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1 – 10 of over 74000
Article
Publication date: 21 September 2022

Suha Ali Tahhan

The aim of this study is to explore the barriers and drivers of green supply chain management (GSCM) in Lebanese restaurants. The author of this paper classified the…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to explore the barriers and drivers of green supply chain management (GSCM) in Lebanese restaurants. The author of this paper classified the barriers and drivers as internal and external factors. This study further assesses the level of knowledge of GSCM in the Lebanese restaurant industry. In particular, the case of “Besten” is addressed to tackle the major drivers and barriers to adopting GSCM.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper follows the pure qualitative research design as the design is based on an interview. Further, this paper adopts the interpretivism research. As for the research approach, this paper adopts the inductive approach. Regarding the research strategy (data collection method), this paper is a case study discussing the level of awareness of GSCM, the drivers, and the barriers to adopting GSCM by a Lebanese independent restaurant, “Besten.” As for the choice of research methodology, a qualitative interview is conducted with the owner of “Besten” restaurant, Mr. Omar El Mais, to discuss and try to figure out the main impediments and motivators of adopting GSCM at Besten.

Findings

The study found that the major drivers of adopting GSCM in the Lebanese restaurant context, more specifically in Besten, are management's awareness, management mentality, gaining customers' trust and loyalty, the intention of going international, and market trends. The latter two drivers are specific to the Lebanese context and were not mentioned in previous research. As for the barriers, the major ones are the cost constraints, lack of Lebanese laws and regulations, the Lebanese economic crisis since 2019, and loss of funds to banks. The latter three barriers are specific to the Lebanese context and were not stated before in the literature.

Research limitations/implications

Although the research is restricted to one case study, the research tackles and provides an in-depth understanding and elaboration of GSCM adoption, barriers, and drivers within one of the Lebanese independent restaurants as the topic has not yet been tackled within the Lebanese context. The results of this paper are specific to “Besten” and cannot be generalized.

Practical implications

Policymakers and non - governmental organizations (NGOs) might benefit from the findings of the study and set the needed laws/regulations to promote GSCM. Policymakers and NGOs might benefit from the findings of this study and implement the needed awareness campaigns about GSCM to the concerned bodies. Further, restaurant owners/managers might benefit from this study and gain a better understanding and insight of the GSCM, GSCM's potential barriers, and drivers in case restaurant owners/managers would like to adopt GSCM in the future.

Social implications

Awareness and adoption of the GSCM within the restaurant context is essential in saving the environment, reducing waste, and reducing harmful emissions.

Originality/value

Despite the widespread literature about GSCM practices, the GSCM has not been tackled yet in the Lebanese context although the Lebanese context varies from other countries and what can be deduced from other countries regarding GSCM may not be adequate given the Lebanese complexities. The case study discussed in this research provides an in-depth understanding of this concept, GSCM's adoption, the internal and external drivers, and the internal and external barriers within one restaurant in the complex Lebanese restaurant context.

Details

Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2752-9819

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 20 September 2022

Lalit Narendra Patil, Hrishikesh P. Khairnar and S.G. Bhirud

Electric vehicles are well known for a silent and smooth drive; however, their presence on the road is difficult to identify for road users who may be subjected to certain…

Abstract

Purpose

Electric vehicles are well known for a silent and smooth drive; however, their presence on the road is difficult to identify for road users who may be subjected to certain incidences. Although electric vehicles are free from exhaust emission gases, the wear particles coming out from disc brakes are still unresolved issues. Therefore, the purpose of the present paper is to introduce a smart eco-friendly braking system that uses signal processing and integrated technologies to eventually build a comprehensive driver assistance system.

Design/methodology/approach

The parameters obstacle identification, driver drowsiness, driver alcohol situation and heart rate were all taken into account. A contactless brake blending system has been designed while upgrading a rapid response. The implemented state flow rule-based decision strategy validated with the outcomes of a novel experimental setup.

Findings

The drowsiness state of drivers was successfully identified for the proposed control map and set up vindicated with the improvement in stopping time, atmospheric environment and increase in vehicle active safety regime.

Originality/value

The present study adopted a unique approach and obtained a brake blending system for improved braking performance as well as overall safety enhancement with rapid control of the vehicle.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 September 2022

Angela Dziedzom Akorsu, Akua Opokua Britwum, Shaibu Bukari, Benjamin Yaw Tachie and Musah Dankwah

Platform work challenges the traditional modes of workers' organising for interest representation. This paper aims to examine the political potential for voice and…

Abstract

Purpose

Platform work challenges the traditional modes of workers' organising for interest representation. This paper aims to examine the political potential for voice and representation of the organising efforts by ride-hailing drivers in Ghana.

