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Article
Publication date: 1 November 2001

Patrice François, Dominique Bertrand, Jose Labarere, Magali Fourny and Jean Calop

This paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a program designed to improve the quality of drug prescription‐writing at a university hospital in France. Improvement…

Abstract

This paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a program designed to improve the quality of drug prescription‐writing at a university hospital in France. Improvement actions included feed‐back from yearly audits and the dissemination of recommendations on how best to write the prescriptions. A random sample of 30 stays was selected from among the hospitalizations for the year 1996. From each patient, medical records were searched for the first prescription order of the stay and its quality was assessed according to standards. A total of 872 records were relevant and included 3,289 medications. The results were compared to those obtained for the two previous years. Actions to sensitize prescribers resulted in an insufficient improvement of most indicators of prescription‐writing quality with results remaining well below ideal standards. The hospital staff concerned had a positive opinion of the program which led to an awareness of prescription problems. This assessment showed that the program had a moderate impact on prescribers’ practice and efforts must be continued.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 14 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2004

Marie‐Pascale Pomey, André‐Pierre Contandriopoulos, Patrice François and Dominique Bertrand

Examines the dynamics of change that operated following preparations for accreditation. The study was conducted from May 1995 to October 2001 in a university hospital…

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Abstract

Examines the dynamics of change that operated following preparations for accreditation. The study was conducted from May 1995 to October 2001 in a university hospital center in France after the introduction in 1996 of mandatory accreditation. An embedded explanatory case study sought to explore the organizational changes: a theoretical framework for analyzing change was developed; semi‐structured interviews, focus groups, and questionnaires addressed to the hospital's professionals were used and documents were collected; and qualitative and quantitative analyses were carried out. Professionals from clinical and medico‐technical departments participated most. Preparations for accreditation provided an opportunity to reflect non‐hierarchically on the treatment of patients and on the hospital's operational modalities by creating a locus for exchanges and collegial decision making. These preparations also led to giving greater consideration to results of exit surveys and to committing procedures to paper, and were a key opportunity for introducing a continuous quality program.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Article
Publication date: 13 January 2012

M. Averyanova, E. Cicala, Ph. Bertrand and Dominique Grevey

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of main process parameters of selective laser melting (SLM) technology on single lines and single layers…

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2127

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of main process parameters of selective laser melting (SLM) technology on single lines and single layers manufactured from 17‐4 PH martensitic powder using the experimental design approach.

Design/methodology/approach

A fractional factorial approach has been applied to vary and to identify the optimal set of process parameters using three different powder particle size distributions for 17‐4 PH steel. This paper assesses the impact of influence factors such as process and material parameters on objective factors such as dimension of single lines and single layers, as well as surface roughness.

Findings

The influence of process parameters and materials properties on single line and single layer manufacture is shown and proved statistically. The effect of each process parameter and their interactions on single layer and single line stability and quality has been investigated, and a complex objective function analyzing geometrical stability of single lines has been proposed. The findings indicate the most appropriate 17‐4 PH powder particle size distribution.

Originality/value

The research provides a systematic scientific approach using fractional factorial experiment design to identify the influence of process parameters, materials parameters and their combinations on essential martensitic steels (17‐4 PH steel) single lines and single layers characteristics such as geometrical stability and surface roughness. This approach will be extended to 3D parts fabrication and reported in a later paper.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 18 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

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Article
Publication date: 15 May 2007

Susan M. Adams, Atul Gupta, Dominique M. Haughton and John D. Leeth

To provide insights into the experience of women aspiring to the CEO position, particularly regarding qualifications and compensation expectations.

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6053

Abstract

Purpose

To provide insights into the experience of women aspiring to the CEO position, particularly regarding qualifications and compensation expectations.

Design/methodology/approach

The ExecuComp database of executives at 1,500 large US corporations from 1992 to 2004 was used to identify women CEOs and to examine gender differences in compensation of executives over that period. Additional information about the backgrounds of female CEOs was collected from company press releases and regulatory filings.

Findings

Women are not as highly compensated as men before becoming CEO but the few who reach the CEO position receive similar compensation as men. While women CEOs are younger on average than men, they have impressive work experience and education.

Research limitations/implications

The study covers relatively large US companies that are publicly traded; thus, smaller firms and privately‐held firms are not included.

Practical implications

Impressive work experience, usually from within the company, and a strong education seem to be associated with promotion to the CEO position. Female executives should be more aware of the existence of gender differences in compensation at positions other than the CEO.

