This paper presents a theoretical framework that extends the benefits of some core elements of operations strategy to the field of entrepreneurship. We show that the field…
This paper presents a theoretical framework that extends the benefits of some core elements of operations strategy to the field of entrepreneurship. We show that the field of operations strategy, with its predominant focus on fit among configuration, competencies, and logistics, offers valuable insights into many strategic and tactical challenges that entrepreneurs face as they try to create business models and enter new markets or establish footholds in existing, but well‐defended markets. It is our aim to highlight the need for future endeavors linking the two fields.
The purpose of this study is to identify antecedent factors in addition to merit that contribute to the designation of first author on a publication. A second purpose is…
The purpose of this study is to identify antecedent factors in addition to merit that contribute to the designation of first author on a publication. A second purpose is to provide knowledge of the significance and implications of being designated first author on a research article in the management discipline. A third purpose is to propose directions for further research.
The study consists of an empirical analysis of archival data gathered from 780 authors of 260 coauthored articles from top-tier journals and uses logit regression to analyze the data.
The empirical analysis shows that under certain conditions author need and author power are factors that combine with merit as antecedents to the designation of being the first author of an article.
To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first empirical study that identified antecedent factors that contribute to first authorship beyond the prescribed factor of merit which professional norms in management assume is the one and only factor that contributes to being designated as first author.
El propósito de este estudio es identificar los factores que anteceden, además del mérito, a la designación del primer autor en una publicación. Un segundo objetivo es proporcionar conocimiento sobre la importancia y las implicaciones de ser designado primer autor en un artículo de investigación en la disciplina de gestión. El tercer propósito es proponer direcciones para futuras investigaciones.
El estudio consiste en un análisis empírico de los datos de archivo recopilados de 780 autores de 260 artículos de revistas de primer nivel y utiliza la regresión logit para analizar los datos.
El análisis empírico muestra que, bajo ciertas condiciones, la necesidad y el poder del autor son factores que se combinan con el mérito como antecedentes de la designación como primer autor de un artículo.
Hasta donde alcanza nuestro conocimiento, este es el primer estudio empírico que identifica los factores que anteceden a la primera autoría más allá del factor de mérito, el cual es según las normas profesionales el único factor que contribuye a ser designado como primer autor.
O objetivo deste estudo é identificar fatores antecedentes, além do mérito, que contribuem para a designação do primeiro autor em uma publicação. Um segundo objetivo é fornecer conhecimento da importância e das implicações de ser designado primeiro autor em um artigo de pesquisa na disciplina de gerenciamento. Um terceiro objetivo é propor orientações para futuras pesquisas.
O estudo consiste em uma análise empírica dos dados de arquivo coletados de 780 autores de 260 artigos em coautoria de periódicos de primeira linha e usa a regressão logit para analisar os dados.
A análise empírica mostra que, sob certas condições, a necessidade e o poder do autor são fatores que se combinam com o mérito como antecedentes à designação de ser o primeiro autor de um artigo.
Até onde sabemos, este é o primeiro estudo empírico que identifica os fatores que precedem a primeira autoria além do fator de mérito, que, segundo as normas profissionais, é o único fator que contribui para ser designado como primeiro autor.
A survey of returned expatriate managers in an American multinational found that their assignments to subsidiary companies overseas had been an enjoyable experience for…
A survey of returned expatriate managers in an American multinational found that their assignments to subsidiary companies overseas had been an enjoyable experience for most of them. But only 35 per cent of the sample felt satisfied with the repatriation process into the US. Reasons included difficulty in readjusting to US life and culture, to the head office organisation and their own changed status, and to the career development ladder, where they felt their career opportunities were limited. It is suggested that measures to prevent these problems occurring could include a guarantee of a satisfactory job on return, an arrangement to maintain the expatriate's home, regular visits to the US, and planned support and training before and after the assignment from experienced senior personnel.
