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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2000

Anghel N. Rugina

Attempts to prove, in this second chapter of the author’s monograph, that with a new research programme, it is possible to build a methodological bridge between economics…

Abstract

Attempts to prove, in this second chapter of the author’s monograph, that with a new research programme, it is possible to build a methodological bridge between economics and all other natural sciences and the scientists should address this challenge. Reviews basic principles that govern nature, including Einstein’s findings along with such luminaries as Copernicus, Newton, Galileo and Jeans. Concludes that the future is safe, as a new generation of scientists is now emerging in the East and the West, and that the new methodology should provide enough space for new roads, ideas and interpretations, which may occur in the future. Closes by saying a new spirit should be initiated in economics and transplanted into natural sciences.

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International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 27 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1989

Anghel N. Rugina

There is a double crisis in modern science and in particular inphysics and mechanics. Among others Einstein and Stephane Lupasco, inthe 1930s, warned about this crisis…

Abstract

There is a double crisis in modern science and in particular in physics and mechanics. Among others Einstein and Stephane Lupasco, in the 1930s, warned about this crisis. The Quantum Theory cannot be reconciled with the Relativity Theory. Specifically there is a gap (cleavage) between micro – and macro‐physics and mechanics. Parallel or beneath there is also a second crisis derived from a discontinuity (again a cleavage) between classical and modern science, that is between two previous revolutions. A new research programme of a simultaneous equilibrium versus disequilibrium approach, initially applied in economics has now been extended to include natural sciences. It is the question of a new, more comprehensive methodology which is actually a sui generis synthesis between classical and modern heritage. The rigorous application of the new research programme leads to the organisation of an Orientation Table, that is, a methodological map of all possible combinations (systems). The Table shows, without any exaggeration, a few revolutionary results. For instance, with the help of the Table, modern science or the second revolution (Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg) does not appear contradictory but rather complementary to classical science or the first revolution (Newton, Lavoisier). The Kuhnian thesis to the contrary is disproved and the second crisis is solved. With the help of the Universal Hypothesis of Duality (the basis of the Orientation Table), matter and energy, at the micro – and macro‐level, appear in a double form (the Principle of Duality): stable (equilibrium) particles and unstable (disequilibrium) waves. The strong interactions from modern physics are associated with the law of gravitation (attraction) or stable equilibrium which governs stable matter and energy. The weak interactions are associated with the law of disgravitation (dispersion or repulsion) including entropy or unstable equilibrium which governs unstable matter and energy. In this way the first crisis is also solved.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 16 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2006

Xose M. Lopez‐Fernandez, Andrzej Krawczyk and Slawomir Wiak

This paper aims to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Einstein's works, published in 1905.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Einstein's works, published in 1905.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents a brief appraisal of Einstein's work.

Findings

The paper reminds the reader of the 1905 discoveries, such as photoelectric phenomena, special theory of relativity and Brown's motions.

Originality/value

The paper deals with the problem of how Einstein's concept contradicts or follows the Faraday concept of electromagnetic fields.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2003

Andrew Ilachinski

Artificial‐life techniques – specifically, agent‐based models and evolutionary learning algorithms – provide a potentially powerful new approach to understanding some of…

Abstract

Artificial‐life techniques – specifically, agent‐based models and evolutionary learning algorithms – provide a potentially powerful new approach to understanding some of the fundamental processes of war. This paper introduces a simple artificial‐like “toy model” of combat called Enhanced ISAAC Neural Simulation Tool (EINSTein). EINSTein is designed to illustrate how certain aspects of land combat can be viewed as self‐organized, emergent phenomena resulting from the dynamical web of interactions among notional combatants. EINSTein's bottom‐up, synthesist approach to the modeling of combat stands in stark contrast to the more traditional top‐down, or reductionist approach taken by conventional military models, and represents a step toward developing a complex systems theoretic toolbox for identifying, exploring, and possibly exploiting self‐organized emergent collective patterns of behavior on the real battlefield. A description of the model is provided, along with examples of emergent agent patterns and behaviors.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 32 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2003

Xiangjun (Leon) Feng

People have been led objectively to the directions of delusion and confusion since Einstein published his special relativity in 1905. Basically, Einstein's special…

