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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2005

Ruey‐Kei Chiu and Jason C.H. Chen

The paper aims to propose a model that attempts to build an innovative common gateway compliant with RosettaNet Standards for the secure message exchange between…

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1455

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to propose a model that attempts to build an innovative common gateway compliant with RosettaNet Standards for the secure message exchange between electronic businesses in this age of internet economy.

Design/methodology/approach

The use of RosettaNet Standards is to achieve the effectiveness and efficiency of message exchange, and consequently gain mutual benefits by means of agile response for cross‐organizational co‐operation. This common message gateway is built and implemented as an organization's front‐end interface, but is seamlessly integrated with business's back‐end information systems for the message exchange with the business partners of the organization. The proposed common gateway service model provides organizations with low cost, high efficiency, high security of message exchange and transmission over the internet. A prototyping system is also built and tested in a local network devices manufacturing company with its suppliers to examine its feasibility and efficiency.

Findings

The result shows that the service model can help the company to achieve a new level of efficiency and effectiveness of streamlining data flow and creating a seamless link with its business partners in this era of internet economy.

Originality/value

The paper presents a common gateway service system for secure data exchange and transmission over the internet between business partners to build a value‐added supply network.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 105 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1997

Bing Yu and David T. Wright

Examines the wide range of business process analysis/modelling (BPA/M) tools available, and compares the features of 12 specific tools. Presents two case studies with…

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3543

Abstract

Examines the wide range of business process analysis/modelling (BPA/M) tools available, and compares the features of 12 specific tools. Presents two case studies with examples of software tool analysis results. The discussion addresses whether these tools meet the needs of managers of change and business process re‐engineering (BPR) initiatives, and offers suggestions for future tool evolution. The focus is to highlight the differences between the often lofty claims of tool vendors, and both the real needs of BPR analysts and implementors, and the actual capabilities of the BPR tools. The BPA/M tool market has three groups: drawing packages with templates; drawing packages with templates and some spreadsheet‐like capabilities; and the heavyweight BPA/M tools proper, akin to discrete event simulators. The general strengths of such heavyweight tools include: the high price for low software complexity, the large number of confusingly similar tools, the lack of comprehensive standards, and the potential “faddishness” of the tools. Irrespective of evolving management trends, the authors contend that the future use of similar process analysis tools is assured if standards issues are addressed.

Details

Business Process Management Journal, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-7154

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1999

Avraham Sless, Yohanan Arzi and Daniel Sipper

This paper deals with a systematic approach for deriving an object based information model for CIM systems. Owing to the complex nature of CIM environment it is often…

Abstract

This paper deals with a systematic approach for deriving an object based information model for CIM systems. Owing to the complex nature of CIM environment it is often difficult to identify data structures and functionality of such a system. An object based modeling methodology is presented, along with clustering based procedure for deriving a static structure model from functional requirements. Performance measures for evaluating the “quality” of the derived model are presented and discussed. A sample manufacturing application is provided in order to illustrate the approach.

Details

International Journal of Agile Management Systems, vol. 1 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1465-4652

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1994

R.E. Leon

In this article we review the Internet's protocols and mainstream services. Section I provides an overview of the Internet's history and its bodies. Section 2 looks at the…

Abstract

In this article we review the Internet's protocols and mainstream services. Section I provides an overview of the Internet's history and its bodies. Section 2 looks at the Internet's overall architecture and goals. The IP protocol which deals with data encapsulation and host addressing is reviewed in Section 3, whilst transport control protocols are discussed in Section 4. Section 5 looks at the mainstream services based on TCP/IP protocols, i.e. telnet, ftp, electronic mail, newsgroups and finger.

Details

Online and CD-Rom Review, vol. 18 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1353-2642

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2000

Samson Tam, W.B. Lee, Walter W.C. Chung and Henry C.W. Lau

A typical product design project involves a number of activities, and each activity requires human resources support. These activities and resources must be properly…

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1306

Abstract

A typical product design project involves a number of activities, and each activity requires human resources support. These activities and resources must be properly planned and scheduled in order to achieve optimum project time and cost. This paper proposes a process planning and scheduling (PPAS) system which is based on the concept of process planning typically used for the planning of production activities. Object technology (OT) is chosen as the platform for the development of the PPAS model for its specific characteristics such as inheritance, encapsulation, polymorphism etc. Presents the concept of the PPAS system, discusses its relationship with reference to product design, and proposes the use of object technology as a platform for building the PPAS.

Details

Logistics Information Management, vol. 13 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6053

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 15 May 2020

Horst Treiblmaier, Kristijan Mirkovski, Paul Benjamin Lowry and Zach G. Zacharia

The physical internet (PI) is an emerging logistics and supply chain management (SCM) concept that draws on different technologies and areas of research, such as the…

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4332

Abstract

Purpose

The physical internet (PI) is an emerging logistics and supply chain management (SCM) concept that draws on different technologies and areas of research, such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and key performance indicators, with the purpose of revolutionizing existing logistics and SCM practices. The growing literature on the PI and its noteworthy potential to be a disruptive innovation in the logistics industry call for a systematic literature review (SLR), which we conducted that defines the current state of the literature and outlines future research directions and approaches.

