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How is the global embedded in the national? How do national institutions enable global relations? And how in turn is citizenship being transformed as a social, political…
How is the global embedded in the national? How do national institutions enable global relations? And how in turn is citizenship being transformed as a social, political, and legal institution amidst these two-way ties? These are some of the important questions at the heart of Saskia Sassen's paper examining the “denationalization” of citizenship. Drawing on a wide diversity of theoretical literatures, and complicating simple sound bites with her sensitivity to the contested character of key concepts, Sassen here offers inspiration and provocation in equal amounts. Her approach is inspiring in part because of the insistence from the start that it is the always-incomplete nature of citizenship that allows for it to be both developed and studied as an outcome of diverse insurgencies against the exclusion and marginalization of the non-citizen or sub-citizen. Sassen thus models a way of theorizing citizenship that problematizes its enclosure as a fixed and finalized socio-legal institution. Instead, she shows how it can be explored as a congeries of ongoing and open-ended citizenship struggles or projects. These ongoing processes of redefinition, she suggests, have a tendential trajectory, and it is with Sassen's attempt to chart this trajectory that her paper makes its particular provocation: namely the argument that today, in the context of globalization, we are seeing citizenship becoming increasingly denationalized.
The current wave of privatization, abroad more aptly referred to as denationalization, has achieved decidedly mixed results. Performance shortfalls have been fostered by operational weaknesses in the nature of the denationalization process, and by structural deficiencies which impede the performance of particular tasks. Argues that it is likely that part of the cure lies in the involvement of auditors on a proactive basis, that is before significant commitments have been made. Further, Western‐trained auditors should be well equipped to strengthen the model of the process, to select efficient and effective means of accomplishing tasks, and to oversee the carrying out of the programme.
Reports the lead up to the privatization of the three public corporations in Japan and the performance of the resultant privatized enterprises. Examines the problems…
Reports the lead up to the privatization of the three public corporations in Japan and the performance of the resultant privatized enterprises. Examines the problems associated with privatization such as denationalization and deregulation and suggests ways that future privatizations might be hastened and improved.
THAT admirable champion of free enterprise, Aims, has published a booklet in which economist Alfred Sherman, who is also one of Mrs Thatcher's speech writers, calls for a…
THAT admirable champion of free enterprise, Aims, has published a booklet in which economist Alfred Sherman, who is also one of Mrs Thatcher's speech writers, calls for a Minister for Denationalisation to dismantle the “vast parasitic apparatus” of State industry.
The research is rooted in the interest in educational biographies of ethnic and linguistic minorities in Europe during the twentieth century. The purpose of this paper is…
The research is rooted in the interest in educational biographies of ethnic and linguistic minorities in Europe during the twentieth century. The purpose of this paper is to give an answer to the question of how the nationalistic educational norms during the period of totalitarian regimes manifested themselves in the educational biographies of minorities, and how much individuals and collectives transferred their scholastic denationalisation experiences (e.g. prohibition of alphabetisation in their mother tongue) to the following generations. In other words, if and how traces of the previously named experiences, for example the attitude towards education, can be found in insecurities and attitudes of the first or even the second follow-up generation.
The theoretical foundation used for this research is the conception of school as “institutional actor” theorised by Helmut Fend (2006). Fend used a widened concept based upon Weber’s (1922/1988) action-theoretical, Luhmann’s (2002) system-theoretical and Scharpf’s (2000) and Schaefers’ (2002) institution-centred approaches. This scientific background designs a theoretical concept of school fitted for the social and pedagogical research field. Specifically, in Fend’s analysis of design- and action-oriented potentials, Fend (2006) “turns his special attention to the processes in the educational field, which are implemented by actors, who themselves act in the context of institutional framework conditions” (p. 17).
The experience of school in totalitarian contexts manifests itself in individual and collective memories, later found in the following generations with particular emphasis on the approaches towards education.
This paper analyses the transgenerational impact of the experiences ethnical minorities had with schools.
