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Article
Publication date: 29 January 2021

Yaxuan Ran, Qiaowei Liu, Qi Cheng and Yishi Zhang

In the workplace, forgiveness can increase positive interactions between the victim and offender in the aftermath of a conflict. As an important intrapersonal factor in an…

Abstract

Purpose

In the workplace, forgiveness can increase positive interactions between the victim and offender in the aftermath of a conflict. As an important intrapersonal factor in an organization, a victim’s power motives may shape one’s forgiveness. However, previous research shows inconsistent results because it only considers explicit power motives while ignoring the possible contingent role of implicit power motives in influencing forgiveness. This paper aims to consider both implicit and explicit power motives and aims to examine their joint effect on interpersonal forgiveness in the workplace conflict.

Design/methodology/approach

Polynomial regressions with response surface analysis were conducted with 415 Amazon Mechanical Turk users. Implicit power motives were measured by using a modified picture story exercise technique, whereas explicit power motives were measured via self-response scales.

Findings

First, congruence in power motives was associated with higher empathy and forgiveness than incongruence. In addition, high-implicit/high explicit power motives led to higher level of empathy and forgiveness than low-implicit/low-explicit power motives. Furthermore, directional power motive incongruence had an additive effect on forgiveness, such that discrepantly low-implicit/high-explicit power motives were more detrimental to empathy and forgiveness than discrepantly high-implicit/low-explicit power motives. Finally, empathy underlies the combined effect of implicit and explicit power motives on forgiveness.

Practical implications

The findings suggest that in a workplace conflict, managers should consider an employee’s explicit and implicit motives. To build the harmony group work climate, managers can improve intrapersonal implicit–explicit power motive congruence by providing developmental support and training focusing on self-enhancement and self-affirmation with the low-explicit-powerful employees. Further, to promote forgiveness in a conflict, organizations can use empathy-based exercise and provide team building activities to increase employees’ empathy and perspective-taking toward others.

Originality/value

By integrating implicit–explicit framework, this paper conciliates previous studies investigating the relationship between power and forgiveness by proposing that the two types of power motives, implicit and explicit power motives, jointly influences a victim’s forgiving tendency. This study serves as a meaningful touchstone for future research to consider both implicit and explicit power motives into the organizational conflict framework.

Details

International Journal of Conflict Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1044-4068

Keywords

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Abstract

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Messy Data
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-303-8

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Abstract

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Research on Professional Responsibility and Ethics in Accounting
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-393-8

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Abstract

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Functional Structure Inference
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-44453-061-5

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2013

Erin T. Ryan, David R. Jacques, Jonathan D. Ritschel and Christine M. Schubert

For decades, the Department of Defense (DoD) has employed numerous reporting and monitoring tools for characterizing the acquisition cost estimates of its programs. These…

Abstract

For decades, the Department of Defense (DoD) has employed numerous reporting and monitoring tools for characterizing the acquisition cost estimates of its programs. These tools have led to dozens of studies thoroughly documenting the magnitude and extent of DoD acquisition cost growth. However, little attention has been paid to the behavior of the other main cost component of a system's life cycle cost: Operating and Support (O&S) costs. Consequently, the DoD has little knowledge regarding the accuracy of O&S cost estimates or how that accuracy changes over time. In a previous paper, the authors described an analytical methodology for remedying this deficiency via a study to characterize the historical accuracy of O&S cost estimates. The results are presented here, and indicate there tend to be large errors in DoD O&S cost estimates, and that the accuracy of the estimates improves little over time

Details

Journal of Public Procurement, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1535-0118

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Article
Publication date: 9 October 2007

David Ryan and Elizabeth Lomas

The purpose of this paper is to introduce this dedicated research issue of the Records Management Journal

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to introduce this dedicated research issue of the Records Management Journal

Design/methodology/approach

This paper provides a brief viewpoint on records management research.

Findings

This issue should clearly demonstrate why research is so critical.

Originality/value

This paper provides a brief viewpoint on records management research.

Details

Records Management Journal, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-5698

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Article
Publication date: 12 June 2009

Timothy David Ryan and Michael Sagas

The purpose of this study is to examine within college coaches the effects of pay satisfaction and work‐family conflict (WFC) on occupational turnover intentions…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine within college coaches the effects of pay satisfaction and work‐family conflict (WFC) on occupational turnover intentions. Specifically, it predicts that WFC would mediate the relationship between satisfaction with pay to occupational turnover intentions.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected through a mailed questionnaire of college coaches. Regression analysis was used to test the mediated relationship.