Design/methodology/approach

The study design was qualitative and exploratory. Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with individual drivers, key persons and leaders of ride-hailing drivers' associations were employed. The total number of participants was 40.

Findings

The analysis reveals a bottom-up approach to organising, starting with drivers' exercise of associational power (AP) to self-organise with a membership logic. Affected by mundane internal challenges and limited by the non-existent institutional power and the near absence of structural power for right claiming, they affiliate with TUC as the traditional structural power holders for political influence.

Research limitations/implications

The study has limitations that can be addressed in future research. First, the targeted and small sample size only allows for rich context-specific generalisation. Future studies could target more categories of respondents such as vehicle owners and riders and also seek to include the experiences from other African countries to understand country-specific contextual issues. Second, the allowance for researcher reflexivity inherent in the methodology adopted has the potential for researcher biases. Therefore, a deliberate effort was made to ensure that biases remain only a potential. This was done by participant validation of the data and constant peer-reviewing of the data analysis processes by the authors.

Practical implications

The empirical findings provide trade unions with a stronger basis for and pointers to represent workers in the platform space.

Originality/value

Platform work in Ghana is an emerging phenomenon, and organising amongst platform workers remains unexplored.

Details

Employee Relations: The International Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0142-5455

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2022

Rinu Sathyan, Parthiban Palanisamy, Suresh G. and Navin M.

The automotive industry appears to overcome much of its obstacles, despite the constant struggle facing COVID-19. The pandemic has resulted in significant improvements in…

Abstract

Purpose

The automotive industry appears to overcome much of its obstacles, despite the constant struggle facing COVID-19. The pandemic has resulted in significant improvements in the habits and conduct of consumers. There is an increased preference for personal mobility. In this dynamic environment with unexpected changes and high market rivalry, automotive supply chains focus more on executing responsive strategies with minimum costs. This paper aims to identify and model the drivers to the responsiveness of automotive supply chain.

Design/methodology/approach

Seventeen drivers for supply chain responsiveness have been identified from the extensive literature, expert interview. An integrated methodology of fuzzy decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory–interpretive structural modelling (DEMATEL–ISM) is developed to establish the interrelationship between the drivers. The cause–effect relationship between the drivers was obtained through fuzzy DEMATEL technique, and a hierarchical structure of the drivers was developed using the ISM technique.

Findings

The result of the integrated methodology revealed that strategic decision-making of management, accurate forecasting of demand, advanced manufacturing system in the organisation and data integration tools are the critical drivers.

Research limitations/implications

This study has conceptual and analytical limitations. In this study, a limited number of drivers are examined for supply chain responsiveness. Further research may examine the role of other key performance indicators in the broad field of responsiveness in the automotive supply chain or other industry sectors. Future study can uncover the interrelationships and relative relevance of indicators using advanced multi-criteria decision-making methodologies.

Originality/value

The authors proposed an integrated methodology that will be benefitted to the supply chain practitioners and automotive manufacturers to develop management strategies to improve responsiveness. This study further helps to compare the responsiveness of the supply chain between various automotive manufacturers.

Details

Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5364

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 16 August 2022

Abdollah Mohammadparast Tabas, Jonathan Mukiza Peter Kansheba and Hanna Komulainen

The entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE) literature is dominated by conceptual studies with insufficient theoretical foundations and empirical evidence on the micro-level. This…

Abstract

Purpose

The entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE) literature is dominated by conceptual studies with insufficient theoretical foundations and empirical evidence on the micro-level. This study aims to explore the largely overlooked question of what the drivers that motivate small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to participate in an ecosystem are.

Design/methodology/approach

The study adopts a qualitative exploratory approach. The empirical data consists of 19 semi-structured interviews with top management of SMEs in the health tech ecosystem in Finland. The data were analyzed using a thematic content analysis.

Findings

This study reveals a typology of drivers that motivate SMEs to participate in an ecosystem. These include social drivers (networking and cooperation and communication and knowledge sharing), resource drivers (access to resources, formal and informal support and market access) and cognitive drivers (shared goals and common values).

Research limitations/implications

The study contributes to the EE research by highlighting the drivers that motivate health tech SMEs to become members of the local ecosystem. It suggests that managers and entrepreneurs need to be aware of the factors related to social, resource and cognitive drivers to ensure the future success of their business.

