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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1955

EVERYONE today is busily engaged in devising new methods, bringing about economies in motions, and applying incentives, but is enough attention being paid to the…

Abstract

EVERYONE today is busily engaged in devising new methods, bringing about economies in motions, and applying incentives, but is enough attention being paid to the maintenance mechanics, from the human aspect, in these applications of work study?

Details

Work Study, vol. 4 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1988

Z.A. Foroulis Exxon Research and Engineering Company

Passivity and localized corrosion is discussed using iron, iron‐chromium, iron‐chromium‐nickel alloys and aluminium as examples. A brief description is given of the…

Abstract

Passivity and localized corrosion is discussed using iron, iron‐chromium, iron‐chromium‐nickel alloys and aluminium as examples. A brief description is given of the prevailing ideas regarding the nature of the passive film and the processes by which its protective properties are lost when breakdown of passivity and localized corrosion occurs.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 35 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 10 June 2014

Amrita Ghai, Irena Milosevic, Michele Laliberte, Valerie H. Taylor and Randi E. McCabe

The purpose of this paper is to assess multidimensional body image concerns in a sample of obese women seeking bariatric surgery at an outpatient hospital clinic in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess multidimensional body image concerns in a sample of obese women seeking bariatric surgery at an outpatient hospital clinic in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Design/methodology/approach

A sample of obese adult women seeking bariatric surgery at an outpatient medical clinic in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (n=148) completed various self-report measures of body image concerns, including body image dysphoria, body image quality of life, body image investment, and appearance satisfaction. Participant scores were compared to normative data. Correlations between body image concern measures and body mass index (BMI) were examined.

Findings

Participants endorsed more body image dysphoria, more negative body image quality of life, and less appearance satisfaction than normative samples. BMI was not correlated with body image concern scores.

Practical implications

Interventions aimed at reducing body image disturbance in obese women should target multiple components of body image concern. Decisions about who should receive interventions should not be based on BMI status.

Originality/value

The majority of research on body image concerns focuses exclusively on evaluative constructs such as body image dissatisfaction. The current study examined affective, cognitive, and behavioural body image constructs. A better understanding of the multidimensional nature of body image concerns in obese women seeking bariatric surgery informs the development of effective, targeted interventions.

Details

Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care, vol. 7 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-0980

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1987

NEXT TO banking, we are informed, Business Consultancy is the most favoured profession for graduates in the United States and it is likely, as in so much else, that here…

Abstract

NEXT TO banking, we are informed, Business Consultancy is the most favoured profession for graduates in the United States and it is likely, as in so much else, that here in Britain the same trend will be followed. It follows, as the famous query in a one‐time quiz member put it, that ‘it all depends on what you mean by Business Consultancy’.

Details

Work Study, vol. 36 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1980

G. Bombara and U. Bernabai

Electrochemical techniques are described of direct use to chemical processors for optimum material selection in designing and maintaining new plants as well as corrosion…

Abstract

Electrochemical techniques are described of direct use to chemical processors for optimum material selection in designing and maintaining new plants as well as corrosion monitoring and control in operating existing plants. Reference is made to the three corrosion forms most responsible for failures in chemical equipment, i.e.: general corrosion, localised corrosion, and stress‐corrosion cracking. Practical examples are given of successful industrial application of electrochemical methods: 1) for controlling active corrosion of a stainless alloy in pressure reactors operated with hot sulphuric acid solution and 2) for preventing stress corrosion cracking of a low‐alloy steel in a pressure absorption tower operated with hot alkali carbonate solution.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 27 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 9 March 2015

Ruben Verborgh, Seth van Hooland, Aaron Straup Cope, Sebastian Chan, Erik Mannens and Rik Van de Walle

The purpose of this paper is to revisit a decade after its conception the Representational State Transfer (REST) architectural style and analyzes its relevance to address…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to revisit a decade after its conception the Representational State Transfer (REST) architectural style and analyzes its relevance to address current challenges from the Library and Information Science (LIS) discipline.

Design/methodology/approach

Conceptual aspects of REST are reviewed and a generic architecture to support REST is presented. The relevance of the architecture is demonstrated with the help of a case study based on the collection registration database of the Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum.