Originality/value

Much is written about the gender‐based duality of the leadership career and the overall gender gap in compensation. This study adds an in‐depth analysis of compensation at the top of the executive ladder to better understand who makes it to the top and whether they are equitably rewarded.

Details

Women in Management Review, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0964-9425

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Book part
Publication date: 5 November 2016

Andrea Glauser

The landscape of European cities is by no means homogeneous. Nonetheless, the same type of conflict has repeatedly occurred in different places in the last few years: From…

Abstract

The landscape of European cities is by no means homogeneous. Nonetheless, the same type of conflict has repeatedly occurred in different places in the last few years: From Seville to Vienna, from Cologne to St. Petersburg, planned high-rise buildings for inner city districts have provoked fervent arguments and debates. Whether and how European cities should integrate more high-rise buildings is a highly controversial question. This chapter focuses on strategies of vertical construction and related debates about the cityscape in both Paris and Vienna. By studying the urban constellations of Paris and Vienna, it can be shown that what may look comparable at first glance is the outcome of highly different strategies and histories.

Although both cities define themselves to a wide degree with reference to historic structures, the image of tall buildings varies drastically in these cities, which correlates with these cities’ diverse histories and hence experiences with high-rise buildings. Path dependencies and the ways individual cities receive international trends are crucial to understanding processes of urbanization. Based on in-depth interviews with various urban actors and other relevant qualitative data, this chapter aims to demonstrate that a city’s high-rise strategy cannot be attributed to any single factor; rather, it is the result of a complex interplay between various aspects and actors, which crucially includes present and past struggles over cityscapes and therefore over urban spaces.

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Public Spaces: Times of Crisis and Change
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-463-1

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Book part
Publication date: 5 June 2020

Cahal McLaughlin and Siobhán Wills

Two western Europeans produced a film It Stays With You: Use of Force by UN Peacekeepers in Haiti (50 minutes, 2018) about the uses and results of violence by United…

Abstract

Two western Europeans produced a film It Stays With You: Use of Force by UN Peacekeepers in Haiti (50 minutes, 2018) about the uses and results of violence by United Nations peacekeeping troops in Haiti. Here, they offer an opportunity to reflect on and learn from an array of themes that include wealth disparity, resource inequality, language barriers, distant communication, and physical and mental health. Such contrasts of access to resources test the possibilities that participatory practices can offer, and this chapter attempts to draw out what was achieved, and what was not, in such a collaboration, by reflecting on what challenges were faced, how these were addressed, and what lessons were learned.

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Ethics and Integrity in Visual Research Methods
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-420-0

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Book part
Publication date: 28 August 2019

Semra Karakas and Mustafa F. Özbilgin

In this chapter, we examine the notion of ethnic diversity with a view to explore Europe-wide differences in defining and managing ethnic diversity and equality. When…

Abstract

In this chapter, we examine the notion of ethnic diversity with a view to explore Europe-wide differences in defining and managing ethnic diversity and equality. When compared to gender diversity, ethnic diversity does not enjoy similar level of success in Europe. Our analyses show that this is due to the fact that ethnicity and ethnic categories are national. In fact, there are different levels of discussion on ethnicity, where the debate is limited due to historical, cultural and legal differences.

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Race Discrimination and Management of Ethnic Diversity and Migration at Work
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-594-8

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1991

Mark A. Lutz

Introduction Relativism of all shades and kinds is in fashion. For some decades, it has been trying to enter the very bastion of the academic heartland by questioning the…

Abstract

Introduction Relativism of all shades and kinds is in fashion. For some decades, it has been trying to enter the very bastion of the academic heartland by questioning the prevailing cognitive realism in the philosophy of science (Kuhn, Feyerabend). More recently a somewhat different and stronger version of relativism has made some extraordinary advances in literary criticism (the movement of “deconstruction”) and spawned some controversy in the field of law (critical legal studies). The same tendencies have now emerged in architecture (Jencks). More alarmingly, perhaps, in the social sciences we observe a brand new interest in so‐ called “post‐modern” perspectives: post‐modern ethnography in anthropology (Tylor), new voices in sociology (Lash and Urri), and, of course, also the novel ideas representing economics as discourse with a distinctly post‐modern flavor (Amariglio; Rossetti; Milberg; Ruccio).

Details

Humanomics, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0828-8666

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Book part
Publication date: 3 June 2021

Kléber Ghimire

Abstract

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Social Sciences: A Dying Fire
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80117-041-3

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Article
Publication date: 2 October 2009

Hervé Mesure

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338

Abstract

Details

Society and Business Review, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5680

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