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Article
Publication date: 23 March 2021

Dongqing Zhu, Zhiying Zhang and Chunzhen Wang

It is generally believed that supervisors would deter employee unethical behavior. However, drawing from social exchange theory and the theory of moral disengagement, we…

Abstract

Purpose

It is generally believed that supervisors would deter employee unethical behavior. However, drawing from social exchange theory and the theory of moral disengagement, we posit that supervisors are more willing to tolerate employee unethical behavior through moral disengagement when the perpetrator is a high performing employee.

Design/methodology/approach

Study 1, which measured employee unethical behavior in a specific group of doctors through a time-lagged survey, and Study 2, which manipulated employee unethical behavior with a diverse sample by a vignette-based experiment, provided convergent support for our hypothesized 1st-stage moderated mediation model. Hierarchical regression, bootstrapping and ANOVA are used to test our hypotheses.

Findings

Although supervisors generally showed a low social acceptance of an employee who engaged in unethical behavior, they were more likely to socially accept the perpetrator through moral disengagement when the employee was a high rather than a low performer.

Practical implications

Given that supervisor's tolerance of employee unethical behavior may be more dangerous than employee unethical behavior itself, organizations should set up an ethics committee to handle top managers' unethical behavior and consider morality equally important with performance in management practice.

Originality/value

The current research extends research on the interpersonal consequences of employee unethical behavior, explains how moral disengagement promotes social acceptance and identifies the moderating effect of job performance in the process.

Details

Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 36 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-3946

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 June 2021

Qinxuan Gu, Dongqing Hu and Paul Hempel

Drawing on social information processing theory, the purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between team reward interdependence and team performance…

Abstract

Purpose

Drawing on social information processing theory, the purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between team reward interdependence and team performance, treating shared leadership as mediator and team average job-based psychological ownership as moderator.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from a field sample of 72 knowledge-based work teams comprised of 466 team members and their team leaders. Data were analysed using hierarchical regression analysis and moderated path analysis.

Findings

Team reward interdependence was positively related to team performance through shared leadership. Team average job-based psychological ownership moderated both the relationship between team reward interdependence and shared leadership, and the indirect relationship between team reward interdependence and team performance.

Research limitations/implications

The shared leadership literature is extended by exploring the antecedents of shared leadership from the perspective of team reward interdependence, and by examining the moderating role of team average job-based psychological ownership.

Practical implications

Organizations and managers should pay attention to team pay system design and be aware of the importance of employees' psychological ownership towards their jobs in promoting shared leadership in teams.

Originality/value

This study sheds light on the antecedents of shared leadership from the perspective of team incentives and examines antecedent boundary conditions through the moderating role of job-based psychological ownership.

Details

Personnel Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 September 2011

Xingxing Zu, Huaming Zhou, Xiaowei Zhu and Dongqing Yao

The purpose of this study is to investigate the underlying characteristics that influence quality management implementation at manufacturing companies operating in China.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the underlying characteristics that influence quality management implementation at manufacturing companies operating in China.

Design/methodology/approach

The data of this study were based on 199 manufacturing companies collected from a cross‐sectional survey in China. The cultural profiles of these companies were identified through cluster analysis. Multivariate analysis of variance was conducted to identify the effects of operating characteristics and cultural profile on the implementation level of quality management practices.

Findings

The results show that in general, there is no significant difference in implementing quality management practices among companies of different operating characteristics in terms of company size, industry, ownership, and production process. This study reveals that cultural profile is a distinguishing factor to explain the difference in quality management implementation among the companies.

Originality/value

As China is becoming an important supplier of products to the global market, it is necessary to understand how product quality is controlled and managed in China. This study examines the effects of operating and cultural characteristics of companies in China on their implementation of quality management practices. The results contribute to a deeper understanding of how to build an effective quality system at companies in China.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 28 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 28 December 2020

Zhen Zhou, Dongqing Wang and Boyang Xu

The purpose of this paper is to explore a multi-innovation with forgetting factor-based EKF-SLAM (FMI-EKF-SLAM) algorithm to solve the error increasing problem, caused by…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore a multi-innovation with forgetting factor-based EKF-SLAM (FMI-EKF-SLAM) algorithm to solve the error increasing problem, caused by the Extended Kalman filtering (EKF) violating the local linear assumption in simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) for mobile robots because of strong nonlinearity.

Design/methodology/approach

A multi-innovation with forgetting factor-based EKF-SLAM (FMI-EKF-SLAM) algorithm is investigated. At each filtering step, the FMI-EKF-SLAM algorithm expands the single innovation at current step to an extended multi-innovation containing current and previous steps and introduces the forgetting factor to reduce the effect of old innovations.

Findings

The simulation results show that the explored FMI-EKF-SLAM method reduces the state estimation errors, obtains the ideal filtering effect and achieves higher accuracy in positioning and mapping.

Originality/value

The method proposed in this paper improves the positioning accuracy of SLAM and improves the EKF, so that the EKF has higher accuracy and wider application range.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 41 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1998

Gong Yitai

The Library System of China and the Information System of China are the two systems of information organisations in China. This paper discusses the types of information…

Abstract

The Library System of China and the Information System of China are the two systems of information organisations in China. This paper discusses the types of information agencies in each, focusing on structural characteristics, and governing regulations and especially on programmes and activities. Included in the discussion are such topics as publications, cooperative undertakings, new services and evaluation procedures.

Details

Asian Libraries, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1017-6748

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 10 April 2009

Dongqing Liu, Bo Zheng and Pengcheng Yan

The purpose of this paper is to put forward a method which uses a computer to make a large number of simulated tests and determine the reference value of a system…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to put forward a method which uses a computer to make a large number of simulated tests and determine the reference value of a system reliability index according to a unit reliability index.

Design/methodology/approach

At the beginning of conducting an index demonstration and development on a new system, its unit reliability index can already reflect the unit reliability level accurately. Based on this characteristic, this index is used as the confidence lower limit of single side estimated in the unit reliability interval to find the failure distribution law of the unit. On this basis, a great number of simulated tests are made by a computer to calculate the unit failure number and reliability point estimated value every test.

Findings

The confidence lower limit of single side estimated in the system reliability interval is found by counting up the simulated test data of these units.

Research limitations/implications

Availability of data is the main limitation regarding which model will be applied.

Practical implications

A useful advice for system reliability analysis and calculation.

Originality/value

This paper presents a new approach of system reliability analysis.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 38 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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