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Article

Douglas Russell and Racquel Warner

The concept of self-regulated learning (SRL) has become increasingly important in higher educational institutes seeking to provide students with a holistic education. It…

Abstract

Purpose

The concept of self-regulated learning (SRL) has become increasingly important in higher educational institutes seeking to provide students with a holistic education. It is important for students entering, and faculty within higher education, to understand whether future time perspective (FTP) or self-efficacy is more predictive of self-regulation. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Through the use convenience sampling, data were collected via an online survey from 130 undergraduate students attending universities in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Data were analysed using regression analysis and inferential measures identifying themes in participants study habits in order to examine whether it is FTP or self-efficacy that more strongly predicts SRL behaviours.

Findings

Results suggest that self-efficacy is a much stronger predictor of SRL in undergraduate students than goal setting, as measured by FTP. Student’s most deficient SRL behaviours related to reading and comprehension of texts prescribed across modules.

Research limitations/implications

Due to the fact that only an adjusted 33 per cent of self-regulation was predicted by the two variables under consideration, researchers are encouraged to identify further variables that may predict students SRL.

Practical implications

This paper seeks to support both students and faculty in how to draw on SRL in order to optimize students’ success in higher education.

Originality/value

The current research supports the identification of learning behaviours specific to branch campuses in a Middle-Eastern context.

Details

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-7003

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Book part

Polina Chemishanova and Charles Tita

The growing body of research on student engagement in online writing courses suggests that learning management system (LMS) technology does not by itself create an…

Abstract

The growing body of research on student engagement in online writing courses suggests that learning management system (LMS) technology does not by itself create an interactive learning situation nor does it automatically engage students in meaningful interactions with their peers and the instructor. Traditional top-down engagement strategies such as a discussion forum, we argue, have not worked to increase student-to-student engagement in the online environment, confirming our contention that students’ notions of engagement and quality are different from instructors’. Engagement should be re-envisioned as a student-centered effort, wherein educators take on the responsibility of implementing strategies that promote student-to-student engagement. This chapter, then, reconceptualizes approaches to student engagement in online writing-intensive classes. It examines how virtual learning environments challenge traditional notions of student engagement, offers some innovative learner–instructor engagement strategies that can be marshaled to improve student learning, and addresses the challenges and successes of this undertaking, in an effort to establish a meaningful and sustainable student-centered online writing classroom.

Details

Improving Classroom Engagement and International Development Programs: International Perspectives on Humanizing Higher Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-473-6

Keywords

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Article

Petra Riefler and Adamantios Diamantopoulos

Consumer animosity has gained considerable attention in international marketing literature as a determinant of foreign product purchase behaviour. The purpose of this…

Abstract

Purpose

Consumer animosity has gained considerable attention in international marketing literature as a determinant of foreign product purchase behaviour. The purpose of this paper is two‐fold: first, a state‐of‐the‐art review of consumer animosity research is presented and specific issues for future research on consumer animosity are raised. Second, potential problems associated with the measurement of consumer animosity are highlighted and an alternative perspective for operationalizing the construct is proposed.

Design/methodology/approach

First, a critical literature review on empirical consumer animosity studies is undertaken. Second, exploratory empirical results are presented, based on unprompted questioning, to identify both targets of animosity by Austrian consumers and underlying reasons for such animosity. Third, a MIMIC model overcoming the shortcomings of the current operationalizations of the consumer animosity construct is proposed.

Findings

The exploratory study on Austrian consumers demonstrates that animosity targets of consumers cannot be considered as being given, i.e. consumers differ in their animosity targets, and there may be a number of (different) reasons causing animosity feelings such as economic, political, religious or personal.

