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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2018

Fahimeh Ansari, Reza Naderi and Fahimeh Rafiaei

This paper aims to access the protective function of hybrid sol-gel coatings deposited on 304L stainless steel substrate in silane solutions containing a mixture of…

Abstract

Propose

This paper aims to access the protective function of hybrid sol-gel coatings deposited on 304L stainless steel substrate in silane solutions containing a mixture of tetraethoxysilane, methyltriethoxysilane and glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane with different pH values during various immersion periods.

Design/methodology/approach

The 304L stainless steels coated through 10 and 30 s of immersion in the silane solutions with pH values of 2.1 and 2.8 were exposed to NaCl solution. The corrosion resistance of the coated substrates was studied through taking advantage of electrochemical noise method as well as atomic force microscopy (AFM), water contact angle and field emission-type scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) surface analysis.

Findings

The electrochemical current noise, PSD (I) plot, noise resistance and characteristic charge as parameters extracted from electrochemical noise method indicated the superiority of eco-friendly silane coating deposited on the substrate surface during 10 s exposure to the solution, due to the film uniformity and homogeneity as confirmed by FESEM and AFM. Moreover, immersion of the stainless steel in the silane solution with pH 2.1, characterized by higher hydrolysis ratio, led to more effective corrosion control in the NaCl electrolyte according to the results of electrochemical noise and FTIR measurements.

Research limitations/implications

The noise resistance and characteristic charge as electrochemical noise parameters were only used in this research to evaluate the protective behavior of the water-based silane sol-gel coatings. Future studies should examine the correlation between electrochemical noise data and the parameters extracted from other electrochemical methods, e.g. electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.

Practical implications

The data obtained in this research may provide an effective approach based on electrochemical noise method to screen the silane sol-gel coatings for protection of metallic substrates against corrosion.

Originality/value

According to the literature, no report can be found studying the effect of immersion time on a silane solution, including glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, tetraethoxysilane and methyltriethoxysilane, as well as the silane solution pH on the corrosion resistance of 304L stainless steel in NaCl solution through electrochemical noise method.

Article
Publication date: 4 April 2018

Bushra Rafique, Mudassir Iqbal, Tahir Mehmood and Muhammad Ashraf Shaheen

This review aims to focus on recent reported research work on the construction and function of different electrochemical DNA biosensors. It also describes different…

1551

Abstract

Purpose

This review aims to focus on recent reported research work on the construction and function of different electrochemical DNA biosensors. It also describes different sensing materials, chemistries of immobilization probes, conditions of hybridization and principles of transducing and amplification strategies.

Design/methodology/approach

The human disease-related mutated genes or DNA sequence detection at low cost can be verified by the electrochemical-based biosensor. A range of different chemistries is used by the DNA-based electrochemical biosensors, out of which the interactions of nanoscale material with recognition layer and a solid electrode surface are most interesting. A diversity of advancements has been made in the field of electrochemical detection.

Findings

Some important aspects are also highlighted in this review, which can contribute in the creation of successful biosensing devices in the future.

Originality/value

This paper provides an updated review of construction and sensing technologies in the field of biosensing.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 39 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 February 2022

Li Wei and Kong Dejun

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Y2O3 mass fraction on the electrochemical corrosion performance of CrNi coating, which provided a foundation for…

78

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Y2O3 mass fraction on the electrochemical corrosion performance of CrNi coating, which provided a foundation for the performance optimization of CrNi coatings.

Design/methodology/approach

CrNi coatings with the different Y2O3 mass fractions were fabricated on AISI H13 steel by laser cladding, and the effect of Y2O3 mass fraction on the electrochemical performance of CrNi coating in 3.5% NaCl solution was investigated using an electrochemical workstation.

Findings

The electrochemical corrosion performance of CrNi coating enhances with the increase of Y2O3 mass fraction, and the CrNi–15%Y2O3 coating has the largest polarization resistance and the lowest corrosion current density, which displays the best electrochemical performance among the CrNi–5%Y2O3, –10%Y2O3 and –15%Y2O3 coatings. The protective films are formed with the increase of Y2O3 mass fraction, which inhibits the occurrence of electrochemical corrosion.

