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Book part
Publication date: 25 July 2017

Brandon Dupont, Drew Keeling and Thomas Weiss

We present a continuous time series on first cabin passenger fares for ocean travel from New York to the British Isles covering nearly a century of time. We discuss the…

Abstract

We present a continuous time series on first cabin passenger fares for ocean travel from New York to the British Isles covering nearly a century of time. We discuss the conceptual and empirical difficulties of constructing such a time series, and examine the reasons for differences between the behavior of advertised fares and those based on passenger revenues. We find that while there are conceptual differences between these two measurements, as well as differences in the average values, the two generally moved in parallel, which means that the advertised fare series can serve as a reasonable proxy for movement of the revenue-based fares. We also find that advertised fares declined over time, roughly paralleling the drop in freight rates for US bulk exports, until around 1890, but thereafter increased while freight rates continued to decline. We propose several hypotheses for this divergent behavior and suggest lines of future research.

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Research in Economic History
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-120-1

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Book part
Publication date: 18 December 2007

Drew Keeling

Early twentieth century transatlantic migration was both a massive transoceanic population transfer and a complex travel business. The successful growth of this…

Abstract

Early twentieth century transatlantic migration was both a massive transoceanic population transfer and a complex travel business. The successful growth of this multinational commerce was based not on fare reductions, but on risk management strategies. Shipping lines provided costly carrying capacity sufficient to accommodate severely fluctuating demand for transatlantic migration, and did so in a manner which improved the reliability and quality of travel for migrants.

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Research in Economic History
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-459-1

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Book part
Publication date: 18 December 2007

Alexander J. Field

Research in Economic History, Volume 25, includes six chapters covering a range of geographic areas and tackling a range of issues in economic history. The first two…

Abstract

Research in Economic History, Volume 25, includes six chapters covering a range of geographic areas and tackling a range of issues in economic history. The first two address United States topics, one analyzing data from the eighteenth and the other from the twentieth century. Both have a macroeconomic focus. Peter Mancall, Josh Rosenbloom, and Tom Weiss consider growth in colonial America, while Gary Richardson examines the role of bank failures in propagating the Great Depression.

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Research in Economic History
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-459-1

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1929

AT the request of the Air Council the Sub‐Committee have discussed the general question of airworthiness of both semi‐rigid and non‐rigid airships and have prepared a…

Abstract

AT the request of the Air Council the Sub‐Committee have discussed the general question of airworthiness of both semi‐rigid and non‐rigid airships and have prepared a report on general lines following the precedent of an earlier report on the airworthiness of rigid airships (R. & M. 970). The present report seeks to provide for the adequate checking of a design from the standpoint of safety, whilst leaving the widest freedom to the designer in producing the factors of safety required.

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Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 1 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Book part
Publication date: 25 July 2017

Abstract

Details

Research in Economic History
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-120-1

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 18 December 2007

Abstract

Details

Research in Economic History
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-459-1

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1966

P.E. White

SAFETY is uppermost in the minds of all who travel by sea, and the use of reliable materials and methods of boat construction is essential in establishing confidence. The…

Abstract

SAFETY is uppermost in the minds of all who travel by sea, and the use of reliable materials and methods of boat construction is essential in establishing confidence. The use of fasteners which can perform their function without seizing or deterioration by corrosion over long periods of service goes a long way towards obtaining the desired standard of performance.

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Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 13 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1973

The worlds of ceramics and plastics, often disparate and in direct competition, are being drawn closer together by new processes in which Beetle aminoplastic resins help…

Abstract

The worlds of ceramics and plastics, often disparate and in direct competition, are being drawn closer together by new processes in which Beetle aminoplastic resins help print colourful and complex patterns and pictures on tiles and pottery.

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Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 2 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2002

Naresh K. Malhotra and Betsy Charles Bartels

In international marketing research, the researchers are often required to prespecify the salient attributes of a product or service. However, research that prespecifies…

Abstract

In international marketing research, the researchers are often required to prespecify the salient attributes of a product or service. However, research that prespecifies attributes imposes cultural bias on the results, whereas research that does not specify attributes is open to culturally biased interpretations. The purpose is to present a way of minimizing this bias by using correspondence analysis in a new way that minimizes this source of cultural bias. This is done by using a non‐attribute‐based approach to correspondence analysis. The approach is applied in a real‐life setting to analyze data obtained from a foreign country. Evidence on the validity of the approach is presented and compared with traditional multidimensional scaling. Several applications of this approach in minimizing the attribute prespecification bias in international marketing management are discussed, including image tracking and positioning.

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International Marketing Review, vol. 19 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1937

L.P. Coombes and K.W. Clark

THE design of a flying boat hull is a compromise between the usually conflicting requirements of good performance on the water and in flight. For example, from aerodynamic…

Abstract

THE design of a flying boat hull is a compromise between the usually conflicting requirements of good performance on the water and in flight. For example, from aerodynamic considerations the hull should be without discontinuities, while for low water resistance when planing, discontinuities are necessary in the form of steps and chines, the former to localise the wetted area to that portion providing lift, and the latter to keep the spray as low as possible. Again, though the minimum air drag results from symmetry about the longitudinal axis, it is usual to curve the tail of a hull upwards to give the tail plane sufficient water clearance.

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Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 9 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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