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Cognitive moral development, often referred to as moral reasoning, stems from the field of cognitive developmental psychology and moral psychology. Early work done by Jean…
Cognitive moral development, often referred to as moral reasoning, stems from the field of cognitive developmental psychology and moral psychology. Early work done by Jean Piaget studying the cognitive abilities of children to make moral judgments as they grow and mature created the foundation for the later work of Lawrence Kohlberg and James Rest in studying the moral reasoning abilities of adults. Thus, moral reasoning refers to the cognitive process of how a person reasons about ethical situations. This chapter will present the evolution of the use and validity of cognitive moral development/moral reasoning in determining how individuals resolve ethical or moral dilemmas. Further, more recent models and potential measurement of moral reasoning and ethical decision-making including our intuition and emotions will be discussed and suggestions regarding directions for developing methods to measure such cognitive and emotional (or intuitive) means by which individuals make difficult moral choices will be discussed.
In this chapter, we introduce a new construct we call “Perceived Deception in Online Consumer Reviews” (PDOCR). Online reviews of products are very important to companies…
In this chapter, we introduce a new construct we call “Perceived Deception in Online Consumer Reviews” (PDOCR). Online reviews of products are very important to companies and customers, yet they are vulnerable to unethical representations. Even regardless of whether a deceptive review has been posted or not, we take the position that it is important to understand consumers’ perceptions of deception because it is a consumer’s perception that leads him or her to experience subsequent feelings and opinions and to consider follow-up actions. We draw on the literature and build on the Elaboration Likelihood Model and Cognitive Dissonance Theory to create an overarching framework of antecedents of PDOCR, consequences, and moderators. We also report findings from a sample of in-depth interviews with real consumers about their thoughts on these phenomena and related constructs. We use our framework and theories and the qualitative data to derive Research Questions that we hope will spur future research on these important issues.
THE topics of the Library Association Conference and the election of the Council of the Association naturally absorb a great deal of attention this month. To deal with the second first: there were few novelties in the nominations, and most of the suggested new Councillors are good people; so that a fairly good Council should result. The unique thing, as we imagine, about the Library Association is the number of vice‐presidents, all of whom have Council privileges. These are not elected by the members but by the Council, and by the retiring Council; they occupy a position analagous to aldermen in town councils, and are not amenable to the choice or desires of the members at large. There are enough of them, too, if they care to be active, to dominate the Council. Fortunately, good men are usually elected, but recently there has been a tendency to elect comparatively young men to what are virtually perpetual seats on the Council, simply, if one may judge from the names, because these men occupy certain library positions. It, therefore; is all the more necessary that the electors see that men who really represent the profession get the seats that remain.
This paper aims to explore service-user perspectives of sensory approaches introduced and promoted by the trauma and self-injury service within the National High Secure…
This paper aims to explore service-user perspectives of sensory approaches introduced and promoted by the trauma and self-injury service within the National High Secure Healthcare Service for Women (NHSHSW) at Rampton Hospital.
This cross-sectional descriptive study used a semi-structured questionnaire, which was devised for this evaluation and included both open and closed questions. The data collected were then analysed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis.
The paper evaluates the current use of sensory approaches within the NHSHSW. Sensory approaches were widely used across the service, with essential oils being the most commonly used sensory approach. The use of sensory approaches can be understood according to the following three themes: independence, accessibility and self-regulation. The self-regulation theme contained three sub-themes as follows: safety-seeking, relaxation and reducing distress. The evaluation also highlighted barriers to using sensory approaches and sought service-user feedback as to how these may be overcome.
Participants’ feedback informed changes to practice, such as introducing sensory approaches to service-users earlier in their care pathway and increasing the accessibility of sensory items. These approaches may be of relevance to service provision in other forensic or inpatient settings.
This paper offers a unique contribution to the current literature with its focus on using sensory approaches to ameliorate trauma symptoms, in the context of a forensic setting.
While the much‐maligned saying, “Business as usual,” has its imperative and very necessary application to the upholding of our commerce and financial position during the war, one is inclined to ask those patriots who day in and day out decry the loyalty of thousands who are carrying a double and sometimes even a treble burden to keep business going, what is to be done if the country is exhausted by the drying up of her resources, and the ruin of her industries, we cannot but feel that the time has come for all of us to put to ourselves the enquiry as to where our own duty lies? Many who have not the physical fitness or strength for the actual fighting line might yet, we believe, find room in the direct service of the State. We have a splendid list of men who, greatly loving home and honour, have sacrificed position and given themselves for service abroad. Are there not others who are great enough to follow in their train? The large places may be already filled, but the strain on the country intensifies month by month, and we can only come to full self‐realisation as the very thought of self is slain, and the splendid spirit in the line, “Who dies if England lives?” enters into our own hearts.
The worldwide trend of Financial Technology (Fintech) reached the Malaysian shores in the past few years, making the observations and analysis of this subject more…
The worldwide trend of Financial Technology (Fintech) reached the Malaysian shores in the past few years, making the observations and analysis of this subject more critical than ever. Furthermore, Fintech has developed to be an unavoidable area in the Islamic finance industry. Therefore, this chapter seeks to analyse the development of Fintech in the Islamic finance industry and its connection to Islamic economics, as well as the impact towards existing regulatory mechanisms. While the scarcity of studies on this area is apparent, the authors have identified the undebatable need to regulate the development of the Fintech industry and its effects while analysing the drawbacks and positive effects of Fintech towards parties involved in the Islamic finance industry. This chapter objectively studies the phenomenon of Islamic Fintech globally with emphasis on Malaysia through analytical research methods by utilising existing facts and findings on Fintech to make proposals for possible issues identified. Existing legal frameworks are studied and scrutinised to determine whether they can accommodate the rapidly evolving Fintech. The new Regulatory Sandbox by Malaysia’s central bank and existing laws are also examined. It is found that there is a room for improvement to the current regulatory framework.
There can be few who will regret the departure of 1966. As he makes his way towards that dim hall where the years are supposed to sit on their granite columns there will be few sighs at the parting. The year has been ‘a holy terror’ to almost everybody. Contraction has been its forte and uncertainty its foible. There have been severe restraints on enterprise, the crushing of many hopes and an air of apathy verging on despair. Future historians may well describe contemporary events as taking place ‘in the year of the Freeze’, much as it was once common to say ‘in the year of the French Revolution’.