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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2010

William K. McHenry and Denis Pryamonosov

This paper examines the results of the first year of the new Russian state procurement law, 94-FZ, through the lens of the 88 regional government web portals created to…

Abstract

This paper examines the results of the first year of the new Russian state procurement law, 94-FZ, through the lens of the 88 regional government web portals created to implement it. Benchmarks are developed and applied to them, comparing results with two contemporaneous Russian studies. Almost all regions have provided core information provision functions, but other missing features and the lack of automation mean that more than half may have done little more than fulfill formal requirements. More website features do seem to correspond to more transparency, but the law and the web portals have done little so far to combat endemic, institutional corruption of the state procurement process.

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Journal of Public Procurement, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1535-0118

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1998

Andrew Erridge Ruth Fee and John McIlroy

Public procurement is one of the principal instruments used by the Commission to open up the European Single Market. This paper presents a critical assessment of public…

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2331

Abstract

Public procurement is one of the principal instruments used by the Commission to open up the European Single Market. This paper presents a critical assessment of public procurement policy in the context of developing policies on electronic commerce and the Government Procurement Agreement (GPA) within the World Trade Organisation (WTO). The paper focuses on how business can access public procurement opportunities in Europe, and what opportunities exist for improved electronic means of access to information. The proposed future for electronic tendering in Europe, SIMAP, is discussed and compared to similar systems in the USA. The paper suggests that a new legislative framework is required for public procurement and electronic commerce in Europe to ensure that governments and businesses do not suffer a competitive disadvantage in the electronic future of world trade.

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European Business Review, vol. 98 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-534X

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2004

Ohad Soudry

The reverse electronic auction is a new competitive bidding procedure adopted by the recently enacted European Community (EC) directives on public procurement. It is…

Abstract

The reverse electronic auction is a new competitive bidding procedure adopted by the recently enacted European Community (EC) directives on public procurement. It is submitted that the electronic reverse auction has the potential to reduce the tension between the European Commission and national policies of procurement, as it can decrease contracting costs, increase transparency and achieve better economic outcomes as a result of increased competition. This paper relies on auction theory in order to support such statements. A comparison between the traditional sealed-bid method and the reverse auction is further provided.

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Journal of Public Procurement, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1535-0118

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Article
Publication date: 27 July 2010

Wojciech Piotrowicz and Zahir Irani

This paper aims to present electronic procurement benefits identified in four case companies from the information technology (IT), hi‐tech sector.

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4162

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present electronic procurement benefits identified in four case companies from the information technology (IT), hi‐tech sector.

Design/methodology/approach

Multi‐case study design was applied. The benefits reported in the companies were analysed and classified according to taxonomies from the information systems discipline. Finally, a new benefits classification was proposed. The framework was developed based on information systems literature.

Findings

The research confirmed difficulties with benefits evaluation, as, apart from operational benefits, non‐financial, intangible benefits at strategic level were also identified. Traditional evaluation methods are unable to capture all benefits categories, especially at strategic level. New taxonomy was created, which allows evaluation of the complex e‐procurement impact. In the proposed taxonomy, e‐procurement benefits are classified according to their level (operational, tactical, strategic), area of impact, applying scorecard dimensions (customer, process, financial, learning and growth). In addition the benefits characteristic is captured (tangible, intangible, financial and non‐financial).

Research limitations/implications

Research is based on four case studies only. Findings are specific to case companies and the environment in which they operate. The framework should be tested further in different contexts.

Practical implications

The new taxonomy allows evaluation of the complex e‐procurement impact, demonstrating that benefits achieved do not concern merely the financial impact. The framework can be applied to preparing new systems implementation as well as to evaluating existing systems.

Originality/value

The paper applies information systems frameworks to the electronic procurement field, which allows one to look at e‐procurement systems considering its complex impact. The framework can also be used to evaluate different systems, not simply e‐procurement.

Details

Journal of Enterprise Information Management, vol. 23 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0398

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2010

Mi Jung Lee

There are Increasing applications of e-procurement by government along with active e-commerce by the private sector in an advanced information society. The Korea e…

Abstract

There are Increasing applications of e-procurement by government along with active e-commerce by the private sector in an advanced information society. The Korea e-Procurement System (G2B) is recognized as a successful example of substantially enhancing procurement process efficiency by making it transparent and professional. An analytic work is needed to systematically assess the functionality and role of the system. This paper's purpose is the exploratory study on a mature indicator of evaluation of public e-procurement systems. This paper compares Korea’s case with those of the U.S., Australia, and New Zealand to show that in Australia and New Zealand, which are adopting a as dispersive supply method, the e-procurement system is not developed on a large scale in comparison with the US and Korea that are adopting a central supply method. There are some differences among the four countries according to the trait of their procurement institution and base value in terms of capability of system. Different usefulness for e-procurement depends on the public procurement institution in each country. This paper suggests that eprocurement systems can be used helping purchasing goods and services most reasonably. This paper can help us evaluating substantial value of eprocurement system clearly.

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Journal of Public Procurement, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1535-0118

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Article
Publication date: 20 January 2020

Kai-Kit Soong, Elsadig Musa Ahmed and Khong Sin Tan

This study aims to examine Malaysian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) Adoption of electronic government procurement (EGP) in the post-introduction phase as the…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine Malaysian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) Adoption of electronic government procurement (EGP) in the post-introduction phase as the portal was introduced in the early year 2000.