Originality/value

The study draws evidence from a micro-level perspective which enriches the understanding of the EE phenomenon. It also explores an increasingly relevant but under-researched field, the health tech ecosystem.

Details

Baltic Journal of Management, vol. 17 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5265

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 7 July 2022

Naveed Ahmad, Amran Harun, Hafiz Muhammad Usman Khizar, Junaid Khalid and Shumaila Khan

The purpose of this study is to examine the drivers and barriers of travel behavior associated with tourist behavior during/post-COVID-19 pandemic to provide a knowledge…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the drivers and barriers of travel behavior associated with tourist behavior during/post-COVID-19 pandemic to provide a knowledge base as well as an agenda for future research.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors utilized the Systematic Literature Review (SLR) technique for searching the articles published in Web of Science (WOS) and Scopus, to identify the main drivers and barriers affecting the tourist behavior during/post-COVID-19 pandemic. Eventually, 47 articles were chosen for the final analysis.

Findings

The findings are reported in three sections, (1) quantitative research profile, (2) qualitative synthesis and (3) future agenda. This study addresses the nuanced questions regarding the significant change in tourist travel behavior, emotional dynamics and a detailed understanding of mechanisms, such as which drivers and barriers affect tourist behavior in a particular destination. Drivers and barriers to tourist travel behavior were characterized in personal-related, destination-related, and health-related factors. Moreover, this study provides thought-provoking ideas in theory, policy and practice in the field of tourism and hospitality.

Research limitations/implications

This study has three limitations, as follows. First, the authors searched only two databases, Scopus and Web of Science, due to which the authors might be missing some related studies existing on the other databases. Although these databases provide an extensive range of academic literature, further studies could extend the data collection from the other databases (e.g. via Taylor & Francis). However, our systematic literature review (SLR) coverage is quite extensive, since journals are listed on these three main databases. Second, the authors followed a main study search protocol based on the synonyms and related keywords, however, some of the studies that may be related to the tourist behavior towards the destination are missing on account of the lack of our keywords in there, title, author, keyword and abstract. Furthermore, future research could endeavor to add other keywords to expand the results of studies. Third, although the accurate analysis was conducted to reduce subjectivity in identifying themes for drivers and barriers of tourist behavior, future studies on categorization could work to ensure that other sub-themes categorize.

Practical implications

The recent study has some key practical implications. First, this study is valuable for all the stakeholders in a unique way, including destination managers, academicians and policymakers, because it provides insight into barriers and drivers that influence the development of tourist behavior towards the destination. Second, the current study also offers practical implications for people involved in tourism service industries including governments and private businesses. Policymakers and other leaders are increasingly interested in harnessing the economic potential of tourism. Therefore, identifying the barrier which is inhibiting the tourist traffic towards the destination is beneficial to understand and effectively develop strategies to minimize the effect of such factors. Moreover, drivers and barriers of tourist behavior towards the destination in the COVID-19 pandemic situation towards the destination may help to create a framework for the development of destinations according to the current vulnerable situation. Third, current findings suggest that tourism marketers understand the drivers and barrier constructs found in this study and tailor their marketing strategies for attracting existing and new tourists. For instance, marketers should understand the drivers and barriers of tourist behavior for effective strategy development to increase the positive effect of drivers and to reduce the negative effect of barriers.

Originality/value

This is the first systematic literature review on the impact of drivers and barriers of tourist travel behavior. This paper analyses the methods and approaches that have been used in the previous literature to examine the drivers and barriers of tourist travel behavior. The paper ends with the research implication and limitations of the studies.

Details

Journal of Tourism Futures, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2055-5911

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 8 August 2022

Ying Li, Li Zhao, Kun Gao, Yisheng An and Jelena Andric

The purpose of this paper is to characterize distracted driving by quantifying the response time and response intensity to an emergency stop using the driver’s…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to characterize distracted driving by quantifying the response time and response intensity to an emergency stop using the driver’s physiological states.

Design/methodology/approach

Field tests with 17 participants were conducted in the connected and automated vehicle test field. All participants were required to prioritize their primary driving tasks while a secondary nondriving task was asked to be executed. Demographic data, vehicle trajectory data and various physiological data were recorded through a biosignalsplux signal data acquisition toolkit, such as electrocardiograph for heart rate, electromyography for muscle strength, electrodermal activity for skin conductance and force-sensing resistor for braking pressure.

