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Teachers’ ability to identify and link content and language objectives is an important skill. This chapter explores how two-way immersion (TWI) teachers with a mainstream…
Teachers’ ability to identify and link content and language objectives is an important skill. This chapter explores how two-way immersion (TWI) teachers with a mainstream educator negotiated the shift to becoming a language-focused TWI teacher. We argue that it cannot automatically be assumed that these teachers have the knowledge and skills to attend to language issues. Specifically, our study examined how TWI teachers in three schools defined academic language and how they integrated language development into their practice through the use of language objectives. Our qualitative study features a constructivist framework using a thematic analysis of our data, which consisted of individual interviews and surveys with the teachers. Our analysis shows diverse interpretations of academic language and increased awareness of the role of language in their teaching and experienced benefits of making language objectives explicit, as teachers participated in professional development. Selecting and designing specific language-supporting activities, however, continued to be a challenge. We conclude that professional development needs to consider teachers’ different understandings and awareness of the role of language in the classroom. We also note that taking on the role of a language teacher may require a significant shift in assumptions about teaching and learning for teachers with mainstream teacher preparation and experiences and may depend on instructional context.
The purpose of this chapter is to draw attention to employability being an important social innovation that potentially thrives with transformational leadership, partly…
The purpose of this chapter is to draw attention to employability being an important social innovation that potentially thrives with transformational leadership, partly depending on certain personal characteristics such as managerial role and personality.
The study was carried out among pairs of employees (314) and immediate supervisors (334) working at a large Dutch company that produces building materials. We made use of Linear Regression and Structural Equation Modeling to test our hypothesis and explore our assumptions with regard to the research model.
We have found that transformational leadership is positively related to employee and supervisor ratings of employability. Furthermore, there is some indication that transformational leadership enhances employability in some situations, demonstrating differences between categories of workers with and without a managerial function. Moreover, it appeared that after controlling for personality, only the positive relationship between transformational leadership and supervisor ratings of employability, remained for the workers not having a managerial function.
Our study design comprised a cross-sectional approach and therefore future longitudinal research is necessary to investigate causal relationships between transformational leadership, personality, and employability.
In terms of individual career development practices, our outcomes should be translated into increased attention for aligning leadership style to meet the requirements of all types of employees across the life-span.
By providing more insight into the increased importance of transformational leadership for certain groups of workers, this contribution is intended to come up with opportunities for increasing the employability for different types of workers.
This chapter draws attention to the fact that transformational leadership can be a useful tool for stimulating employability of workers. Worker characteristics such as personality, work role (e.g., managerial role) and other life-span factors always have to be taken into account for a customized approach, given the uniqueness of each and every employee.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate in situ production of aroma‐active esters in dairy foods so as to improve flavour and to produce fruity flavour concentrate.
Lipase, ethanol or bacterial cultures are added to dairy media (milk, cream or cheese) and incubated for a period of time (from hours to months). Samples are then taken and analysed for aroma‐active esters using gas chromatography (GC) or gas chromatography‐mass spectrometry (GC‐MS).
Analyses of samples show that significant levels of ethyl esters of fatty acids are produced in milk, cream, enzyme‐modified cheese and natural cheese. All the dairy foods possess an intense pleasant fruity aroma.
This is a natural way to generate fruity flavours in dairy foods to enhance flavour and thus, consumer acceptance. The fruity flavour concentrate can also be used as a flavouring ingredient in dairy and non‐dairy food applications. Natural pure esters may also be extracted, separated and concentrated for wider flavour and fragrance applications. This approach may provide a cost‐effective solution to the increasing surplus of milk fat.
Drawing on a representative survey, this paper aims to identify the determinants of functional food consumption in Croatia. The objective is to introduce and test a…
Drawing on a representative survey, this paper aims to identify the determinants of functional food consumption in Croatia. The objective is to introduce and test a conceptual model that four sets of factors (food choice motivations, demographic and socio-economic characteristics, knowledge of functional food and health status) underpin variations in functional food consumption.
Data were collected via face-to-face interviews conducted in respondents' homes. Consumption of functional foods is modelled as a bootstrapped ordered probit model.
Results confirm the significant influence of all four sets of factors for explaining variations in functional food consumption. Heavier users of functional food are those that place a greater weighting on health and convenience in food choice. In contrast, the salience of familiarity in food choice is negatively related with functional food consumption. Females and those with higher levels of educational attainment are heavier consumers of functional food. While perceived health status appears not to have any significant relationship with functional food consumption, there is a link with body mass index. Functional foods appeal most to those concerned about their health and desire convenient, “quick fixes”. Such “quick fixes” may however be employed at the expense of more fundamental adjustments to diet and fitness, which may provide the basis for superior overall disease prevention/health promotion.
The study represents one of the first assessments of functional food consumption in Central and Eastern Europe, introducing and testing a comprehensive conceptual model.
Where does the coatings industry look for technology which borders on its own and from which it might derive useful leads and ideas? The coatings industry basically…
Where does the coatings industry look for technology which borders on its own and from which it might derive useful leads and ideas? The coatings industry basically depends on the formation of films. Basic to the idea of coatings is the concept that there must be a film and that this film must derive from the vehicle in the coating. To be sure, the film does not represent the entire coating, but it is the sine qua non; and without a film the coating will neither decorate nor protect. There are a host of other technologies that depend on film formation. When the word ‘film’ is mentioned, adhesives and printing inks come to mind, for these technologies also could not exist without the all‐important phenomenon of film formation.
The number of articles on solvent‐based acrylic resins in the paint industry has decreased in the past two years. It is not entirely clear why this is, since acrylic resins serve a key function in the industrial coatings segment of the paint industry, because of their outstanding weathering performance. The fact that they are available in both thermoset and thermoplastic forms makes them highly versatile. Structurally they are capable of wide variation, as indicated by an article by Ailhaud [Peintures, Pigments, Vernis, 47, March (1971) p. 170] who reports on the properties of block copolymers based on a variety of different alkyl methacrylates.
A triennial meeting of the European Union of Independent Lubricant Manufacturers (UEIL) discusses policies, products and market prospects: A marathon Day of Study points a way for 77 participant member companies and 167 delegates.
The purpose of this paper is to study the process, network, skills and practices of service parts logistics organizations in the Asia Pacific region. Specifically, it…
The purpose of this paper is to study the process, network, skills and practices of service parts logistics organizations in the Asia Pacific region. Specifically, it attempts to propose a new framework for service parts logistics management based on interview inputs from several leading automotive and aerospace companies. This paper also seeks to identify the trends and opportunities for service parts logistics in Singapore.
Companies from aerospace and automotive industries involved in service logistics activities were involved in the study. Data were obtained primarily through interviews with key executives of the company.
This paper summarizes some of the industry findings on service parts logistics in the Asia Pacific region. To succeed in the service logistics business, companies should not focus on cost factors alone. Instead, companies should adopt the proposed framework and look into other factors.
The research is limited to companies in the aerospace and automotive industries only.
This framework was drawn from industry inputs and can be easily applied in decision making.
The paper provides a new framework to assist decision makers in deciding where a company should locate its service part logistics hub.