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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2018

Fahimeh Ansari, Reza Naderi and Fahimeh Rafiaei

This paper aims to access the protective function of hybrid sol-gel coatings deposited on 304L stainless steel substrate in silane solutions containing a mixture of…

Abstract

Propose

This paper aims to access the protective function of hybrid sol-gel coatings deposited on 304L stainless steel substrate in silane solutions containing a mixture of tetraethoxysilane, methyltriethoxysilane and glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane with different pH values during various immersion periods.

Design/methodology/approach

The 304L stainless steels coated through 10 and 30 s of immersion in the silane solutions with pH values of 2.1 and 2.8 were exposed to NaCl solution. The corrosion resistance of the coated substrates was studied through taking advantage of electrochemical noise method as well as atomic force microscopy (AFM), water contact angle and field emission-type scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) surface analysis.

Findings

The electrochemical current noise, PSD (I) plot, noise resistance and characteristic charge as parameters extracted from electrochemical noise method indicated the superiority of eco-friendly silane coating deposited on the substrate surface during 10 s exposure to the solution, due to the film uniformity and homogeneity as confirmed by FESEM and AFM. Moreover, immersion of the stainless steel in the silane solution with pH 2.1, characterized by higher hydrolysis ratio, led to more effective corrosion control in the NaCl electrolyte according to the results of electrochemical noise and FTIR measurements.

Research limitations/implications

The noise resistance and characteristic charge as electrochemical noise parameters were only used in this research to evaluate the protective behavior of the water-based silane sol-gel coatings. Future studies should examine the correlation between electrochemical noise data and the parameters extracted from other electrochemical methods, e.g. electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.

Practical implications

The data obtained in this research may provide an effective approach based on electrochemical noise method to screen the silane sol-gel coatings for protection of metallic substrates against corrosion.

Originality/value

According to the literature, no report can be found studying the effect of immersion time on a silane solution, including glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, tetraethoxysilane and methyltriethoxysilane, as well as the silane solution pH on the corrosion resistance of 304L stainless steel in NaCl solution through electrochemical noise method.

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Article
Publication date: 4 April 2018

Bushra Rafique, Mudassir Iqbal, Tahir Mehmood and Muhammad Ashraf Shaheen

This review aims to focus on recent reported research work on the construction and function of different electrochemical DNA biosensors. It also describes different…

Abstract

Purpose

This review aims to focus on recent reported research work on the construction and function of different electrochemical DNA biosensors. It also describes different sensing materials, chemistries of immobilization probes, conditions of hybridization and principles of transducing and amplification strategies.

Design/methodology/approach

The human disease-related mutated genes or DNA sequence detection at low cost can be verified by the electrochemical-based biosensor. A range of different chemistries is used by the DNA-based electrochemical biosensors, out of which the interactions of nanoscale material with recognition layer and a solid electrode surface are most interesting. A diversity of advancements has been made in the field of electrochemical detection.

Findings

Some important aspects are also highlighted in this review, which can contribute in the creation of successful biosensing devices in the future.

Originality/value

This paper provides an updated review of construction and sensing technologies in the field of biosensing.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 39 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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Article
Publication date: 30 November 2020

Ganesh Babu R., Balaji A., Kavin Kumar K., Sudhanshu Maurya and Saravana Kumar M.N.

The purpose of the study is to highlight the potential of the sensor based smartphone in assessing the covid-19 cases. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a noxious…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study is to highlight the potential of the sensor based smartphone in assessing the covid-19 cases. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a noxious pandemic affecting the respiratory system of the human and leading to the severe acute respiratory syndrome, sometimes causing death. COVID-19 is a highly transmittable disease that spreads from an infected person to others. In this regard, a smart device is required to monitor the COVID-19 infected patients by which widespread pandemic can be reduced.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, an electrochemical sensor-enabled smartphone has been developed to assess the COVID-19 infected patients. The data-enabled smartphone uses the Internet of Things (IoT) to share the details with the other devices. The electrochemical sensor enables the smartphone to evaluate the ribonucleic acid (RNA) of COVID-19 without the nucleic acid and feeds the data into the data server by using a smartphone.

