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Article
Publication date: 28 March 2008

Anis Chelbi, Daoud AitKadi and Houda Aloui

The purpose of this study is to propose and model an inspection and preventive maintenance policy for randomly failing systems that alternate operating and idle periods according…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to propose and model an inspection and preventive maintenance policy for randomly failing systems that alternate operating and idle periods according to their mission profile.

Design/methodology/approach

A maintenance policy is defined and modeled mathematically. The paper focuses on finding the age T for inspection which maximizes the stationary availability of the system.

Findings

Except for the case of only self‐announcing failures, there always exists a finite optimal strategy T*. Two sufficient conditions for the uniqueness of such an optimum are also derived.

Practical implications

Many productive systems alternate operating and inactive periods, their failures may be self‐announcing or not self‐announcing (detected only through inspection). This paper presents a maintenance strategy for such systems in order to maximize their stationary availability. The proposed strategy suggests submitting the system to inspection when its age reaches T units of time.

Originality/value

This paper states a general expression of the system stationary availability which is considered as the performance criterion. Conditions of existence and uniqueness of an optimal strategy are developed.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 May 2015

Ghofrane Maaroufi, Anis Chelbi, Nidhal Rezg and Ait-Kadi Daoud

The purpose of this paper is to determine a nearly optimal inspection sequence for a series system consisting of two components subject to gradual deterioration and whose failures…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine a nearly optimal inspection sequence for a series system consisting of two components subject to gradual deterioration and whose failures are not self-announcing and can be detected only through inspection.

Design/methodology/approach

The problem is tackled in the context of condition-based maintenance (CBM) with a maintenance model in the class of the control-limit policies for which the maintenance decision is made following inspection by comparison of the deterioration level to critical thresholds. A mathematical model is developed to express the total expected cost per time unit as a function of the inspection instants.

Findings

For any given series system composed of two components with known critical deterioration threshold levels, and for any given set of costs related to inspection, inactivity due to failure, and preventive and corrective replacements of each component, a nearly optimal inspection sequence of the system is derived such as the total expected cost is reduced.

Research limitations/implications

Due to the complexity of the cost model with the inspection instants (×1, ×2, ×3, …) being the decision variables, it has not been possible to derive the optimal solution. A quasi-optimal sequence of inspection times is derived along with the corresponding total average cost per time unit.

Practical implications

In many practical situations in which CBM is implemented, a tradeoff between inspection costs and inactivity and replacement costs has to be balanced when determining the intervals between successive inspections at which the degradation level of the components should be assessed and compared to predetermined critical threshold levels. Inspecting too often would increase inspection costs but in the same time it would also increase the probability to avoid a failure and end up with a preventive replacement, whereas not inspecting often enough would increase the probability to end up with a failure increasing replacement and inactivity costs.

Originality/value

While the inspection problem has been largely treated for single component systems, inspection policies become much more complex when considering multi-component systems. A two-component series system is considered in this paper.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 21 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 28 March 2008

Abdelhakim Artiba

346

Abstract

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2005

Mustapha Nourelfath, Nabil Nahas and Daoud AitKadi

The purpose of this paper is to formulate a new problem of the optimal design of a series manufacturing production line system, and to develop an efficient heuristic approach to…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to formulate a new problem of the optimal design of a series manufacturing production line system, and to develop an efficient heuristic approach to solve it. The optimal design objective is to maximize the efficiency subject to a total cost constraint.

Design/methodology/approach

To estimate series production line efficiency, an analytical decomposition‐type approximation is used. The optimal design problem is formulated as one of combinatorial optimization where the decision variables are buffers and types of machines. This problem is solved by developing and demonstrating a problem‐specific ant system algorithm. Numerical examples illustrate the effectiveness of the algorithm.

Findings

It has been found that this algorithm can always find near‐optimal or optimal solutions quickly. The approach developed in this paper for manufacturing lines can be adapted for power systems and telecommunication systems.

Originality/value

The paper presents a new approach for the optimal design of buffered series production lines. This optimization approach aims at selecting both the machines and the levels of buffers. The paper also develops an efficient solution approach based on the ant system meta‐heuristic.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2003

Mustapha Nourelfath, Daoud Aitkadi and Wassy Isaac Soro

Reconfiguration mechanisms lead to the design of robust manufacturing systems which have the capability to allow the service continuity, in the presence of a failure, on the basis…

