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This study aims to investigate the role of Buginese cultural value system (BCVS), motivational values type (MVT) and entrepreneurial traits (ET) on business performance…
This study aims to investigate the role of Buginese cultural value system (BCVS), motivational values type (MVT) and entrepreneurial traits (ET) on business performance (BP). The study investigated the role of each variable in predicting BP among Buginese entrepreneurs.
The study was conducted in South Sulawesi, in small and medium scale enterprises with a focus on Buginese entrepreneurs. Random sampling technique was used along with some inclusion criteria. Based on those criteria, the questionnaires were administered to 300 participants with 70 per cent valid responses (180 males, 30 females). The study used well-constructed measures (i.e. BCVS, MVT, ET and BP) by following a guideline of adapting and developing instruments. The data were analyzed using structural equation model technique to examine the proposed theoretical model.
The results showed that the hypothesized model fitted the empirical data. The MVT and ET-mediated the effect of BCVS on BP or BCVS indirectly influenced BP. In brief, this research successfully showed that local cultural value system (BCVS) had a significant effect on the performance of Buginese entrepreneurs through the mediating role of MTV and ET, which means that local cultural value functions as a predictor of the performance of Buginese entrepreneurs.
A number of previous studies have investigated the significant role of local culture in predicting business and entrepreneurship performance. This study focused on local values and considering some advanced theories in both entrepreneurship and psychology. As a result, this study provided a new perspective in understanding local culture as an antecedent to entrepreneurship performance.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of emotional intelligence (EI) and achievement motivation (AM) on elementary school principals’ leadership styles…
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of emotional intelligence (EI) and achievement motivation (AM) on elementary school principals’ leadership styles. This study investigates the contribution of EI and AM on the two major leadership categories: the task-oriented and relationship-oriented leadership.
This paper is a quantitative study with the implementation of correlation and hierarchical regression analysis. The surveys (i.e. EI scale, AM scale, leadership style questionnaire) were sent randomly to 280 elementary school principals in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and 90 of them completed the survey (mostly male=77.78 percent).
Principals’ EI significantly predicted both task-oriented and relationship-oriented leadership. In contrast, the principals’ AM yielded non-significant results in predicting both task-oriented and relationship-oriented leadership style. The results also suggested that the effect of EI on two major leadership styles (i.e. task- and relationship-orientation) outperformed the leader’s AM.
This study did not consider the principals’ performance in the analysis. Future studies should also address this issue by considering leadership performance as well as different culture and context. On the other hand, the authors developed new measures rather than using preexisting measures. Although the measures have been constructed according to the scale construction principles and reached an acceptable standard, future research should advance the psychometric property of the scales.
This study discusses the effect of EI and AM on task- and relationship-orientation leadership. In addition, this study has also brought a new insight into understanding leadership styles in collective culture such as Indonesia.