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Book part
Publication date: 2 September 2009

Nan Lin, Yanlong Zhang, Wenhong Chen, Dan Ao and Lijun Song

The paper advances the argument that social capital operates on both the supply and demand sides of the labor market. Organizations have significant needs for employees…

Abstract

The paper advances the argument that social capital operates on both the supply and demand sides of the labor market. Organizations have significant needs for employees with social capital capacity and skills as they do with human capital. We articulate a theory on why organizations have such needs and how social capital may be differentially and strategically deployed to different positions. Specifically, three types of positions (the top positions, the edge positions, and the exchange-oriented positions) are identified with such needs. We formulated two hypotheses derived from the theoretical articulation: (1) the deploying hypothesis – organizations are expected to strategically recruit and deploy workers with social capital capacity and skills to such key internal and edge positions and (2) the institutional contingency hypothesis – organizations in the more competitive environment (e.g., the private sector) are more likely to show such differential deployment than those in the less competitive environment (e.g., the state sector). The hypotheses were subjected to an empirical examination with a set of firm data from China. Both hypotheses were confirmed. Further, we also found evidence for differential deployment of human capital (education and experience) and hierarchical capital (statuses of prior positions and organizations) in different sectors. We discuss the implications of the theory and findings for future research on organizations in different economic sectors beyond China and how a theory of deploying various types of capital – social capital, human capital, and hierarchical capital – in different economic sectors may be developed.

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Work and Organizationsin China Afterthirty Years of Transition
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-730-7

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Book part
Publication date: 2 September 2009

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Work and Organizationsin China Afterthirty Years of Transition
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-730-7

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1996

Igor Patlashenko and Dan Givoli

The numerical solution of problems involving two‐dimensional flow in aninfinite or a semi‐infinite channel is considered. Beyond a certain finiteregion, where the flow and…

Abstract

The numerical solution of problems involving two‐dimensional flow in an infinite or a semi‐infinite channel is considered. Beyond a certain finite region, where the flow and geometry may be general, a “tail” region is assumed where the flow is potential and the channel is uniform. This situation is typical in many cases of fluid‐structure interaction and flow around obstacles in a channel. The unbounded domain is truncated by means of an artificial boundary B, which separates between the finite computational domain and the “tail.” On B, special boundary conditions are devised. In the finite computational domain, the problem is solved using a finite element scheme. Both non‐local and local artificial boundary conditions are considered on B, and their performance is compared via numerical examples.

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International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1999

Olivier Saïssi

The european market deregulation involves administrative barriers disparition. According american neo‐classic theory, all firm will be able to act in an economic sector…

Abstract

The european market deregulation involves administrative barriers disparition. According american neo‐classic theory, all firm will be able to act in an economic sector under the condition of rentability. Thus the european air transport sector is concerned by such evolution. All air freedom issued from the convention of Chicago are abolished. Any firm can get an air transport licence under the condition of satisfying security and financial rules. Three strategic ways could be choseen by this new actors: Confrontation, Cooperation and the concentration on unexploited commercial services.

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The Tourist Review, vol. 54 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1957

Carlos Simões de Albuquerque

Dans les dernières décennies, le monde a assisté à un extraordinaire développement du tourisme social, c'est‐à‐dire du tourisme pratiqué par les grandes masses de travailleurs.

Abstract

Dans les dernières décennies, le monde a assisté à un extraordinaire développement du tourisme social, c'est‐à‐dire du tourisme pratiqué par les grandes masses de travailleurs.

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The Tourist Review, vol. 12 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Article
Publication date: 11 November 2014

Richard Baker

The purpose of this Special Issue of Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management is to focus on qualitative research in accounting from a North American perspective…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this Special Issue of Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management is to focus on qualitative research in accounting from a North American perspective. The goal is to highlight the possibility of greater contributions to qualitative research in accounting from researchers based in North America and to highlight some significant contributions produced by authors in North American universities in the qualitative domain.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is conceptual in nature.

Findings

This sample of North American qualitative research in accounting provides an example of some of the different types of qualitative work being done. In most respects the articles are similar to qualitative research being done in other parts of the world. Perhaps the key difference is that the research has been undertaken for the most part by senior researchers who have been able to take some risks with a research paradigm that may not be widely accepted at their universities or they may be fortunate to be located at universities which value such research.

Originality/value

The paper broadens the view of qualitative research to North America where it appears that qualitative research has been relatively undervalued in recent years.

Details

Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management, vol. 11 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1176-6093

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1992

E. Bernard‐Weil

Agonistic antagonistic general system theory and praxis were born in the medical field, but may be defined now from an epistemological and biomathematical point of view…

Abstract

Agonistic antagonistic general system theory and praxis were born in the medical field, but may be defined now from an epistemological and biomathematical point of view, and are used in other fields. Reviews classical notions in General Systems Theory (GST), such as auto‐organization, hierarchy, the “middle way” etc. Discusses bilateral strategies, which are seemingly contradictory and the paradoxical unilateral strategy. Suggests that, if the efficient control of certain systems is at stake in such strategies, they ought to be scrutinized by the cybernetical community.

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Kybernetes, vol. 21 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1996

Peter Zhou

This paper is a study of the current trends and conditions of electronic resources for Chinese studies, based on a recent survey on the Internet of 29 Chinese libraries in…

Abstract

This paper is a study of the current trends and conditions of electronic resources for Chinese studies, based on a recent survey on the Internet of 29 Chinese libraries in North America and eight Chinese libraries in China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. The survey discussed current electronic resources for Chinese studies, with a union list of major Chinese language databases currently used in libraries in Asia and the US. Current views on the use and development of electronic resources for Chinese studies were summarised.

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The Electronic Library, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1999

Doris Gordon

Outlines the Libertarian framework of rights and obligations in abortion. Argues that abortion is homicide based upon the scientific and philosophic evidence available and…

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Abstract

Outlines the Libertarian framework of rights and obligations in abortion. Argues that abortion is homicide based upon the scientific and philosophic evidence available and disputes further points believed by abortion proponents.

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International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 19 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

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Open Access
Article
Publication date: 25 January 2010

Aghukwa Nkereuwem Chikaodiri

A few months from the time of this survey, the nearly completed inpatient psychiatric facility within the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital's complex would be ready for…

Abstract

A few months from the time of this survey, the nearly completed inpatient psychiatric facility within the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital's complex would be ready for admissions. Understanding the health workers' level of experience of mental illness and their likely behavioural responses towards people with psychiatric illness, therefore, should be a good baseline to understanding their likely reactions towards admitting such patients within a general hospital setting.

The study, which used a pre-tested and adapted attribution questionnaire, was pro -spective and cross-sectional. Randomly selected health workers in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital had their level of familiarity and attributions towards psychiatric patients assessed.

The respondents showed a high level of experience with mental illness, with more than 3 in 5 of them having watched movies on mental illness before. More than half of them held positive (favorable) attributions towards persons with mental illness on nine of the ten assessed attribution factors. Almost all held negative (unfavourable) opinion towards intimate relationships with such persons. Attribution factors, “Responsibility, “Anger”, “Dangerousness”, “Fear” and “Segregation” were significantly related to the respondents' level of education (P<0.05). Marital status of the respondents related significantly to “Pity” and “Avoidance” factors (P<0.05). Having watched movies on mental illness significantly related to “Responsibility” and “Fear” factors (P<0.05).

Programs designed to improve the health workers mental health literacy, and increased positive professional contacts with mentally ill persons on treatment, would further enhance their perceived positive attributions towards them.

Details

Mental Illness, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2036-7465

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