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Article
Publication date: 11 July 2019

A. Zeeshan, R. Ellahi, F. Mabood and F. Hussain

The purpose of this study is to examine the simultaneous effects of Hafnium particles and partially submerged metallic particles for the flow of bi-phase coupled stress…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the simultaneous effects of Hafnium particles and partially submerged metallic particles for the flow of bi-phase coupled stress fluid over an inclined flat plane.

Design/methodology/approach

An unflinching free stream flow that stretches far from the surface of the plane with the possibility of containing some partially submerged metallic particles is considered. Innovative model has been proposed and designed using Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg method.

Findings

The findings show that the drag force resists the couple stress fluid, whereas the Newtonian flow is supported by increasing the velocity. For both types of flows, movement of the particle is retarded gradually against the drag force coefficient.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this model is reported for the first time.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 May 2021

Fazle Mabood, Anum Shafiq, Waqar Ahmed Khan and Irfan Anjum Badruddin

This study aims to investigate the irreversibility associated with the Fe3O4–Co/kerosene hybrid-nanofluid past a wedge with nonlinear radiation and heat source.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the irreversibility associated with the Fe3O4–Co/kerosene hybrid-nanofluid past a wedge with nonlinear radiation and heat source.

Design/methodology/approach

This study reports the numerical analysis of the hybrid nanofluid model under the implications of the heat source and magnetic field over a static and moving wedge with slips. The second law of thermodynamics is applied with nonlinear thermal radiation. The system that comprises differential equations of partial derivatives is remodeled into the system of differential equations via similarity transformations and then solved through the Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg with shooting technique. The physical parameters, which emerges from the derived system, are discussed in graphical formats. Excellent proficiency in the numerical process is analyzed by comparing the results with available literature in limiting scenarios.

Findings

The significant outcomes of the current investigation are that the velocity field uplifts for higher velocity slip and magnetic strength. Further, the heat transfer rate is reduced with the incremental values of the Eckert number, while it uplifts with thermal slip and radiation parameters. An increase in Brinkmann’s number uplifts the entropy generation rate, while that peters out the Bejan number. The results of this study are of importance involving in the assessment of the effect of some important design parameters on heat transfer and, consequently, on the optimization of industrial processes.

Originality/value

This study is original work that reports the hybrid nanofluid model of Fe3O4–Co/kerosene.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 4 October 2018

Ioan Pop, Natalia C. Roşca and Alin V. Roşca

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of MHD, suction, second-order slip and melting on the stagnation-point and heat transfer of a nanofluid past a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of MHD, suction, second-order slip and melting on the stagnation-point and heat transfer of a nanofluid past a stretching/shrinking sheet.

Design/methodology/approach

Using appropriate variables, the governing partial differential equations were transformed into ordinary (similarity) differential equations, which are then solved numerically using the function bvp4c from Matlab.

Findings

It is found that dual (upper and lower branch) solutions exist for some values of the governing parameters. From the stability analysis, it is found that the upper branch solution is stable, while the lower branch solution is unstable. The sample velocity, temperature and concentration profiles along both solution branches are graphically presented.

Originality/value

The results of the paper are new and original with many practical applications of nanofluids in the modern industry.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 28 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 11 September 2019

Muhammad Ayub, Muhammad Yousaf Malik, Misbah Ijaz, Marei Saeed Alqarni and Ali Saeed Alqahtani

The purpose of this paper is to explore the novel aspects of activation energy in the nonlinearly convective flow of Walter-B nanofluid in view of Cattaneo–Christov…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the novel aspects of activation energy in the nonlinearly convective flow of Walter-B nanofluid in view of Cattaneo–Christov double-diffusion model over a permeable stretched sheet. Features of nonlinear thermal radiation, dual stratification, non-uniform heat generation/absorption, MHD and binary chemical reaction are also evaluated for present flow problem. Walter-B nanomaterial model is employed to describe the significant slip mechanism of Brownian and thermophoresis diffusions. Generalized Fourier’s and Fick’s laws are examined through Cattaneo–Christov double-diffusion model. Modified Arrhenius formula for activation energy is also implemented.

