Search results

1 – 10 of 474
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 27 September 2011

Mohammad Rezaiee‐Pajand, Cyrus Nasirai and Mehrzad Sharifian

The purpose of this paper is to present a new effective integration method for cyclic plasticity models.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a new effective integration method for cyclic plasticity models.

Design/methodology/approach

By defining an integrating factor and an augmented stress vector, the system of differential equations of the constitutive model is converted into a nonlinear dynamical system, which could be solved by an exponential map algorithm.

Findings

The numerical tests show the robustness and high efficiency of the proposed integration scheme.

Research limitations/implications

The von‐Mises yield criterion in the regime of small deformation is assumed. In addition, the model obeys a general nonlinear kinematic hardening and an exponential isotropic hardening.

Practical implications

Integrating the constitutive equations in order to update the material state is one of the most important steps in a nonlinear finite element analysis. The accuracy of the integration method could directly influence the result of the elastoplastic analyses.

Originality/value

The paper deals with integrating the constitutive equations in a nonlinear finite element analysis. This subject could be interesting for the academy as well as industry. The proposed exponential‐based integration method is more efficient than the classical strategies.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 June 1992

J.C. CAVENDISH, C.A. HALL and T.A. PORSCHING

We describe a novel mathematical approach to deriving and solving covolume models of the incompressible 2‐D Navier‐Stokes flow equations. The approach integrates three…

Abstract

We describe a novel mathematical approach to deriving and solving covolume models of the incompressible 2‐D Navier‐Stokes flow equations. The approach integrates three technical components into a single modelling algorithm: 1. Automatic Grid Generation. An algorithm is described and used to automatically discretize the flow domain into a Delaunay triangulation and a dual Voronoi polygonal tessellation. 2. Covolume Finite Difference Equation Generation. Three covolume discretizations of the Navier‐Stokes equations are presented. The first scheme conserves mass over triangular control volumes, the second scheme over polygonal control volumes and the third scheme conserves mass over both. Simple consistent finite difference equations are derived in terms of the primitive variables of velocity and pressure. 3. Dual Variable Reduction. A network theoretic technique is used to transform each of the finite difference systems into equivalent systems which are considerably smaller than the original primitive finite difference system.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 2 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 February 1997

J. Sorić, U. Montag and W.B. Krätzig

Presents a robust and unconditionally stable return‐mapping algorithm based on the discrete counterpart of the principle of maximum plastic dissipation. Develops the…

Abstract

Presents a robust and unconditionally stable return‐mapping algorithm based on the discrete counterpart of the principle of maximum plastic dissipation. Develops the explicit expression for the consistent elasto‐plastic tangent modulus. All expressions are derived via tensor formulation showing the advantage over the classical matrix notation. The integration algorithm is implemented in the formulation of the four‐node isoparametric assumed‐strain finite‐rotation shell element employing the Mindlin‐Reissner‐type shell model. By applying the layered model, plastic zones can be displayed through the shell thickness. Material non‐linearity described by the von Mises yield criterion and isotropic hardening is combined with a geometrically non‐linear response assuming finite rotations. Numerical examples illustrate the efficiency of the present formulation in conjunction with the standard Newton iteration approach, in which no line search procedures are required. Demonstrates the excellent performance of the algorithm for large time respective load steps.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 January 1992

ZHI‐HUA ZHONG and JAROSLAV MACKERLE

Contact problems are among the most difficult ones in mechanics. Due to its practical importance, the problem has been receiving extensive research work over the years…

Abstract

Contact problems are among the most difficult ones in mechanics. Due to its practical importance, the problem has been receiving extensive research work over the years. The finite element method has been widely used to solve contact problems with various grades of complexity. Great progress has been made on both theoretical studies and engineering applications. This paper reviews some of the main developments in contact theories and finite element solution techniques for static contact problems. Classical and variational formulations of the problem are first given and then finite element solution techniques are reviewed. Available constraint methods, friction laws and contact searching algorithms are also briefly described. At the end of the paper, a bibliography is included, listing about seven hundred papers which are related to static contact problems and have been published in various journals and conference proceedings from 1976.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 3 August 2015

Mark Messner, Armand Beaudoin and Robert Dodds

The purpose of this paper is to describe several novel techniques for implementing a crystal plasticity (CP) material model in a large deformation, implicit finite element…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe several novel techniques for implementing a crystal plasticity (CP) material model in a large deformation, implicit finite element framework.

Design/methodology/approach

Starting from the key kinematic assumptions of CP, the presentation develops the necessary CP correction terms to several common objective stress rates and the consistent linearization of the stress update algorithm. Connections to models for slip system hardening are isolated from these processes.

Findings

A kinematically consistent implementation is found to require a correction to the stress update to include plastic vorticity developed by slip deformation in polycrystals. A simpler, more direct form for the algorithmic tangent is described. Several numerical examples demonstrate the capabilities and computational efficiency of the formulation.

Research limitations/implications

The implementation assumes isotropic slip system hardening. With simple modifications, the described approach extends readily to anisotropic coupled or uncoupled hardening functions.

Practical implications

The modular formulation and implementation support streamlined development of new models for slip system hardening without modifications of the stress update and algorithmic tangent computations. This implementation is available in the open-source code WARP3D.

