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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2003

Eugenio Oñate, R.L. Taylor, O.C. Zienkiewicz and J. Rojek

In this paper, a residual correction method based upon an extension of the finite calculus concept is presented. The method is described and applied to the solution of a…

Abstract

In this paper, a residual correction method based upon an extension of the finite calculus concept is presented. The method is described and applied to the solution of a scalar convection‐diffusion problem and the problem of elasticity at the incompressible or quasi‐incompressible limit. The formulation permits the use of equal interpolation for displacements and pressure on linear triangles and tetrahedra as well as any low order element type. To add additional stability in the solution, pressure gradient corrections are introduced as suggested from developments of sub‐scale methods. Numerical examples are included to demonstrate the performance of the method when applied to typical test problems.

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Engineering Computations, vol. 20 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1995

Andreas Heege, Pierre Alart and Eugenio Oñate

A consistent formulation for unilateral contact problems includingfrictional work hardening or softening is proposed. The approach is based onan augmented Lagrangian…

Abstract

A consistent formulation for unilateral contact problems including frictional work hardening or softening is proposed. The approach is based on an augmented Lagrangian approach coupled to an implicit quasi‐static Finite Element Method. Analogous to classical work hardening theory in elasto‐plasticity, the frictional work is chosen as the internal variable for formulating the evolution of the friction convex. In order to facilitate the implementation of a wide range of phenomenological models, the friction coefficient is defined in a parametrised form in terms of Bernstein polynomials. Numerical simulation of a 3D deep‐drawing operation demonstrates the performance of the methods for predicting frictional contact phenomena in the case of large sliding paths including high curvatures.

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Engineering Computations, vol. 12 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1995

Gabriel Bugeda, Miguel Cervera, Guillermo Lombera and Eugenio Onate

Stereolithography (SLA) is one of the most important techniques used in rapid prototyping processes. It has a great industrial interest because it allows for dramatic time…

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Abstract

Stereolithography (SLA) is one of the most important techniques used in rapid prototyping processes. It has a great industrial interest because it allows for dramatic time savings with respect to traditional manufacturing processes. One of the main sources of error in the final dimensions of the prototype is the curl distortion effect owing to the shrinkage of the resin during the SLA process. Presents a study of the influence of different constructive and numerical parameters in the curl distortion, an analysis which was made using the computer code stereolithography analysis program, developed to model SLA processes using the finite element method. Also briefly presents this code.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

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Article
Publication date: 15 June 2015

Chun Feng, Shi-hai Li and Eugenio Onate

Continuum-based discrete element method is an explicit numerical method, which is a combination of block discrete element method (DEM) and FEM. When simulating large…

Abstract

Purpose

Continuum-based discrete element method is an explicit numerical method, which is a combination of block discrete element method (DEM) and FEM. When simulating large deformation problems, such as cutting, blasting, water-like material flowing, the distortion of elements will lead to no convergence of the numerical system. To solve the convergence problem, a particle contact-based meshfree method (PCMM) is introduced in. The paper aims to discuss this issue.

Design/methodology/approach

PCMM is based on traditional particle DEM, and use particle contacts to generate triangular elements. If three particles are contact with each other, the element will be created. Once elements are created, the macroscopic constitutive law could be introduced in. When large deformation of element occurs, the contact relationship between particles will be changed. Those elements that do not meet the contact condition will be deleted, and new elements that coincide with the relationship will be generated. By the deletion and creation of elements, the convergence problem induced by element distortion will be eliminated. To solve FEM and PCMM coupled problems, a point-edge contact model is introduced in, and normal and tangential springs are adopted to transfer the contact force between particles and blocks.

Findings

According to the deletion and recreation of elements based on particle contacts, PCMM could simulate large deformation problems. Some numerical cases (i.e. elastic field testing, uniaxial compression analysis and wave propagation simulation) show the accuracy of PCMM, and others (i.e. soil cutting, contact burst and water-like material flowing) show the rationality of PCMM.

Originality/value

In traditional particle DEM, contact relationships are used to calculate contact forces. But in PCMM, contact relationships are adopted to generate elements. Compared to other meshfree methods, in PCMM, the element automatic deletion and recreation technique is used to solve large deformation problems.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 32 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2006

Javier Mora, Rubén Otín, Pooyan Dadvand, Enrique Escolano, Miguel A. Pasenau and Eugenio Oñate

The aim of the paper is to propose three computer tools to create electromagnetic simulation programs: GiD, Kratos and EMANT.

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the paper is to propose three computer tools to create electromagnetic simulation programs: GiD, Kratos and EMANT.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents a review of numerical methods for solving electromagnetic problems and presentation of the main features of GiD, Kratos and EMANT.