Originality/value

The Y2O3 was first added to the CrNi coating to improve its electrochemical corrosion performance, and the influence of Y2O3 on the corrosion resistance of the CrNi coating was discussed by the corrosion model.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 69 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 November 2020

Ganesh Babu R., Balaji A., Kavin Kumar K., Sudhanshu Maurya and Saravana Kumar M.N.

The purpose of the study is to highlight the potential of the sensor based smartphone in assessing the covid-19 cases. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a noxious…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study is to highlight the potential of the sensor based smartphone in assessing the covid-19 cases. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a noxious pandemic affecting the respiratory system of the human and leading to the severe acute respiratory syndrome, sometimes causing death. COVID-19 is a highly transmittable disease that spreads from an infected person to others. In this regard, a smart device is required to monitor the COVID-19 infected patients by which widespread pandemic can be reduced.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, an electrochemical sensor-enabled smartphone has been developed to assess the COVID-19 infected patients. The data-enabled smartphone uses the Internet of Things (IoT) to share the details with the other devices. The electrochemical sensor enables the smartphone to evaluate the ribonucleic acid (RNA) of COVID-19 without the nucleic acid and feeds the data into the data server by using a smartphone.

Findings

The obtained result identifies the infected person by using the portable electrochemical sensor-enabled smartphone, and the data is feed into the data server using the IoT. Whenever an infected person moves outside the restricted zone, the data server gives information to the concerned department.

Originality/value

The developed electrochemical sensor-enabled smartphone gives an accuracy of 81% in assessing the COVID-19 cases. Thus, through the developed approach, a COVID-19 infected person can be identified and the spread can be minimized.

Details

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, vol. 18 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-7371

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 April 2020

Gang Wang, Yue Zhang, Chen Gao, GuangTao Xu and MingHao Zhao

The purpose of this paper is to investigate, the effects of residual stress and microstructure on the corrosion behaviour of carburised 18CrNiMo7-6 steel in a 3.5% NaCl…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate, the effects of residual stress and microstructure on the corrosion behaviour of carburised 18CrNiMo7-6 steel in a 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution.

Design/methodology/approach

The electrochemical tests were conducted using an electrochemical workstation with a three-electrode system in a 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution, the residual stress of each working face was measured by a high-speed residual stress analyser, and microstructure of different carburised layers were observed scanning electron microscopy. Finally, the effect of carbon content, microstructure and residual stress on the corrosion behaviour of the steel was discussed.

Findings

The results showed that the residual compressive stress in the carburised layer initially increased and subsequently decreased with increasing depth of the carburised layer, reaching stability in the matrix layer. The electrochemical tests before and after stress reduction showed that the electrochemical impedance and the electrochemical potential increased with the reduction of residual compressive stress.

Originality/value

The residual compressive stress in the carburised layer initially increases and subsequently decreases with increasing carburised layer depth. The electrochemical impedance and the electrochemical potential increased with the reduction of residual compressive stress. The general relationship between electrochemical potential and residual stress was established.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 67 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 27 June 2020

Belkis Ustamehmetoğlu, Nesrin Köken, Nilgun Kizilcan, Ahmet Akar and Şebnem Tayyar

The purpose of this paper is to produce non-conductive copolymers of N-vinyl carbazole (NVCz) and methyl ethyl ketone formaldehyde resin (MEKFR) by the electroinduced Ce…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to produce non-conductive copolymers of N-vinyl carbazole (NVCz) and methyl ethyl ketone formaldehyde resin (MEKFR) by the electroinduced Ce (IV) polymerization method and the electrochemical oxidization of the formed copolymer to produce their conductive green form. The non-conductive and conductive copolymers were characterized by using Fourier transform infrared, solid-state conductivity and spectroelectrochemical, chronoamperometric, cyclovoltammetric and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic measurements.

