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Book part
Publication date: 4 July 2019

Elena A. Gureeva, Elena V. Kletskova, Tatiana I. Chinaeva, Tatiana N. Morgun and Elena N. Kolomoets

The purpose of the chapter is to compare social and economic effects that accompany crises of economic systems.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the chapter is to compare social and economic effects that accompany crises of economic systems.

Methodology

According to the adopted classification of causes of conflicts of socio-economic systems, the indicators that reflect potential social and economic causes of crisis are determined. Regression analysis is performed, and multiple regression dependence of economic growth of Russia’s economic system (values of growth of GDP in constant prices) on the indicators that characterize social and economic causes of crisis is determined; correlation analysis is performed and correlation of each indicator of causes and the indicator of economic growth is determined.

Conclusions

It is shown by the example of modern Russia that subjective (social factors) have the key role in determining cyclic fluctuations of economic system – together with objective (economic effects). Social causes of crisis are almost as important as economic causes. In view of generally acknowledged social consequences of crises (growth of inflation and unemployment level), it is possible to state a relatively equal role of economic and social effects that accompany crises of economic systems. The information and empirical basis of the chapter consists of the statistical materials of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the OECD. The research is performed by the example of modern Russia’s economic system; its timeframe covers 1999–2018 (recent 20 years).

Originality/value

The obtained conclusions show the necessity and open perspectives for specifying the existing theory of cycles in the aspect of inclusion of social effects into the model of cyclic (wave) fluctuations of economic systems.

Details

“Conflict-Free” Socio-Economic Systems
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-994-6

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 4 July 2019

Irina S. Ferova, Ekaterina S. Kovanova, Elena V. Kletskova, Rustem T. Yuldashev and Tatiana V. Tkachenko

The purpose of the research is to develop methodological approach to evaluation of effectiveness of development of “conflict-free” socio-economic system.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the research is to develop methodological approach to evaluation of effectiveness of development of “conflict-free” socio-economic system.

Methodology

The fundamental platform of the research is the classic approach to evaluation of effectiveness of managerial practice in socio-economic system.

Conclusions

A methodological approach to evaluation of effectiveness of development of “conflict-free” socio-economic system is developed; it envisages calculating the ratio of aggregate results (including advantages) from “conflict-free” development of systems to aggregate expenditures for management of conflicts. Successful approbation of this approach by the example of modern “conflict-free” socio-economic systems – Turkey and Japan – showed its readiness for practical application. The obtained results show that in Turkey in 2018 the effectiveness of development of “conflict-free” socio-economic system is acceptable (normal), as the value of the calculated Erbs index is in the interval (1,5;2), that is the results of managing the conflicts exceed the expenditures. In Japan in 2018, effectiveness of development of “conflict-free” socio-economic system is very high, as the value of the calculated Erbs index is in the interval (2;3) – that is, expenditures for management of conflicts are minimum, and results are very high.

Originality/value

Advantages of the developed methodological approach to evaluation of effectiveness of development of “conflict-free” socio-economic system, which emphasize perspectives of its practical application, are the detailed structure, variability, and universal character.

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Book part
Publication date: 29 October 2018

Aleksei V. Bogoviz, Vladimir S. Osipov, Olga A. Ageeva, Elena V. Kletskova and Ludmila V. Makusсhenko

The purpose of this chapter is to determine the level of readiness of the Russian society for information economy’s formation. For the formation of information economy…

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to determine the level of readiness of the Russian society for information economy’s formation. For the formation of information economy, the authors use the methods of classification and structural analysis, as well as the proprietary method of criterial evaluation of society’s readiness. This method envisages structuring of population according to the main criteria: territory of residence (geographical criterion), age, level of education, level of income, and susceptibility to innovations (adaptation criterion). Based on the statistical data on readiness of various social categories for information economy’s formation and the share of these categories in the structure of population, the index of society’s readiness for information economy’s formation is calculated. The authors perform criterial evaluation of readiness of the modern Russian society for information economy’s formation as of 2017 and compile the model of the modern Russian society, structured according to the criterion of readiness for information economy’s formation. As a result, they conclude that information economy’s formation could face unreadiness of society, which is a serious barrier on the path of implementation of this process. During evaluation of the level of society’s readiness for information economy’s formation, it is expedient to structure it as per the five main criteria: territory of residence (geographical criterion), age, level of education, level of income, and susceptibility to innovations (adaptation criterion). The received structure of society allows compiling general impression on readiness for information economy’s formation of representatives of various social categories. The example of modern Russia could be the basis for similar evaluation of the level of society’s readiness for information economy’s formation in other countries of the world. This will allow developing and conducting more effective state social policy, which is directed at target influence on representatives of various social categories in the interests of increase of their readiness for information economy’s formation.

