Collaborative decision making and site‐based management have been proposed as essential foundations for reform of classroom instruction. Using data from the…
Collaborative decision making and site‐based management have been proposed as essential foundations for reform of classroom instruction. Using data from the nationally‐compiled PROSPECTS Data Survey, this study analyzes the data for key variables pertaining to school organization, teacher characteristics, and classroom instruction. The purpose is to determine the degree to which innovative practice relates to collaborative decision‐making process, individual teacher background characteristics, or another combination of factors. The results surprisingly downplay the impact of collaborative management on instructional practice, identifying instead sustained inservice programs and teacher belief in student ability to learn as potentially more promising directions for future research and practice aimed at the question of instructional reform.
Small traditional industry has been recognized as an important local economy that support cultural industry and is significant in many parts of the world, particularly in…
Small traditional industry has been recognized as an important local economy that support cultural industry and is significant in many parts of the world, particularly in developing countries. The significance of this type industry as a poverty barrier, enables jobs for local rural villagers, and their role in continuing local community based cultural activities have become obvious. However, as the current modern days global pressures affecting many traditional people in developing countries, pathways of small traditional industry toward local sustainable development remain unclear. Further continuous investigations are still required on how this industry provide the platform for greater local, regional and global sustainability. Literatures and debates on the sustainability of the rural developing country concerning small traditional industries may even begin from the establishment of Brundtland sustainability commission in 1987. The conflict between brown and green agenda in Brundtland commission may also point to small-scale traditional industry growth in the developing world. Cultural traditional industries in developing countries could better lead to local sustainability pathway. On the other hand, conflict of the use of natural resources and competition may create different stories. How traditional industry in developing country survive and further innovate for development is a significant knowledge to understand. This chapter uses Jepara traditional furniture industry in Central Java – Indonesia which has been the subject of prolonged study on how small-scale industry implicated to global competition and pressures of raw material resources decline. This chapter further reviews previous research and recent study on Jepara industry upgrade and innovation, and how likely innovation may prosper for the future sustainability of this type of industry.
This paper reviews experience with credit union demutualisation to date in the light of increasing discussion about whether demutualisation is a likely (or inevitable) future stage in the evolutionary process. It is argued that the credit union industry faces an inherent demutualisation bias which emerges as the sector develops maturity. Contributing factors include the emergence of professional management pursuing personal objectives, together with the economic realities of technological change, financial liberalisation, increased competition, and prudential regulation based on minimum capital requirements. Demutualisation incentives may partially reflect the unsuitability of the mutual form of governance in larger, more sophisticated financial institutions, but there is also a significant risk of demutualisation based on wealth expropriation motives. Alternative policies and strategies which might avoid this demutualisation bias are examined.
Philosophers and political theorists have long warned of the “perils of dogmatism” for public discourse and identified intellectual humility as a necessary corrective…
Philosophers and political theorists have long warned of the “perils of dogmatism” for public discourse and identified intellectual humility as a necessary corrective. Sufficient intellectual humility encompasses at least four elements: openness to error, recognition of bias, recognition of intellectual parity in interlocutors, and avoidance of recourse to authority. Religions seem to present obstacles on all four fronts, particularly when actors embody more conservative renderings of a given religion’s repertoire. As such, a case involving different groups of religious exclusivists engaging one another on topics that directly interact their deepest faith commitments and political visions presents a useful test case for our theories of intellectual humility. This chapter considers conservative protestants engaging in public discourse with Muslims about whether or not Muslim and Christian understandings of “loving God” and “loving neighbor” have sufficient overlap to support political cooperation. The results of the dialogue effort were a mixture of controversy and cooperation. For evangelicals, the engagement produced sharp conflict and yet helped to shift the community’s plausibility structures, opening further the possibility of fruitful public discourse and strategic action in cooperation with Muslims. The analysis suggests a conceptualization of practical intellectual humility that emphasizes recognition of the other.
