are of the following familiar types:

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 24 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

F.E. Osborne

AT temperatures commonly attained in the reaction of liquid propellents at operative pressures in rocket combustion chambers, the significant gaseous end products can be…

Abstract

AT temperatures commonly attained in the reaction of liquid propellents at operative pressures in rocket combustion chambers, the significant gaseous end products can be shown to consist at chemical equilibrium of some or all of the following types: H2O, CO2, N2, CO, H2, O2, OH, NO, H, O, N and (rarely) C‐gaseous. The concentrations of these constituents are dependent, for a given propellent combination, upon the temperature (and to a less extent the pressure) conditions under which the reaction proceeds to equilibrium. Thus at temperatures below 2,500°K., the products H2O, CO2, N2 alone are of significance for the case of oxygen balance, whilst to these are added O2 for the oxygen excess case, and CO and H2 for oxygen deficit. The other products are formed by dissociation of these, and their concentrations increase sharply as the temperature rises above some 2,700°K.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 24 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

The Board of Trade have appointed Sir Richard G. K. Way, K.C.B., C.B.E., to the Board of the British Overseas Airways Corporation as a part‐time member for a period of…

Abstract

The Board of Trade have appointed Sir Richard G. K. Way, K.C.B., C.B.E., to the Board of the British Overseas Airways Corporation as a part‐time member for a period of three years from November 1, 1967. Sir Richard Way, who retired from his position as Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Aviation in March 1966, is now the Chairman of Lansing Bagnall Ltd. and a member of the Board of Lansing Bagnall Group Ltd.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 39 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

Ing. H. Reichert

EXACT methods for thermodynamic calculations of high temperature combustion processes at equilibrium are very involved and time‐consuming because of the increasing…

Abstract

EXACT methods for thermodynamic calculations of high temperature combustion processes at equilibrium are very involved and time‐consuming because of the increasing influence of dissociation with increasing temperatures above 1800dcg. K. Many simplified methods have been proposed, but most of them are still rather complicated or approximate and are cither suitable for a special type of application only or based on assumptions valid within conditional limits. From the research engineer's point of view Mollier‐charts (total heat—entropy diagrams) would be most useful, but for general use too many charts would be required. For every possible reaction as many charts as there are mixture ratios have to be considered. Professor Lutz of Braunschweig proposed in 1947 a new type of enthalpy‐chart, which enables a wide range of applications to be covered by a reasonable number of charts. A number of such charts have been constructed by the Ministry of Supply.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 25 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

Stanislava Gardasevic

This paper presents the results of a qualitative study that involved students of an interdisciplinary PhD program. The study objective was to gather requirements to create…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper presents the results of a qualitative study that involved students of an interdisciplinary PhD program. The study objective was to gather requirements to create a knowledge graph information system. The purpose of this study was to determine information-seeking practices and information needs of this community, to inform the functionalities of a proposed system, intended to help students with relevant resource discovery and decision-making.

Design/methodology/approach

The study design included semi-structured interviews with eight members of the community, followed by a website usability study with the same student participants.

Findings

Two main information-seeking styles are recognized and reported through user personas of international and domestic (USA) students. The findings show that the useful information resides within the community and not so much on the program website. Students rely on peer communication, although they report lack of opportunities to connect. Students’ information needs and information seeking are dependent on their progress through the program, as well as their motivation and the projected timeline.

Practical implications

Considering the current information needs and practices, a knowledge graph hosting both information on social networks and the knowledge produced by the activities of the community members would be useful. By recording data on their activities (for example, collaboration with professors and coursework), students would reveal further useful system functionalities and facilitate transfer of tacit knowledge.

Originality/value

Aside from the practical value of this research that is directly influencing the design of a system, it contributes to the body of knowledge on interdisciplinary PhD programs.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 36 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

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Article

Hernan Camilo Pulido‐Martinez

This paper aims to achieve a critical understanding of the place of psychological knowledge with regard to the international regulation of the world of work. Specifically…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to achieve a critical understanding of the place of psychological knowledge with regard to the international regulation of the world of work. Specifically, it seeks to explore the place and operations of psychology involved in the constitution of workers as subjects in countries that do not produce this knowledge but appropriate, adapt and hybridise it.

Design/methodology/approach

The transition from a “traditional” passengers transport system to a “rapid bus service” named Transmilenio is considered as a “local” focus of analysis. Working conditions and some psychological practices established in a multi‐site ethnographic study conducted within the transport system are considered to illustrate ways in which psychological knowledge contributes to the production of drivers as subjects, and to perpetuate the relationships of international subordination.

