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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2000

James Michalko

The substance of this article was prepared for and delivered as the keynote address at the Joint Information Systems Committee’s Electronic Libraries Conference…

Abstract

The substance of this article was prepared for and delivered as the keynote address at the Joint Information Systems Committee’s Electronic Libraries Conference, “Information Ecologies: The Impact of New Information Species,” 2‐4 December 1998, York, UK. With a prefatory warning about the useful limits of metaphor, the ecological principles of equilibrium, opportunism, symbiosis and ecological succession are applied to the information economy. The potential implications for publishers, libraries, and new information types are explored.

Details

New Library World, vol. 101 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4803

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1987

ROY DAVIES

Competition will affect the structure of an industry and the structure will, in turn, affect the behaviour of the firms involved. Two of the most important characteristics…

Abstract

Competition will affect the structure of an industry and the structure will, in turn, affect the behaviour of the firms involved. Two of the most important characteristics of the online information industry are the diversity of hosts and the range of databases offered by each one. The latter is a significant factor in searchers' choices of databases and consequently encourages hosts to compete by acquiring additional databases. This type of non‐price competition plays a key role as it is difficult to make accurate comparisons of the costs of using different hosts. Parallels are drawn with other industries in which competition is, or was, expressed chiefly in the form of capacity. The structure of one sector of the online information industry was investigated by applying Q‐analysis to data on medical databases and hosts. Changes over a three‐year period are identified and are interpreted using concepts derived from ecological niche theory. Finally, the question of what would constitute an optimum structure is considered and it is argued on the basis of an economic theory originally propounded by H. Hotelling that free competition would be unlikely to produce optimal results.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 43 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 2 August 2013

Imoh Antai and Hans Olson

Although the supply chain (SC) competition concept has emerged during the past decade as the way firms will compete in future, there is scant academic research on actual…

Abstract

Purpose

Although the supply chain (SC) competition concept has emerged during the past decade as the way firms will compete in future, there is scant academic research on actual mechanisms through which such competition can occur. The purpose of this paper is to proposes interaction as the means by which competition between supply chains may be undertaken.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper investigates a Swedish logistics center via case study methodology to develop the idea of interaction for SC vs SC competition.

Findings

Results suggest that interaction points along organizations ' supply chains may present enough breadth to assume a role in determining how SC vs SC competition may be played out in reality.

Research limitations/implications

Interaction, as proposed here, implies an emphasis on all points at which supply chains meet to request goods and services, including various points where such supply chains converge, e.g. service providers, original equipment manufacturers, etc.

Originality/value

Most studies dealing with competition between supply chains fall short of exploring the link between theory and corresponding practice of this evolving competition mode. Such a link is provided with the use of logistics centers.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 43 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

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Article
Publication date: 8 January 2018

This paper aims to review the latest management developments across the globe and pinpoint practical implications from cutting-edge research and case studies.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to review the latest management developments across the globe and pinpoint practical implications from cutting-edge research and case studies.

Design/methodology/approach

This briefing is prepared by an independent writer who adds their own impartial comments and places the articles in context.

Findings

This review suggests the potential benefits of synthesizing the research concepts of organizational strategy and ecology through socio-ecological level analysis.

Originality/value

The briefing saves busy executives, strategists, and researchers hours of reading time by selecting only the very best, most pertinent information and presenting it in a condensed and easy-to-digest format.

Details

Strategic Direction, vol. 34 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0258-0543

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Article
Publication date: 10 November 2020

Alessandra Faraudello, Donato Gualtieri and Zsuzsanna Szeles

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the emergence of a biological invasion and to explain the potential economic and social consequences on food chains. Straddling…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the emergence of a biological invasion and to explain the potential economic and social consequences on food chains. Straddling between ecology, social sciences, resource management and economics, invasion science is aimed at detecting, understanding and mitigating the impact of biological invasions on receiving ecosystems, including food ecosystems.

Design/methodology/approach

After a theoretical investigation about the main notions relevant for the invasion science, the authors practically review the kind of impacts deriving from biological invasions, mainly under economic, human health, ecosystem and biodiversity criteria.

Findings

The authors apply the DPSIR (Driving forces–pressure-state-impact-response) framework, originally developed in the context of European Environment Agency in this different context in order to assess the social, economic and environmental impacts of Invasive Alien Species (IAS). Responding to this emerging phenomenon, the European Union issues the EU regulation 1143/2014 which is the first strong act on invasive alien species.

Originality/value

Implications – Food chains are complex systems that have multiple interdependencies both endogenously and exogenously, such as food production, food transportation, food logistics, food distribution, and so forth. However, it is rarely conceived the impact of invasion systems on the dynamics of food chains, although food sustainability is in turn impacted by how effectively and efficiently the various interdependencies have been designed or are working.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 123 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1997

Mike Hart

Details the results of a monitoring exercise introduced in one local hospital to address the amount of time that patients spent waiting when attending outpatient…

Abstract

Details the results of a monitoring exercise introduced in one local hospital to address the amount of time that patients spent waiting when attending outpatient departments in hospitals. Discusses whether a purely quantitative approach to quality can deliver the desired improvements. Argues that quality measures should incorporate more qualitative dimensions, including the tapping of patient perceptions of their experiences, before a claim can be made that reducing waiting times has improved overall quality. Also argues that the frequent use of the term customer in the quality literature receives critical attention when it is applied in the NHS. The fact that the term conflates the roles of consumer and purchaser makes analysis potentially difficult. Suggests that regarding patients as customers (in the manner of some traditional approaches to quality) is not a useful aid to analysis.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 10 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Article
Publication date: 13 September 2011

Imoh Antai

The purpose of this paper is to propose a conceptualization of supply chain vs supply chain competition using the ecological niche approach. It suggests a probabilistic…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a conceptualization of supply chain vs supply chain competition using the ecological niche approach. It suggests a probabilistic methodology for evaluating competition from time series data, using overlap in the utilization of services provided by critical providers as a source of competition.