Originality/value

This paper reveals a set of problematic issues in current consumer animosity research and offers concrete approaches to overcome the latter. In particular, a formative measurement approach consistent with the conceptual definition of the construct is suggested and described.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

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Article

Annie Peng Cui, Theresa A. Wajda and Michael Y. Hu

This study aims to examine animosity's role in determining consumers' product choices. Considerable research attention has been devoted to studying the relationship…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine animosity's role in determining consumers' product choices. Considerable research attention has been devoted to studying the relationship between animosity and consumers' willingness to buy foreign products. Few studies, however, have considered that individual consumers may harbor varying degrees of animosity toward different countries, thus, differentially affecting their willingness to buy products from these countries. The within‐subject comparison of the present study seeks to provide a clearer and cleaner approach to examining the impact of animosity on consumers' preferences for foreign products. Extending this line of inquiry, it also aims to explore the link between consumers' choice of products from high versus low animosity countries at different price levels.

Design/methodology/approach

Two studies were conducted to examine the impact of consumer animosity on product choice. Study 1 contains a survey study, and Study 2 is a full factorial conjoint analysis.

Findings

It is discovered that animosity plays a stronger role in determining consumers' willingness to buy foreign products from high‐level animosity countries than from low‐level animosity countries. Through conjoint analysis, the paper demonstrates that consumers are willing to make trade‐offs between price and animosity.

Originality/value

This study fills a void in the literature by exploring what role animosity plays in determining a consumer's choice of products, particularly when different degrees of animosity are held toward different countries. The within‐subject design of this research provides considerable insight on this front. In addition, this study represents an initial attempt to explore the dynamics between animosity and price via a conjoint analysis.

Details

Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 29 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0736-3761

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Article

Yongshuai Wang, Md. Abdullah Al Mahbub and Haibiao Zheng

This paper aims to propose a characteristic stabilized finite element method for non-stationary conduction-convection problems.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a characteristic stabilized finite element method for non-stationary conduction-convection problems.

Design/methodology/approach

To avoid difficulty caused by the trilinear term, the authors use the characteristic method to deal with the time derivative term and the advection term. The space discretization adopts the low-order triples (i.e. P1-P1-P1 and P1-P0-P1 triples). As low-order triples do not satisfy inf-sup condition, the authors use the stability technique to overcome this flaw.

Findings

The stability and the convergence analysis shows that the method is stable and has optimal-order error estimates.

Originality/value

Numerical experiments confirm the theoretical analysis and illustrate that the authors’ method is highly effective and reliable, and consumes less CPU time.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article

Madhurima Deb and Himadri Roy Chaudhuri

– The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of firm ' s reputation and ethnocentrism on young consumer ' s attitude toward products with foreign origin.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of firm ' s reputation and ethnocentrism on young consumer ' s attitude toward products with foreign origin.

Design/methodology/approach

To attain the above objective “Mixed Method Approach” is employed. In the present study mixed method research is proposed by integrating qualitative and quantitative technique for data analysis for better breadth and depth of understanding.

Findings

Reputation of the firm is found to have a significant impact on young consumers as it minimizes animosity and develops positive attitude toward products with foreign origin.

Research limitations/implications

To collect data from the respondents vignettes/story boards were used which led to certain manipulation and hence it could be a limitation.

Practical implications

The findings will be useful for the marketers to design their positioning strategies more specific to their target segments for better results.

Originality/value

The present study made two significant academic contributions. First, the present study added to the literature of consumer behavior by studying young consumer ' s product preference using an integrated model that depicts variables relevant to the context of globalization, with better predictability. Second, by integrating qualitative research method and quantitative research method to develop better breadth and depth of understanding on customer ' s product preference, the study also contributed to the literature of advanced research methodology in consumer behavior.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 32 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

Keywords

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Article

Paul Harvey, Mark J. Martinko and Scott C. Douglas

The purpose of this article is to develop a conceptual model predicting the influence of biased causal explanations for subordinate behaviors and outcomes on a leader's…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to develop a conceptual model predicting the influence of biased causal explanations for subordinate behaviors and outcomes on a leader's functionality and the quality of leader‐member relationships.