Findings

This study quantified the psychophysiological responses of the driver who returns to the primary driving task from the secondary nondriving task when an emergency occurs. The results provided a prototype analysis of the time required for making a decision in the context of advanced driver assistance systems or for rebuilding the situational awareness in future automated vehicles when a driver’s take-over maneuver is needed.

Originality/value

The hypothesis is that the secondary task will result in a higher mental workload and a prolonged reaction time. Therefore, the driver states in distracted driving are significantly different than in regular driving, the physiological signal improves measuring the brake response time and distraction levels and brake intensity can be expressed as functions of driver demographics. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study using psychophysiological measures to quantify a driver’s response to an emergency stop during distracted driving.

Details

Journal of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-9802

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 June 2010

Takahiro Wada, Shoji Hiraoka and Shun'ichi Doi

The purpose of this paper is to realize a smooth and secure brake assistance system to avoid rear‐end collision of automobiles.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to realize a smooth and secure brake assistance system to avoid rear‐end collision of automobiles.

Design/methodology/approach

It is important to judge necessity of deceleration assistance as early as possible and initiate the assistance naturally in order to reduce rear‐end crashes. However, it easily results in driver's discomfort. In addition, deceleration profile of the automatic braking is also important to realize smooth collision avoidance. In this paper, a deceleration assistance control for collision avoidance will be proposed based on the formulated braking behavior models of expert drivers to realize smooth, secure brake assistance.

Findings

The proposed brake assistance system can realize smooth deceleration profile and appropriate final status of the two vehicles for various approaching conditions. In addition, experimental results using a driving simulator will show validity of the proposed system based on subjective evaluation. It is also shown that the system realizes smooth deceleration control even under existence of the interaction between human driver and the system.

Research limitations/implications

This paper does not deal with effect of the deceleration method on change of drivers' behavior, including driver's trust on the system. Over‐trust should be eliminated if any.

Originality/value

The originality of the paper is to derive smooth secure collision avoidance system based on the driver's perceptual risk model. This method can realize smooth collision avoidance behavior for the various approaching conditions with a unified simple algorithm.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1992

Edith Gulian‐Minshull

Describes coping strategies which make it possible to counteractand prevent driver stress. Driver stress is defined by increasedaggression and alertness, a dislike of…

Abstract

Describes coping strategies which make it possible to counteract and prevent driver stress. Driver stress is defined by increased aggression and alertness, a dislike of driving, and frustration and irritation elicited by interaction with other road‐users, in particular in relation to overtaking. It is associated with life stresses and health and emotional problems and affects the driver′s road safety.

Details

Employee Councelling Today, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-8217

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 April 2015

Rameshwar Dubey and Angappa Gunasekaran

The purpose of this paper is to identify traits and skills of a truck driver for sustainable transportation, develop a theoretical framework and outline further research…

2032

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify traits and skills of a truck driver for sustainable transportation, develop a theoretical framework and outline further research directions.

Design/methodology/approach

The present study undertakes a review of extant literature and appreciative inquiry, a quasi-ethnographic approach to identify traits and skills of a truck driver. Further, using a pragmatic approach, a theoretical framework has been developed.

Findings

The study proposes a theoretical framework, which can be further used for formulating training modules for truck drivers for sustainable transportation and logistics.

Research limitations/implications

The present framework needs to be statistically validated using survey data and second, the proposition of the theoretical framework needs to be tested using hierarchical regression analysis. Second, in the study the authors have used AI. However, the authors have only interviewed selected senior police officials. This may lead to bias and to further strengthen the present study, one needs to identify other regulatory authorities and human resource managers of transportation companies. However, in Indian subcontinent situation the trucks are primarily owned by unorganized sector. Hence, the owners may have five to ten trucks and this case there is no human resource manager. However, in such case an interview with truck owners may provide a useful insight.

Practical implications

The study has outlined recommendations on the basis of a literature review of extant literature and appreciative inquiry. The recommendations can further help policy makers or technical bodies run by a government agencies or privately managed to develop a training module for truck drivers to meet the future challenges of sustainable transportation.

Social implications

This research is related to truck drivers and their welfare as well as how they can contribute to sustainable transportation and logistics.

Originality/value

This research attempts to identify traits and skills of a truck driver for a sustainable transportation and logistics, and develops a theoretical framework and outline further research directions. This particular study ventures into new domain (the role of truck driver's role in sustainable logistics and transportation).

Details

Industrial and Commercial Training, vol. 47 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0019-7858

Keywords

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