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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1993

Choong Y. Lee

Suggests that, in recent years, remarkable progress has been madein the development of the topological design of logistics networks,especially in the warehouse location…

Abstract

Suggests that, in recent years, remarkable progress has been made in the development of the topological design of logistics networks, especially in the warehouse location problem. Extends the standard warehouse location problem to a generalization of multiproduct capacitated warehouse location problem, as opposed to differentiated variations of a single‐product warehouse location problem, where each warehouse has a given capacity for carrying each product. Presents an algorithm based on cross‐decomposition, to reduce the computational difficulty by incorporating Benders decomposition and Lagrangean relaxation. Computational results of this algorithm are encouraging.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 23 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

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Article
Publication date: 6 February 2017

S. Abbasbandy, Elyas Shivanian, K. Vajravelu and Sunil Kumar

The purpose of this paper is to present a new approximate analytical procedure to obtain dual solutions of nonlinear differential equations arising in mixed convection…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a new approximate analytical procedure to obtain dual solutions of nonlinear differential equations arising in mixed convection flow in a semi-infinite domain. This method, which is based on Padé-approximation and homotopy–Padé technique, is applied to a model of magnetohydrodynamic Falkner–Skan flow as well. These examples indicate that the method can be successfully applied to solve nonlinear differential equations arising in science and engineering.

Design/methodology/approach

Homotopy–Padé method.

Findings

The main focus of the paper is on the prediction of the multiplicity of the solutions, however we have calculated multiple (dual) solutions of the model problem namely, mixed convection heat transfer in a porous medium.

Research limitations/implications

The authors conjecture here that the combination of traditional–Pade and Hankel–Pade generates a useful procedure to predict multiple solutions and to calculate prescribed parameter with acceptable accuracy as well. Validation of this conjecture for other further examples is a challenging research opportunity.

Social implications

Dual solutions of nonlinear differential equations arising in mixed convection flow in a semi-infinite domain.

Originality/value

In this study, the authors are using two modified methods.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 27 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1998

J.T. Chen, K.H. Chen, W. Yeih and N.C. Shieh

A dual integral formulation for a cracked bar under torsion is derived, and a dual boundary element method is implemented. It is shown that as the thickness of the crack…

Abstract

A dual integral formulation for a cracked bar under torsion is derived, and a dual boundary element method is implemented. It is shown that as the thickness of the crack becomes thinner, the ill‐posedness for the linear algebraic matrix becomes more serious if the conventional BEM is used. Numerical experiments for solution instability due to ill‐posedness are shown. To deal with this difficulty, the hypersingular equation of the dual boundary integral formulation is employed to obtain an independent constraint equation for the boundary unknowns. For the sake of computational efficiency, the area integral for the torsion rigidity is transformed into two boundary integrals by using Green’s second identity and divergence theorem. Finally, the torsion rigidities for cracks with different lengths and orientations are solved by using the dual BEM, and the results compare well with the analytical solutions and FEM results.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 15 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 3 August 2015

Li Wang, Mengwu Guo and Hongzhi Zhong

– The purpose of this paper is to acquire strict upper and lower bounds on quantities of slender beams on Winkler foundation in finite element analysis.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to acquire strict upper and lower bounds on quantities of slender beams on Winkler foundation in finite element analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

It leans on the dual analysis wherein the constitutive relation error (CRE) is used to perform goal-oriented error estimation. Due to the coupling of the displacement field and the stress field in the equilibrium equations of the beam, the prolongation condition for the stress field which is the key ingredient of CRE estimation is not directly applicable. To circumvent this difficulty, an approximate problem and the solution thereof are introduced, enabling the CRE estimation to proceed. It is shown that the strict bounding property for CRE estimation is preserved and strict bounds of quantities of the beam are obtainable thereafter.

Findings

Numerical examples are presented to validate the strict upper and lower bounds for quantities of beams on elastic foundation by dual analysis.

Research limitations/implications

This paper deals with one-dimensional (1D) beams on Winkler foundation. Nevertheless, the present work can be naturally extended to analysis of shells and 2D and 3D reaction-diffusion problems for future research.

Originality/value

CRE estimation is extended to analysis of beams on elastic foundation by a decoupling strategy; strict upper bounds of global energy norm error for beams on elastic foundation are obtained; strict bounds of quantities for beams on elastic foundation are also obtained; unified representation and corresponding dual analysis of various quantities of the beam are presented; rigorous derivation of admissible stresses for beams is given.