Findings

The obtained result identifies the infected person by using the portable electrochemical sensor-enabled smartphone, and the data is feed into the data server using the IoT. Whenever an infected person moves outside the restricted zone, the data server gives information to the concerned department.

Originality/value

The developed electrochemical sensor-enabled smartphone gives an accuracy of 81% in assessing the COVID-19 cases. Thus, through the developed approach, a COVID-19 infected person can be identified and the spread can be minimized.

Details

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-7371

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 26 June 2020

Belkis Ustamehmetoğlu, Nesrin Köken, Nilgun Kizilcan, Ahmet Akar and Şebnem Tayyar

The purpose of this paper is to produce non-conductive copolymers of N-vinyl carbazole (NVCz) and methyl ethyl ketone formaldehyde resin (MEKFR) by the electroinduced Ce…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to produce non-conductive copolymers of N-vinyl carbazole (NVCz) and methyl ethyl ketone formaldehyde resin (MEKFR) by the electroinduced Ce (IV) polymerization method and the electrochemical oxidization of the formed copolymer to produce their conductive green form. The non-conductive and conductive copolymers were characterized by using Fourier transform infrared, solid-state conductivity and spectroelectrochemical, chronoamperometric, cyclovoltammetric and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic measurements.

Design/methodology/approach

The chronoamperometric electropolymerization of white, insulator form of the copolymer of NVCz and MEKFR (copolymer 1) on to Pt electrode was carried out and the green coloured film of the MEKFR-ox-NVCz copolymer (copolymer 11) was produced in the doped and conductive form. All reactions were performed in dichloromethane containing 0.1 M BU4NClO4. Copolymer 11 films obtained on the surface of the working electrode were removed and washed in acetonitrile and dried at room temperature before characterization. The results were compared with the copolymer obtained by electrochemical oxidation of MEKF-R and NVCz (copolymer 2).

Findings

The insulating copolymer of NVCz and MEKFR (copolymer 1) was produced by the electroinduced Ce (IV) polymerization method and converted into the conductive form electrochemically on the surface of the Pt electrode (copolymer 11). The polymers were characterized by electrochemical, spectrophotometric and conductivity measurements. The ionization potentials, optical band gap, peak potentials Ep, doping degree and specific capacitance of the copolymer 11 were obtained. The conductivity of the copolymer 11 is lower than the PNVCz and higher than the copolymer obtained by electrochemical oxidation of MEKF-R and NVCz (copolymer 2). The copolymer 11 has a lower onset potential than PNVCz and the copolymer 1 and slightly higher band gap than PNVCz. The capacitive behaviours of the copolymer 11 were very close to PNVCz.

Research limitations/implications

This study focuses on obtaining a green and conductive form of the copolymer of NVCz and MEKFR with the electrochemical method by using a white and insulator form of the same copolymer.

Practical implications

This work provides technical information for the synthesis of conducting copolymer of NVCz and MEKFR.

Social implications

These copolymers may be in the field of PNVCz applications such as photoconductivity and corrosion inhibition.

Originality/value

Electroinduced Ce (IV) MEKFR redox system was applied for the polymerization of NVCz monomer to produce the copolymer 1. The conductive copolymer 11 was synthesized through electrochemical oxidative coupling of the carbazole groups of the copolymer 1.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 50 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 30 April 2020

Gang Wang, Yue Zhang, Chen Gao, GuangTao Xu and MingHao Zhao

The purpose of this paper is to investigate, the effects of residual stress and microstructure on the corrosion behaviour of carburised 18CrNiMo7-6 steel in a 3.5% NaCl…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate, the effects of residual stress and microstructure on the corrosion behaviour of carburised 18CrNiMo7-6 steel in a 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution.

Design/methodology/approach

The electrochemical tests were conducted using an electrochemical workstation with a three-electrode system in a 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution, the residual stress of each working face was measured by a high-speed residual stress analyser, and microstructure of different carburised layers were observed scanning electron microscopy. Finally, the effect of carbon content, microstructure and residual stress on the corrosion behaviour of the steel was discussed.