1140

Abstract

Reconfiguration mechanisms lead to the design of robust manufacturing systems which have the capability to allow the service continuity, in the presence of a failure, on the basis of a minimal degradation of performances. In this paper, a stochastic model is proposed to assess and to analyze the availability of reconfigurable systems whose equipments are subject to random failures. To distinguish between the normal behavior and the degraded one, the production rate is used as a performance measure. An availability model that takes into account the performance degradation is developed. Close form solutions of the steady‐state availability and the production rate of a reconfigurable system are calculated. Two optimization problems dealing with reconfigurable systems are also addressed. The paper considers a series system consisting of N stochastically independent components. Different technologies are assumed to be available for each component. The following design problems are studied: find the configuration, which allows maximizing the production rate of the system under resource constraints; and find the configuration that allows to reach some predetermined level of production rate at minimal cost. The design model of the first problem leads to mixed linear programming, while the design model of the second problem leads to integer linear programming. A numerical procedure is developed to solve both problems.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 March 2016

M.N. Darghouth, Daoud Ait-Kadi and Anis Chelbi

The authors consider a system which is a part of a complex equipment (e.g. aircraft, automobile, medical equipment, production machine, etc.), and which consists of N independent…

Abstract

Purpose

The authors consider a system which is a part of a complex equipment (e.g. aircraft, automobile, medical equipment, production machine, etc.), and which consists of N independent series subsystems. The purpose of this paper is to determine simultaneously the system design (reliability) and its preventive maintenance (PM) replacements periodicity which minimize the total average cost per time unit over the equipment useful life, taking into account a minimum required reliability level between consecutive replacements.

Design/methodology/approach

The problem is tackled in the context of reliability-based design (RBD) considering at the same time the burn-in of components, the warranty commitment and the maintenance strategy to be adopted. A mathematical model is developed to express the total average cost per time unit to be minimized under a reliability constraint. The total average cost includes the cost of acquiring and assembling components, the burn-in of each component, preventive and corrective replacements performed during the warranty and post-warranty periods. A numerical procedure is proposed to solve the problem.

Findings

For any given set of input data including components reliability, their cost and the costs of their preventive and corrective replacements, the system design (reliability) and the periodicity of preventive replacement during the post-warranty period is obtained such as the system’s total average cost per time unit is minimized. The obtained results clearly indicate that a decrease in the number of PM actions to be performed during the post-warranty period increases the number of components to be added at each subsystem at the design stage.

Research limitations/implications

Given that the objective function (cost rate function) to be minimized is non-linear and involves several integer variables, it has not been possible to derive the optimal solution. A numerical procedure based on a heuristic approach has been proposed to solve the problem finding a nearly optimal solution for a given set of input data.

Practical implications

This paper offers to manufacturers a comprehensive approach to look for the most economical combination of the reliability level to be given to their products at the design stage, on one hand, and the PM policy to be adopted, on the other hand, given the offered warranty and service for the products and reliability requirements during the life cycle.

Originality/value

While the RBD problem has been largely treated, most of the published works have focussed on the development or the improvement of solving techniques used to find the optimal configuration. In this paper the authors provide a more comprehensive approach that considers simultaneously RBD, the burn-in and warranty periods, along with the maintenance policy to be adopted. The authors also consider the context of products whose component failures cannot be rectified through repair actions. They can only be fixed by replacement.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 22 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 March 2008

Xavier Zwingmann, Daoud AitKadi, Amadou Coulibaly and Bernard Mutel

The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework to identify all the feasible disassembly sequences for a multi‐component product and to find an optimal disassembly sequence…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework to identify all the feasible disassembly sequences for a multi‐component product and to find an optimal disassembly sequence, according to specific criteria such as cost, duration, profit, etc.

Design/methodology/approach

Taking into account topological and geometrical constraints of a product structure, an AND/OR disassembly graph is built. Each graph node represents a feasible subassembly. Two nodes i and j are connected by an arc (i, j), called a transition, if the subassembly j can be obtained from the subassembly i by removing one or several connectors. Constraint programming approach is used to generate the feasible subassemblies and related transitions.

Findings

If a cost zij is incurred to perform a transition (i, j), an optimal disassembly sequence can be generated for a given subassembly, using the shortest path algorithm or a linear programming model.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed approach performs very well compared to other approaches published in the literature, even when applied to products requiring parallel disassembly and including a large number of parts.

Practical implications

This approach has been successfully applied to assess the wheelchair maintainability at the design stage and will be implemented in CAD systems. One other application, regarding the disassembly process and total revenue maximization for product recycling, is now under consideration.

Originality/value

Applying constraint programming to efficiently generate the set of the feasible subassemblies constitutes the main contribution in this paper. This process is the hardest step in the disassembly sequencing problem.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 October 2011

Abdelhakim Khatab, Nidhal Rezg and Daoud AitKadi

This paper aims to investigate the optimization of the replacement with minimal repair policy for a system which experiences a time horizon of random length. Under such policy…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the optimization of the replacement with minimal repair policy for a system which experiences a time horizon of random length. Under such policy system replacement occurs at multiples of some period while minimal repair is performed at system failure between two successive replacements.

