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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1988

Edmond Nicolau

Humans acquire knowledge through their central nervous system and models of this process are the first connection between cognition and cybernetics. Taking this as its…

Abstract

Humans acquire knowledge through their central nervous system and models of this process are the first connection between cognition and cybernetics. Taking this as its starting point, this article examines parallels between human psychology and the central nervous system, and models of computer systems; both are required to receive, process and interpret information. The author discusses the human neural system and neural nets and how these can be likened to Computer‐Aided Knowledge systems.

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Kybernetes, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1986

EDMOND NICOLAU and ADRIAN TRAIAN MURGAN

A derivative autonomous nonlinear feedback system is suggested as a possible model for physical and biological oscillating systems. Practical conditions for the existence…

Abstract

A derivative autonomous nonlinear feedback system is suggested as a possible model for physical and biological oscillating systems. Practical conditions for the existence and stability motion are derived.

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Kybernetes, vol. 15 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1991

Edmond Nicolau

The challenge of explaining all neural and even psychic phenomena with the aid of cybernetics concepts is discussed. The theories concerning the nature of the human…

Abstract

The challenge of explaining all neural and even psychic phenomena with the aid of cybernetics concepts is discussed. The theories concerning the nature of the human brain's activity are considered. The central theme is to propose some paradigms for the neuron and for various neuron nets. Models for the input psychic functions such as creativity, language and social integration are presented.

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Kybernetes, vol. 20 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1995

Edmond Nicolau

Discusses a hyperspecialization in science, with axiological tendencies that put science higher than art or the myths. Considers that from a cybernetic point of view…

Abstract

Discusses a hyperspecialization in science, with axiological tendencies that put science higher than art or the myths. Considers that from a cybernetic point of view science as well as art or even myths are the creations of the human mind via an informational process. In the search for a complete axiomization, science has reached a limit where even in arithmetic there are said to be some undecidable affirmations. Argues that it should seem normal to accept a transdisciplinary point of view that would entail a global approach which would allow the sciences to communicate with art, poetry and inner experience, all through the cybernetic process. Discusses the First World Congress on Transdisciplinarity, held in 1994 in Portugal, and the adoption of a Charter of Transdisciplinarity.

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Kybernetes, vol. 24 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1989

Edmond Nicolau, A.T. Murgan, M.A. Pascadi and M.V. Pascadi

This communication highlights the study of the properties of a general second‐order nonlinear multistable system. Particular attention is directed to fixed points analysis…

Abstract

This communication highlights the study of the properties of a general second‐order nonlinear multistable system. Particular attention is directed to fixed points analysis and phase portrait representation. Some examples and computer simulations are also included.

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Kybernetes, vol. 18 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1991

Edmond Nicolau

The views of two philosophers who have recently published books on Ethics are discussed by a distinguished cybernetician. The link between philosophy and cybernetics is…

Abstract

The views of two philosophers who have recently published books on Ethics are discussed by a distinguished cybernetician. The link between philosophy and cybernetics is examined in relation to life and it is demonstrated that both philosophers arrive at the same conclusion which is that a cybernetic attitude must be adopted.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 20 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1994

Edmond V. Nicolau

Considers the central nervous system as a data‐processing system, in which one can model (simulate) an operating system, a knowledge processor, a monitor, a model of the…

Abstract

Considers the central nervous system as a data‐processing system, in which one can model (simulate) an operating system, a knowledge processor, a monitor, a model of the Universe and a linguistic model. Artistic creativity is compared with scientific activity and it is stressed that scientific creativity can also mean small advances in given areas. Considers it essential not to propose new paradigms, but to elaborate efficient imaginary ideas, to create new concepts and to propose new areas of research. In these directions, some simple methods are suggested.

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Kybernetes, vol. 23 no. 6/7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1993

Manuela A. Pascadi and Mihai V. Pascadi

Describes a new kind of non‐linear trainable classifier, successfully tested in computer‐vision pattern recognition. Class regions are not described, as usually, through…

Abstract

Describes a new kind of non‐linear trainable classifier, successfully tested in computer‐vision pattern recognition. Class regions are not described, as usually, through analytical means but as a reunion of standard sets. Defines the notion of E‐separability for the class regions in the feature space IRd considered as a metric space with a distance related to the Euclidean distance. Studies and proves the convergence of the decision regions to the class regions in this metric space. For a given E (is a member of) provides a stopping rule for the training phase. Then describes the working phase, showing how classification actually takes place. Finally, presents significant results.

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Kybernetes, vol. 22 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1999

Constantin Virgil Negoita

Provides a personal view of the development of the theories and applications of fuzzy systems which were first introduced in the 1960s. Details the interrelationships…

Abstract

Provides a personal view of the development of the theories and applications of fuzzy systems which were first introduced in the 1960s. Details the interrelationships between the pioneering proponents of fuzzy theory. Concentrates in part I on the historical beginnings of the field and in part II continues to provide personal insights into contemporary studies.

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Kybernetes, vol. 28 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 25 March 2020

Faisal Talib and Zillur Rahman

In recent years, sustainable issues have gained increasing importance in the higher education sector across the country. To remain competitive, higher education…

Abstract

Purpose

In recent years, sustainable issues have gained increasing importance in the higher education sector across the country. To remain competitive, higher education institutions (HEIs) have to engage themselves in providing world-class opportunities for higher education and research so that the beneficiaries may not be at a disadvantage in the international level. However, many HEIs still encounter barriers that can affect their growth. The purpose of this study is to identify and interpret the most significant barriers affecting the growth of HEIs in India and understand the mutual interactions and interdependence among them.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, 12 barriers affecting the growth of HEIs in India were identified and sorted by literature review, and these were validated through discussion with experts. Contextual relationships were drawn between them during brainstorming sessions. A hierarchical, seven-level structural model of these barriers affecting the growth of HEIs was developed by utilizing the total interpretive structural modeling (TISM) approach.

Findings

The results of this study showed “lack of climate change research” as the topmost outcome of the model having the highest dependence and lowest driving power. “Facilitator domination over academic experts” occupied the bottom-level input, compared to other barriers of the model, with highest driving power and lowest dependence. Further, Matrice d'Impacts Croisés – Multiplication Appliquée à un Classement (MICMAC) analysis was also performed to categorize the identified barriers for better understanding. Under MICMAC analysis, five barriers were categorized as driver barriers, four barriers as dependent barriers and the rest as linkage barriers, while none as autonomous. A TISM-based model that partitioned the barriers into different levels was developed, showcasing direct and important transitive relations.

Practical implications

The TISM-based model developed in this study may provide a more realistic approach to the problems faced by decision-makers, academicians and top managers in the growth of HEIs in India. Thus, it will provide a roadmap to focus on the most influential barriers and reduce or eliminate them.

Originality/value

The present study identified major barriers that when dealt with can help overcome the effect of other barriers preventing the growth of HEIs in India. It also introduces a model to identify and manage the barriers by understanding the effectiveness of each barrier and minimizing the overall effect in Indian HEIs. Moreover, the analysis of interdependence and interactions studied among these barriers may also help decision-makers, academicians and top managers to find deeper insights, prioritize and rectify them, to re-establish the growth of HEIs and gain a competitive advantage.

Details

Qualitative Research Journal, vol. 20 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1443-9883

Keywords

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