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Article
Publication date: 15 August 2019

Emad H. Aly and Ioan Pop

The purpose of this study is to present both effective analytic and numerical solutions to MHD flow and heat transfer past a permeable stretching/shrinking sheet in a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to present both effective analytic and numerical solutions to MHD flow and heat transfer past a permeable stretching/shrinking sheet in a hybrid nanofluid with suction/injection and convective boundary conditions. Water (base fluid) nanoparticles of alumina and copper were considered as a hybrid nanofluid.

Design/methodology/approach

Proper-similarity variables were applied to transform the system of partial differential equations into a system of ordinary (similarity) differential equations. Exact analytical solutions were then presented for the dimensionless stream and temperature functions. Further, the authors introduce a very nice analytic and numerical solutions for both small and large values of the magnetic parameter.

Findings

It was found that no/unique/two equal/dual physical solutions exist for the investigated boundary value problem. The physically realizable practice of these solutions depends on the range of the governing parameters. For a stretching/shrinking sheet, it was deduced that a hybrid nanofluid works as a cooler on increasing some of the investigated parameters. Moreover, in the case of a shrinking sheet, the first solutions of hybrid nanofluid are stable and physically realizable rather than the nanofluid, while those of the second solutions are not for both hybrid nanofluid and nanofluid.

Originality/value

The present results for the hybrid nanofluids are new and original, as they successfully extend (generalize) the problems previously considered by different authors for the case of nanofluids.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 2 March 2015

M.M. Rahman, Alin V. Rosca and I. Pop

The purpose of this paper is to numerically solve the problem of steady boundary layer flow of a nanofluid past a permeable exponentially shrinking surface with convective…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to numerically solve the problem of steady boundary layer flow of a nanofluid past a permeable exponentially shrinking surface with convective surface condition. The Buongiorno’s mathematical nanofluid model has been used.

Design/methodology/approach

Using appropriate similarity transformations, the basic partial differential equations are transformed into ordinary differential equations. These equations have been solved numerically for different values of the governing parameters, stretching/shrinking parameter λ, suction parameter s, Prandtl number Pr, Lewis number Le, Biot number, the Brownian motion parameter Nb and the thermophoresis parameter Nt, using the bvp4c function from Matlab. The effects of these parameters on the reduced skin friction coefficient, heat transfer from the surface of the sheet, Sherwood number, dimensionless velocity, and temperature and nanoparticles volume fraction distributions are presented in tables and graphs, and are in details discussed.

Findings

Numerical results are obtained for the reduced skin-friction, heat transfer and for the velocity and temperature profiles. The results indicate that dual solutions exist for the shrinking case (λ<0). A stability analysis has been performed to show that the upper branch solutions are stable and physically realizable, while the lower branch solutions are not stable and, therefore, not physically possible. In addition, it is shown that for a regular fluid (Nb=Nt=0) a very good agreement exists between the present numerical results and those reported in the open literature.

Research limitations/implications

The problem is formulated for an incompressible nanofluid with no chemical reactions, dilute mixture, negligible viscous dissipation, negligible radiative heat transfer and a new boundary condition is imposed on nanoparticles and base fluid locally in thermal equilibrium. The analysis reveals that the boundary layer separates from the plate. Beyond the turning point it is not possible to get the solution based on the boundary-layer approximations. To obtain further solutions, the full basic partial differential equations have to be solved.

Originality/value

The present results are original and new for the boundary-layer flow and heat transfer past a shrinking sheet in a nanofluid. Therefore, this study would be important for the researchers working in the relatively new area of nanofluids in order to become familiar with the flow behavior and properties of such nanofluids. The results show that in the presence of suction the dual solutions may exist for the flow of a nanofluid over an exponentially shrinking as well as stretching surface.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 10 December 2019

Mohammad Ghalambaz, Natalia C. Roşca, Alin V. Roşca and Ioan Pop

This study aims to study the mixed convection flow and heat transfer of Al2O3-Cu/water hybrid nanofluid over a vertical plate. Governing equations for conservation of…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to study the mixed convection flow and heat transfer of Al2O3-Cu/water hybrid nanofluid over a vertical plate. Governing equations for conservation of mass, momentum and energy for the hybrid nanofluid over a vertical flat plate are introduced.

Design/methodology/approach

The similarity transformation approach is used to transform the set of partial differential equations into a set of non-dimensional ordinary differential equations. Finite-deference with collocation method is used to integrate the governing equations for the velocity and temperature profiles.