The significance of truancy ‐ This chapter discusses truancy from school as a focusing device for analysing the consequences, educational, social and economic of the…
The significance of truancy ‐ This chapter discusses truancy from school as a focusing device for analysing the consequences, educational, social and economic of the nationalisation of the education system. In the opening sections, an attempt is made to define truancy and to indicate the scale of the problem. In sections 5 and 6, an explanation of truancy is advanced in terms of the effects that a nationalised education industry has on curricular and economic decision‐making. In section 7, the problem of truancy is analysed on a comparative basis drawing on differences between education in liberal society and education in collectivist society. Finally, tentative suggestions are advanced with a view to the partial denationalisation of the education industry.
This paper aims to analyse the extent to which privatising – or denationalising land – has legal and policy effects.
It applies the law in context scholarship to the question of land privatisation.
Of all the recent privatisations in England, the most valuable, and yet least recorded, is of land. According to one estimate, two million hectares or 10 per cent of the Britain landmass, left the public sector for private ownership between 1979 and 2018. Privatisations include land that is sold, leased or where a public body changes its status. This paper aims to explore these privatisations, considering them as denationalisations, concluding that the effects are most significant in housing where the differences between social and private renting in relation to rents, the security of tenure and housing quality are striking. Moreover, although other public law restraints on the state-owned property are often limited, they are also still significant, facilitating scrutiny, particularly in combination with the public sector equality duty or site-specific duties for libraries, allotments or playing fields. All the sites disposed of to private developers, landlords and companies have lost these protections.
This is the first time this question has been considered in this way from a legal perspective.
Globalisation is generally defined as the “denationalisation of clusters of political, economic, and social activities” that destabilize the ability of the sovereign State…
Globalisation is generally defined as the “denationalisation of clusters of political, economic, and social activities” that destabilize the ability of the sovereign State to control activities on its territory, due to the rising need to find solutions for universal problems, like the pollution of the environment, on an international level. Globalisation is a complex, forceful legal and social process that take place within an integrated whole with out regard to geographical boundaries. Globalisation thus differs from international activities, which arise between and among States, and it differs from multinational activities that occur in more than one nation‐State. This does not mean that countries are not involved in the sociolegal dynamics that those transboundary process trigger. In a sense, the movements triggered by global processes promote greater economic interdependence among countries. Globalisation can be traced back to the depression preceding World War II and globalisation at that time included spreading of the capitalist economic system as a means of getting access to extended markets. The first step was to create sufficient export surplus to maintain full employment in the capitalist world and secondly establishing a globalized economy where the planet would be united in peace and wealth. The idea of interdependence among quite separate and distinct countries is a very important part of talks on globalisation and a significant side of today’s global political economy.
The transition from a product driven to market driven culture has enforced changes in management style in previously nationalised companies. This article examines the…
The transition from a product driven to market driven culture has enforced changes in management style in previously nationalised companies. This article examines the background to the phenomenon of privatisation in the United Kingdom and explores current practice. The transition to change over two decades has brought about more demanding and value conscious customers along with a technological revolution in information technology. Corporate culture is seen as the litmus test in shaping changes in performance, and a strong culture is an important factor in unifying the social dimensions of an organisation. Privatisation has seen changes emerge in some companies more dominantly than in others. The principal purpose of this paper is to use this background as a building block to describe the detailed empirical research that has been conducted within three previously nationalised companies. This research is reported in the next issue of this journal.
This article identifies major public financial management developments in the European Community (EC). Despite a certain degree of disparity, the EC member countries have…
This article identifies major public financial management developments in the European Community (EC). Despite a certain degree of disparity, the EC member countries have had a number of common developments in public financial management. In general, central governments of most EC member countries were faced with resource constraints, growing spending demands and large budget deficits. Moreover, fiscal changes had to be made in order to reach the single European market goal targeted by 1992. Thus, several fiscal policy and management initiatives were developed including tax reforms, changes in spending programs, improve-ments of government performance, and fiscal harmonization. The results of these initiatives are reflected in the patterns of central government receipts and outlays in the EC member countries.