Quiet life hypothesis (QLH) states that banks with a higher market power will generate high profitability quietly, even though it could cause inefficiency. In the long…
Quiet life hypothesis (QLH) states that banks with a higher market power will generate high profitability quietly, even though it could cause inefficiency. In the long term, it could turn a high profitability into a lower future profitability. This paper identifies QLH-reborn through the holdinglisation strategy of the Indonesian Government to include all state-owned banks into one holding, hence increasing the market power of Indonesian state-owned banks within ASEAN. Optimum profitability and optimum efficiency are the objectives of the “holdinglisation” idea. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyse the relevance of holdinglisation within the Indonesian banking industry.
This paper focusses on analysing the efficiency and soundness of four state-owned conventional banks and four state-owned Islamic banks in Indonesia during 2011–2015. Subsequently, this paper analyses the impact of bank effectiveness index and soundness rank on return on average asset (ROAA) and ROAE through the data panel of general least square regression using STATA.
This paper shows that all state-owned commercial banks in Indonesia during 2011–2015 are efficient and sound. Furthermore, this paper finds that market power (market share for deposit and market share for loans) has an insignificant impact on bank efficiency (BE) index, bank soundness rating, ROAA and EM. Meanwhile, BE index and BS rating have a significant impact on ROAA. Therefore, this paper concludes that holdinglisation regulation as QLH-reborn is irrelevant for Indonesian state-owned banks at this moment.
This paper has a crucial limitation. Holdinglisation as QLH-reborn is irrelevant under the condition that all state-owned commercial banks in Indonesia are efficient and sound. Moreover, this paper contributes another actual empirical study of QLH.
This paper represents a scientific argumentation towards a holdinglisation strategy of state-owned commercial banks in Indonesia. Therefore, this paper could be a scientific reference for the Indonesian Government to improve Indonesian state-owned commercial banks competitiveness in ASEAN.
This paper is urgently needed for the Indonesian banking industry because the Indonesian Government should consider the drawbacks of holdinglisation as QLH reborn to the Indonesian banking industry, such as inefficiency and the risks of financial failure. Moreover, if the bank experiences financial failure, it could have a detrimental and lasting effect on the country’s macroeconomic condition.
This paper aims to examine the experience of women entrepreneurs and the challenges and issues they face in reconciling the work activities of the family sphere with those…
This paper aims to examine the experience of women entrepreneurs and the challenges and issues they face in reconciling the work activities of the family sphere with those of the entrepreneurial sphere.
This study is based on a materialist feminist perspective and a theory of living work that take into account the visible and invisible dimensions of the real work performed by women entrepreneurs. The methodology is based on a qualitative research design involving individual and group interviews conducted with 70 women entrepreneurs.
The results show the various individual and collective strategies deployed by women entrepreneurs to reconcile the work activities of the family and entrepreneurial spheres.
One of the major findings emerging from the results of this study relates to the re-appropriation of the world of work and organization of work by women entrepreneurs and its emancipatory potential for the division of labour. Through the authority and autonomy they possessed as business owners, and with their employees’ cooperation, they integrated and internalized tasks related to the work activities of the family sphere into the organization of work itself. Thus, not only new forms of work organization and cooperation at work but also new ways of conceiving of entrepreneurship as serving women’s life choices and emancipation could be seen to be emerging.
Are hedge funds heroes or villains? Management of Blockbuster, Time Warner, Six Flags, Knight-Ridder, and Bally Total Fitness might prefer the “villain” appellation, but…
Are hedge funds heroes or villains? Management of Blockbuster, Time Warner, Six Flags, Knight-Ridder, and Bally Total Fitness might prefer the “villain” appellation, but Enron, WorldCom, Tyco, and HealthSouth shareholders might view management as the real villains and hedge funds as vehicles to oust incompetent corporate managers before they run companies into the ground or steal them through fraudulent transactions. Could the pressure exerted by activist hedge funds on targeted companies result in increased share prices, management accountability, and better communication with shareholders? Or does it distract management from its primary goal of enhancing long-term shareholder value?
To determine the benefits and disadvantages of activist hedge fund activity from the perspective of corporate management and shareholders; to examine if a hedge fund's suggested corporate restructuring could create greater shareholder value; and to explain the changing roles and perspectives of hedge funds.