Design/methodology/approach

Several techniques are employed for solving nonlinear differential equations. The authors have used a homotopy technique (HAM) for our nonlinear problem to get convergent solutions. The homotopy analysis method (HAM) is a semi-analytical technique to solve nonlinear coupled ordinary/partial differential equations. The capability of the HAM to naturally display convergence of the series solution is unusual in analytical and semi-analytic approaches to nonlinear partial differential equations. This analytical method has the following great advantages over other techniques:

  • It provides a series solution without depending upon small/large physical parameters and applicable for not only weakly but also strongly nonlinear problems.

  • It guarantees the convergence of series solutions for nonlinear problems.

  • It provides us a great choice to select the base function of the required solution and the corresponding auxiliary linear operator of the homotopy.

It provides a series solution without depending upon small/large physical parameters and applicable for not only weakly but also strongly nonlinear problems.

It guarantees the convergence of series solutions for nonlinear problems.

It provides us a great choice to select the base function of the required solution and the corresponding auxiliary linear operator of the homotopy.

Brief mathematical description of HAM technique (Liao, 2012; Mabood et al., 2016) is as follows. For a general nonlinear equation:

(1) N [ u ( x ) ] = 0 ,

where N denotes a nonlinear operator, x the independent variables and u(x) is an unknown function, respectively. By means of generalizing the traditional homotopy method, Liao (1992) creates the so-called zero-order deformation equation:

(2) ( 1 q ) L [ u ˆ ( x ; q ) u o ( x ) ] = q h H ( x ) N [ u ˆ ( x ; q ) ] ,

here q∈[0, 1] is the embedding parameter, H(x) ≠ 0 is an auxiliary function, h(≠ 0) is a nonzero parameter, L is an auxiliary linear operator, uo(x) is an initial guess of u(x) and u ˆ ( x ; q ) is an unknown function, respectively. It is significant that one has great freedom to choose auxiliary things in HAM. Noticeably, when q=0 and q=1, following holds:

(3) u ˆ ( x ; 0 ) = u o ( x ) and u ˆ ( x ; 1 ) = u ( x ) ,

Expanding u ˆ ( x ; q ) in Taylor series with respect to (q), we have:

(4) u ˆ ( x ; q ) = u o ( x ) + m = 1 u m ( x ) q m , where u m ( x ) = 1 m ! m u ˆ ( x ; q ) q m | q = 0 .

If the initial guess, the auxiliary linear operator, the auxiliary h and the auxiliary function are selected properly, then the series (4) converges at q=1, then we have:

(5) u ( x ) = u o ( x ) + m = 1 + u m ( x ) .

By defining a vector u = ( u o ( x ) , u 1 ( x ) , u 2 ( x ) , , u n ( x ) ) , and differentiating Equation (2) m-times with respect to (q) and then setting q=0, we obtain the mth-order deformation equation:

(6) L [ u ˆ m ( x ) χ m u m 1 ( x ) ] = h H ( x ) R m [ u m 1 ] ,

where:

(7) R m [ u m 1 ] = 1 ( m 1 ) ! m 1 N [ u ( x ; q ) ] q m 1 | q = 0 and χ m = | 0 m 1 1 m > 1 .

Applying L−1 on both sides of Equation (6), we get:

(8) u m ( x ) = χ m u m 1 ( x ) + h L 1 [ H ( x ) R m [ u m 1 ] ] .

In this way, we obtain um for m ⩾ 1, at mth-order, we have:

(9) u ( x ) = m = 1 M u m ( x ) .

Findings

It is evident from obtained results that the nanoparticle concentration field is directly proportional to the chemical reaction with activation energy. Additionally, both temperature and concentration distributions are declining functions of thermal and solutal stratification parameters (P1) and (P2), respectively. Moreover, temperature Θ(Ω1) enhances for greater values of Brownian motion parameter (Nb), non-uniform heat source/sink parameter (B1) and thermophoresis factor (Nt). Reverse behavior of concentration ϒ(Ω1) field is remarked in view of (Nb) and (Nt). Graphs and tables are also constructed to analyze the effect of different flow parameters on skin friction coefficient, local Nusselt number, Sherwood numbers, velocity, temperature and concentration fields.

