Analyses the wide range of issues to be considered when launching a new product development programme. Stresses the importance of new product development in taking a…
Analyses the wide range of issues to be considered when launching a new product development programme. Stresses the importance of new product development in taking a successful company forward. Discusses the risks involved – in the marketplace four out of five new products result in failure. Examines options for where a new product development department should fit into the company – e.g. in the marketing department, in the technical department or as a stand‐alone department. Outlines the advantages and disadvantages of using an external consultant to advise on the setting up of new product development or relying on existing staff. Stresses the importance of analysis and feedback from any methods used. Concludes there is no ideal new product organisation – what's best for one firm might not be best for another. Asserts that in reality, a range of new product organisations can be found, and tailored to meet individual needs.
Professor Jean Rudduck will use a grant from BLRDD, over 18 months commencing in January 1987, to look at post‐graduate teacher training courses in six settings. The project will cover issues related to the retrieval, organisation, presentation and criticism of information and knowledge. Among topics investigated will be formal introductions to the library, students' use of books and libraries, their management of course work assignments, their perceptions of knowledge and information handling and their experiences of study skills teaching as part of teaching practice. Much useful background information can be found in LIR Report 24, The sixth form and libraries: problems of access to knowledge by Jean Rudduck and David Hopkins (£9.50 from the British Library Publications Sales Unit, Boston Spa, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7BQ). For additional information please contact Professor Jean Rudduck, University of Sheffield, Division of Education, Arts Tower (Floor 12), Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN (Tel: 0742–768555). BLRDD is hoping to support a parallel study which will look at similar issues in undergraduate teacher training courses.
As part of its response to Total Quality, Nationwide Building Society discovered that much value added could be achieved through internal benchmarking. A cross‐functional team was assembled and a process developed whereby the resulting “best practices” could be managed in such a way so as to influence managers′ behaviours and attitudes towards continuous improvement. A programme of 16‐week secondments for line managers was developed during which they could act as consultants to other branches. Two‐hundred high potential locations were identified from across Nationwide′s 700+ network and a two‐month consultancy service was delivered over a period of 18 months during 1991/92. The Best Practice initiative achieved significant benefits and changes in behaviours particularly in the area of management style and now forms a formal part of Nationwide′s continuous improvement methodology.
The results of an assignment to examine local government finance and training in Benue State, Nigeria are presented in this case study. The financial and management…
The results of an assignment to examine local government finance and training in Benue State, Nigeria are presented in this case study. The financial and management techniques which need to be developed are discussed. A résumé of the financial and administrative condition is given and policy and organisational issues are discussed. Target areas — revenue, budgeting and accounts — are identified, as are training requirements and problems encountered.
The following is an annotated list of materials that discuss the ways in which librarians can provide library users with orientation to facilities and services, and instruct them in library information and computer skills. This is RSR's 11th annual review of this literature, and covers publications from 1984. A few items from 1983 have been included because of their significance, and because they were not available for review last year. Several items were not annotated because the compiler was unable to secure them.
There are several small territories in the Caribbean that have not yet gained their independence and remain under the control of a metropolitan power. These include the…
There are several small territories in the Caribbean that have not yet gained their independence and remain under the control of a metropolitan power. These include the territories governed by the United Kingdom (UK) and the Netherlands. This chapter analyses the way in which education policy and reform are enacted in these quite unusual circumstances – with pressures and influences both from the territories and their respective metropoles. The chapter is constructed around two interlinked parts. The first considers the broader political and economic relationships that exist, and the place that education has within them. Both the UK and the Netherlands use language, such as, “partnership,” “prosperity,” and “renewal” to describe their approach to the territories, including in relation to the education sector. However, both governments have used different mechanisms to facilitate change – the British have a slightly more detached approach, while the Dutch are more hands-on. This has important implications for the way in which education is managed in their territories and the consequences that result – and these issues are explored further in the second part of the chapter. By focusing particularly on the Dutch BES (Bonaire, Saint Eustatius, and Saba) islands and Bermuda (a UK Overseas Territory), the chapter traces the contours of recent education reforms, and evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of the particular approaches taken. The more flexible approach of the UK is perhaps preferable, but here too concerns are raised about neocolonialism and the lack of sensitivity when it comes to local norms and practices.
The auto industry in the USA is facing tremendous challenges – plunging demands due to economic downturn, the gloomy trend in technology development, and fierce global…
The auto industry in the USA is facing tremendous challenges – plunging demands due to economic downturn, the gloomy trend in technology development, and fierce global competition. This article aims to examine the challenges of supply chain management and to propose a triple‐C (cease‐control‐combine) remedy for the North American auto industry's supply chain management.
The authors applied management theories, collected information from managers at different levels of the auto industry's supply chain management, and developed a novel theoretical model of sustainability in supply chain management for the auto industry.
It is argued that outsourcing to low cost countries – the current supply chain strategy – is not only unsustainable but also irresponsible for the auto industry and society. A triple‐C (cease‐control‐combine) remedy is proposed for the auto industry's supply chain management.
The proposed triple‐C strategy will save the auto industry money in R&D investment, reduce quality cost and inventory waste, help the industry go through the volatile economy, and achieve sustainable development. With close relationships and strong supports from suppliers, the industry can speed up technology development, introduce new gas efficiency models quickly, and become less dependent on gas price. Finally, the triple‐C strategy will help the industry keep jobs and generate new jobs in the USA. These activities lead to public support and restored corporate image.
The current business environment is analyzed, problems of current supply chain strategy discussed, and a new supply chain strategy remedy for the North American auto industry proposed.