Design/methodology/approach

Attribution theory is used to analyze the effect of leader perceptions and emotions on the functionality of leader‐member relationships. It is predicted that the negative emotions and expectancies stemming from biased leader attributions will promote dysfunctional leader behaviors. These dysfunctional behaviors, in turn, are believed to reduce the quality of leader‐member relationships.

Research limitations/implications

Although much of the proposed model is based on empirical evidence, it is acknowledged that some key relationships have not been tested directly in past research. It is suggested that future research can seek to validate these aspects of the model. It is also suggested that future research explore the role of subordinate, as well as leader, attributions in dysfunctional relationships.

Practical implications

Several implications of the model for promoting functional leadership in organizations are described. The importance of leaders being aware of their attributional biases is indicated and information provided on how to assess one's attribution style. Also discussed are implications for reducing situational ambiguity and increasing causal feedback in the workplace.

Originality/value

This paper builds on past attribution theory research to address a shortage of research on the cognitive, interpersonal aspects of functional and dysfunctional leadership.

Details

Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 21 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-3946

Keywords

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Book part

Sharon Seychell

In this chapter the author highlighted the most prominent theories surrounding the cultural framework people operate in when they are involved in the risk management…

Abstract

In this chapter the author highlighted the most prominent theories surrounding the cultural framework people operate in when they are involved in the risk management process, which is an important function in the governance structure of a firm. The focus was on how culture, gender differences and values affect the way people take decisions when faced with risk. The author critically examined literature carried out in the realm of sociology and psychology in organisations and discussed the effect these have on the risk management process. She discussed the effect of sociological factors on the governance of an organisation and linked this to one of the internal control processes, that is, the risk management process. It was concluded that although it is fundamental to study the human element involved in this internal control process, it is also important to be selective of the people who are made responsible for these processes, taking into account risk perception, culture, values and gender and how these factors influence the choices people make. The selection process needed to be carried out carefully, so with foresight, putting the right people in the right places would improve the risk management, an internal control process, and thus lead to better business practices.

Details

Governance and Regulations’ Contemporary Issues
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-815-6

Keywords

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Article

Amro A. Maher, Paul Clark and Ahmed Maher

This paper aims to introduce the concept of admiration for members of other countries as an emotion related to people's perceptions of, and preference for, products that…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to introduce the concept of admiration for members of other countries as an emotion related to people's perceptions of, and preference for, products that originate from the admired country. It also aims to examine the longitudinal effects of animosity.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected by asking members of an internet consumer panel in the USA to complete an online questionnaire. A total of 300 questionnaires were received and 20 were eliminated for extremeness. Panel members were aged 18 and above and the average age of the sample was 44; 60 percent of the participants are female.

Findings

The effects of animosity on the preference for foreign products attenuate over time. Admiration is positively related to a preference for a product from an admired country over a product from another country. Admiration was found to be positively related to Japanese product judgments.

Originality/value

The paper extends the work of Klein, and suggests that animosity can be displaced by a positive emotion, namely admiration. Managers therefore need to assess the emotions directed towards their countries to capitalize on such information when marketing their products.

Details

Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 27 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0736-3761

Keywords

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Article

Cheng Liao and Pengzhan Huang

This study aims to capture the effective behavior of double-diffusion problem, which arises from the combined heat and mass transfer in porous medium and develop the…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to capture the effective behavior of double-diffusion problem, which arises from the combined heat and mass transfer in porous medium and develop the modified characteristics finite element method.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed finite element method deals with the nonlinear term temporal term by modified characteristics method. Then, the authors compute the velocity, pressure, temperature and concentration using the decoupled technique. Finally, to show the efficiency of the method, the authors give some numerical examples.

Findings

From the numerical results, one can see that the method has a good accuracy, which shows that the method can simulate this Darcy–Brinkman problem well.

Originality/value

The originality lies in the fact that the proposed scheme is the first time for solving the Darcy–Brinkman problem, which is a more complicated model, and includes the velocity, pressure, temperature and concentration.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 36 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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