Design/methodology/approach

Literature on ecological niche theory and competition is explored and given the uncertainty that surrounds the operation and management of supply chains, a probabilistic approach to the analysis of supply chain vs supply chain competition (via the Bayesian inference) is advocated. Simulated data are used to illustrate the methodology.

Findings

Should an area of overlap be identified, ecological niche theory provides a sensible approach to identifying the nature and extent of competition between supply chains. Applicability of the methodology is not limited to supply chain vs supply chain competition.

Research limitations/implications

The data used for the analysis of competition between supply chains are computer generated and use a single niche dimension. Although this was done to merely test/validate the proposed model, the approach is somewhat oversimplified. However, the model is readily extendable to multiple niche dimensions.

Originality/value

The proposed approach offers a simple and straight‐forward method of estimating competition in general, and supply chains vs supply chain competition in particular. Attempts at using the niche theory of competition in this context are so far inconspicuous. Hence, approaching competition in this way contributes to furthering our understanding of competitive interaction especially in supply chains, whose prospect is yet to be pointed out in literature.

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2021

Yue Long and Pan Liu

Knowledge input development and innovation implementation are new features of industrial technology innovation. The purpose of this study is to find the process of…

Abstract

Purpose

Knowledge input development and innovation implementation are new features of industrial technology innovation. The purpose of this study is to find the process of coordination and ecological spiral in the ambidextrous innovation of industrial technology.

Design/methodology/approach

To design the model of industrial technology ambidextrous innovation based on knowledge ecology spiral, an input-output model of knowledge for ambidextrous innovation and a spiral model of knowledge ecology were constructed based on an improved Lotka-Volterra model. Then, the equilibriums in different knowledge inputs and the spiral evolution of knowledge ecology were analyzed. Finally, the ambidextrous coordination mechanism of the core organization was revealed.

Findings

By coordinating the knowledge inputs and the knowledge ecology spiral, enterprises extend the R&D investments in the innovation chain, which will facilitate the knowledge inputs of the exploitative and exploratory innovation. Implementing the ambidextrous coordination in the technology innovation chain and the knowledge ecology chain has the advantage of promoting knowledge inputs, mobility and ecological spiral. Meanwhile, it can achieve the “multi-source, integration and coordination” development of industrial technology innovation.

Originality/value

The two-element innovative knowledge input coordination model and the knowledge ecological spiral model based on the improved Lotka-Volterra model are constructed, which extends the modeling way of the traditional knowledge input-output profit model. It is expected to reduce the amount of knowledge input of a single member and provide theoretical reference for improving the efficiency of knowledge input by constructing the inter-dependent regenerative and inter-generative knowledge interaction.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 16 June 2020

Yuriy G. Volkov, Pavel N. Lukichev, Rashid D. Khunagov, Ekaterina V. Kartashevich and Beburi B. Meskhi

The purpose of this research is to relate the pattern of economic growth with demographic data based on the natural population changes.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to relate the pattern of economic growth with demographic data based on the natural population changes.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodological foundation of this research consists in the structural and functional approach to the comprehension of the social system, methods of mathematical simulation of the dynamics of expansion and extension of the ecological niche of population and methodologies that are currently used for calculation of gross domestic product (GDP).

Findings

The research finding consists in the development of the theory of social evolution in the form of horizontal and vertical social differentiation, which is conditional upon the growing production of the excess product, which leads to the simulation of relation between the natural population changes and the production of GDP, expanding the boundaries of the ecological niche.

Research limitations/implications

The relevance of the problem under study is driven by the need for theoretic interpretation of interrelation between the pattern of economic growth and demographic data based on the natural population changes.

Originality/value

The research leads us to the conclusion that there is a functional (for closed societies) and correlative (for open societies) relationship between the GDP growth and natural population changes with the property that the positive or negative population growth depends on the quantity of the total consumed costs (TCC) and its critical values.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 41 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

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Article
Publication date: 10 July 2017

Yixin Hu

This article aims to synthesize the tension between agency notions inherent in strategy and deterministic notions inherent in ecology, and in doing so, develop a research agenda.

Abstract

Purpose

This article aims to synthesize the tension between agency notions inherent in strategy and deterministic notions inherent in ecology, and in doing so, develop a research agenda.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, emerging themes around the strategy-ecology literature will be analyzed and synthesized from a socio-ecological perspective.

Findings

The following propositions can be synthesized. First, the socio-ecological level of analysis is useful, because from this level, strategy and ecology are mutually exclusive, enabling resource-based views of competitive advantage. Second, the order of strategy and ecology is found to be changeable, given they are mutually exclusive. Here, ecological mechanisms and relationships in the ecosystem can provide information on a strategic choice.

Research limitations/implications

These propositions contribute toward a research agenda. Nevertheless, evolutionary mechanisms will need to be more specific in addressing what is being selected.

Originality/value

By introducing the socio-ecological perspective as the way of synthesizing organizational strategy and ecology, new research ideas can foster.

Details

International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

Keywords

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