Findings

The results showed that the residual compressive stress in the carburised layer initially increased and subsequently decreased with increasing depth of the carburised layer, reaching stability in the matrix layer. The electrochemical tests before and after stress reduction showed that the electrochemical impedance and the electrochemical potential increased with the reduction of residual compressive stress.

Originality/value

The residual compressive stress in the carburised layer initially increases and subsequently decreases with increasing carburised layer depth. The electrochemical impedance and the electrochemical potential increased with the reduction of residual compressive stress. The general relationship between electrochemical potential and residual stress was established.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 67 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 21 October 2019

Kangkang Wang, MengQian Wang, Weiwei Lv, Jiming Yao, Wei Zhang and Xiaoyan Li

An indirect electrochemical reduction and dyeing with indigo were carried out here to solve problems of low dye reduction rate and poor dyeing depth in the current…

Abstract

Purpose

An indirect electrochemical reduction and dyeing with indigo were carried out here to solve problems of low dye reduction rate and poor dyeing depth in the current electrochemical dyeing process.

Design/methodology/approach

Response surface analysis tests were performed to evaluate the effects of ferrous sulfate concentration, medium concentration, sodium hydroxide concentration and reduction time on the reduction efficiency of indirect electrochemical reduction of indigo.

Findings

The conditions obtained by design-expert optimization showed that the concentration of FeSO4·7H2O has the most significant effect on the reduction performance of dye liquor. Under the optimized electrochemical reduction dyeing process, the rate of dye reduction could be reached 91.21 per cent and the K/S value of indirect electrochemical dyeing of indigo can be achieved to 12.96, which is increased by about 9.56 per cent compared with that of Na2S2O4 dyeing with the same color fastness basically.

Research limitations/implications

The recyclability and biodegradability of the dye remain to be explored.

Practical implications

The strategy presented here can be developed to replace a substantial part of electrochemical dyeing with optimized product quality and reduced environmental pollution in denim production.

Social implications

The strategy presented here can be developed to replace a substantial part of electrochemical dyeing with optimized product quality and reduced environmental pollution in denim production.

Originality/value

Application of the Fe(II)-DGS-Abal B complex media system in the indirect electrochemical reduction of indigo.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 49 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 May 2013

Xin Zheng, Dahai Xia, Huihui Wang and Congwei Fu

The purpose of this paper is to report a novel electrochemical sensor designed to detect the corrosion of metal cans used for beverage packaging.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to report a novel electrochemical sensor designed to detect the corrosion of metal cans used for beverage packaging.

Design/methodology/approach

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and electrochemical noise (EN) were performed to detect the corrosion degree of beverage cans that had been stored for 1 month (named s1), 3 months (named s2), 27 months (named s3) and 43 months (named s4).

Findings

The EIS results showed that the EIS plot of s1 samples had not developed to a characteristic of two time‐constants, indicating that the coating showed good protective performance. The EIS plots of s2, s3 and s4 showed characteristics of two time‐constants, indicating that the organic coatings of s2, s3, and s4 had lost their protective performance. EN results showed that quantities and amplitudes of transient peaks increased with the increasing storage time, indicating that an increasing degree of local corrosion occurred within the cans. A corrosion process for beverage cans is discussed and can be considered in three stages.

Originality/value

The designed electrochemical sensor was successfully applied to detect the performance of beverage cans and, further, provided scientific proof to evaluate the shelf life of metal cans for packaging.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 60 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 23 July 2020

Wei Luo, Lei Hu, Yimin Xv, Jian Zhou, Wentao Xv and Mi Yan

This paper aims to focus on an assessment of the electrochemical corrosion performance of bulk NC copper in a variety of corrosion environments.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to focus on an assessment of the electrochemical corrosion performance of bulk NC copper in a variety of corrosion environments.

Design/methodology/approach

The electrochemical corrosion behavior of bulk nanocrystalline (NC) copper prepared by inert gas condensation and in situ warm compress technique was studied by using potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy tests in de-aerated 0.1 M NaOH solution.