Findings

The results show that dual solutions exist for the case of opposing flow over the plate. Linear stability analysis was performed to identify a stable solution. The stability analysis shows that the lower branch of the solution is always unstable, while the upper branch of the solution is always stable. The results of boundary layer analysis are reported for the various volume fractions of composite nanoparticles and mixed convection parameter. The outcomes show that the composition of nanoparticles can notably influence the boundary layer flow and heat transfer profiles. It is also found that the trend of the variation of surface skin friction and heat transfer for each of the dual solution branches can be different. The critical values of the mixed convection parameter, λ, where the dual solution branches joint together, are also under the influence of the composition of hybrid nanoparticles. For instance, assuming a total volume fraction of 5 per cent for the mixture of Al2O3 and Cu nanoparticles, the critical value of mixing parameter of λ changes from −3.1940 to −3.2561 by changing the composition of nanofluids from Al2O3 (5 per cent) + Cu (0%) to Al2O3 (2.5%) + Cu (2.5 per cent).

Originality/value

The mixed convection stability analysis and heat transfer study of hybrid nanofluids for a stagnation-point boundary layer flow are addressed for the first time. The introduced hybrid nanofluid model and similarity solution are new and of interest in both mathematical and physical points of view.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 3 January 2017

Siti Hidayah Muhad Saleh, Norihan Md. Arifin, Roslinda Nazar and Ioan Pop

The purpose of this paper is to present the results of an analysis performed to study unsteady mixed convection at the stagnation point flow over a plate moving along the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the results of an analysis performed to study unsteady mixed convection at the stagnation point flow over a plate moving along the direction of flow impingement. The similarity transformations are used to transform the governing nonlinear partial differential equation to a system of an ordinary differential equation.

Design/methodology/approach

The transformed equations are then solved numerically by a shooting technique together with bvp4c function.

Findings

The numerical results are compared with the corresponding results from previous researchers. The effects of the unsteadiness Parameter A, Prandtl number Pr, mixed convection parameter λ for plane (m = 0) and axisymmetric (m = 1) flow on the shear stress or the skin friction and heat transfer coefficients, as well as the velocity and temperature profiles, are presented and discussed.

Originality/value

Dual solutions for the opposing flow and multiple solutions for the assisting flow are found.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 15 October 2020

Ubaidullah Yashkun, Khairy Zaimi, Anuar Ishak, Ioan Pop and Rabeb Sidaoui

This study aims to investigate the flow and heat transfer of a hybrid nanofluid through an exponentially stretching/shrinking sheet along with mixed convection and Joule…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the flow and heat transfer of a hybrid nanofluid through an exponentially stretching/shrinking sheet along with mixed convection and Joule heating. The nanoparticles alumina (Al2O3) and copper (Cu) are suspended into a base fluid (water) to form a new kind of hybrid nanofluid (Al2O3-Cu/water). Also, the effects of constant mixed convection parameter and Joule heating are considered.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing partial differential equations are transformed into ordinary differential equations (ODEs) using appropriate similarity transformations. The transformed nonlinear ODEs are solves using the bvp4c solver available in MATLAB software. A comparison of the present results shows a good agreement with the published results.

Findings

Dual solutions for hybrid nanofluid flow obtained for a specific range of the stretching/shrinking parameter values. The values of the skin friction coefficient increases but the local Nusselt number decreases for the first solution with the increasing of the magnetic parameter. Enhancing copper volume fraction and Eckert number reduces the surface temperature, which intimates the decrement of heat transfer rate for the first and second solutions for the stretching/shrinking sheet. In detail, the first solution results show that when the Eckert number increases as 0.1, 0.4 and 0.7 at λ = 1.5, the temperature variations reduced to 10.686840, 10.671419 and 10.655996. While in the second solution, keeping the same parameters temperature variation reduced to 9.750777, 9.557349 and 9.364489, respectively. On the other hand, the results indicate that the skin friction coefficient increases with copper volume fraction. This study shows that the thermal boundary layer thickness rises due to the rise in the solid volume fraction. It is also observed that the magnetic parameter, copper volume fraction and Eckert number widen the range of the stretching/shrinking parameter for which the solution exists.

Practical implications

In practice, the investigation on the flow and heat transfer of a hybrid nanofluid past an exponentially stretching/shrinking sheet with mixed convection and Joule heating is crucial and useful. The problems related to hybrid nanofluid have numerous real-life and industrial applications, such as microelectronics, manufacturing, naval structures, nuclear system cooling, biomedical and drug reduction.

Originality/value

In specific, this study focuses on increasing thermal conductivity using a hybrid nanofluid mathematical model. The novelty of this study is the use of natural mixed convection and Joule heating in a hybrid nanofluid. This paper can obtain dual solutions. The authors declare that this study is new, and there is no previous published work similar to the present study.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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Abstract

Details

Mathematical and Economic Theory of Road Pricing
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-045671-3

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