Findings

The paper provides information about three computer tools to create electromagnetic simulation packages: GiD (geometrical modeling, data input, visualisation of results), Kratos (C++ library) and EMANT (finite element software for solving Maxwell equations).

Research limitations/implications

The proposed platforms are in development and future work should be done to validate the codes for expecific problems and to provide extensive manual and tutorial information.

Practical implications

The tools could be easily learnt by different user profiles: from end‐users interested in simulation programs to developers of simulation packages.

Originality/value

This paper offers an integrated vision of open and easily customisable tools for the demands of different users profiles.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2003

Nestor Calvo, Sergio R. Idelsohn and Eugenio Oñate

The extended Delaunay tessellation (EDT) is presented in this paper as the unique partition of a node set into polyhedral regions defined by nodes lying on the nearby…

Abstract

The extended Delaunay tessellation (EDT) is presented in this paper as the unique partition of a node set into polyhedral regions defined by nodes lying on the nearby Voronoï spheres. Until recently, all the FEM mesh generators were limited to the generation of tetrahedral or hexahedral elements (or triangular and quadrangular in 2D problems). The reason for this limitation was the lack of any acceptable shape function to be used in other kind of geometrical elements. Nowadays, there are several acceptable shape functions for a very large class of polyhedra. These new shape functions, together with the EDT, gives an optimal combination and a powerful tool to solve a large variety of physical problems by numerical methods. The domain partition into polyhedra presented here does not introduce any new node nor change any node position. This makes this process suitable for Lagrangian problems and meshless methods in which only the connectivity information is used and there is no need for any expensive smoothing process.

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Engineering Computations, vol. 20 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2014

Roberto Flores, Enrique Ortega and Eugenio Onate

The purpose of this paper is to describe a set of simple yet effective, numerical method for the design and evaluation of parachute-payload system. The developments…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe a set of simple yet effective, numerical method for the design and evaluation of parachute-payload system. The developments include a coupled fluid-structural solver for unsteady simulations of ram-air type parachutes. The main features of the computational tools are described and several numerical examples are provided to illustrate the performance and capabilities of the technique.

Design/methodology/approach

For an efficient solution of the aerodynamic problem, an unsteady panel method has been chosen exploiting the fact that large areas of separated flow are not expected under nominal flight conditions of ram-air parachutes. A dynamic explicit finite element solver is used for the structure. This approach yields a robust solution even when highly nonlinear effects due to large displacements and material response are present. The numerical results show considerable accuracy and robustness.

Findings

A simple and effective numerical tool for the analysis of parachutes has been developed.

Originality/value

An analysis code has been developed which addresses the needs of ram-air parachute designers. The software delivers reasonably accurate results in a short time using modest hardware. It can therefore assist the design process, which nowadays relies on empirical methods.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 31 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2000

Ramon Codina, Christopher Morton, Eugenio Oñate and Orlando Soto

Presents a numerical strategy for the aerodynamic analysis of large buildings, with an application to the simulation of the air flow within a telescope building. The…

Abstract

Presents a numerical strategy for the aerodynamic analysis of large buildings, with an application to the simulation of the air flow within a telescope building. The finite element formulation is presented first, and then the methodology followed to obtain significant data from the calculations is described. The quality of the ventilation of the building is defined by the average residence times, and the feasibility of this ventilation by the actions created on the instruments and the general flow pattern.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 10 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2021

Md Delwar Hossain, Md Kamrul Hassan, Anthony Chun Yin Yuen, Yaping He, Swapan Saha and Waseem Hittini

The purpose of this study is to review and summarise the existing available literature on lightweight cladding systems to provide detailed information on fire behaviour…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to review and summarise the existing available literature on lightweight cladding systems to provide detailed information on fire behaviour (ignitibility, heat release rate and smoke toxicity) and various test method protocols. Additionally, the paper discusses the challenges and provides updated knowledge and recommendation on selective-fire mechanisms such as rapid-fire spread, air cavity and fire re-entry behaviours due to dripping and melting of lightweight composite claddings.

Design/methodology/approach

A comprehensive literature review on fire behaviour, fire hazard and testing methods of lightweight composite claddings has been conducted in this research. In summarising all possible fire hazards, particular attention is given to the potential impact of toxicity of lightweight cladding fires. In addition, various criteria for fire performance evaluation of lightweight composite claddings are also highlighted. These evaluations are generally categorised as small-, intermediate- and large-scale test methods.

Findings

The major challenges of lightweight claddings are rapid fire spread, smoke production and toxicity and inconsistency in fire testing.

Originality/value

The review highlights the current challenges in cladding fire, smoke toxicity, testing system and regulation to provide some research recommendations to address the identified challenges.

Details

Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-2317

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