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Article
Publication date: 14 May 2018

Muhammad Rafiq, Kanwal Ameen and Munazza Jabeen

The purpose of this study is to identify barriers that are hindering digitization initiatives in university libraries of Pakistan.

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1265

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to identify barriers that are hindering digitization initiatives in university libraries of Pakistan.

Design/methodology/approach

The study opted a mixed-methods research design based on quantitative (QUAN) and qualitative (QUAL) strands by using a survey research method. The subjects of the study were central libraries of the universities (both public and private sector) of Pakistan. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used for QUAN data collection in the QUAN strand. In the QUAL phase, in-depth interviews of purposely selected 25 library experts from different parts of the country were conducted.

Findings

Meta-inferences were drawn from the findings of both QUAN and QUAL strands. Both of the research designs provided the requisite data to answer research questions of the study. The finding revealed the barriers which were hindering the digitization activities in university libraries of Pakistan.

Originality/value

The findings of the study are helpful for funding bodies, university libraries and university administration. The findings are also helpful for other developing countries with similar economic and/or social landscapes.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 36 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2006

Laurie Lopatin

To provide a selective bibliography of literature which explores issues and provides guidelines on library digitization projects.

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12292

Abstract

Purpose

To provide a selective bibliography of literature which explores issues and provides guidelines on library digitization projects.

Design/methodology/approach

Literature published from 2000‐2005 on library digitization projects was examined. Issues involving digitization projects are presented, as well as case studies and resources for digitization projects. The paper has the following sections: project management, funding digital projects, selection of materials, legal issues, metadata creation, interoperability, and preservation issues.

Findings

Libraries are undertaking digitization projects to provide wider access to and to preserve materials. The literature survey presents an overview of digitization activities and discussions of issues concerning library digital projects. The authors of the case studies detail how libraries dealt with various components of the projects, such as planning, cataloging, and handling copyright issues. Many aspects of digitization projects will be changing over time, with further research and advances in technology, and the literature on the subject bears watching in coming years.

Practical implications

The articles and resource guides in the literature survey can assist librarians in carrying out digitization projects in their institutions.

Originality/value

It explains how important issues in library digitization projects are being encountered and resolved and provides many practical guidelines and resources for librarians undertaking such projects.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 24 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2014

Shampa Paul and Sashi P. Singh

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the objectives, priorities and criteria of digitization. It also analyses the open access initiatives adopted by the special…

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2442

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the objectives, priorities and criteria of digitization. It also analyses the open access initiatives adopted by the special libraries in National Capital Region of India. The paper further examines the motivating factors of using digital resources.

Design/methodology/approach

The research paper is based on primary survey of librarians and users of special libraries. Weighted index has been used to analyse the factors of digitization while factor analysis is used to study the open access initiatives adopted by the libraries.

Findings

Based on the primary goal of libraries, i.e. to increase their global visibility and the ultimate purpose of such digital projects is to provide greater access to their collections to promote research activities. The paper summarizes that increased accessibility is the most preferred objective; content value is most preferred criterion for digitization. The paper further identifies factors that motivated users to use digital resources.

Practical implications

The availability of digital literature not only helps the local users but provides access to their resources and thus increases the visibility of these libraries globally. The revelation of special libraries to undertake such ventures is not only helpful to establish better information availability and visibility but also to maximize its value and worthiness.

Originality/value

Most existing studies remain on the level of collecting data and interpreting specific cases on digital conversion but this paper not only interprets the reasons of digitization but also investigates reasons of user needs by factorizing them. This paper examines the objectives, criteria and prioritization of material for digitization. It further identifies the factors motivating users to access these digital resources.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 32 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 5 June 2009

Basil Enemute Iwhiwhu and Elvis Ovietobore Eyekpegha

The purpose of this paper is to examine the present digitization projects in Nigerian university libraries and the challenges they pose to effective information delivery.

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2872

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the present digitization projects in Nigerian university libraries and the challenges they pose to effective information delivery.

Design/methodology/approach

The research method employs both qualitative and quantitative methods. The questionnaire is the major instrument used for data collection, with observation as complimentary instrument. The respondents constitute 40 professional and para‐professional staffers drawn from both universities.

Findings

The results from the paper reveal that the libraries lack written policy on digitization, inadequate ICT infrastructures and manpower, fund, and inadequate government support. Users are not given user education/digital literacy to enable them adequately utilizing the available digitized resources and services, thus posing challenges to effective information delivery.

Originality/value

The paper will make for a more conscious effort in institutionalizing digital library services, formulation and implementation of digitization policies, introduction of user education/digital literacy programmes and conscious staff training programme on ICTs for university libraries in Nigeria.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 27 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 25 May 2010

Radovan Vrana

The purpose of this paper is to present the current state of digitization and digital collection development in public libraries in Croatia.

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1963

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the current state of digitization and digital collection development in public libraries in Croatia.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is based on an online survey of public libraries in Croatia on digital collection development and digitization. In total, 165 public libraries were invited to participate in the survey, and Web survey was chosen as the most appropriate tool for surveying geographically dispersed libraries.

Findings

The findings indicate that public libraries in Croatia have taken steps towards enlargement of digital content in their holdings by digitizing their existing library collections. Although the number of digital collections in public libraries in Croatia is still rather small, it is expected that it will increase in the near future. It is also encouraging that public libraries started digitization projects on their own, thus gaining the necessary experience and skills that would help them and other libraries in future digitization projects. Still, they need additional education about digital collection development and process of library material digitization.

Originality/value

The paper article contributes to the growing body of knowledge about digital collections development and digitization in public libraries, as well as about benefits digital collections can provide for libraries in general.