Shane and Venkataraman (2000) and Venkataraman (1997) suggest that the field of entrepreneurship seeks to understand how opportunities are discovered, created, and exploited, by whom, and with what consequences (italic added). Surprisingly and despite the fact that the person – the entrepreneur – is central to the creation of new ventures, entrepreneurship scholars are reluctant to explicitly include individual differences in formal models of new venture formation. For example, notwithstanding the important role that entrepreneurs play in forging new wealth and creating new jobs, research to identify cognitive processes, attitudes, behaviors, traits, or other characteristics that distinguish entrepreneurs from others who opt to work as employees remains somewhat marginal. Indeed, only very few studies on individual differences have been published in leading management journals. One possible explanation for this reluctance is that in the past researchers might have classified most individual differences as traits research and thus criticism spilled over to include all individual difference research, regardless of whether the focus was trait, cognitions, emotions, attitudes, behaviors, or other characteristics.
The aim of this paper is to conceptualize employees' sustainable work abilities, or their long‐term adaptive and proactive abilities to work, farewell at work, and contribute through working. Sustainable work is defined as to promote the development in personal resources leading to sustainable work ability.
The conceptual paper distinguishes vital personal resources underlying an employee's sustainable work ability and categorizes these resources with the help of integral theory. Collaborative work crafting was outlined as a tool to promote the development of personal resources and sustainable work ability.
Sustainable work ability depends on personal resources relating to our human nature as both individual and communal beings with both interior and exterior worlds. Work crafting may create sustainable work in which existing personal resources are benefited from, developed further through learning, or translated into novel resources.
When formal job descriptions and preplanned job design do not work in post‐industrial work, traditional job design can be replaced by collaborative work crafting, which allows development in both work and employees.
The paper synthesizes different types of personal resources needed for sustainable working and outlines their development processes, rather than adds one more theory to explain some specific aspect of well‐being, development, and functioning. The paper offers one of the first definitions of sustainable work.
The purpose of this paper is to develop a model that takes into account both personal and contextual factors in explaining individuals' motivation to share their knowledge.
Drawing from research on achievement motivation and social exchange, it is posited that goal orientations provide a framework for individuals' knowledge sharing by shaping how they cognitively value the costs and benefits associated with sharing their knowledge. It is argued each of the goal orientations is associated with preferences for sharing specific types of knowledge and is that a focus on different aspects of the knowledge provider‐recipient relationship.
The model provides a possible explanation for some of the inconsistencies in existing knowledge‐sharing research on the factors that motivate knowledge sharing as well as expanding understanding of the conditions that facilitate knowledge sharing.
For organizations to encourage the desired knowledge sharing, they may need to maintain human resource management (HRM) practices that recognize the different motivations associated with each of the goal orientations.
The model developed integrates research on goal orientations and knowledge transfer to expand understanding of how individuals cognitively value the costs and benefits of sharing their knowledge.
Provides a literature synthesis on the impact of downsizing on the survivors and examines the experiences of three large Canadian companies. Results confirm trends that…
Provides a literature synthesis on the impact of downsizing on the survivors and examines the experiences of three large Canadian companies. Results confirm trends that are generally reported in the literature regarding the negative aspects of downsizing. It suggests that where the company had a clear strategy to implement the downsizing, which included scheduling and a well‐specified operational plan, the impact on those dismissed as well as the survivors was buffered. The use of a downsizing plan also mitigated the negative responses on behalf of the remaining personnel. On the other hand, when the company adopts a reactive approach towards the downsizing process, numerous problems associated with the survivors are reported. The firm that applied seniority to layoff decisions received more favorable responses than firms that used criteria other than seniority.
Entrepreneurship is a source of innovation, job creation, and vibrancy for local and regional economies. As a direct result, there is a profound interest in creating an…
Entrepreneurship is a source of innovation, job creation, and vibrancy for local and regional economies. As a direct result, there is a profound interest in creating an infrastructure that effectively encourages entrepreneurship and incubates entrepreneurial endeavors. Western State University has responded to this call by developing the Harvey Entrepreneurship Program, which is integrated in the Enterprise Residential College.The Harvey program provides a socially embedded experiential learning approach to entrepreneurial education. Faculty, students, entrepreneurs, and technical experts are drawn together in an environment that provides space for business incubators and an entrepreneurially focused curriculum. In this article, we present a case study in which we use qualitative research methods to explore the benefits and challenges of creating such a program.The delivery model that Enterprise Residential College provides for entrepreneurial education is examined through the perspectives of program administrators, faculty, and students. The findings reveal evidence that a residential college can form a powerful nexus of formal instruction, experiential learning, socialization, and networking to influence entrepreneurship. We discuss relevant findings that may aid others considering similar endeavors.