Design/methodology/approach

The SLR that was undertaken included journal publications, conference papers and proceedings, book excerpts, industry reports and white papers. We conducted descriptive, citation, thematic and methodological analyses to understand the evolution of PI literature.

Findings

Based on the literature review and analyses, we proposed a comprehensive framework that structures the PI domain and outlines future directions for logistics and SCM researchers.

Research limitations/implications

Our research findings are limited by the relatively low number of journal publications, as the PI is a new field of inquiry that is composed primarily of conference papers and proceedings.

Originality/value

The proposed PI-based framework identifies seven PI themes, including the respective facilitators and barriers, which can inform researchers and practitioners on future potentially disruptive SC strategies.

Details

The International Journal of Logistics Management, vol. 31 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-4093

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1994

Gerti Kappel and Stefan Vieweg

Changes in market and production profiles require a more flexibleconcept in manufacturing. Computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)describes an integrative concept for…

Abstract

Changes in market and production profiles require a more flexible concept in manufacturing. Computer integrated manufacturing (CIM) describes an integrative concept for joining business and manufacturing islands. In this context, database technology is the key technology for implementing the CIM philosophy. However, CIM applications are more complex and thus more demanding than traditional database applications such as business and administrative applications. Systematically analyses the database requirements for CIM applications including business and manufacturing tasks. Special emphasis is given on integration requirements due to the distributed, partly isolated nature of CIM applications developed over the years. An illustrative sampling of current efforts in the database community to meet the challenge of non‐standard applications such as CIM is presented.

Details

Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 5 no. 4/5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2005

Subhas C. Misra and Virendrakumar C. Bhavsar

Presents the results of a study aimed at investigating the antecedent software development factors that affect quality of final products. By monitoring those causal…

Abstract

Purpose

Presents the results of a study aimed at investigating the antecedent software development factors that affect quality of final products. By monitoring those causal factors from the early phases of development, one can have a final product of enhanced quality and reduced costs.

Design/methodology/approach

The study considered an unprecedentedly large number of 30 C++ object‐oriented systems of varied size and application domains, a comprehensive suite of large number of predictive software design or code measures in one study, and compared their results on a common platform.

Findings

It was found that many of the software design or code measures have a significant positive or negative relationship with quality.

Originality/value

The value of the paper lies in the fact that it addresses some of the major problems from which most of the studies conducted in this research domain suffer. The objective and justification of this paper are to address these deficiencies, in addition to validating some of the results obtained in earlier studies. Another important value of the paper lies in the fact that, based on the results of the study, the paper enlists useful lessons learned that can provide some practical insight for practitioners and quality managers.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 22 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2004

Margo Hanna

Higher education (HE) is becoming a big business, with huge investments in IT technology supporting online learning. With the awareness of the knowledge economy has come a…

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6253

Abstract

Higher education (HE) is becoming a big business, with huge investments in IT technology supporting online learning. With the awareness of the knowledge economy has come a growing consciousness that HE constitutes a large industry or economic sector in its own right. In a marketing fashion, we understand that some customers present much greater profit potential than others. But, how will we find those high‐potential customers in a database that contains hundreds of data items for each of millions of customers? Data mining software can help find the “high‐profit” gems buried in mountains of information. However, merely identifying the best prospects is not enough to improve customer value. One must somehow fit the data mining results into the execution of the content management system that enhances the profitability of customer relationships. However, data mining is not yet engaged into e‐learning systems. This paper describes how we can profit from the integration of data mining and the e‐learning technology.

Details

Campus-Wide Information Systems, vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1065-0741

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2005

Junaid M. Shaikh

We expect an explosive application of these technologies to take place when they become mature and may further assist auditors in improving the quality of their work. How…

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7760

Abstract

Purpose

We expect an explosive application of these technologies to take place when they become mature and may further assist auditors in improving the quality of their work. How to use some of the computer‐assisted auditing techniques (CAATs) more effectively with the emerging information technologies.

Design/methodology/approach

Constructed an infrastructure with the support of emerging technologies. Electronic auditing (EA) framework–prepared and used with information technology, these examples are object‐oriented distributed middlewares, internet security technologies, and intelligent agents.

Findings

How a CPA may conveniently audit the loan account of a bank with EA framework. Demonstration/application.

Research limitations/implications

Auditors will have to design one specialized audit software for each auditee's electronic data processing (EDP) system if the EDP system uses proprietary file formats or different operating systems. The EA has some limitations. This approach depends on distributed middlewares standards, i.e. CORBA, DCOM, or Java RMI, to enable the interconnections of the auditor's GASI, auditee's EDP systems.

Practical implications

This system emulates EDP applications in the banking industry and is based on the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) architecture industrial standard.

Originality/value

How auditor could effectively apply existing CAATs with the support of the modern information technologies such as object‐oriented distributed middleware, internet security technologies, and intelligent agents. Furthermore, this article proposes a new auditing approach that we call EA. Application in banking and financial institution for auditing banks loan account.

Details

Managerial Auditing Journal, vol. 20 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-6902

Keywords

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