Originality/value

The novelty of the present problem is to inspect the Arrhenius activation energy phenomena for viscoelastic Walter-B nanofluid model with additional features of nonlinear thermal radiation, non-uniform heat generation/absorption, nonlinear mixed convection, thermal and solutal stratification. The novel aspect of binary chemical reaction is analyzed to characterize the impact of activation energy in the presence of Cattaneo–Christov double-diffusion model. The mathematical model of Buongiorno is employed to incorporate Brownian motion and thermophoresis effects due to nanoparticles.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 16 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

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Article
Publication date: 14 February 2018

Sreedevi Gandluru, Prasada Rao D.R.V. and O.D. Makinde

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of thermal radiation interaction with Hall current, buoyancy force, and oscillatory surface temperature on…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of thermal radiation interaction with Hall current, buoyancy force, and oscillatory surface temperature on hydromagnetic-mixed convective heat exchange stream of an electrically conducting nanofluid past a moving permeable plate in a porous medium within a rotating system.

Design/methodology/approach

Analytical closed-form solutions are obtained for both the momentum and the energy equations using the perturbation method.

Findings

The effects of various important parameters on velocity and temperature fields within the boundary layer are discussed for three different water-based nanofluids containing copper (Cu), aluminum oxide (Al2O3), and titanium dioxide (TiO2) as nanoparticles. Local skin friction and Nusselt number are illustrated graphically and discussed quantitatively. The results show that Hall current significantly affects the flow system. Results for some special cases of the present analysis are in good agreement with the existing literature.

Originality/value

The problem is relatively original to study the hydromagnetic-oscillatory flow of a nanofluid with Hall effect and thermal radiation past a vertical plate in a rotating porous medium.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 25 June 2019

Sohail Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Ijaz Khan, Tasawar Hayat, Muhammad Faisal Javed and Ahmed Alsaedi

The purpose of this paper is to address the impact of induced magnetic field in mixed convective stagnation flow of TiO2-Cu-water hybrid nanofluid towards a stretchable…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to address the impact of induced magnetic field in mixed convective stagnation flow of TiO2-Cu-water hybrid nanofluid towards a stretchable sheet. Non-linear thermal radiation and heat source/sink are accounted. Flow of hybrid nanofluid is discussed. Non-linear partial differential expressions are converted to ordinary ones through appropriate transformations.

Design/methodology/approach

The obtained systems are solved for convergence solutions via homotopy analysis method. Graphical results are discussed for different physical variables on the velocity, induced magnetic field and temperature fields for both Cu water nanofluid and TiO2-Cu-water hybrid nanofluid. Finally, the effect of different physical variables on skin friction coefficient (Cfx) and Nusselt number Nux in the presence of water nanofluid and TiO2-Cu-water hybrid nanofluid are discussed.

Findings

Velocities and induced magnetic field are increasing functions of mixed convection parameter and nanoparticle volume fraction. Temperature rises for higher radiation parameter. Skin friction is greater in case of Cu-water nanoliquid, while Nusselt number is less for Cu-water nanofluid when they are compared with hybrid nanoliquid TiO2-Cu-water.

Originality/value

No such work is not yet present in the literature.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2018

K. Suneetha, S.M. Ibrahim and G.V. Ramana Reddy

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the steady 2D buoyancy effects on MHD flow over a permeable stretching sheet through porous medium in the presence of suction/injection.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the steady 2D buoyancy effects on MHD flow over a permeable stretching sheet through porous medium in the presence of suction/injection.

Design/methodology/approach

Similarity transformations are employed to transform the governing partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations. The transformed equations are then solved numerically by a shooting technique.

Findings

The working fluid is examined for several sundry parameters graphically and in tabular form. It is observed that with an increase in magnetic field and permeability of porous parameter, velocity profile decreases while temperature and concentration enhances. Stretching sheet parameter reduces velocity, temperature and concentration, whereas it increases skin friction factor, Nusselt number and Sherwood number.

