Search results1 – 8 of 8
A FRIEND said to me the other day that he wished it was possible to go back two hundred years and scrap all advances made since then with the exception of plumbing and drainage. Most of us are assailed by similar desires because we consider life far too complex and it at times “gets us down.” In times of peace a walk in the country, or a talk with a good friend is usually sufficient to lift us out of this mood. In the midst of a war the position is vastly different.
A TREASURED possession of a Glasgow nurse who served at a base hospital during the last war is a tiny piece of indiarubber common to the pencil case of every schoolboy of the 1914–1918 era. The rubber belonged to a private of the Gordons found wounded at the edge of a shell hole two days after the item “Western Front Quiet Last Night” appeared in home newspapers.
ALL ages have realised that for the betterment of life, meditation is necessary. If the books published during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries are a criterion, then readers must have had more than their fair share, for who could wade through the ponderous tracts published during those years without allowing thoughts to wander!
WE have much pleasure in publishing comments on the Report prepared by Mr. L. R. McColvin, Hon. Secretary of the Library Association, on the library position in Britain. We think our readers will agree that the contributors to the symposium are sufficiently objective in outlook to have given us a fair evaluation of the survey. In the past, criticism of such reports has been largely destructive; but it is exceedingly easy to criticise a work of the kind. On the other hand, only the first‐class thinker has the constructive mind, and it is constructive thinking that is required and that has been most lacking in assessing earlier reports. It is to be hoped that Mr. McColvin's survey and his recommendations will be considered in the light of the future, and that the liberal outlook which should be inherent in librarianship will assert itself.
IN my recent notes on “The Librarian's Tools” I glanced rapidly at the major types of reference works, mainly bibliographical, today available to the librarian and, through him, to the student and the general public. Any such survey shows that the field is a rich one, deserving of rather more thorough gleaning than it receives at many hands—and the more detailed the survey, the more impressive are the existing tools of the librarian found to be. It is therefore with deep admiration of the systematic bibliographer's laborious devotion, and in no carping spirit, that I point to the gaps which are also revealed by the same process of analysis. It is indeed paradoxical, but none the less true, that although the available facilities are great and insufficiently used, yet many additional bibliographies are needed, to say nothing of more general works of reference.
READERS will understand that owing to the operation of the Censorship and to the fact that news travels slowly, it has not been possible to present anything like a complete record of libraries damaged or destroyed. In any case to do that was not our aim. All that was desired was to keep the library service here and in other free lands informed as to the result of enemy attack on institutions. This third series of reports is much of the same pattern as those already published in this magazine. The note from Coventry deals with prospective reorganisation, but since the note was received the city has suffered again.—Editor, L.R.
Improvements to supportive services targeting pregnant and parenting adolescents can enhance maternal and child outcomes (e.g., repeat pregnancy and child well-being). The…
Improvements to supportive services targeting pregnant and parenting adolescents can enhance maternal and child outcomes (e.g., repeat pregnancy and child well-being). The purpose of this chapter is to advance the medical sociological literature by implementing multifaceted approaches including developing evidence-based media messaging device modalities as a forum to engage pregnant and parenting adolescents in social normative communication, self-reflection, and self-expression so that they can develop a tailored health prototype service model to accommodate their health and social needs.
We utilized a purposeful sample of pregnant adolescents or parenting adolescents (of an infant or toddler) ages 15–19 in a large Metropolitan Area in the Midwest. We employed a qualitative research design using two focus groups (n = 15) and participant observation (n = 8) to identify themes. Content analysis was performed to better understand the study participants’ experiences and perceptions.
Based on the focus group results, the custom journal was found to be the most popular outlet to offer self-expression and social support. Four main themes emerged from the data, including teen pregnancy overall is a problem, but having their own baby was not; strong desire for more health information and health education; perceived stigma from their teachers and parents; and frustration with the existing service programs.
The implications of the chapter are that the teen pregnancy norms fostered stigma and “social disgrace” that the pregnant and parenting adolescents experienced and ultimately thwarted their perceived and actual receipt of services. Future research should better understand the potential influences of internal and external pressures brought on by stigmatization as a contributing barrier to communicating social and health needs by pregnant and parenting adolescents.
Value of chapter
This chapter developed, implemented, and evaluated media communication and found that it could structure social relations between pregnant and parenting adolescents and service providers. This chapter also extends development communication techniques, with its intellectual roots in rural sociology, by focusing on communication-oriented solutions and the development of new technologies to provide medical information with greater social equality and integrated support services for pregnant and parenting adolescents.
There remain several underaddressed issues in the procedural justice literature. The authors draw from a rich body of psychological research on how the sociopolitical…
There remain several underaddressed issues in the procedural justice literature. The authors draw from a rich body of psychological research on how the sociopolitical orientation to group inequality influences individual views on government and apply this to perceptions of procedural justice.
This study uses a laboratory-style experimental design to examine the extent to which social dominance orientation (SDO) shapes how people view the language of law enforcement. Four treatments are tested: procedural justice, rapport, deference, and direct.
The authors find that, overall, exclusively emphasizing rapport – as opposed to procedural justice, deference, or directness – is not beneficial to fostering positive perceptions of police. Additionally, a higher SDO score is associated with lower perceptions of officer respect in the video and regardless of condition. Finally, while higher SDO score is correlated with greater trust in police (both a specific officer and the police in general), it is also associated with a lower sense of obligation to obey both the officer in the video and the police as an institution. Further, procedural justice or direct communication styles can attenuate the negative impact of SDO on views of police better than rapport or deference communication styles. Thus, the picture that emerges from this research is more nuanced than a straightforward relationship between SDO and support for police.
This study used an experimental design to examine for the first time the role that a sociopolitical orientation may play in procedural justice theory. While research finds strong links between procedural justice and increased cooperation with police, obligation to obey, and trust in police, few studies have delved into the individual-level factors that research has yet to delve into whether sociopolitical orientation may play a role in informing police actions and communication training.