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Article
Publication date: 7 September 2015

Sadia Siddiqa, M. Anwar Hossain and Suvash C Saha

The purpose of this paper is to conduct a detailed investigation of the two-dimensional natural convection flow of a dusty fluid. Therefore, the incompressible boundary…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to conduct a detailed investigation of the two-dimensional natural convection flow of a dusty fluid. Therefore, the incompressible boundary layer flow of a two-phase particulate suspension is investigated numerically over a semi-infinite vertical flat plate. Comprehensive flow formations of the gas and particle phases are given in the boundary layer region. Primitive variable formulation is employed to convert the nondimensional governing equations into the non-conserved form. Three important two-phase mechanisms are discussed, namely, water-metal mixture, oil-metal mixture and air-metal mixture.

Design/methodology/approach

The full coupled nonlinear system of equations is solved using implicit two point finite difference method along the whole length of the plate.

Findings

The authors have presented numerical solution of the dusty boundary layer problem. Solutions obtained are depicted through the characteristic quantities, such as, wall shear stress coefficient, wall heat transfer coefficient, velocity distribution and temperature distribution for both phases. Results are interpreted for wide range of Prandtl number Pr (0.005-1,000.0). It is observed that thin boundary layer structures can be formed when mass concentration parameter or Prandtl number (e.g. oil-metal particle mixture) are high.

Originality/value

The results of the study may be of some interest to the researchers of the field of chemical engineers.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 25 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 6 October 2020

Ji Wang, Yuting Yan and Junming Li

Natural gas leak from underground pipelines could lead to serious damage and global warming, whose spreading in soil should be systematically investigated. This paper aims…

Abstract

Purpose

Natural gas leak from underground pipelines could lead to serious damage and global warming, whose spreading in soil should be systematically investigated. This paper aims to propose a three-dimensional numerical model to analyze the methane–air transportation in soil. The results could help understand the diffusion process of natural gas in soil, which is essential for locating leak source and reducing damage after leak accident.

Design/methodology/approach

A numerical model using finite element method is proposed to simulate the methane spreading process in porous media after leaking from an underground pipe. Physical models, including fluids transportation in porous media, water evaporation and heat transfer, are taken into account. The numerical results are compared with experimental data to validate the reliability of the simulation model. The effects of methane leaking direction, non-uniform soil porosity, leaking pressure and convective mass transfer coefficient on ground surface are analyzed.

Findings

The methane mole fraction distribution in soil is significantly affected by the leaking direction. Horizontally and vertically non-uniform soil porosity has a stronger effect. Increasing leaking pressure causes increasing methane mole flux and flow rate on the ground surface.

Originality/value

Most existing gas diffusion models in porous media are for one- or two-dimensional simulation, which is not enough for predicting three-dimensional diffusion process after natural gas leak in soil. The heat transfer between gas and soil was also neglected by most researchers, which is very important for predicting the gas-spreading process affected by the soil moisture variation because of water evaporation. In this paper, a three-dimensional numerical model is proposed to further analyze the methane–air transportation in soil using finite element method, with the presence of water evaporation and heat transfer in soil.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 2 September 2019

K. Ganesh Kumar and M. Archana

The purpose of this paper is to model the boundary layer flow and heat transfer of dusty fluid with suspended nanoparticles over a stretching surface. The effect of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to model the boundary layer flow and heat transfer of dusty fluid with suspended nanoparticles over a stretching surface. The effect of multiple slip and nonlinear thermal radiation is taken into the account. Adequate similarity transformations are used to obtain a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations to govern formulated problem. The resultant non-dimensionalized boundary value problem is solved numerically using the RKF-45 method. The profiles for velocity and temperature, which are controlled by thermophysical parameters, are presented graphically. Based on these plots, the conclusion is given and the obtained numerical results are tabulated. Observed interesting fact is that the SiO2-water nanoparticles show a thicker thermal boundary layer than TiO2-water nanoparticles.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing partial differential equations are approximated to a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations by using suitable similarity transformations. An effective fourth–fifth-order Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg integration scheme numerically solves these equations along with a shooting technique. The effects of various pertinent parameters on the flow and heat transfer are examined.

Findings

Present results have an excellent agreement with previous published results in the limiting cases. The values of skin friction and wall temperature for different governing parameters are also tabulated. It is demonstrated that the SiO2-water nanoparticles show a thicker thermal boundary layer than TiO2-water nanoparticles. It is interesting to note that the dusty nanofluids are found to have higher thermal conductivity.

Originality/value

This paper is a new work related to comparative study of TiO2 and SiO2 nanoparticles in heat transfer of dusty fluid flow.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 15 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

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Article
Publication date: 3 April 2017

Rohana Abdul Hamid, Roslinda Nazar and Ioan Pop

The purpose of this paper is to numerically study the boundary layer problem for the case of two-dimensional flow of dusty fluid over a shrinking surface in the presence…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to numerically study the boundary layer problem for the case of two-dimensional flow of dusty fluid over a shrinking surface in the presence of the fluid suction at the surface.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing equations of the problem are reduced to the system of ordinary differential equations using the similarity transformation and then solved using the bvp4c method in the Matlab software.