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Book part
Publication date: 29 October 2018

Abstract

Details

Models of Modern Information Economy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-287-5

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Book part
Publication date: 4 July 2019

Abstract

Details

“Conflict-Free” Socio-Economic Systems
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-994-6

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Book part
Publication date: 4 July 2019

Elena G. Popkova

The purpose of the chapter is to develop methodological recommendations and to determine criteria of measuring “conflict character” of socio-economic system.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the chapter is to develop methodological recommendations and to determine criteria of measuring “conflict character” of socio-economic system.

Methodology

Due to large diversity of conflicts of socio-economic systems, the authors compile common methodological recommendations for all economic conflicts, but criteria of measuring “conflict character” of socio-economic system by the example of crisis as a manifestation/example of conflict for which statistical and information bases are available and its precise, objective, and authentic evaluation is possible are offered. The methodological tools of this work are based on the method of systematization, the method of classification, the method of comparative analysis, and the method of formalization of authors’ conclusions and recommendations.

Conclusions

Methodological recommendations and criteria for measuring the “conflict character” of socio-economic system are offered – they allow classifying “conflict” systems. As to the value of the index of conflict character, socio-economic systems with reduced conflict level, moderate conflict level, high conflict level, and very high conflict level are distinguished. They differ as to the capability to oppose internal crises, reaction to external crises, and the model of development of economic conflicts. According to the developed methodological recommendations and offered criteria, “conflict” level of socio-economic systems of developed countries – the USA and Germany, and developing countries – China and Russia is measured in the period of the 2008 global economic crisis.

Originality/value

Based on the offered classification, it is possible to forecast development and management of conflicts of various “conflict” socio-economic systems.

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Book part
Publication date: 4 July 2019

Elena G. Popkova

The purpose of the research is to classify conflicts in socio-economic systems.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the research is to classify conflicts in socio-economic systems.

Methodology

It is determined that the existing narrow classifications of conflicts in socio-economic systems within various conceptual approaches partially cross and sometimes contradict each other – so they have to be systematized. For that, the methods of structural and functional analysis and analysis of causal connections are used, with the help of which the author determines criteria of classification of conflicts and their forms for obtaining the most precise system of their classification.

Conclusions

The expanded classification of conflicts in socio-economic systems according to such criteria as form of manifestation of conflict, level of manifestation of conflict, character of causes of emergence of conflict, source of conflict sources, sphere of management of conflict, and expected dominating consequences of conflict is offered. Due to this, it is possible to determine the type of conflict and to select the corresponding managerial measures.

Originality/value

The offered classification possesses the following advantages, as compared to the existing narrow classifications of conflicts in socio-economic systems within conceptual approaches to treatment of the essence of conflict. The first is universal character: the offered classification cannot be used as to all socio-economic systems. Due to this, it will be in demand by systems of various levels – regardless of their specifics. The second is connection to management: the offered classification allows determining the type of conflict and offers recommendations for its management. Due to this, classification of conflicts will be in demand by subjects of conflict management, which will allow increasing effectiveness of this management.

Details

“Conflict-Free” Socio-Economic Systems
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-994-6

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 4 July 2019

Anastasia A. Kurilova, Kirill Y. Kurilov, Svetlana A. Popova and Elena A. Nemkina

The purpose of the chapter is to describe the concept of conflicts of socio-economic systems on the basis of the theory and methodology of the systemic approach.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the chapter is to describe the concept of conflicts of socio-economic systems on the basis of the theory and methodology of the systemic approach.