Originality/value

In the process of developing the CP formulation, this work realized the need for corrections to the Green-Naghdi and Jaumann objective stress rates to account properly for non-zero plastic vorticity. The paper describes fully the consistent linearization of the stress update algorithm and details a new scheme to implement the model with improved efficiency.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 32 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 11 October 2011

Rabe Alsafadie, Mohammed Hjiaj, Hugues Somja and Jean‐Marc Battini

The purpose of this paper is to present eight local elasto‐plastic beam element formulations incorporated into the corotational framework for two‐noded three‐dimensional…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present eight local elasto‐plastic beam element formulations incorporated into the corotational framework for two‐noded three‐dimensional beams. These formulations capture the warping torsional effects of open cross‐sections and are suitable for the analysis of the nonlinear buckling and post‐buckling of thin‐walled frames with generic cross‐sections. The paper highlights the similarities and discrepancies between the different local element formulations. The primary goal of this study is to compare all the local element formulations in terms of accuracy, efficiency and CPU‐running time.

Design/methodology/approach

The definition of the corotational framework for a two‐noded three‐dimensional beam element is presented, based upon the works of Battini .The definitions of the local element kinematics and displacements shape functions are developed based on both Timoshenko and Bernoulli assumptions, and considering low‐order as well as higher‐order terms in the second‐order approximation of the Green‐Lagrange strains. Element forces interpolations and generalized stress resultant vectors are then presented for both mixed‐based Timoshenko and Bernoulli formulations. Subsequently, the local internal force vector and tangent stiffness matrix are derived using the principle of virtual work for displacement‐based elements and the two‐field Hellinger‐Reissner assumed stress variational principle for mixed‐based formulations, respectively. A full comparison and assessment of the different local element models are performed by means of several numerical examples.

Findings

In this study, it is shown that the higher order elements are more accurate than the low‐order ones, and that the use of the higher order mixed‐based Bernoulli element seems to require the least number of FEs to accurately model the structural behavior, and therefore allows some reduction of the CPU time compared to the other converged solutions; where a larger number of elements are needed to efficiently discretize the structure.

Originality/value

The paper reports computation times for each model in order to assess their relative efficiency. The effect of the numbers of Gauss points along the element length and within the cross‐section are also investigated.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

A. Savini

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic…

Abstract

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic community. Observes that computer package implementation theory contributes to clarification. Discusses the areas covered by some of the papers ‐ such as artificial intelligence using fuzzy logic. Includes applications such as permanent magnets and looks at eddy current problems. States the finite element method is currently the most popular method used for field computation. Closes by pointing out the amalgam of topics.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 June 1997

Jaroslav Mackerle

Gives a bibliographical review of the finite element methods (FEMs) applied for the linear and nonlinear, static and dynamic analyses of basic structural elements from the…

Abstract

Gives a bibliographical review of the finite element methods (FEMs) applied for the linear and nonlinear, static and dynamic analyses of basic structural elements from the theoretical as well as practical points of view. The range of applications of FEMs in this area is wide and cannot be presented in a single paper; therefore aims to give the reader an encyclopaedic view on the subject. The bibliography at the end of the paper contains 2,025 references to papers, conference proceedings and theses/dissertations dealing with the analysis of beams, columns, rods, bars, cables, discs, blades, shafts, membranes, plates and shells that were published in 1992‐1995.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 February 1992

R. BARBOSA and J. GHABOUSSI

A numerical technique is described for the analysis of multiple interacting deformable bodies undergoing large displacements and rotations. Each body is considered an…

Abstract

A numerical technique is described for the analysis of multiple interacting deformable bodies undergoing large displacements and rotations. Each body is considered an individual discrete unit, which is idealized by a finite element model. Discrete finite element models interact with their surroundings through contact stresses, which are continually updated as the elements move and deform. The method of analysis consists of a finite element formulation based on a generalized explicit updated Lagrangian method. This formulation is a general finite element formulation, that permits the large deformation analysis of both continuum and discontinuum systems. Different validations of the proposed method of analysis, including cases that involve very large rotations, as well as some examples that demonstrate the application of the discrete finite element method to problems in rock mechanics are presented and discussed in the paper.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 15 June 2015

Ke Wan and Xikui Li

The purpose of this paper is to extend the bridge scale method (BSM) developed for granular materials with only the solid phase to that taking into account the effects of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to extend the bridge scale method (BSM) developed for granular materials with only the solid phase to that taking into account the effects of wetting process in porous continuum. The granular material is modeled as partially saturated porous Cosserat continuum and discrete particle assembly in the coarse and fine scales, respectively.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on the mass and momentum conservation laws for the three phases, i.e. the solid skeleton, the pore water and the pore air, the governing equations for the unsaturated porous Biot-Cosserat continuum model in the coarse scale are derived. In light of the passive air pressure assumption, a reduced finite element model for the model is proposed. According to the decoupling of the fine and coarse scale calculations in the BSM, the unsaturated porous Cosserat continuum model using the finite element method and the discrete element model using the discrete element method for granular media are combined.

Findings

The numerical results for a 2D example problem of slope stability subjected to increasing rainfall along with mechanical loading demonstrate the applicability and performance of the present BSM. The microscopic mechanisms of macroscopic shear band developed in the slope are demonstrated.

Research limitations/implications

Do not account for yet the effects of unsaturated pore water in the fine scale.

Originality/value

The novel BSM that couples the Biot-Cosserat porous continuum modeling and the discrete particle assembly modeling in both coarse and fine scales, respectively, is proposed to provide a micro-macro discrete-continuum two-scale modeling approach for numerical simulations of the hydro-mechanical coupling problems in unsaturated granular materials.

1 – 10 of 474