Originality/value

Till now no numerical studies are reported on the effects of heat source and thermal radiation on MHD flow over a permeable stretching sheet embedded in porous medium in the presence of chemical reaction.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 14 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 April 2020

P.K. Pattnaik, S.R. Mishra, B. Mahanthesh, B.J. Gireesha and Mohammad Rahimi-Gorji

The study of novel exponential heat source phenomena across a flowing fluid with a suspension of microparticles and nanoparticles towards a convectively heated plate has…

Abstract

Purpose

The study of novel exponential heat source phenomena across a flowing fluid with a suspension of microparticles and nanoparticles towards a convectively heated plate has been an open question. Therefore, the impact of the exponential heat source in the transport of nano micropolar fluid in the existence of magnetic dipole, Joule heating, viscous heating and convective condition effects has been analytically investigated. Influence of chemical reaction has also been exhibited in this discussion.

Design/methodology/approach

The leading equations are constructed via conservation equations of transport, micro-rotation, energy and solute under the non-transient state situation. Suitable stretching transformations are used to transform the system of partial differential equations to ordinary. The transformed ODEs admit numerical solution via Runge–Kutta fourth order method along with shooting technique.

Findings

The effects of pertinent physical parameters characterizing the flow phenomena are presented through graphs and discussed. The inclusion of microparticles and nanoparticles greatly affects the flow phenomena. The impact of the exponential heat source (EHS) advances the heat transfer characteristics significantly compared to usual thermal-based heat source (THS). The thermal performance can be improved through the effects of a magnetic dipole, viscous heating, Joule heating and convective condition.

Originality/value

The effectiveness of EHS phenomena in the dynamics of nano micropolar fluid past an elongated plate which is convectively heated with regression analysis is for the first time investigated.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 16 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

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Article
Publication date: 6 November 2017

Sumit Gupta and Kalpna Sharma

The purpose of this study is to analyze magnetohydrodynamic three-dimensional flow of Casson nanofluid over a stretching sheet in presence of thermophoresis and Brownian…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to analyze magnetohydrodynamic three-dimensional flow of Casson nanofluid over a stretching sheet in presence of thermophoresis and Brownian motion effects. In contrast, the convective surface boundary conditions with the effects of radiation are applied.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing partial differential equations are transformed into highly nonlinear coupled ordinary differential equations consisting of the momentum, energy and nanoparticle concentration via suitable similarity transformations, which are then solved the using optimal homotopy analysis method (OHAM) a Mathematica Package BVPh2.0.

Findings

The influence of emerging physical flow parameters on fluid velocity component, temperature distribution and nanoparticle concentration are discussed in detail. Also, an OHAM solution demonstrates very good correlation with those obtained in the previously published results. It is noticed that OHAM can overcome the earlier restriction, assumptions and limitation of traditional perturbation method. The main advantage of this method is that OHAM can be applied directly to nonlinear differential equations without using linearization and round-off errors, and therefore, it cannot be affected by error associated to discretization.

Originality/value

Here the approximate solutions are compared with the numerical results published in earlier work.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 34 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 12 September 2018

Ammar I. Alsabery, Tahar Tayebi, Ali J. Chamkha and Ishak Hashim

The purpose of this paper is to study problem of conjugate MHD natural convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a square cavity with conductive inner block using…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study problem of conjugate MHD natural convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a square cavity with conductive inner block using Buongiorno’s two-phase model numerically.

Design/methodology/approach

An isothermal heater is placed on the left wall of the square cavity, while the right wall is maintained at a constant cold temperature. The horizontal top and bottom walls are kept adiabatic. The boundaries of the annulus are assumed to be impermeable, the fluid within the cavity is a water-based nanofluid having Al2O3 nanoparticles. The Boussinesq approximation is applicable. The governing equations subject to the boundary conditions are solved using the finite difference method.

Findings

Numerical results are presented graphically in the form of streamlines, isotherms and nanoparticles distributions as well as the local and average Nusselt numbers. The results show that the effect of the nanoparticles addition on the average Nusselt number is essential for low Rayleigh, high Hartmann and high values of length ratio when attenuated the convective flow.

Originality/value

According to exist studies and to the authors’ best knowledge, so far, there have been no studies of conjugate natural convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a square cavity with a conductive inner block using Buongiorno’s two-phase model with the effect of the magnetic field. Thus, the authors believe that this work is new and valuable. The aim of this study is to investigate the MHD natural convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a square cavity with conductive inner block using Buongiorno’s two-phase model.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 28 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

1 – 10 of 62