Design/methodology/approach

This study integrated electronic public services into two acceptance theories (the technology acceptance model [TAM] and unified theory of acceptance and use of technology [UTAUT] framework) and having a direct measurement of the criterion. Both TAM and UTAUT models measure the behaviour intention to use and indirectly measure the criterion of actual usage along with behavioural intention. Besides, this study conducted a systematic sampling survey in SMEs located in Klang Valley (the business hub in Malaysia).

Findings

The results confirm that effort expectancy, performance expectancy and social influences had a direct effect on the adoption of EGP in the private sector. Rather than the original UTAUT setup, the behavioural intention would influence user behaviour.

Social implications

The implications and policy recommendations of these findings will be used by both SMEs and the government to improve the EGP delivery.

Originality/value

The gap with this study is at the time the Malaysian Government introduced e-procurement. The SMEs were quite new and had limited knowledge in the e-procurement during the introduction phase. Both SMEs and the government will use the implications and policy recommendations of these findings to improve the EGP delivery in the current post introduction phase.

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Journal of Public Procurement, vol. 20 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1535-0118

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Article
Publication date: 30 January 2009

Mark Leach

This paper intends to further understanding of the world marketplace by examining the procurement practices of high‐tech suppliers across several countries in Central and…

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1347

Abstract

Purpose

This paper intends to further understanding of the world marketplace by examining the procurement practices of high‐tech suppliers across several countries in Central and Eastern Europe and in the USA. In particular, this examination will focus on the extent to which the smaller and less developed countries of Eastern Europe utilize IT procurement as an integral part of their purchasing strategy.

Design/methodology/approach

Exploratory qualitative interviews conducted with purchasing decision makers across various high‐tech industries in Eastern Europe are compared with those in Central Europe and the USA.

Findings

The findings suggest that information technology is perceived as being less valuable by European firms and is utilized to a lesser degree. In addition, multinational companies operating in Eastern Europe appear to be focused on developing the product quality and operational efficiency of local Eastern European suppliers and less concerned about facilitating their adoption of IT procurement systems.

Research limitations/implications

The findings are consistent with past research and theory development in the area of relationship marketing. Although one can argue with whether buyer perceptions of electronic procurement are accurate, their reasons for adopting or not adopting this technology center on reducing transaction costs, reducing uncertainty, and trust concerns. Interestingly, findings suggest that within the high‐tech sectors in Eastern Europe very little commerce is taking place electronically.

Practical implications

The findings suggest that organizations buying globally need to pay close attention to the business culture from which they intend to source. This is important for a large number of well‐researched reasons; however, the study expands on these by suggesting that various markets have differing exposure, knowledge, and comfort levels with electronic procurement.

Originality/value

As with most qualitative studies, evidence was found that supports many of the established and evolving theories of buyer‐seller relationships as well as a few more surprising insights. For example, the prevalence of the desire for local suppliers by global multinationals and the extent to which they were “developing” these suppliers form an interesting area deserving further research attention. The lack of interest in IT procurement systems among the firms interviewed was also surprising.

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Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 24 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2002

Talai Osmonbekov, Daniel C. Bello and David I. Gilliland

Modern procurement is being shifted from paper‐based, people‐intensive buying systems toward electronic‐based purchase procedures that rely on Internet communications and…

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4962

Abstract

Modern procurement is being shifted from paper‐based, people‐intensive buying systems toward electronic‐based purchase procedures that rely on Internet communications and Web‐enhanced buying tools. Develops a typology of e‐commerce tools that have come to characterize cutting‐edge industrial procurement. E‐commerce aspects of purchasing are organized into communication and transaction tools that encompass both internal and external buying activities. Further, a model of the impact of e‐commerce on the structure and processes of an organization’s buying center is developed. The impact of the changing buying center on procurement outcomes in terms of efficiency and effectiveness is also analyzed. Finally, implications for business‐to‐business marketers and researchers are discussed.

Details

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 17 no. 2/3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

Ken Dooley and Sharon Purchase

Research indicates that e-procurement is being implemented slowly in many organizations, especially government organizations. This article investigates positive factors…

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436

Abstract

Research indicates that e-procurement is being implemented slowly in many organizations, especially government organizations. This article investigates positive factors influencing e-procurement intentions within semi-government organizations. A web-based survey was carried out on Australian government purchasing professional's perspectives of e-procurement. Findings from a multiple regression analysis indicate that suppliers' participation, internal managerial support and the perceived benefits gained through implementation all influence e-procurement intentions.

Details

Journal of Public Procurement, vol. 6 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1535-0118

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

Simon Croom and Robert Johnston

E‐business developments represent a significant step in the evolution of inter‐organisational systems (IOS). Their impact on external supply chains is a major area of…

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7589

Abstract

E‐business developments represent a significant step in the evolution of inter‐organisational systems (IOS). Their impact on external supply chains is a major area of discussion and analysis in the literature, principally examining issues of governance structure and process efficiencies. This paper, however, addresses issues relating to the impact of e‐business developments on internal customer service with a focus on electronic procurement introduction – in other words it concentrates on the intra‐organisational system dynamics of e‐business. The procurement process is the basis for one of the primary internal customer‐provider interfaces and thus presents a valid and useful domain of study in internal customer service. In contributing to the emerging e‐service field the article first contends that much of the recent research into e‐service has taken a primarily external customer focus. However, reports suggest that the potential of e‐business comes from applications both within and between businesses. Consequently, this paper focuses on the findings relating to internal e‐service obtained from an extensive, primarily qualitative and exploratory, research programme incorporating 97 organisations. The article concludes that internal customer satisfaction is central to the success of e‐procurement deployment and is a significant determinant of the cost benefits to be gained from its adoption.

Details

International Journal of Service Industry Management, vol. 14 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-4233

Keywords

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