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This paper examines the influence of stress arousal and burnout as mediators of the negative relations between role stressors and job outcomes (satisfaction, performance…
This paper examines the influence of stress arousal and burnout as mediators of the negative relations between role stressors and job outcomes (satisfaction, performance, and turnover intentions) among a sample of AICPA members working in public accounting. It extends prior research which examined these linkages (Chong & Monroe, 2015; Fogarty, Singh, Rhoads, & Moore, 2000; Smith, Davy, & Everly, 2007) by evaluating a model that simultaneously incorporates stress arousal and the three fundamental dimensions of burnout, i.e., emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. This paper also utilizes a recently validated stress arousal measure designed to capture the worry and rumination aspects of arousal posited to be responsible for a number of negative personal outcomes.
The results indicate that role stressors, mediated by stress arousal and the individual burnout dimensions, have a negative influence on job outcomes. In line with predictions regarding the temporal ordering of stress arousal and burnout in the model, each of the job stressors had a significant positive influence on accountants’ stress arousal, and the influence of the individual role stressors on each burnout dimension was either partially or fully mediated via their relations with stress arousal. In turn, the influence of stress arousal on each of the job outcomes was either partially or fully mediated through its relations with emotional exhaustion.
The case study analyses competition in the automobile industry in Zimbabwe, a developing economy. From that perspective, it discusses Puzey and Payne’s business…
The case study analyses competition in the automobile industry in Zimbabwe, a developing economy. From that perspective, it discusses Puzey and Payne’s business operations; a company with a long-standing history in the country’s automobile industry. Since its establishment during the Colonial era, the company endured a prolonged period of rapid car and spare parts sales decline in 2012. Following a management buyout deal in 2013, the decline in sales proved to be its real dilemma and it required strategic decisions to diffuse the impact of the “grey markets”. Government policies added to the company’s problems.
The case study follows a qualitative research approach. Information about Puzey and Payne’s business operations was gathered from archived materials, through qualitative conversations as well as company artefacts. Published materials in newspapers and magazines were used to provide background information.
Relevant courses and levels
The case study is appropriate for both undergraduate and postgraduate students studying International Business Management.
In the contemporary relation between economics and Judeo‐Christian thought, Smith identifies three positions. These are disciplinary autonomy for economics, disciplinary…
In the contemporary relation between economics and Judeo‐Christian thought, Smith identifies three positions. These are disciplinary autonomy for economics, disciplinary interdependence between economics and Christian thought, and distinctively Christian economic analysis. Little evaluation has been made of these positions. Two representatives, as Smith classifies them, of the disciplinary autonomy and interdependence positions are evaluated from the distinctively Christian economic analysis viewpoint. Unlike Smith's classification, both J. David Richardson and Anthony Waterman are assessed as belonging to the disciplinary autonomy group, in which mainstream orthodox economic science is allegedly able to proceed independent of religious input. This position is criticized insofar, as Richardson's major and influential paper in the area (1988) is found to disregard any appraisal of the contribution of modern orthodox economic theory to the explanation of real world processes, and to overlook the contribution Christian thought might make to economic explanation. Both Richardson and Waterman assume an understanding of the “science” in economic science that is problematic, while Waterman utilizes arguments from the philosopher Leslek Kolakowski, and the economist Frank Knight, that are contestable from a Christian perspective.
This paper seeks to argue that there are many failings in current responses to youth crime and antisocial behaviour in England and Wales, which means that the time is ripe…
This paper seeks to argue that there are many failings in current responses to youth crime and antisocial behaviour in England and Wales, which means that the time is ripe for reform.
This paper summarises the analysis and recommendations of the Independent Commission on Youth Crime and Antisocial Behaviour, which in July 2010 published its report, Time for a Fresh Start, and a book, A New Response to Youth Crime, setting out the evidence on which the report was based. These are considered against a backdrop of failings of the current system and in the context of current cuts in public services.
The present system in England and Wales fails to resolve the tension between punishment and welfare in a coherent way. It is ineffective in preventing crime and reoffending, it targets the disadvantaged and it is incomprehensible to most young offenders. The Commission proposes that in future restorative justice should be the core of the youth justice system.
The paper argues that a reformed system would exert a stronger influence on young offenders, would be more satisfying to victims and would inspire greater confidence in the general public.
Spotlights that strategic alliances are widely used within the aerospace industry and the success of Europe’s Airbus Industrie consortium has been much publicized. Less…
Spotlights that strategic alliances are widely used within the aerospace industry and the success of Europe’s Airbus Industrie consortium has been much publicized. Less well‐documented has been the success of some of Europe’s leading engineering companies, such as Rolls‐Royce, Daimler‐Benz and BMW, in supplying aero engines to the world’s airlines. Again collaborative ventures have played an important part in helping these firms to build market share within this highly competitive global market. Reviews the changes that have taken place within both the airframe and the engine sectors of the aerospace industry in recent years. Critically evaluates the part that strategic alliances have played in the increasing commercial success of the European Union in both sectors. Highlights differences in the nature and role of such alliances as well as their impact on the structure of each sector.
Fire and gas detection systems involve the processing of signals from gas, temperature, smoke and ultra‐violet instruments. There is a trend towards the use of…
Fire and gas detection systems involve the processing of signals from gas, temperature, smoke and ultra‐violet instruments. There is a trend towards the use of micro‐processor controlled programmable equipment and this article reviews some of the advantages and disadvantages. The effects of duplication and triplication are explained and it is suggested that the use of redundancy does not always enhance reliability. The particular quality assurance requirements which arise from the existence of software‐related failures are also discussed.
Most Master′s Degrees in Management include a research project. Adissertation is normally required which sets the managerial problemunder investigation within the context…
Most Master′s Degrees in Management include a research project. A dissertation is normally required which sets the managerial problem under investigation within the context of the subject and explores possible wider implications. However in manufacturing industry, management consultants are increasingly being used to solve problems and act as change agents. Describes a major course exercise that focuses specifically on consultancy and managerial problem solving. The exercise is unusual in that it is company‐based and relies heavily on action learning. Since the course participants are practising managers, the exercise represents a major piece of management development.
The available failure rate sources are compared. Models require repeatability to be valid. Whereas the parameters and conditions of Boyle's law enjoy this feature, failure…
The available failure rate sources are compared. Models require repeatability to be valid. Whereas the parameters and conditions of Boyle's law enjoy this feature, failure rate models are not so constrained. Hence wide ranges apply when comparing data sources. These ranges are wide compared with the acceptable tolerances for failure rate predictions. It is argued that a simple failure model, as depicted in Table IV, is justified by the foregoing.