Findings

The paper establishes the particular transformations that, in terms of working conditions, frame the application of psychological knowledge. It also shows how psychological practices applied in different types of transport companies are connected to produce “traditional” workers as “the other” which has to be transformed. Finally, the psychological practices are linked to some of the global flows which aim to produce a global management at a distance”.

Originality/value

Even though work psychology is a source of inspiration for management techniques, there is not much research related to the local‐global implications of its practices. Thus, this paper contributes to the understanding of the ways in which North‐Atlantic psychology operates when it is applied to work settings located in the South.

Details

Critical perspectives on international business, vol. 6 no. 2/3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-2043

Keywords

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Book part

Mateusz Lewandowski

Performance management is the ‘Achilles heel’ of many reforms and public management practices and requires changes. Governance in general and co-production in particular…

Abstract

Performance management is the ‘Achilles heel’ of many reforms and public management practices and requires changes. Governance in general and co-production in particular impose an organizational setting which requires rethinking performance management, which is still conceptually embedded in New Public Management paradigm. This chapter builds on the latest co-production framework and service-dominant logic and outlines new challenges for rethinking performance measurement and management. It also discusses how public service design (PSD) may interact with them. As a result the need to shift between performance control loops has been emphasized, suggesting that service design may significantly support internal ex-nunc performance management. Although it should be facilitated in addressing some of the performance challenges, an outline of a framework for appropriate method has also been proposed.

Details

Cross-Sectoral Relations in the Delivery of Public Services
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-172-0

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Article

D. DOWSON

THE first part of Professor Duncan Dowson's paper (March/April issue) dwelt on late 19th century development of machinery outstripping the performance of available…

Abstract

THE first part of Professor Duncan Dowson's paper (March/April issue) dwelt on late 19th century development of machinery outstripping the performance of available lubricants. Contemporary lubricant research, and personalities involved, where described, leading to the concept of fluid‐film lubrication, documented by Professor Osborne Reynolds' paper read to the Royal Society in 1886.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 39 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Book part

Samuel Beasley, I. S. Keino Miller and Kevin Cokley

In this chapter, the authors utilize both risk and resilience as conceptual frameworks to discuss the academic and psychosocial development of African American adolescent…

Abstract

In this chapter, the authors utilize both risk and resilience as conceptual frameworks to discuss the academic and psychosocial development of African American adolescent males. Given the amount of attention placed on the academic underachievement of African American males, they explore popular academic themes, such as academic disidentification and the role of teachers and parents. The authors examine psychosocial themes related to racial and athletic identity, the phenomenon of cool pose and “acting Black,” and the development of alternative masculinities. They conclude the chapter with recommendations for education research, practice and policy.

Details

African American Male Students in PreK-12 Schools: Informing Research, Policy, and Practice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-783-2

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Article

THE annual election of the Library Association Council for 1946 is over. Of course, only a small part of the Council has been before the electors. The results follow an…

Abstract

THE annual election of the Library Association Council for 1946 is over. Of course, only a small part of the Council has been before the electors. The results follow an old‐established precedent, but are nevertheless curious. Why is it that country members seem not to be interested in their selection of candidates who come from the metropolitan area? There were two to be elected for London and those successful were Frank M. Gardner with 572 and Captain Richard Wright with 501 votes; there were five Country Councillors required and Miss M. F. Austin (854) and Messrs. W. A. Munford (831), F. G. B. Hutchings (817), E. Wisker (716) and E. Osborne (601) were elected. Besides the London candidates who were successful by ballot, Mr. W. B. Stevenson (447) and Mr. E. Sydney (360) will serve on the Council for shorter periods in the room of Mr. J. D. Stewart and S/Ldr. J. D. Cowley. It will therefore be seen that there is considerable disparity in the voting for the two parts of the Council. As we say, this is rather curious as it follows a long established tradition. The new members are Mr. Gardner, Mr. Stevenson, Miss Austin, Mr. Munford and Mr. Wisker; this appears to us to be a very interesting and useful team. They have already shown by definite work, mostly in the A.A.L., that they are qualified leaders amongst the younger librarians. We wish them good fortune in the carrying out of their part in the reconstruction period ahead.

Details

New Library World, vol. 48 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4803

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