Findings

Results confirmed a significant relationship between all variables in the study (p<0.001 for all). Using regression, when pay satisfaction and WFC were used to predict occupational turnover intentions, the mediator, WFC (β=0.29, p<0.001), maintained its effect on turnover. However, satisfaction with pay was insignificant, suggesting the mediated relationship.

Research limitations/implications

While several areas within sport are impacted by dissatisfaction with pay and WFC, this sample was limited to college coaches.

Practical implications

Managers need to be aware of the impact of pay satisfaction and WFC have on turnover intentions, especially because of the importance turnover has on team performance. It is suggested that while pay satisfaction has a direct effect on occupational turnover intentions, WFC is one significant process through which pay satisfaction acts on an individual's intention to withdraw from the coaching occupation. It may also suggest that coaches not satisfied with pay are more aware of the conflict between work and family.

Originality/value

Anecdotal evidence suggests that pay satisfaction with pay and WFC are significant reasons teams lose coaches or front office personnel; however, no work has been done relating these variables and turnover.

Details

Team Performance Management: An International Journal, vol. 15 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1352-7592

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Book part
Publication date: 20 June 2008

John K. Ryans, David A. Griffith and Subhash Jain

International advertising standardization/adaptation has been a dominant area in the international marketing literature. In this chapter, we explore the evolution of…

Abstract

International advertising standardization/adaptation has been a dominant area in the international marketing literature. In this chapter, we explore the evolution of thought related to international advertising standardization/adaptation beginning in the 1920s. Through a stage theory historical analysis, we decompose thought in international advertising standardization/adaptation into three unique stages: (1) practitioner evolution, (2) scholarly initiation and (3) conceptual and empirical refinement. Given this approach, we contend that the factors considered in earlier stages were necessary for later development. Further and more importantly, we argue that, for the evolution of thought in relation to international advertising standardization/adaptation to evolve, researchers must begin to engage in a number of acts central to building a unified foundation. We propose a series of issues that need to be addressed in order to advance our understanding of international advertising standardization/adaptation.

Details

International Business Scholarship: AIB Fellows on the First 50 Years and Beyond
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-7623-1470-6

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1995

DAVID RYAN and ALAN MURDOCK

The Internet features more and more frequently in the media as the impact of the information society grows and the traffic on the information highway expands. In this…

Abstract

The Internet features more and more frequently in the media as the impact of the information society grows and the traffic on the information highway expands. In this article the authors explore the ways in which the Internet is affecting the field of records management. They describe the Internet, the three methods of connecting to the Net and discuss the growth of e‐mail with particular reference to its status and retention. The Internet also provides, via list servers, a forum for exchange of information amongst records managers and the most active lists are identified with their addresses given in an Appendix. The authors conclude by arguing that, although, at the present time, the idea of managing or controlling the Net runs counter to the freedom of expression which is its principal characteristic, in time the records manager will take on a greater role in preparing users to use the NET by good record‐keeping practices within business as well as encouraging fellow professionals to tap into a valuable resource for their own professional development.

Details

Records Management Journal, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-5698

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1997

STEPHEN BAILEY, ALAN MURDOCK and DAVID RYAN

In this article the authors explain how a new system has been designed to work in conjunction with existing databases to ensure a consistency of approach to retention…

Abstract

In this article the authors explain how a new system has been designed to work in conjunction with existing databases to ensure a consistency of approach to retention scheduling across a variety of media and formats. The system allows for the whole life‐cycle of a record to be pre‐defined at both record series and file level. The reports produced by the system enhance a retention schedule programme that not only meets the needs of the records manager, but also serves as a ‘user‐friendly’ point of contact between himself and the users he serves. The authors will briefly explain the existing approach taken to retention scheduling at Pfizer Central Research, Sandwich and will demonstrate how this new ‘Electronic Retention Schedule’ (ERS) will enhance the current system of publishing advisory ‘guidelines’ for users and implementing ‘annual reviews’ of record holdings held in a number of different storage formats.

Details

Records Management Journal, vol. 7 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-5698

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