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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Andy Dawson and David Brown

The purpose of this article is to introduce the theme of this special issue which contains a selection of papers written by the staff of UCL SLAIS.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to introduce the theme of this special issue which contains a selection of papers written by the staff of UCL SLAIS.

Design/methodology/approach

The history of the School is briefly described and its philosophy of taking a broad and inclusive approach to professional education is reviewed.

Findings

There is considerable benefit to professional education in an institution which incorporates all branches of information work, and retains a sense of the value of traditional skills in tandem with an exploitation of new technologies. The contributors to this issue reflect this both by the range of disciplines which they represent and by the range of topics, from the most traditional to the most modern, and demonstrate the synergy between them.

Originality/value

The article provides an introduction to the special issue and promotes the value of an inclusive approach to professional education in the information disciplines.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 58 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 22 May 2015

Martin King and Ian Cummins

David Peace’s Red Riding quartet (1974; 1977; 1980; 1983) was published in the UK between 1999 and 2002. The novels are an excoriating portrayal of the violences of men…

Abstract

Purpose

David Peace’s Red Riding quartet ( 1974; 1977; 1980; 1983 ) was published in the UK between 1999 and 2002. The novels are an excoriating portrayal of the violences of men, focusing on paedophilia and child murder, the hunt for the Yorkshire Ripper and, predominantly, the blurring of boundaries between the activities of police officers, criminals and entrepreneurs. This chapter aims to examine the way in which the criminal entrepreneur draws on socially constructed ideas of masculinity and the capitalist ideal in order to establish identity. This will be achieved through an examination of John Dawson, a character central to the UK Channel Four/Screen Yorkshire’s Red Riding Trilogy, the filmed version of the novels, first screened in 2009. The central role of networks of powerful men in creating space for the criminal entrepreneur and the cultural similarities between police officers and criminal entrepreneur will be explored.

Methodology/approach

Using the research approach of bricolage, the chapter provides a reflexive commentary on the films, drawing on a number of other texts and sources, including news accounts of featured events and interviews with the author David Peace and the series co-producer Jamie Nuttgens – an analysis of the texts, using a framework suggested by van Dijk (1993) and McKee (2003) features.

Findings

The centrality of the idea of hegemonic masculinity to the activities of both police officers, and criminals and businessmen and Hearn’s (2004) assertion that the cultural ideal and institutional power are inextricably linked are examined through an analysis of the role of Dawson (and his three linked characters in the novels) in the Red Riding Trilogy.

Research limitations/implications

The chapter provides an analysis of one film series but could provide a template to apply to other texts in relation to topic.

Social implications

The social implications of the findings of the research are discussed in relation to work on the impact of media representations (Dyer, 1993; Hall, 1997).

Original/value

It is intended that the chapter will add to the growing body of academic work on the criminal entrepreneur and the ways in which media representation of particular groups may impact on public perception and construction of social policy.

Details

Exploring Criminal and Illegal Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-551-8

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1981

David A Kirby and David C Law

This analytical article points to the lack of retail business experience and knowledge which characterises many of the small shopkeepers across this country. It also makes…

Abstract

This analytical article points to the lack of retail business experience and knowledge which characterises many of the small shopkeepers across this country. It also makes clear how far the small independent retailer feels hounded by government and competition and suggests that help may be in order. Also contained here are the results of a pilot survey of prospective purchasers and vendors of small retail units and the article points to the need for further research into the birth and death of small retail businesses.

Details

Retail and Distribution Management, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-2363

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1976

John A. Dawson and David A. Kirby

Woolco opened a superstore at Cwmbran in South Wales last October. The store is 9,290 sq metres in size and adds yet another major unit to an area which already contains a…

Abstract

Woolco opened a superstore at Cwmbran in South Wales last October. The store is 9,290 sq metres in size and adds yet another major unit to an area which already contains a Carrefour at Caerphilly and an Asda at Rogerstone (Newport). The authors are involved in a programme of research which is attempting to monitor the impact on consumer behaviour and retail structure of this particular Woolco. Their findings on the consumer aspect were reported in RDM March/April 1975; this article outlines the attitudes of retailers outside the town's central area to the opening of the superstore.

Details

Retail and Distribution Management, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-2363

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1977

John A. Dawson

In 1972 a Bill passed by the French Parliament inaugurated a scheme to give help to elderly and long‐experienced small retailers, in the form of direct grants and pension…

Abstract

In 1972 a Bill passed by the French Parliament inaugurated a scheme to give help to elderly and long‐experienced small retailers, in the form of direct grants and pension schemes. John Dawson has been assessing the effect of the legislation and the nature of the grants awarded.