Findings

The effects of the drag coefficient parameter L, the fluid–particle interaction parameter δ, the suction parameter s and the particle loading parameter ω on the flow of the permeable shrinking sheet are investigated. It is found that the aforementioned parameters have different effects in the shrinking sheet flow. This study has also succeeded in discovering the second solution, and through the stability analysis, it is suggested that the solution is unstable and not physically realizable in practice.

Practical implications

The current findings add to a growing body of literature on the boundary layer problem in the dusty fluid. The dusty fluid is significant in various practical applications such as in the transporting suspended powdered materials through pipes, propulsion and combustion in rockets, the flow of blood in arteries, wastewater treatment and as corrosive particles in engine oil flow.

Originality/value

Even though the dusty fluid problem has been extensively studied in the flow of the stretching sheet, limited findings can be found over a shrinking flow. In fact, this is the first study to discover the second solution in the dusty fluid problem.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 27 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 4 June 2018

Rohana Abdul Hamid, Roslinda Nazar and Ioan Pop

This present aims to present the numerical study of the unsteady stretching/shrinking flow of a fluid-particle suspension in the presence of the constant suction and dust…

Abstract

Purpose

This present aims to present the numerical study of the unsteady stretching/shrinking flow of a fluid-particle suspension in the presence of the constant suction and dust particle slip on the surface.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing partial differential equations for the two phases flows of the fluid and the dust particles are reduced to the pertinent ordinary differential equations using a similarity transformation. The numerical results are obtained using the bvp4c function in the Matlab software.

Findings

The results revealed that in the decelerating shrinking flow, the wall skin friction is higher in the dusty fluid when compared to the clean fluid. In addition, the effect of the fluid-particle interaction parameter to the fluid-phase can be seen more clearly in the shrinking flow. Other non-dimensional physical parameters such as the unsteadiness parameter, the mass suction parameter, the viscosity ratio parameter, the particle slip parameter and the particle loading parameter are also considered and presented in figures. Further, the second solution is discovered in this problem and the solution expanded with higher unsteadiness and suction values. Hence, the stability analysis is performed, and it is confirmed that the second solution is unstable.

Practical implications

In practice, the flow conditions are commonly varying with time; thus, the study of the unsteady flow is very crucial and useful. The problem of unsteady flow of a dusty fluid has a wide range of possible applications such as in the centrifugal separation of particles, sedimentation and underground disposable of radioactive waste materials.

Originality/value

Even though the problem of dusty fluid has been broadly investigated, limited discoveries can be found over an unsteady shrinking flow. Indeed, this paper managed to obtain the second (dual) solutions, and stability analysis is performed. Furthermore, the authors also considered the artificial particle-phase viscosity, which is an important term to study the particle-particle and particle-wall interactions. With the addition of this term, the effects of the particle slip and suction parameters can be investigated. Very few studies in the dusty fluid embedded this parameter in their problems.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 28 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 6 March 2017

Oleg M. Alifanov

The main purpose of this study, reflecting mainly the content of the authors’ plenary lecture, is to make a brief overview of several approaches developed by the author…

Abstract

Purpose

The main purpose of this study, reflecting mainly the content of the authors’ plenary lecture, is to make a brief overview of several approaches developed by the author and his colleagues to the solution to ill-posed inverse heat transfer problems (IHTPs) with their possible extension to a wider class of inverse problems of mathematical physics and, most importantly, to show the wide possibilities of this methodology by examples of aerospace applications. In this regard, this study can be seen as a continuation of those applications that were discussed in the lecture.

Design/methodology/approach

The application of the inverse method was pre-tested with experimental investigations on a special test equipment in laboratory conditions. In these studies, the author used the solution to the nonlinear inverse problem in the conjugate (conductive and convective) statement. The corresponding iterative algorithm has been developed and tested by a numerical and experimental way.

Findings

It can be stated that the theory and methodology of solving IHTPs combined with experimental simulation of thermal conditions is an effective tool for various fundamental and applied research and development in the field of heat and mass transfer.

Originality/value

With the help of the developed methods of inverse problems, the investigation was conducted for a porous cooling with a gaseous coolant for heat protection of the re-entry vehicle in the natural environment of hypersonic flight. Moreover, the analysis showed that the inverse methods can make a useful contribution to the study of heat transfer at the surface of a solid body under the influence of the hypersonic heterogeneous (dusty) gas stream and in many other aerospace applications.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 27 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 9 August 2019

Jafar Hasnain, Zaheer Abbas, Mariam Sheikh and Shaban Aly

This study aims to present an analysis on heat transfer attributes of fluid-particle interaction over a permeable elastic sheet. The fluid streaming on the sheet is Casson…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to present an analysis on heat transfer attributes of fluid-particle interaction over a permeable elastic sheet. The fluid streaming on the sheet is Casson fluid (CF) with uniform distribution of dust particles.