Design/methodology/approach

The chronoamperometric electropolymerization of white, insulator form of the copolymer of NVCz and MEKFR (copolymer 1) on to Pt electrode was carried out and the green coloured film of the MEKFR-ox-NVCz copolymer (copolymer 11) was produced in the doped and conductive form. All reactions were performed in dichloromethane containing 0.1 M BU4NClO4. Copolymer 11 films obtained on the surface of the working electrode were removed and washed in acetonitrile and dried at room temperature before characterization. The results were compared with the copolymer obtained by electrochemical oxidation of MEKF-R and NVCz (copolymer 2).

Findings

The insulating copolymer of NVCz and MEKFR (copolymer 1) was produced by the electroinduced Ce (IV) polymerization method and converted into the conductive form electrochemically on the surface of the Pt electrode (copolymer 11). The polymers were characterized by electrochemical, spectrophotometric and conductivity measurements. The ionization potentials, optical band gap, peak potentials Ep, doping degree and specific capacitance of the copolymer 11 were obtained. The conductivity of the copolymer 11 is lower than the PNVCz and higher than the copolymer obtained by electrochemical oxidation of MEKF-R and NVCz (copolymer 2). The copolymer 11 has a lower onset potential than PNVCz and the copolymer 1 and slightly higher band gap than PNVCz. The capacitive behaviours of the copolymer 11 were very close to PNVCz.

Research limitations/implications

This study focuses on obtaining a green and conductive form of the copolymer of NVCz and MEKFR with the electrochemical method by using a white and insulator form of the same copolymer.

Practical implications

This work provides technical information for the synthesis of conducting copolymer of NVCz and MEKFR.

Social implications

These copolymers may be in the field of PNVCz applications such as photoconductivity and corrosion inhibition.

Originality/value

Electroinduced Ce (IV) MEKFR redox system was applied for the polymerization of NVCz monomer to produce the copolymer 1. The conductive copolymer 11 was synthesized through electrochemical oxidative coupling of the carbazole groups of the copolymer 1.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 50 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 May 2013

Xin Zheng, Dahai Xia, Huihui Wang and Congwei Fu

The purpose of this paper is to report a novel electrochemical sensor designed to detect the corrosion of metal cans used for beverage packaging.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to report a novel electrochemical sensor designed to detect the corrosion of metal cans used for beverage packaging.

Design/methodology/approach

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and electrochemical noise (EN) were performed to detect the corrosion degree of beverage cans that had been stored for 1 month (named s1), 3 months (named s2), 27 months (named s3) and 43 months (named s4).

Findings

The EIS results showed that the EIS plot of s1 samples had not developed to a characteristic of two time‐constants, indicating that the coating showed good protective performance. The EIS plots of s2, s3 and s4 showed characteristics of two time‐constants, indicating that the organic coatings of s2, s3, and s4 had lost their protective performance. EN results showed that quantities and amplitudes of transient peaks increased with the increasing storage time, indicating that an increasing degree of local corrosion occurred within the cans. A corrosion process for beverage cans is discussed and can be considered in three stages.

Originality/value

The designed electrochemical sensor was successfully applied to detect the performance of beverage cans and, further, provided scientific proof to evaluate the shelf life of metal cans for packaging.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 60 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 21 October 2019

Kangkang Wang, MengQian Wang, Weiwei Lv, Jiming Yao, Wei Zhang and Xiaoyan Li

An indirect electrochemical reduction and dyeing with indigo were carried out here to solve problems of low dye reduction rate and poor dyeing depth in the current…

Abstract

Purpose

An indirect electrochemical reduction and dyeing with indigo were carried out here to solve problems of low dye reduction rate and poor dyeing depth in the current electrochemical dyeing process.

Design/methodology/approach

Response surface analysis tests were performed to evaluate the effects of ferrous sulfate concentration, medium concentration, sodium hydroxide concentration and reduction time on the reduction efficiency of indirect electrochemical reduction of indigo.