Methodology

The authors use the provisions of the systemic approach.

Conclusions

It is determined that dynamic socio-economic system is susceptible to conflicts, which, according to the Systemic approach, are bifurcation points. The features of conflict that allow defining it as a bifurcation point are its short duration, violation of sustainability of socio-economic system, uncertainty of consequences, influence on the system on the whole (cascade effect), and multiplicity of scenarios of development of socio-economic system after the conflict.

Originality/value

Studying conflict with the help of the theory and methodology of the systemic approach allowed determining the fact that conflict is a violation of order in a socio-economic system (which specifies definition of conflict and its essence) and could be evaluated through the measure of the system’s order (which specifies methodology of conflict evaluation). Moreover, conflict in a socio-economic system emerges not at once – it is accumulated under joint negative influences of internal and external factors. Further, the performed research allows specifying the classification of conflicts, which is offered in previous chapters – according to scenarios of development of socio-economic system after the conflict, normal (leading to normal change of system), abrupt (leading to abrupt change of the system), and attraction (all following states of the system are sustainable) conflicts are possible.

Details

“Conflict-Free” Socio-Economic Systems
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-994-6

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 4 July 2019

Anastasia A. Kurilova, Kirill Y. Kurilov, Tatiana A. Dugina and Evgeny A. Likholetov

The purpose of the chapter is to study regional (in the global scale) peculiarities of the 2008 global economic crisis and to determine socio-economic systems that are in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the chapter is to study regional (in the global scale) peculiarities of the 2008 global economic crisis and to determine socio-economic systems that are in the phase of crisis (long recession).

Methodology

The research objects are regional associations of countries according to the classification of the participants of the global economic system of the International Monetary Fund. The research is conducted by aggregation (the method of finding direct average) of the annual growth rate of GDP in constant prices by the selected categories of regional socio-economic systems. Timeframe of the research covers 2006–2018 and the forecast period of 2019–2022. The methodological tools of the research include the methods of horizontal and trend analysis.

Conclusions

It is determined that most developing countries – Commonwealth of Independent States, emerging and developing Asia and Latin America, and the Caribbean – are in a long recession and will overcome the consequences of the crisis only in the mid-term. Developing countries from the categories the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and sub-Saharan Africa faced a deep and long second wave of the crisis and will have a long recession until 2022. They will overcome it only in the long-term. The only category of developing countries – emerging and developing Europe – despite the general downward trend of GDP in constant prices – shows sustainable development and has already overcome the crisis.

Originality/value

The influence of the global economic crisis on the global economic system through the prism of the regional aspect is specified. It is shown that at present (2018) most regions of the global economic system are covered with crisis and will have long recession until 2022. Developing countries have faced the highest damage from the 2008 crisis, and most of them have the second or even the third wave of crisis.

Details

“Conflict-Free” Socio-Economic Systems
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-994-6

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 4 July 2019

Anastasia A. Kurilova, Alexey V. Tolmachev, Valeriya P. Chayka and Aleksei G. Savin

The purpose of the work is to develop a mechanism of managing the “conflict-free” socio-economic system.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the work is to develop a mechanism of managing the “conflict-free” socio-economic system.

Methodology

A complex of general scientific methods within the systemic approach (induction, deduction, analysis, and synthesis) and the method of formalization are used.

Conclusions

A mechanism of state management of “conflict-free” socio-economic system is developed, which envisages implementation of three directions: managing internal conflicts, managing innovational development, and managing foreign economic activities. Though practical implementation of this mechanism is possible in any technological mode, the widest possibilities and perspectives for this are opened in the conditions of digital economy. Apart from the digital communications of state and economic subjects (society and business), digital economy allows for full or partial authomatization of managing “conflict-free” socio-economic system on the basis of intellectual technologies and technologies of decision support for state decisions in the sphere of regulation of socio-economic system. At that, it is necessary to pay more attention to the issues of provision of economy’s digital security.

Originality/value

The developed mechanism is to ensure “conflict-free” development of socio-economic system in the long-term. Though it is oriented at the macro-level system (national economy), it could be used for managing the microlevel system, which envisages implementation of the same directions of management with slight correction of tools.

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