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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1996

Donna R. Hogan

Cooperative reference is defined as “a process through which information assistance is provided, at least in part, by referring the user or the user's questions to…

Abstract

Cooperative reference is defined as “a process through which information assistance is provided, at least in part, by referring the user or the user's questions to library/information personnel at another institution, according to a system of formally established protocols.”

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Reference Services Review, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1989

L.B. Woods, Jennifer Greenstreet, Janet Lee, Donna Hogan and Travis Rickman

The literature is reviewed to show likely future trends of publiclibrary services in the USA. The role of libraries, the nature of users,library buildings and charges for…

Abstract

The literature is reviewed to show likely future trends of public library services in the USA. The role of libraries, the nature of users, library buildings and charges for library services are all examined and general conclusions drawn.

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Library Review, vol. 38 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

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Book part
Publication date: 22 May 2017

Jürgen Deters

Abstract

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Global Leadership Talent Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-543-6

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1982

Stephen Smith

Developments in the technology of electronic transmission of information are rapidly transforming the tools available to the general public for gathering information about…

Abstract

Developments in the technology of electronic transmission of information are rapidly transforming the tools available to the general public for gathering information about current events. Direct access to news and retrieval of bibliographic information pertaining to traditional printed news sources are a daily reality for a growing number of individuals, on the job, at home, through personal computer terminals or at libraries. The purpose of this paper is to examine the characteristics of electronic databases providing access to news, as well as applications of these tools to various library settings.

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Reference Services Review, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Book part
Publication date: 27 December 2013

Ashleigh Thompson

Previous quantitative research documents that college students with disabilities do not attain higher education at rates equal to their nondisabled peers. This qualitative…

Abstract

Purpose

Previous quantitative research documents that college students with disabilities do not attain higher education at rates equal to their nondisabled peers. This qualitative study posits that socioeconomic status (SES) is a determinant of this discrepancy, and explores how SES and disability shape the college experience of New York City (NYC) students with learning disabilities (LDs), specifically.

Methodology

Research findings from semi-structured interviews with students with LDs (n = 10) at a low-SES and a high-SES colleges are presented against the backdrop of administrative data from NYC baccalaureate-granting colleges (n = 44), disability staff surveys (n = 21), and disability staff interviews (n = 9). Examined through the lens of political economy, qualitative data demonstrate the ways colleges create environments that enable or hinder student success through difference in policy implementation.

Findings

Student themes like stress, identity, and entitlement are discussed against the theoretical and empirical exploration of the intersectionality of SES and disability. Socioeconomic differences are linked to variation in students’ college choice, accessing evaluations, requesting accommodations, and receiving supplementary supports.

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Disability and Intersecting Statuses
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-157-1

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1991

Donna Bausch and Nancy Bausch

The task of the financial manager of a library is a formidable one. Wacht defines a financial manager as a person who manages the resources of an economic entity for the…

Abstract

The task of the financial manager of a library is a formidable one. Wacht defines a financial manager as a person who manages the resources of an economic entity for the purposes of influencing the future outcome of its operations. The financial manager plays the major role in planning and measuring the organization's needs for funds, raising the necessary funds, and making certain that the funds acquired are properly employed. A financial manager must also estimate the future cash flow associated with individual projects, in addition to the funds necessary for the total operation of a library. Other duties include the evaluation of prospective new investments and programs on the organization's operations.

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The Bottom Line, vol. 4 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0888-045X

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1989

O. Gene Norman

In the spring of 1982, I published an article in Reference Services Review on marketing libraries and information services. The article covered available literature on…

Abstract

In the spring of 1982, I published an article in Reference Services Review on marketing libraries and information services. The article covered available literature on that topic from 1970 through part of 1981, the time period immediately following Kotler and Levy's significant and frequently cited article in the January 1969 issue of the Journal of Marketing, which was first to suggest the idea of marketing nonprofit organizations. The article published here is intended to update the earlier work in RSR and will cover the literature of marketing public, academic, special, and school libraries from 1982 to the present.

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Reference Services Review, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1996

Xiaoru Liu and Howard B. Kaplan

Hypotheses regarding gender differences in circumstances surrounding the initiation/escalation of binge drinking are tested in a sample of young adults from a general…

Abstract

Hypotheses regarding gender differences in circumstances surrounding the initiation/escalation of binge drinking are tested in a sample of young adults from a general population. The circumstances are measured by six scales. Multiple regression analyses suggest a congruence between observed gender differences in circumstances surrounding initiation and escalation of binge drinking and the literature on gender‐related sociodevelopmental processes: For males, initiation of binge drinking is associated with self‐importance, to be influenced by peers, and to experience confrontation with the authorities. For females, initiation of binge drinking is associated with greater feelings of distress and interpersonal problems. For escalation of binge drinking, no gender effect on peer influence is observed. However, all other gender‐related effects continue to be observed at even greater levels. The results also support the conclusion that the gender‐related effects are at least partially independent although certain of the effects are attenuated when other circumstances are included in the model.

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International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 16 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

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Book part
Publication date: 14 December 2017

David Pettinicchio

Given the growing interest in social movements as policy agenda setters, this paper investigates the contexts within which movement groups and actors work with political…

Abstract

Given the growing interest in social movements as policy agenda setters, this paper investigates the contexts within which movement groups and actors work with political elites to promote their common goals for policy change. In asking how and why so-called outsiders gain access to elites and to the policymaking process, I address several contemporary theoretical and empirical concerns associated with policy change as a social movement goal. I examine the claim that movements use a multipronged, long-term strategy by working with and targeting policymakers and political institutions on the one hand, while shaping public preferences – hearts and minds – on the other; that these efforts are not mutually exclusive. In addition, I look at how social movement organizations and actors are critical in expanding issue conflict outside narrow policy networks, often encouraged to do so by political elites with similar policy objectives. And, I discuss actors’ mobility in transitioning from institutional activists to movement and organizational leaders, and even to protesters, and vice versa. The interchangeability of roles among actors promoting social change in strategic action fields points to the porous and fluid boundaries between state and nonstate actors and organizations.

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On the Cross Road of Polity, Political Elites and Mobilization
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-480-8

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1994

Ben L. Kedia, David J. Ackerman, Donna E. Bush and Robert T. Justice

Examines some of the factors that lead to internationalization offranchising operations. Data were collected from 142 US franchisors andsubjected to discriminant and…

Abstract

Examines some of the factors that lead to internationalization of franchising operations. Data were collected from 142 US franchisors and subjected to discriminant and factorial analysis. Managerial attitudes towards a desire to expand and desire to increase profits were found to have a greater effect on the likelihood of internationalizing franchise operations than did firm size and sales and other managerial attitudes. While the results of this study differ from studies which examined entry into export operations, they are consistent with the assumptions which underlie the selection of franchising as an organizational form.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 11 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

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