Findings

The conditions obtained by design-expert optimization showed that the concentration of FeSO4·7H2O has the most significant effect on the reduction performance of dye liquor. Under the optimized electrochemical reduction dyeing process, the rate of dye reduction could be reached 91.21 per cent and the K/S value of indirect electrochemical dyeing of indigo can be achieved to 12.96, which is increased by about 9.56 per cent compared with that of Na2S2O4 dyeing with the same color fastness basically.

Research limitations/implications

The recyclability and biodegradability of the dye remain to be explored.

Practical implications

The strategy presented here can be developed to replace a substantial part of electrochemical dyeing with optimized product quality and reduced environmental pollution in denim production.

Social implications

The strategy presented here can be developed to replace a substantial part of electrochemical dyeing with optimized product quality and reduced environmental pollution in denim production.

Originality/value

Application of the Fe(II)-DGS-Abal B complex media system in the indirect electrochemical reduction of indigo.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 49 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 March 2022

Mohamed Nadir Boucherit, Sid Ahmed Amzert and Fahd Arbaoui

The purpose of this study is to confirm the idea that observing the electrochemical data of a steel polarized around its open circuit potential can provide insight into…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to confirm the idea that observing the electrochemical data of a steel polarized around its open circuit potential can provide insight into its performance against pitting corrosion. To confirm this idea a two-step work was carried out. The authors collected electrochemical data through experiments and exploited them through machine learning by building neural networks capable of predicting the behaviour of the steel against the pitting corrosion.

Design/methodology/approach

The electrochemical experiments consist in plotting voltammograms of the steel in chemical solutions of various degrees of corrosiveness. For each experiment, the authors observe how the open-circuit potential evolves over a period of 1 min, and following this, the authors observe the current evolution when they impose a potential scan that starts from the open-circuit potential. For each of these situations, the pitting potential Epit is noted. The authors then build different artificial neural networks, which after learning, can, by receiving electrochemical data, calculate a pitting potential Epit′. The performance of the neural networks is evaluated by the correlation of Epit and Epit′.

Findings

Through this work, different types of networks were compared. The results show that recurrent or convolutional networks can better capture the temporal nature of the input data.

Originality/value

The results of this work support the idea that the measurable electrochemical data around the free potential of a material can be correlated with its behaviour at more anodic potentials, particularly the initiation of pits.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 69 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 August 2021

Wei Zhang, Mengdi Zhang, Zhijie Huangfu, Jiming Yao and Yuan Xie

This study aims to explore suitable anode materials used in the electrochemical system for indigo dyeing wastewater, to achieve optimal treatment performances.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore suitable anode materials used in the electrochemical system for indigo dyeing wastewater, to achieve optimal treatment performances.

Design/methodology/approach

The single factor experiment was used to explore the optimum process parameters for electrochemical decolorization of indigo dyeing wastewater by changing the applied voltage, electrolysis time and electrolyte concentration. At the voltage of 9 V, the morphology of flocs with different electrolytic times was observed and the effect of electrolyte concentration on decolorization rate in two electrolyte systems was also investigated. Further analysis of chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rate, anode weight loss and sediment quantity after electrochemical treatment of indigo dyeing wastewater were carried out.

Findings

Comprehensive considering the decolorization degree and COD removal rate of the wastewater, the aluminum electrode showed the best treatment effect among several common anode materials. With aluminum electrode as an anode, under conditions of applied voltage of 9 V, electrolysis time of 40 min and sodium sulfate concentration of 6 g/L, the decolorization percentage obtained was of 94.59% and the COD removal rate reached at 84.53%.

Research limitations/implications

In the electrochemical treatment of indigo dyeing wastewater, the aluminum electrode was found as an ideal anode material, which provided a reference for the choice of anodes. The electrodes used in this study were homogenous material and the composite material anode needed to be further researched.

Practical implications

It provided an effective and practical anode material choice for electrochemical degradation of indigo dyeing wastewater.

Originality/value

Combined with the influence of applied voltage, electrolysis time and electrolyte concentration and anode materials on decolorization degree and COD removal rate of indigo dyeing wastewater, providing a better electrochemical treatment system for dyehouse effluent.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 51 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 3000