Findings

NC copper exhibited a typical active-passive-transpassive behavior with the formation of duplex passive films, which was qualitatively similar to coarse-grain (CG) copper. Although a compact passive film formed on NC copper surface, the corrosion resistance of NC copper was lower in comparison with CG copper. The increase in corrosion rate for NC copper was mainly attributed to the high activity of surface atoms and intergranular atoms. These atoms led to an enhancement of passive ability and an increase of dissolution rate of passive film in oxygen-deficiency solution. For NC copper, the corrosion resistance decreased as grain size increased in NC range.

Originality/value

The difference in corrosion resistance between bulk NC copper and its CG counterpart is dependent upon the corrosion solution. In a previous work, the potentiodynamic polarization tests revealed that NC copper bulks (grain size 48, 68, 92 nm) had identical corrosion resistance to CG copper bulk in naturally aerated 0.1 M NaOH solution. The results might be related to the dissolved oxygen in the medium.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 67 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 27 February 2020

Kong Dejun and Chen Haixiang

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of laser power on the electrochemical corrosion performance in 3.5% NaCl, 0.1 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M NaOH solutions…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of laser power on the electrochemical corrosion performance in 3.5% NaCl, 0.1 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M NaOH solutions, which provided an experimental basis for the application of Al–Ti–Ni amorphous coating in marine environment.

Design/methodology/approach

Amorphous Al–Ti–Ni coatings were fabricated on S355 structural steel by laser thermal spraying (LTS) at different laser powers. The surface and cross-section morphologies, chemical element distribution, phases and crystallization behaviors of obtained coatings were analyzed using a scanning electron microscope, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscope, X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry, respectively. The effects of laser power on the electrochemical corrosion performances of Al–Ti–Ni coatings in 3.5% NaCl, 0.1 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M NaOH solutions were investigated using an electrochemical workstation.

Findings

The crystallization temperature of Al–Ti–Ni coatings fabricated at the laser power of 1,300 and 1,700 W is ∼520°C, whereas that fabricated at the laser power of 1,500 W is ∼310°C. The coatings display excellent corrosion resistance in 3.5% NaCl and 0.1 M NaOH solutions, while a faster dissolution rate in 0.1 M H2SO4 solution. The coatings fabricated at the laser power of 1,300 and 1,700 W present the better electrochemical corrosion resistance in 3.5% NaCl and 0.1 M NaOH solutions, whereas that fabricated at the laser power of 1,500 W exhibits the better electrochemical corrosion resistance in 0.1 M H2SO4 solution.

Originality/value

In this work, Al-wire-cored Ti–Ni powder was first on S355 steel with the laser power of 1,300, 1,500 and 1,700 W, and the effects of laser power on the electrochemical corrosion performance in 3.5% NaCl, 0.1 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M NaOH solutions were investigated using an electrochemical workstation.

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Article
Publication date: 19 September 2019

Elbahi Djaalab, Mohamed Elhadi Samar, Saida Zougar and Rochdi Kherrat

A new electrochemical analysis based on ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) was developed for penicillin V (Peni-V) using polyaniline as a conducting polymer.

Abstract

Purpose

A new electrochemical analysis based on ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) was developed for penicillin V (Peni-V) using polyaniline as a conducting polymer.

Design/methodology/approach

The preparation of modified electrode involves the incorporation of β-CD with membrane of polyaniline. Polyaniline, incorporating β-CD, was prepared by electrochemical polymerization method in a medium of hypochloride. Cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance have been used to characterize this sensor. The detection and the kinetic study of modified platinum electrode are evaluated.

Findings

Results clearly indicate that β-CDs interfere with the polymerization mechanism with an inhibition factor. The inclusion phenomenon of β-CDs has been studied and applied to detect Peni-V. The principle of this electrochemical sensor is based on the chemical properties of β-CD, which were studied using the cyclic voltammetric method and impedance spectroscopy. The electrochemical behavior of Peni-V at concentrations between 10–8 and 10–2 M was measured versus Ag/AgCl at pH 7.4 and 30°C in a phosphate alkaline buffer. Relationship of Peni-V concentration in logarithmic mathematical form with current in potentiometric method and with resistance in impedimetric method were obtained.

Originality/value

The present study showed that the Pt electrode modified with Polyaniline–β-CD was an excellent candidate for sensitive penicillin analysis. The proposed electroanalytical technique is rapid, simple and inexpensive.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 40 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

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