Abstract

People have been led objectively to the directions of delusion and confusion since Einstein published his special relativity in 1905. Basically, Einstein's special relativity is against the truth of the universe – The cause effect law. The fatal mistake of Einstein was, as the “collapse of the wave function” in modern quantum theory, not separating the physical reality from the observation of instruments and human being. This paper attempts to bring back science from inside the “Ha–Ha” mirror to the common senses and rational study. This paper reflects some important viewpoints of International Pansystems School.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 32 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 15 August 2016

Kevin McDonough

Abstract

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Reference Reviews, vol. 30 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0950-4125

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1994

P.R. Masani

Presents the scientific methodology from the enlarged cybernetical perspective that recognizes the anisotropy of time, the probabilistic character of natural laws, and the…

Abstract

Presents the scientific methodology from the enlarged cybernetical perspective that recognizes the anisotropy of time, the probabilistic character of natural laws, and the entry that the incomplete determinism in Nature opens to the occurrence of innovation, growth, organization, teleology communication, control, contest and freedom. The new tier to the methodological edifice that cybernetics provides stands on the earlier tiers, which go back to the Ionians (c. 500 BC). However, the new insights reveal flaws in the earlier tiers, and their removal strengthens the entire edifice. The new concepts of teleological activity and contest allow the clear demarcation of the military sciences as those whose subject matter is teleological activity involving contest. The paramount question “what ought to be done”, outside the empirical realm, is embraced by the scientific methodology. It also embraces the cognitive sciences that ask how the human mind is able to discover, and how the sequence of discoveries might converge to a true description of reality.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 23 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 10 June 2014

Dalia Mendelsson, Edith Falk and Amalya L. Oliver

The purpose of this paper is to present the organizational and technological processes and strategic choices that led to the successful digitization project of the Albert…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the organizational and technological processes and strategic choices that led to the successful digitization project of the Albert Einstein Archives.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a case study of the major challenges that were associated with the project. These include: the integration of the archives in the academic environment; the management of a project of such magnitude within the university organization and between different stakeholders and the technological aspects of the project and user experience.

Findings

A digitization project requires not only the archival staff expertise but also information specialists, IT staff, analysts and usually the digitization staff for processing the archival material. Finding the common language between all the professionals involved as well as building a good strategic plan are the keys to a successful project.

Research limitations/implications

The planning and implementation of such a project requires a significant budget, manpower project management, hardware, software and intra- and inter-organizational cooperation and coordination.

Originality/value

The phenomenon of digitizing unique and exclusive archival data by universities is becoming an innovative contribution of hidden goods to the public at large. This paper offers strategic insights for the planning of similar digitizing projects, particularly in an academic environment.

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2002

George K. Chacko

Develops an original 12‐step management of technology protocol and applies it to 51 applications which range from Du Pont’s failure in Nylon to the Single Online Trade…

Abstract

Develops an original 12‐step management of technology protocol and applies it to 51 applications which range from Du Pont’s failure in Nylon to the Single Online Trade Exchange for Auto Parts procurement by GM, Ford, Daimler‐Chrysler and Renault‐Nissan. Provides many case studies with regards to the adoption of technology and describes seven chief technology officer characteristics. Discusses common errors when companies invest in technology and considers the probabilities of success. Provides 175 questions and answers to reinforce the concepts introduced. States that this substantial journal is aimed primarily at the present and potential chief technology officer to assist their survival and success in national and international markets.

Details

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, vol. 14 no. 2/3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-5855

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Etienne Ligan

Using the variable mass system of particles theory [1‐3] in classical Newtonian mechanics we attempt to achieve Einstein’s equations [4‐10], and explain the Lorentz’s…

Abstract

Using the variable mass system of particles theory [1‐3] in classical Newtonian mechanics we attempt to achieve Einstein’s equations [4‐10], and explain the Lorentz’s transformation in the special relativity theory with only tools in classical Newtonian mechanics as Henri Poincaré try to do it in his monograph for the dynamic of the electron[0]. Our aim is to prove that Einstein’s equations and the special relativity theory are included in the classical Newtonian mechanics, and so to contribute to the unification of the mechanics theories, giving the classical theory, i.e. Galilei’s space time and Newton’s fundamental dynamic law their veritable places.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

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