Details

Retail and Distribution Management, vol. 5 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-2363

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1975

John A. Dawson and David A. Kirby

The south Wales region is increasingly taking on a test‐tube character for assessing shopping patterns throughout the country as a whole. Cwmbran New Town, situated some…

Abstract

The south Wales region is increasingly taking on a test‐tube character for assessing shopping patterns throughout the country as a whole. Cwmbran New Town, situated some five miles south of Pontypool and 16 miles north‐east of Cardiff, has been described as being “likely to be regarded as Britain's most successful out‐of‐town shopping centre.” Some 88% of planned retail floorspace is located in the town centre, the remainder being in eight neighbourhood shopping centres. In addition, the town is within the catchment area of the UK's first‐ever Carrefour, at Caerphilly; and an Asda unit at Rogerstone (Newport). A further major development is to be the arrival of a Woolco superstore of 100,000 sq ft, to be opened in the centre in the autumn; in addition there is likely to be a Marks & Spencer next year, plus a 50,000 sq ft supermarket for J.Sainsbury. Everybody, it seems, is coming to Cwmbran. This article sets out to examine patterns of shopping behaviour before these developments take place, and specifically consumer attitudes to the Woolco superstore. The authors conclude from their survey that neighbourhood centres will suffer a reduction in sales volume, and that in the town centre, blight may extend.

Details

Retail and Distribution Management, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-2363

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1981

IN a recent Money programme on BBC TV Sir Monty Finniston was seen advocating the need for greater investment in industry as opposed to money being sent abroad to be…

Abstract

IN a recent Money programme on BBC TV Sir Monty Finniston was seen advocating the need for greater investment in industry as opposed to money being sent abroad to be invested either in Japanese industry or American real estate.

Details

Work Study, vol. 30 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1977

John A. Dawson and David A. Kirby

Since the early 1970s considerable interest has been focussed, by a variety of bodies in many countries, on the problems faced by small shop operators. The result has been…

Abstract

Since the early 1970s considerable interest has been focussed, by a variety of bodies in many countries, on the problems faced by small shop operators. The result has been an increased awareness of these problems by policy makers and planners at both the national and local level but there have been few attempts to solve the problems. The problems are neither new nor unique to Britain. In America, for instance, research in the 1930s defined particular problems and subsequent studies attempted to determine the future of the small shop in the American retail system. In contrast, the early British workers were concerned to describe the trading characteristics of small unit retailing and it was not until the publication of the Bolton Committee findings in 1971 that attention was focussed specifically on the operational problems of the small retail unit. As a consequence, British retail planning, in contrast to many other European countries, possesses few formal policies of direct relevance to the small shop.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution, vol. 7 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0020-7527

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Article
Publication date: 20 April 2009

Nick Gore and David Dawson

The study investigated the frequency of adverse life events and prevalence of MD recorded for clients with intellectual disabilities (ID) in a medium secure unit, using…

Abstract

The study investigated the frequency of adverse life events and prevalence of MD recorded for clients with intellectual disabilities (ID) in a medium secure unit, using data from an electronic patient record (EPR) system. Prevalence of MD was calculated on the basis of ICD‐10 diagnoses and a 38‐item checklist was developed to investigate adverse/traumatic life events for sub‐samples with and without MD. High rates of MD were reported overall, particularly of schizotypal and delusional disorders and disorders of personality. Adverse life events including abuse, bereavement and relationship difficulties had been documented by clinicians. The overall number of recorded events was significantly higher for clients diagnosed with a MD. Associations between MD and life events have been reported previously, but not in a forensic ID population. The study contributes to a growing body of literature highlighting the relationship between life events and mental health in people with ID, offering further information for service development and clinical practice.

Details

The British Journal of Forensic Practice, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6646

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1977

John A. Dawson

The marketing system — as expressed through institutions such as wholesalers and retailers — has in recent years made a marked impact on city centres and suburbs. The…

Abstract

The marketing system — as expressed through institutions such as wholesalers and retailers — has in recent years made a marked impact on city centres and suburbs. The author here examines the effect of hypermarkets, particularly in France, and city centre shopping centres in this country; he also looks at the advantages of pedestrianisation.

Details

Retail and Distribution Management, vol. 5 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-2363

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