Design/methodology/approach

The objective function is the expected total cost composed of minimal repairs and replacements costs. A simple and compact expression is derived for the expected total costs and conditions under which an optimal replacement period exits are given. For sake of illustration, a numerical example is provided.

Findings

The paper finds that by the recent great technological development, the life cycle of present products is seen to be reduced more and more. This has motivated the development of maintenance optimization models for systems which experience an exact finite time horizon.

Originality/value

To ensure the benefits from the improved technologies, the information concerning the technological change must be taken into account. Such information is based on technological forecasting and difficult to obtain and merely rely on uncertainties.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 October 2015

Samira Keivanpour, Daoud Ait Kadi and Christian Mascle

This paper aims to address the different aspects of end-of-life (EOL) aircraft problems and their effects on original manufacturer’s supply chain. Aircraft manufacturers, in the…

1923

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to address the different aspects of end-of-life (EOL) aircraft problems and their effects on original manufacturer’s supply chain. Aircraft manufacturers, in the greener aviation context, need to care about the footprint of planes at the EOL. Considering the challenges in EOL aircraft recovery, the reverse logistics and green supply chain solutions in the other industrial sections cannot be applied in the aerospace industry. A conceptual framework with four elements, supply chain competency, governance policy, relationship in supply chain and aerospace industry context, provides a basis for assessing the opportunities and challenges of the green supply chain in this industry.

Design/methodology/approach

The basic research method utilized in this paper is the literature review. The literature review is a research methodology that includes examining books, journals, conference proceedings and dissertations for available information on the area of research. The research area regarding EOL aircraft is new. A substantial amount of literature exists in the field of end-of-life vehicle, but the main content of literature about the aircraft recycling can be obtained via relatively few literature, technical reports, news and industrial experts’ opinions. The literature is complete in some respects while inadequate in others. A considerable amount of information has been gathered through graduate student projects. The other information has been collected via contacts with professionals involved in an EOL aircraft recycling project. The basis for this methodological framework comes from a research process proposed by Mayring (2010) that emphasizes on four steps: material collection, descriptive analysis, category section and material evaluation.

Findings

This paper addresses the opportunities and challenges of applying a green supply chain for aircraft manufacturers and analyzes the different aspects of aircraft at the EOL in the context of green supply chain.

Research limitations/implications

This study enriches the literature by identifying EOL aircraft value chain analysis in the sustainable development context. It provides an introduction to a fresh research theme and sheds some light on green supply challenges in the aerospace industry.

Practical implications

The proposed conceptual framework in this paper helps practitioners to realize the opportunities and challenges of aircraft manufacturers in applying long-term strategies with respect to EOL aircrafts. The proposed framework helps manufacturers to evaluate different perspectives of the EOL aircraft problem. Moreover, the current contribution of aircraft manufacturers into EOL projects is not in a systematic structure and performed through several managerial and professional meetings. The proposed framework in this study is a valuable tool to evaluate the different opportunities and challenges in an organized way.

Originality/value

This work provides a valuable framework for future research related to green supply chains in the aerospace context. It also aids practitioners to realize the EOL aircraft problem in the context of the green supply chain, considering the opportunities and challenges.

Details

Management Research Review, vol. 38 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-8269

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 March 2008

Nabil Nahas, Mustapha Nourelfath and Daoud AitKadi

The purpose of this paper is to extend the optimal design problem of series manufacturing production lines to series‐parallel lines, where redundant machines and in‐process…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to extend the optimal design problem of series manufacturing production lines to series‐parallel lines, where redundant machines and in‐process buffers are both included to achieve a greater production rate. The objective is to maximize production rate subject to a total cost constraint.

Design/methodology/approach

An analytical method is proposed to evaluate the production rate, and an ant colony approach is developed to solve the problem. To estimate series‐parallel production line performance, each component (i.e. each set of parallel machines) of the original production line is approximated as a single unreliable machine. To determine the steady state behaviour of the resulting non‐homogeneous production line, it is first transformed into an approximately equivalent homogeneous line. Then, the well‐known Dallery‐David‐Xie algorithm (DDX) is used to solve the decomposition equations of the resulting (homogenous) line. The optimal design problem is formulated as a combinatorial optimisation one where the decision variables are buffers and types of machines, as well as the number of redundant machines. The effectiveness of the ant colony system approach is illustrated through numerical examples.

Findings

Simulation results show that the analytical approximation used to estimate series‐parallel production lines is very accurate. It has been found also that ant colonies can be extended to deal with the series‐parallel extension to determine near‐optimal or optimal solutions in a reasonable amount of time.

Practical implications

The model and the solution approach developed can be applied for optimal design of several industrial systems such as manufacturing lines and power production systems.

Originality/value

The paper presents an approach for the optimal design problem of series‐parallel manufacturing production lines.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Keywords

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