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The paper presents performance indicators for the library’s electronic services. Traditional performance indicators were meant for libraries with print collections and…
The paper presents performance indicators for the library’s electronic services. Traditional performance indicators were meant for libraries with print collections and lending services. In several projects and international cooperation indicators have been developed for library networked resources and services. The paper describes the problems of data collection and gives definitions for the electronic collection and the different steps of using electronic services.
The evolution of technology in libraries is causing more technically oriented professionals to join the library profession. Having an electronic services librarian has…
The evolution of technology in libraries is causing more technically oriented professionals to join the library profession. Having an electronic services librarian has become a hallmark of the electronic age. Many imaginative but similar job titles appear in library employment advertisements: “Network Services Librarian,” “Reference and Electronic Information Services Librarian,” “Electronic Information and Multimedia Librarian,” “Information Integrator.” Why is this new field in librarianship so popular? What are the requirements to be an “electronic services librarian?” What will their future be like? Is this new professional the answer to all new library technology developments? This article examines these questions and explores the problems in this emerging position by analyzing the experience of one academic library.
Enabling technologies have led to the transformation of library services from traditional services incorporating card catalogs, printed books and periodicals…
Enabling technologies have led to the transformation of library services from traditional services incorporating card catalogs, printed books and periodicals, bibliographic instruction, in‐person/face‐to‐face reference, to new services and delivery modes incorporating: electronic collections, such as e‐books, e‐journals and databases; virtual reference services, and other online services. Innovation of new services that are peculiar to the online/Web environment is the trend in modern electronic libraries. During the last decade, many libraries, particularly those serving academic communities, have witnessed the emergence of new service paradigms in areas of information access and delivery, reference, instruction, technology facility and support to patrons. Libraries continue to harness new technologies to offer services in innovative ways to meet the changing needs of their patrons. This paper explores some of these emerging service paradigms in electronic libraries. The concept of “service paradigm” in this paper is used to refer to predominant service patterns.
The purpose of this study is to apply the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) model in the context of electronic library services in public…
The purpose of this study is to apply the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) model in the context of electronic library services in public Jordanian universities. This study investigated the determinants of use behaviour (UB) regarding electronic library services, and the moderating effects of age, gender, experience, education level and academic discipline on the relationships between the determinants and behavioural intention (BI).
Quantitative data were collected, through a questionnaire instrument from a sample of 575 students. Statistical analysis of the study’s model was conducted using the structural equation modelling technique.
Empirical examination of the model’s hypotheses indicated that students’ “intention to use” electronic library services is dependent on performance expectancy (PE), effort expectancy (EE) and social influence (SI), while students’ “use behaviour” is dependent on facilitating conditions (FCs) and intention to use. The effect of PE on BI was significant for younger, undergraduate and social sciences discipline students, while EE was significant for older and applied discipline students.
Library directors should design promotional campaigns directed to younger, undergraduate and social academic discipline studentsto promote the efficiency of electronic libraries. Faculty members can be targeted with these promotional campaigns to exert influence on the desired effect on students’ intentions toward using the electronic library. Easier-to-use technology and training courses for older and applied academic discipline students are necessary. It is important to ensure that the physical facilities and technical support provide students with needed assistance. Online help should be available.
This study empirically validated the UTAUT model in the context of electronic library services within an Arab culture. The study also investigated the moderating effects of students’ characteristics, including age, gender and experience, in addition to education level and academic discipline, as new affects.
Developments in information technology have led to changes in the mode of delivery of library services, and in the perceptions of the role of librarians in the…
Developments in information technology have led to changes in the mode of delivery of library services, and in the perceptions of the role of librarians in the information‐seeking context. In particular, the proliferation of electronic resources has led to the emergence of new service paradigms and new roles for librarians. The Gateway Library at Penn State University (PSU) is an electronic library in transition, with new technology‐based services evolving to address the ever growing and changing needs of the academic community. It facilitates access to and navigation of electronic resources in an integrated technology environment.
The Albert R. Mann Library at Cornell University has created a working electronic library and has made significant changes in services and staff responsibilities to address users' evolving needs. This article presents an overview of these changes, after discussing the development of electronic libraries at Mann and elsewhere. The increased usage that Mann's collections have received as the electronic library has been developed is also described.
An examination of the methodology and results from patron use surveys of networked electronic services at four geographically disparate academic health science libraries…
An examination of the methodology and results from patron use surveys of networked electronic services at four geographically disparate academic health science libraries in the USA between 1999 and 2002. The principal fields of inquiry include demographic differences between in‐house library users as compared to remote library users by status of user; users’ purposes for accessing electronic services; how the purpose of use differs between traditional, in‐person, library services; and differences in usage of electronic resources based upon the location of users. The results of this study should help guide service decisions in academic health sciences libraries.
To meet the challenges of the electronic library, technical services staff members must be able to articulate the value they add to the institution—not only in the realm…
To meet the challenges of the electronic library, technical services staff members must be able to articulate the value they add to the institution—not only in the realm of the library's bibliographic database but also in the larger context of building an organizational framework for electronic information and services. Technical services departments must be willing to re‐engineer processing activities and equip their staffs with both the hardware and the skills needed to meet these challenges. In Mann Library, the digital or electronic library is being built upon the traditional infrastructure of the library. Responsibilities related to selecting, acquiring, describing, and servicing networked information are mainstreamed into the operations of the library. This article describes three projects that illustrate the range of activities in which technical services staff are engaged. In these projects, technical services staff have been called upon to provide an organizational framework for numeric, full‐text, and bibliographic information.
This study seeks to explore and report international business students’ perceptions and expectations of electronic library services at the University of Illinois at…
This study seeks to explore and report international business students’ perceptions and expectations of electronic library services at the University of Illinois at Urbana‐Champaign. A total of 143 international business students on campus volunteered to fill out a survey. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics as well as inferential statistics such as t‐tests and correlation. A significant portion of international business students has no prior experience with electronic library services in their home countries. Moreover, about a half of international business students go to libraries other than the Business and Economics Library, partly because they provide better environment for study. Although electronic resources are available without the constraint of location, providing reference services for those who do not use the Business and Economics Library becomes a challenge. Virtual reference is an excellent tool, but most international business students do not see it as an important library service. Based on the results, implications for information literacy and virtual reference service are discussed.
The changing reference environment and reference staffing have been the topic of several articles in the library literature, discussions at the American Library…
The changing reference environment and reference staffing have been the topic of several articles in the library literature, discussions at the American Library Association conferences and a recent conference offered twice by Library Solutions Inc. of Berkeley, California, entitled Rethinking Reference. Libraries are looking closely at the model at Brandeis University of eliminating the reference desk and replacing it with an information desk with research consultations with librarians taking place in an office. Larry Oberg urges librarians to stop thinking of the reference desk as a key reason for being a librarian. He contends that paraprofessionals can and do perform well at a reference desk, freeing librarians to concentrate on higher‐level tasks. These discussions and examples demonstrate a variety of solutions academic libraries have taken regarding the changing face of reference, and the evolving roles of reference librarians in moving towards the electronic library. The electronic library brings us new options and new opportunities and as a result librarians need to develop new ways of thinking and organizing reference services.