Details

Library Review, vol. 59 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

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Article
Publication date: 11 February 2014

Margarita Moreno and Anne Xu

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the development of digitisation practices at the National Library of Australia Document Supply Service, its convergence with…

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2352

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the development of digitisation practices at the National Library of Australia Document Supply Service, its convergence with similar efforts in the Library's Digitisation and Photography Branch, and how the Library used Relais to manage and report on its digitisation activities.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use a case study approach and their own personal experiences with implementing these services.

Findings

Digitisation based on ILL/DD user demand contributes to building a library's digital collections and helps to preserve valuable collections. Libraries are encouraged to seize opportunities that help to achieve its strategic goals, experiment with new and different approaches and technologies, persevere in the face of obstacles or slow uptake of ideas and solutions, and never stop looking for opportunities to improve user services.

Originality/value

This paper was originally presented at the IFLA World Library and Information Congress, 79th IFLA General Conference and Assembly, 17-23 August 2013, Singapore, Session 200, “Strengthening Access to Information: The Future of Resource Sharing”.

Details

Interlending & Document Supply, vol. 42 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-1615

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Article
Publication date: 8 February 2013

Bogdan Trifunović

The purpose of this paper is to analyze how one relatively small public library, limited in funds and resources, managed to cope with the challenges of digitization of…

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3196

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze how one relatively small public library, limited in funds and resources, managed to cope with the challenges of digitization of audiovisual material related to local heritage. The paper will also tackle the problem of preservation of information on obsolete media and their digitization in an effort of preserving one important part of the cultural legacy of the twentieth century, which is in danger of being lost due to technology advancement or human negligence.

Design/methodology/approach

The author will describe one possible solution of obtaining audiovisual material in libraries and its digitization through established public‐private partnership between the Public Library in Čačak and private enterprise sector, or more precisely between Library's Digitization Centre and a local TV station. This partnership forced librarians to introduce new technologies, equipment and practice in their everyday work, to be able to successfully answer challenges of digitization and preservation of audiovisual material.

Findings

The public libraries should pay attention to their old collections of audio tapes, VHS, Betamax and other media nowadays out of usage, as well as to other audiovisual collections important for the local heritage kept under the auspices of institutions and individuals in the community.

Originality/value

There are not many papers dealing with the described issues of digitization of audiovisual material in public libraries. This paper could be of use for many smaller cultural and memory institutions throughout the world.

Details

OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, vol. 29 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1065-075X

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Article
Publication date: 4 September 2009

Zinaida Manžuch

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate current approaches to assessing digitisation activities in memory institutions.

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3398

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate current approaches to assessing digitisation activities in memory institutions.

Design/methodology/approach

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of digitisation surveys were performed. Analysis concentrated on several themes: general methodological solutions, digitisation objectives, users and usage of digitised content, budgeting and costs of digitisation, and volume and growth of digitised collections.

Findings

Analysis revealed an absence of sound methodology solutions, issues of constructing a sample, the split between strategic and resource management approaches to digitisation, low visibility of user related evaluation criteria, and problems in developing quantitative measures.

Research limitations/implications

Approaches to evaluating digitisation are not restricted to digitisation surveys and to provide a more comprehensive analysis these should be complemented by other data (e.g. interviews of digitisation experts). The identification of surveys was limited by subjective factors such as knowledge of national experts, visibility of reports on the web, and language of publication.

Practical implications

The paper assists in the development of digitisation surveys by highlighting previous gaps and achievements.

Originality/value

The paper is a first attempt to comprehend approaches to monitoring digitisation internationally. Gaps and issues identified in the research can guide studies on developing indicators and measures for specific digitisation activities.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 65 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 20 June 2016

Younghee Noh

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the current digitization levels of Korean libraries by identifying key elements of library services and measuring them for…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the current digitization levels of Korean libraries by identifying key elements of library services and measuring them for conventional vs digital approaches and use.

Design/methodology/approach

The study utilized previous research related to digital libraries and consultations with experts to arrive at 13 evaluation elements and components within them to analyze. For the purpose of this study specialized libraries, college and university libraries, and public libraries were surveyed, and their responses analyzed to rate their current digitization levels vs more conventional approaches.

Findings

First, after determining the elements that characterized the conventional and digital libraries by analyzing different pieces of literature and consulting with experts, 92 factors were identified for each of the conventional and digital elements based on the axis which was composed of 13 items. Second, this study indicated that the libraries obtained one of the conventional or digital characteristics independent of the situation, rather than that the digital library was more effective than the conventional library. Third, in evaluating the chosen libraries used as the examples, it was observed that the libraries had more conventional characteristics among the elements of the digital and conventional libraries. Also, based on the axis used for comparison of 13 items, elements such as the next generation service, the SNS service, and the library program service were more conventional, but elements such as classification and cataloging, acquisition, and the organization were more digitized.

Originality/value

This study is the first study in the world to measure the level of digitization of the library. Therefore, hereafter, each library will be able to measure and determine its digital position based on these elements. Up to now, some research was performed in pursuit of extracting the elements of a library but it had relied solely on literature review. Comprehensive research had never been performed as in this study.

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2004

Yan Quan Liu

This study investigates current practice in digitizing library materials in the USA. Building a good digital collection has been a common task, pervasive in all types of…

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7525

Abstract

This study investigates current practice in digitizing library materials in the USA. Building a good digital collection has been a common task, pervasive in all types of libraries. Digitization becomes more and more crucial, affecting libraries while they work towards becoming digital. Researchers and practitioners would like to know what practices have been developed to deal with the challenges that pose the most significant problems or concerns for libraries in digitization. Through probing some widespread issues on what materials to digitize, and the associated standards and technologies in digitization in US libraries, this survey of current literature reveals a number of prominent library digitization practices, methods and challenges, and highlights the best practices, trends and interests in library digitization pertaining to both policy and technology marketplace issues.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 28 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

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