Design/methodology/approach

The basic steady equations of the CF and dust phases are in the form of partial differential equations (PDEs) which are remodeled into ordinary ones with the aid of similarity transformations. In addition to analytical solution, numerical solution is obtained for the reduced coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) to validate the results.

Findings

The solution seems to be influenced by significant physical parameters such as CF parameter, magnetic parameter, suction parameter, fluid particle interaction parameter, Prandtl number, Eckert number and number density. The impact of these parameters on flow field and temperature for both fluid and dust phases is presented in the form of graphs and discussed in detail. The effect on skin friction coefficient and heat transfer rate is also presented in tabular form. It has been observed that an increase in the CF parameter curtails the fluid velocity as well as the particle velocity however enhances the heat transfer rate at the wall. Furthermore, comparison of the numerical and analytical solution is also made and found to be in excellent agreement.

Originality/value

Although the analysis of dusty fluid flow has been widely examined, however, the present study obtained both analytical and numerical results of power law temperature distribution in dusty Casson fluid under the influence of magnetic field which are new and original for such type of flow.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1994

E. Daniel, R. Saurel, M. Larini and J.C. Loraud

This paper investigates the multi‐phase behaviour of dropletsinjected into a nozzle at two separate wall locations. The physical featuresof the droplets (rate of mass…

Abstract

This paper investigates the multi‐phase behaviour of droplets injected into a nozzle at two separate wall locations. The physical features of the droplets (rate of mass, density and radius) at each injector location are identical. This system can be described by a two‐phase Eulerian—Eulerian approach that yields classical systems of equations: three for the gaseous phase and three for the dispersed droplet phase. An underlying assumption in the two phase model is that no interaction occurs between droplets. The numerical solution of the model (using the MacCormack scheme) indicates however that the opposite jets do interact to form one jet. This inconsistency is overcome in the current paper by associating the droplets from a given injection location with a separate phase and subsequently solving equations describing a multiphase system (here, three‐phase system). Comparison of numerical predications between the two‐phase and the multiphase model shows significantly different results. In particular the multiphase model shows no jet interaction.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 21 February 2019

K. Ganesh Kumar, M.R. Krishnamurthy and Rudraswamy N.G.

The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of Joule heating on boundary layer flow and melting heat transfer of Prandtl fluid over a stretching sheet in the presence…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of Joule heating on boundary layer flow and melting heat transfer of Prandtl fluid over a stretching sheet in the presence of fluid particles suspension. The transformed boundary layer equations are solved numerically by RKF-45 method. The influence of the non-dimensional parameters on velocity and temperature growths in the boundary layer region is analyzed in detail and the results are shown graphically. The results indicate that the larger estimation of α and β reduces for both velocity and temperature profile. Further, the rate of heat transfer decreases by increasing melting parameter.

Design/methodology/approach

The converted set of boundary layer equations is solved numerically by RKF-45 method. Obtained numerical results for flow and heat transfer characteristics are deliberated for various physical parameters. Furthermore, the skin friction coefficient and Nusselt number are also presented.

Findings

It is found that the heat transfer rates are advanced in the occurrence of non-linear radiation camper to linear radiation. Also, it is noticed that velocity profile increases by increasing Prandtl parameter but establishes opposite results for temperature profile.

Originality/value

The authors intend to analyze the boundary layer flow and melting heat transfer of a Prandtl fluid over a stretching surface in the presence of fluid particles suspension. The governing systems of partial differential equations have been transformed to a set of coupled ordinary differential equations by applying appropriate similarity transformations. The reduced equations are solved numerically. The pertinent parameters are discussed through graphs and plotted graphs. The present results are compared with the existing limiting solutions, showing good agreement with each other.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

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Article
Publication date: 19 June 2019

Ali Akbar Abbasian Arani, Ali Arefmanesh and Hamidreza Ehteram

The purpose of this paper is to recommend a validated numerical model for simulation the flue gases heat recovery recuperators. Due to fulfill of this demand, the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to recommend a validated numerical model for simulation the flue gases heat recovery recuperators. Due to fulfill of this demand, the influences of ash fouling characteristics during the transient/steady-state simulation and optimization of a 3D complex heat exchanger equipped with inner plain fins and side plate fins are studied.

Design/methodology/approach

For the particle dispersion modeling, the discrete phase model is applied and the flow field has been solved using SIMPLE algorithm.

Findings

According to obtained results, for the recuperator equipped with combine inner plain and side plate fins, determination of ash fouling characteristics is really important, effective and determinative. It is clear that by underestimating the ash fouling characteristics, the achieved results are wrong and different with reality.

Originality/value

Finally, the configuration with inner plain fins with characteristics of: di =5 mm, do = 6 mm, dg = 2 mm, dk = 3 mm and NIPFT = 9 and side plate fins with characteristics of: TF = 3 mm, PF = 19 mm, NSPF = 17·2 = 34, WF = 10 mm, HF = 25 mm, LF = 24 mm and ß = 0° is introduced as the optimum model with the best performance among all studied configurations.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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