Findings

The authors argue that the “resources and representations” model of REST is a sustainable way for the management of web resources in a context of constant technological evolutions.

Practical implications

When making information resources available on the web, a resource-oriented publishing model can avoid the costs associated with the creation of multiple interfaces.

Originality/value

This paper re-examines the conceptual merits of REST and translates the architecture into actionable recommendations for institutions that publish resources.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 71 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 August 2014

S. Rosema, F. Muscara, V. Anderson, C. Godfrey, S. Eren and C. Catroppa

Childhood traumatic brain injury (CTBI) is one of the most common causes of mortality and disability in children and adolescents that impacts on neuropsychological, social…

Abstract

Purpose

Childhood traumatic brain injury (CTBI) is one of the most common causes of mortality and disability in children and adolescents that impacts on neuropsychological, social and psychological development. A disruption of development in these areas often results in long-term problems with interpersonal relationships, participation in leisure and social activities and employment status. These social and psychological problems appear to persist longer in comparison to other functional consequences, although evidence is scarce. The purpose of this paper is to investigate social and psychological outcomes 15 years post-injury.

Design/methodology/approach

In all, 36 participants post-CTBI (mean age 21.47 years, SD=2.74), 16 males) and 18 healthy controls (mean age 20.94 years, SD=2.21), 12 males) were recruited from a larger sample of a longitudinal study conducted at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. Information about social and psychological functioning was collected via questionnaires completed at 15 years post-injury.

Findings

Results showed that post-CTBI, adolescents and young adults reported elevated risk of developing psychological problems following their transition into adulthood. CTBI survivors reported greatest problems on internalizing symptoms such as depression, anxiety and withdrawal.

Social implications

Despite the reported psychological symptoms, the survivors of CTBI did not report more social problems than their peers. Further research is needed to identify long-term social and psychological problems so that optimal intervention may be provided.

Originality/value

This is the first perspective longitudinal study investigating the young adults perspective of their long-term psychosocial outcomes following CTBI.

Details

Social Care and Neurodisability, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-0919

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 7 October 2020

Nicolas Jabko

Sovereignty retains considerable currency today insofar as it fuses ordinary understandings of the state, the nation, and democracy. Against widespread expectations…

Abstract

Sovereignty retains considerable currency today insofar as it fuses ordinary understandings of the state, the nation, and democracy. Against widespread expectations, however, the European Union has increasingly harnessed sovereignty as a source of vitality. We are thus witnessing a mainstreaming of populist politics, as the rhetoric of sovereignty no longer disqualifies new EU institutions and policies. This can be better understood if we consider sovereignty, from a constructivist perspective, as an evolving set of practices. First, sovereignty evolves within political and administrative circles, as European officials act to modify longstanding practices of state sovereignty. Second, sovereignty evolves in an increasingly politicized context, as political leaders dramatize EU crises in order to mobilize coalitions around new practices of popular sovereignty. This dual dynamic of state sovereignty and popular sovereignty is demonstrated in the case of the Eurozone and then extrapolated to the current trajectory of the EU polity against the benchmark of US federalism after the Civil War. An open question is whether sovereignty practices in the European Union will continue to evolve without compromising the Union's cosmopolitan and liberal objectives.

Details

Europe's Malaise
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-042-4

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1958

DRAUGHTSMEN can make a major contribution to productivity provided they are trained in work study. This fact emerged from a paper presented by Mr. B. A. Dyson, General…

Abstract

DRAUGHTSMEN can make a major contribution to productivity provided they are trained in work study. This fact emerged from a paper presented by Mr. B. A. Dyson, General Manager (Overseas Production) of Hoover Ltd., to a joint work study conference organised by the British Institute of Management.

Details

Work Study, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1957

EVERYBODY knows that the housewife's work entails long working hours and occasionally strenuous activity. Consequently the first question confronting the work study…

Abstract

EVERYBODY knows that the housewife's work entails long working hours and occasionally strenuous activity. Consequently the first question confronting the work study physiologist is: How high must we rate the physical demand on the housewife?

Details

Work Study, vol. 6 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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