Explores the development of regulations for “Accounting forResearch and Development” in four countries: USA, UK, FederalRepublic of Germany and Sweden. Seeks to illuminate…
Explores the development of regulations for “Accounting for Research and Development” in four countries: USA, UK, Federal Republic of Germany and Sweden. Seeks to illuminate the processes of accounting regulation in the specific institutional contexts of each advanced capitalist country, with reference to the particular mix of organizing principles of dispersed competition, hierarchical control and spontaneous solidarity.
Innovation, the successful exploitation of new ideas, is an important driver of economic growth. The traditional view of innovation as a pipeline process based around commercialising scientific or technological invention has today been replaced by a broader understanding that innovation is not necessarily linear and reaches far beyond the production of products to be focused on successful market outcomes. Based on the authors' experience of innovation policy development in Scotland, this paper concludes that there needs to be a dramatic change in approach to innovation policy if Scotland is to sustain long-term economic growth and competitive advantage.
Summarizes briefly the development of online bibliographic databases from their beginnings in the early 1970s to the present. Warns that most academic journal publishers…
Summarizes briefly the development of online bibliographic databases from their beginnings in the early 1970s to the present. Warns that most academic journal publishers have not changed their structures and overheads and that they must now co‐operate strategically with agents and libraries if they are not to be made redundant by the virtual library.
October 27, 1969 Redundancy — Dismissal — “By reason of redundancy” — Hotel employee — Reasons for dismissal — Inconsistency in tribunal's findings — Basic reason for dismissal that younger staff required — Whether dismissed by reason of redundancy — Redundancy Payments Act, 1965 (c.62), ss. 1 (2) (b), 9 (1) (2) (b).